Cape Canaveral, Florida

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Cape Canaveral, Florida
City
City of Cape Canaveral
Official seal of Cape Canaveral, Florida
Seal
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°23′18″N 80°36′13″W / 28.38833°N 80.60361°W / 28.38833; -80.60361Coordinates: 28°23′18″N 80°36′13″W / 28.38833°N 80.60361°W / 28.38833; -80.60361
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Brevard
Incorporated 1963
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Rocky Randels
 • City Manager David L. Greene
 • Mayor Pro Tem Robert "Bob" Hoog
Area
 • City 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Land 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City 9,912
 • Density 4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)
 • Metro 543,376
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32920
Area code(s) 321
FIPS code 12-10250[2]
GNIS feature ID 0279995[3]
Website www.CityOfCapeCanaveral.org

Cape Canaveral is a city in Brevard County, Florida. The population was 9,912 at the 2010 United States Census.[1] It is part of the Palm BayMelbourneTitusville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

The city of Cape Canaveral is located at the southern tip of a barrier island on the Atlantic coast of Florida. It is due south of the geographical feature Cape Canaveral (known as Cape Kennedy from 1963 to 1973). It is separated from the mainland by the Banana River, Merritt Island and the Indian River from east to west.[4]

Cape Canaveral is located at 28°23′18″N 80°36′13″W / 28.388382°N 80.603498°W / 28.388382; -80.603498.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2). 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.85%) is water.

Climate[edit]

On August 20, 2008, Tropical Storm Fay dropped 20.03 inches (50.9 cm) of rain.[6]

History[edit]

After the establishment of a lighthouse in 1848,[7] a few families moved into the area and a small, but stable settlement was born. As the threat of Seminole Indian attacks became increasingly unlikely, other settlers began to move into the area around the Indian River. Post offices and small community stores with postal facilities were established at Canaveral, Canaveral Harbor and Artesia. It is thought the Artesia post office was so named for the ground water of artesian springs that are prevalent in the area.

In 1890 a group of Harvard Alumni students established a hunters gun club called the Canaveral Harvard Club with a holding of over 18,000 acres (7,300 ha). Their game hunts helped clear the wilderness for other settlers to move in.[8]

In the early 1920s, a group of Orlando journalists, invested more than $150,000 in the beach acreage that now encompasses the area of presidentially-named streets in Cape Canaveral. They called their development Journalista (now Avon-by-the-Sea) in honor of their trade.[8] A wooden bridge linking Merritt Island with the area had just been constructed.[when?] The developers anticipated a growing number of seasonal visitors.[citation needed]

At that time, fishermen, retirees, and descendants of Captain Mills Burnham —the original official keeper of the Cape Canaveral Light—resided in the northern part of the present city.[citation needed]

Due to the hardships caused by the Great Depression, many investors defaulted on their holdings. Much of this land was recovered by newspaper owner R.B. Brossier and his son, Dickson, after they sold their Orlando home and used the remaining $4,500 to purchase much of the Avon area. It was their dream that a port would be developed and a direct route to Orlando would be constructed.[citation needed]

In the 1930s, archaeologists from Yale University surveyed various Native American sites in the area.[citation needed]

[9]

Transportation[edit]

The primary transportation is by road.

Florida A1A.svg SR A1A is the major road, running north-south within the city.

Florida 528.svg To the north of Cape Canaveral, SR 528 heads west, connecting the city to Merritt Island, the mainland, and Orlando.

Florida 520.svg To the south of Cape Canaveral, SR 520 provides a similar westward route, but while 528 is a freeway, 520 has many stoplights and intersections.

A group of east-west roads is named for U.S. presidents in order of their administrations, starting with Washington in the north of town to Harding in the south, and skipping identical last-named presidencies of the second Adams and the second Harrison. For reasons unknown Martin Van Buren was skipped.[10]

Public transportation is provided by Space Coast Area Transit (SCAT). The #9 Beach Trolley bus line circles through Cape Canaveral and runs down to Cocoa Beach and connects with other SCAT bus lines serving Brevard County.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Cape Canaveral has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida
Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cape Canaveral city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Spaceline: History of Cape Canaveral B.C.-1948". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Tropical Storm Fay continues to drift west". Florida Today. Florida Today. 2008-08-21. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ a b Osborne, Ray (2008). Cape Canaveral. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-7385-5327-6. 
  9. ^ Price, Wayne T. (28 February 2010). "As Orlando slumps, so does Brevard". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3E. 
  10. ^ Mapquest accessed March 12, 2008
  11. ^ [2]

External links[edit]