Caroline Zhang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Caroline Zhang
Rostelecom Cup 2012 short program 003.jpg
Zhang at the 2012 Rostelecom Cup.
Personal information
Full name Caroline Zhao Zhang
Country represented United States
Born (1993-05-20) May 20, 1993 (age 21)
Boston, Massachusetts
Home town Brea, California
Height 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)
Coach Peter Oppegard
Former coach Tammy Gambill
Li Mingzhu
Charlene Wong
Sondra Holmes
Mary Becktell
Choreographer David Wilson
Former choreographer Lori Nichol
Tom Dickson
Karen Kwan
Mary Beckstell
Skating club All Year FSC
Began skating 1998
World standing 26 (As of 24 August 2012)[1]
Season's bests 9 (2011–2012)[2]
51 (2010–2011)[3]
20 (2009–2010)[4]
5 (2008–2009)[5]
ISU personal best scores
Combined total 176.48
2007–08 Grand Prix Final
Short program 62.60
2008 World Juniors
Free skate 117.44
2012 Four Continents
Caroline Zhang
Traditional Chinese 張圓圓
Simplified Chinese 张圆圆


Caroline Zhao[6] Zhang (born May 20, 1993) is an American figure skater. She is the 2010 and 2012 Four Continents bronze medalist, the 2007 World Junior Champion, the 2006–2007 Junior Grand Prix Final Champion, the 2009 U.S. bronze medalist and the 2008 and 2012 U.S. pewter medalist.

Personal life[edit]

Caroline Zhang is a Chinese American. Her Chinese given name is Yuanyuan (simplified Chinese: 张圆圆; traditional Chinese: 張圓圓; pinyin: Zhāng Yuányuán), which literally means round-round, and that is the name by which she is known in China and referred to in the Chinese media. She was born in Boston and moved to California at a young age.[7] Her parents are from Wuhan, China, and her older sister, Yang Yang, was born in China. The Zhang family currently lives in Brea, California. Caroline Zhang is bilingual in English and Mandarin.

Zhang is proficient at the piano, was concert master in her middle school's orchestra on violin,[8] and was a ballet dancer before switching to figure skating.[9]

She trains at the East West Ice Palace in Artesia, which is the rink owned by the Kwan family.

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Zhang began started taking skating lessons at age five.[10]

In the 2002–2003 season, Caroline Zhang skated on the Juvenile level, which is the lowest qualifying level in the United States. Zhang began her season by winning the silver medal at her regional championship to qualify for the 2003 U.S. Junior Championships. There she won the pewter medal (fourth place), Juvenile level.

In the 2003–2004 season, Zhang moved up to the Intermediate level, which is one level up from Juvenile. Zhang won her regional championship, which qualified her for a second time for the U.S. Junior Championships, this time at the Intermediate level. She won the bronze medal.

In the 2004–2005 season, Zhang moved up to the Novice level, which is the first level that competes at the United States Figure Skating Championships. Zhang won the silver medal at her regional championship to qualify for her sectional championship, where she won the pewter medal. This qualified her for the 2005 United States Figure Skating Championships for the first time. At the National Championships, Zhang won the pewter medal, Novice level.

Zhang moved up to the Junior level in the 2005–2006 season. She won the silver medal at her regional championship to qualify for her sectional championship, where she won the bronze medal. This medal qualified her for the 2006 United States Figure Skating Championships on the Junior level. She placed 8th at the National Championships at the age of twelve.

2006–2007 season[edit]

Zhang made her debut on the international stage in the 2006–2007 season. She competed on the 2006–2007 ISU Junior Grand Prix and won her first event in Mexico by a record[11] fifty-three points.[12] She went on to win her second event by thirty-three points[13] and then the Junior Grand Prix Final by twenty.[14] Zhang became known for her creative spin positions, musicality and spiral extension, prompting comparisons to Sasha Cohen and Michelle Kwan by those in the figure skating community,[15] including international judge Joe Inman.[16]

Qualifying for the Junior Grand Prix Final qualified her for the 2007 United States Figure Skating Championships without having to qualify through her regional or sectional championships. Competing on the Junior level, Zhang won the silver medal behind Mirai Nagasu. Zhang was named to the U.S. team to the 2007 World Junior Figure Skating Championships, where she beat Nagasu to win the title.[17] Zhang, Nagasu, and Ashley Wagner completed the first ever sweep by the United States of the World Junior ladies podium.[18]

2007–2008 season[edit]

Zhang at the 2007 Skate America.

For the 2007–08 season, Zhang moved up to the senior level both nationally and internationally. She made her Grand Prix of Figure Skating debut at the 2007 Skate America, where she won the bronze medal. At this competition, she earned a level 4 and a +3 Grade of Execution for her trademark Pearl spin, which is the highest score a skater can receive under Code of Points.[19] Zhang received deductions for underrotating jumps, costing her 17 points overall. Zhang went on to the 2007 Cup of China, where she received fewer deductions and won the silver medal. She earned 24 qualification points in the Grand Prix series. Following the result of 2007 NHK Trophy, she qualified for the 2007–2008 Grand Prix Final, where she placed 2nd in the short program and fourth overall. She was the fourth World Junior Champion in a row to qualify for the Grand Prix Final in her first Grand Prix season.

Zhang had a bye through her regional championship due to Skate America and a bye through her sectional championship due to Cup of China. She made her senior national debut at the 2008 United States Figure Skating Championships, where she won the pewter medal.[20] Zhang was placed on the U.S. team for the 2008 World Junior Figure Skating Championships, where she won the silver medal behind Rachael Flatt. With Mirai Nagasu taking the bronze, this was the second ever U.S. sweep of the World Juniors ladies podium.

2008–2009 season[edit]

In the 2008–2009 season, Zhang competed for the second consecutive season on the Grand Prix. At her first event, the 2008 Skate Canada International, she placed third in the short program with a score of 53.28 after falling on her opening jump combination. She placed 5th in the free skate with a score of 97.52, after falling on one jump and omitting another,[21][22][23] to place 5th overall. At the 2008 Trophée Eric Bompard, her second Grand Prix assignment, Zhang placed third in the short program with a score of 51.76 after omitting the required double axel as well as receiving a Level 1 on her spiral sequence. Zhang scored 104.78 in the long program after receiving a downgrade on her triple flip-triple toe combination, as well as a deduction for a wrong edge take-off on her triple lutz-double toe. She earned a Level 4 on all three of her spins and her spiral sequence.[24] She scored 156.54 overall and won the bronze medal.

At the 2009 U.S. Figure Skating Championships, Zhang won the bronze medal, moving up one position from the previous year. She was placed on the teams to the 2009 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships and the 2009 World Junior Figure Skating Championships. She made her senior ISU Championships debut at the Four Continents Championships, where she placed 4th. She won the silver medal at the World Junior Championships.

2009–2010 season[edit]

Zhang was assigned to the 2009 Trophée Eric Bompard and to the 2009 Skate Canada International for the 2009–2010 Grand Prix Series. She placed 4th at the 2009 Trophée Eric Bompard with a score of 153.15 points and eighth at the 2009 Skate Canada where she earned 132.46.

At the 2010 U.S. Figure Skating Championships, Zhang placed 11th in the short program with 49.94 points after having problems with her jump combination and falling in her triple loop. She failed to improve her position in the free skate after falling on the triple flip-triple toe combination and stepping out of the triple lutz. Her final score was 138.27 points.

She was assigned to compete at the 2010 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships.[25] She placed 5th in the short program with a score of 55.10 points after the triple flip in her triple flip-double toe loop combination was downgraded.[26] In the free skate, she completed five triple jumps and earned level fours on all her spins and her spiral sequence to earn 105.68 points.[27] Zhang placed 3rd in the free skate and won the bronze medal overall with 160.78 points.

2010–2011 season[edit]

For the 2010–2011 ISU Grand Prix season, Zhang was assigned to the 2010 NHK Trophy and the 2010 Skate America.[28][29] She placed 7th in the 2010 NHK Trophy with 133.86 points and 9th at the 2010 Skate America with 132.49. Zhang competed at the 2011 US Nationals and finished 12th.[30]

2011–2012 season[edit]

Zhang worked on a triple loop-triple loop combination for the season.[31] Zhang began her season at 2011 Skate America placed third in the short program with 55.05 points. In the long program she placed 10 with a score of 85.65 and finished 6th overall with 140.70 points. She then competed at a senior B event 2011 Ice Challenge where she finish first in the short program with a score of 52.82. In the long program she placed second with 99.90 points however, she finished first with 152.72. Zhang competed at the 2012 U.S. Nationals and finished 4th in the short program with 60.18, in the long program she placed third with 113.01. At the 2012 United State Figure Skating Championships Zhang placed fourth overall with 173.19. She then went on to compete at the 2012 Four Continents Championships where she placed fourth in the short program with 58.74 after she fell out of her triple loop-triple loop combination. In the long program Zhang placed third with a score of 117.44. Overall Zhang moved up to third with a total of 176.18 points and won her second bronze medal at the event.[32]

2012–2013 season[edit]

Zhang began her international season at the 2012 Nebelhorn Trophy, where she finished 12th overall. She finished 9th at the 2012 Skate Canada and 10th at the 2012 Rostelecom Cup. At the 2013 U.S. Championships, Zhang placed 12th in the short, 9th in the long, and 11th overall. Her triple loop, triple loop combination was scored as under-rotated and downgraded, a decision with which her coach disagreed.[33]

2013–2014 season[edit]

Zhang is assigned to one 2013–14 ISU Grand Prix at the 2013 Skate America where she finished 10th with an overall score of 110.12 points.[34] Zhang finished 19th at the 2014 U.S. Championships.

Coaching changes[edit]

Zhang was coached by Li Mingzhu from 2005 through 2009.[9] On June 15, 2009, Zhang announced a coaching change to Charlene Wong.[35] She returned to being coached by Li in August 2009. On July 20, 2010, Zhang announced that her new coach is Tammy Gambill.[36] In January 2011, Zhang began training with Peter Oppegard.[37]

Innovative moves[edit]

Zhang performs her signature pearl spin at the 2007–2008 Grand Prix Final.

Zhang has performed a spin position that her mother has called the Pearl spin,[38] a cross between a catch-foot layback spin and a Biellmann spin. In this spin, the free leg is brought up to waist-height and the free blade is grasped with both hands. The back and head are bent down towards the knee, with the free leg held above the head in a Biellmann position. This makes the spin, in essence, a catch-foot layback in a Biellmann position, because the Biellmann position, according to regulations, is achieved when the level of the boot passes the head so that the boot is above and behind or over the head.[39] It is a layback spin because it is an upright spin with the head and shoulders dropped backwards and the back arched downwards toward the ice.[40] This position has become Zhang's signature spin.[citation needed]

Zhang performs a hyper-extended Biellmann spin

Zhang also performs a hyper-extended Biellmann spin. She is one of several young skaters to perform this move. In this variation, the leg is pulled straight up in the air and the back bent as far into the spin as possible. Zhang is able to perform the spin with her free leg pulled straight up into the air, with very little knee bend, making the spin look closer to a capital-I position than the usual Biellmann teardrop shape. She has received a straight +3.00 grade of execution for her layback spin.[41]

Zhang performs her signature layback spin: traditional layback (frames 2 and 3), side layback (frame four), pearl (frames five through seven), and Biellmann (frames 9 and 10)

Programs[edit]

Zhang performs an arabesque spiral during her Ave Maria free skate at the 2009 Four Continents Championships.
Season Short program Free skating Exhibition
2013–2014 The Phantom of the Opera
by Andrew Lloyd Webber
choreo. by David Wilson
Butterfly Lovers' Violin Concerto
Traditional Chinese Music
choreo. by David Wilson
2012–2013 The Rushing Wings of Dawn
by Tim Janis
choreo. by David Wilson
Nessun Dorma
by Giacomo Puccini
choreo. by David Wilson
2011–2012 The Rushing Wings of Dawn
by Tim Janis
choreo. by David Wilson
Cello Concerto in B Minor
by Antonín Dvořák
choreo. by David Wilson
2010–2011 Libertango
by Ástor Piazzolla
choreo. by Tom Dickson
Cello Concerto in B Minor
by Antonín Dvořák
choreo. by David Wilson
2009–2010 Zigeunerweisen
by Pablo de Sarasate
choreo. by Lori Nichol
Pas de deux
from The Nutcracker
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
choreo. by Lori Nichol
Lullaby for a Stormy Night
by Vienna Teng
choreo. by Karen Kwan

In This Song
by Charice
choreo. by Karen Kwan


The Climb
by Miley Cyrus
choreo. by Karen Kwan

2008–2009[9] La Bayadère
by Leon Minkus
choreo. by Lori Nichol
Ave Maria
by Franz Schubert
choreo. by Lori Nichol

The Sleeping Beauty
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
choreo. by Lori Nichol

Lullaby for a Stormy Night
by Vienna Teng
choreo. by Karen Kwan

River
by Joni Mitchell
choreo. by Karen Kwan


On My Own
from Les Misérables
performed by Lea Salonga
choreo. by Karen Kwan

2007–2008 Spanish Gypsy
by Ray deTone
choreo. by Tom Dickson
Ave Maria
by Franz Schubert
choreo. by Lori Nichol
Born to Try
by Delta Goodrem
choreo. by Lori Nichol

You Raise Me Up
by Celtic Woman
choreo. by Karen Kwan

2006–2007 Olga
(from Ladies in Lavender)
by Nigel Hess
choreo. by Karen Kwan
Meditation
(from Thais)
by Jules Massenet
choreo. by Karen Kwan
You Raise Me Up
by Celtic Woman
choreo. by Karen Kwan
2005–2006 O Mio Babbino Caro
by Giacomo Puccini
choreo. by Karen Kwan
Meditation
(from Thais)
by Jules Massenet
choreo. by Karen Kwan

Competitive highlights[edit]

Results[42]
International
Event 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14
Four Continents 4th 3rd 3rd
Grand Prix Final 4th
GP Bompard 3rd 4th
GP Cup of China 2nd
GP NHK Trophy 7th
GP Rostelecom 10th
GP Skate America 3rd 9th 6th 10th
GP Skate Canada 5th 8th 9th
Nebelhorn 12th
Ice Challenge 1st
International: Junior
Junior Worlds 1st 2nd 2nd
JGP Final 1st
JGP Mexico 1st
JGP Taipei 1st
National or North American
U.S. Champ. 4th N. 8th J. 2nd J. 4th 3rd 11th 12th 4th 11th 19th
U.S. Jr. Champ. 4th Ju. 3rd I.
NA Challenge 1st N. 4th J.
Pacific Coast 4th N. 3rd J. 4th
SW Pacific Reg. 9th Ju. 2nd Ju. 4th I. 2nd N. 2nd J.
Team events
World Team 1T / 3P
GP = Grand Prix; JGP = Junior Grand Prix
Levels: Ju. = Juvenile; I. = Intermediate; N. = Novice; J. = Junior
T = Team result; P = Personal result; Medals awarded for team result only.

Detailed results[edit]

Zhang (far right) at the 2008 Trophée Eric Bompard.
2013–2014 season
Date Event SP FS Total
January 5-12, 2014 2014 U.S. Championships 19
47.87
18
85.19
19
133.06
October 18–20, 2013 2013 Skate America 10
45.76
10
64.36
10
110.12
2012–2013 season
Date Event SP FS Total
January 19–27, 2013 2013 U.S. Championships 12
49.99
9
111.90
11
161.89
November 9–11, 2012 2012 Rostelecom Cup 10
46.15
10
92.06
10
138.21
October 26–28, 2012 2012 Skate Canada International 8
52.97
8
96.90
9
149.87
September 27–29, 2012 2012 Nebelhorn Trophy 10
45.43
12
78.70
12
124.13
2011–2012 season
Date Event SP FS Total
February 7–12, 2012 2012 Four Continents Championships 4
58.74
3
117.44
3
176.18
January 22–29, 2012 2012 U.S. Championships 4
60.18
3
113.01
4
173.19
November 1–6, 2011 2011 Ice Challenge 1
52.82
2
99.90
1
152.72
October 21–23, 2011 2011 Skate America 3
55.05
10
85.65
6
140.70
2010–2011 season
Date Event SP FS Total
January 22–30, 2011 2011 U.S. Championships 10
48.48
12
92.47
12
140.95
November 11–14, 2010 2010 ISU Grand Prix Skate America 5
50.66
10
81.83
9
132.49
October 22–24, 2010 2010 ISU Grand Prix NHK Trophy 6
50.71
9
83.15
7
133.86
2009–2010 season
Date Event SP FS Total
January 25–31, 2010 2010 Four Continents Championships 4
55.10
3
105.68
3
160.78
January 14–24, 2010 2010 U.S. Championships 11
49.94
9
88.33
11
138.27
November 19–22, 2009 2009 ISU Grand Prix Skate Canada International 7
54.58
8
77.88
8
132.46
October 15–18, 2009 2009 ISU Grand Prix Trophée Eric Bompard 5
57.26
5
95.89
4
153.15
2008–2009 season
Date Event Level SP FS Points
April 15–19, 2009 2009 World Team Trophy Senior 4
58.88
3
116.80
3
175.68
February 23 – March 1, 2009 2009 World Junior Championships Junior 10
47.64
1
107.03
2
154.67
February 4–8, 2009 2009 Four Continents Championships Senior 5
58.16
4
113.06
4
171.22
January 18–25, 2009 2009 U.S. Championships Senior 3
58.91
4
112.17
3
171.08
November 13–16, 2008 2008 ISU Grand Prix Trophée Eric Bompard Senior 3
51.76
3
104.78
3
156.54
October 30 – November 2, 2008 2008 ISU Grand Prix Skate Canada International Senior 3
53.28
5
97.52
5
150.80
2007–2008 season
Date Event Level SP FS Points
February 25 – March 2, 2008 2008 World Junior Championships Junior 2
62.60
2
109.24
2
171.84
January 20–27, 2008 2008 U.S. Championships Senior 7
53.49
4
119.67
4
173.16
December 13–16, 2007 2007–2008 ISU Grand Prix Final Senior 2
61.82
4
114.66
4
176.48
November 7–11, 2007 2007 ISU Grand Prix Cup of China Senior 2
58.76
2
97.58
2
156.34
October 25–28, 2007 2007 ISU Grand Prix Skate America Senior 3
56.48
3
96.87
3
153.35
2006–2007 season
Date Event Level SP FS Points
February 26 – March 4, 2007 2007 World Junior Championships Junior 1
59.17
1
110.18
1
169.25
January 21–28, 2007 2007 U.S. Championships Junior 2
53.87
2
98.01
2
151.88
December 7–10, 2006 2006–2007 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final Junior 1
56.28
1
106.40
1
162.68
October 10–14, 2006 2006 ISU Junior Grand Prix, Mexico Junior 1
57.36
1
105.06
1
162.42
September 12–17, 2006 2006 ISU Junior Grand Prix, Taipei Junior 1
58.93
1
103.50
1
162.43
2005–2006 season
Date Event Level SP FS Points
January 7–15, 2006 2006 U.S. Championships Junior 7
41.69
7
80.50
8
122.19
November 15–19, 2005 2006 Pacific Coast Sectional Championships Junior 3
40.36
3
77.42
3
117.78
October 6–9, 2005 2006 Southwest Pacific Regional Championships Junior 2 2 2
3.0 (FP)
2004–2005 season
Date Event Level SP FS FP
January 7–15, 2005 2005 United States Figure Skating Championships Novice 4
4
4
6.0
November 11–13, 2004 2005 Pacific Coast Sectional Championships Novice 4 4 4
6.0
October 12–17, 2004 2005 Southwest Pacific Regional Championships Novice 5* 2 2
4.5
  • * 1st after the Qualifying round.
  • Personal bests highlighted in bold.
  • SP = Short program, FS = Free skating, FP = Factored placements

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ISU World Standings for Single & Pair Skating and Ice Dance : Ladies". International Skating Union. August 24, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ "ISU Judging System – Season Bests Total Scores 2011/2012 : Ladies". International Skating Union. March 31, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2012. 
  3. ^ "ISU Judging System – Season Bests Total Scores 2010/2011 : Ladies". International Skating Union. April 30, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ "ISU Judging System – Season Bests Total Scores 2009/2010 : Ladies". International Skating Union. March 27, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  5. ^ "ISU Judging System – Season Bests Total Scores 2008/2009 : Ladies". International Skating Union. April 18, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  6. ^ Her middle name is given as Zhao is various USFSA documents, such as the announcement of those have passed the Senior Moves in the Field test PDF
  7. ^ "Rising Chinese-American skater hopes to become next Kwan". People's Daily Online. November 22, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  8. ^ "Effortlessly Rising to the Top". The Philadelphia Inquirer. October 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  9. ^ a b c Mittan, Barry (October 19, 2008). "Zhang Hopes to Improve on Grand Prix Success". Golden Skate. 
  10. ^ Mittan, Barry (February 13, 2007). "Zhang Has Zing". Skate Today. 
  11. ^ Effortlessly gliding to top | Philadelphia Inquirer | 10/28/2007
  12. ^ "Junior Grand Prix Mexico City Ladies Result". Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  13. ^ "Junior Grand Prix Taipei City Ladies Result". Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  14. ^ "Junior Grand Prix Final Ladies Result". Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  15. ^ Stevenson, Alexandra (September 15, 2006). "Zhang Provides Magical Moment at JGP Mexico". U.S. Figure Skating. Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  16. ^ USA Today. January 25, 2007 http://www.usatoday.com/printedition/sports/20070125/c2chris25.art.htm |url= missing title (help). Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  17. ^ Flade, Tatiana, and Sal Zanca. "Parade of Champions." Skating Apr. 2007: 10–13.
  18. ^ Zanca, Sal (March 3, 2007). "American Ladies Sweep World Junior Medals". U.S. Figure Skating. Retrieved 2008-10-02. [dead link]
  19. ^ Skate America protocol
  20. ^ Schwindt, Troy. "World is Flatt's." Skating Apr. 2008: 16–17.
  21. ^ Rosewater, Amy. "Full Bloom." Skating Jan. 2009: 28–30.
  22. ^ "Rochette's short program is a stylish hit". Icenetwork.com. October 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  23. ^ "Rochette makes her move, wins gold". Icenetwork.com. November 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  24. ^ "Gran Prix of Figure Skating 2008/2009 Trophee Eric Bompard". International Skating Union. November 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  25. ^ "U.S. Figure Skating Announces Ladies, Ice Dancing Teams Nominated to 2010 U.S. Olympic Figure Skating Team". U.S. Figure Skating. January 23, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  26. ^ "ISU Four Continents Figure Skating Championships LADIES SHORT PROGRAM JUDGES DETAILS PER SKATER" (PDF). International Skating Union. January 27, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010. 
  27. ^ "ISU Four Continents Figure Skating Championships LADIES FREE SKATING JUDGES DETAILS PER SKATER" (PDF). International Skating Union. January 29, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Entries Ladies – All 6 Events". International Skating Union. June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Single & Pair Skating/Ice Dance Calendar of Events". International Skating Union. June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  30. ^ "2011 United States Figure Skating Championships". Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  31. ^ Rutherford, Lynn (October 22, 2011). "Rink Notes: Zhang gets loop-y in practice". Icenetwork. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  32. ^ Walker, Elvin (April 11, 2012). "Caroline Zhang Makes a Striking Comeback". IFS Magazine. 
  33. ^ Rutherford, Lynn (February 1, 2013). "Oppegard asks for equal treatment for loops". Icenetwork. 
  34. ^ "2013–14 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating". 
  35. ^ "2007 World Junior Champion Caroline Zhang Announces Coaching Change". U.S. Figure Skating. June 15, 2009. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Zhang announces coaching change to Gambill". icenetwork.com. July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Icenetwork.com Skater Bio: Caroline Zhang". icenetwork.com. January 1, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  38. ^ Bunch, Jeff (January 21, 2007). "Ice queen at thirteen: Future appears unlimited for young skater Zhang". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  39. ^ ISU Communication No. 1319 PDF (574 KiB )
  40. ^ "USFSA: Glossary of Terms". Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  41. ^ "ISU World Team Trophy 2009 LADIES FREE SKATING". 
  42. ^ "Competition Results: Caroline ZHANG". International Skating Union. 

External links[edit]