|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Francis Adolphe (PS)|
|Area1||37.92 km2 (14.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||84031 / 84200|
|Elevation||56–212 m (184–696 ft)
(avg. 95 m or 312 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
It stands on the banks of the Auzon. As capital of the Comtat Venaissin, it was frequently the residence of the Avignon popes; the Papal States retained possession of the Venaissin until the French Revolution. Nowadays, Carpentras is a commercial center for Comtat Venaissin and is famous for the black truffle markets held from winter to early spring.
Carpentras was a commercial site used by Greek merchants in ancient times, and known to Romans at first as Carpentoracte Meminorum, mentioned by Pliny, then renamed Forum Neronis ("Forum of Nero"); the city retains an impressive Roman triumphal arch, that has been enclosed by the bishops' palace, rebuilt in 1640, now a law court, and a machicolated city gate, the Porte d'Orange.
Joseph-Dominique d'Inguimbert, Bishop of Carpentras from 1735 to 1754, established a great scholarly library which Jean-François Delmas, the current chief librarian, has called "the oldest of our municipal libraries"; known as the Bibliothèque Inguimbertine and now holding around 140,000 books, it is known to bibliophiles all over France and is scheduled to move into roomier quarters in the former Hôtel-Dieu in 2013.[broken citation]
Carpentras has been an important centre of French Judaism, and is home to the oldest synagogue in France (1367), which still holds services. In May 1990, the Jewish cemetery was desecrated (see French and European Nationalist Party).
Carpentras is famous for the Truffle market that takes place every Friday morning during the winter months.
Its traditional confectionery is the berlingot, a small hard candy with thin white stripes, originally made from the syrup left over from conservation of fruits.
Carpentras was the birthplace of:
- Carpentras (also known as Elzéar Genet) (c.1470–1548), prominent early Renaissance composer
- Louis Archimbaud (1705–1789), composer and organist of Carpentras Cathedral
- Joseph Duplessis (1725–1802), portraitist
- Alexis-Vincent-Charles Berbiguier de Terre-Neuve du Thym, (1765–1851), author and demonologist
- François-Vincent Raspail (1794–1878), chemist, physiologist, and socialist
- Édouard Daladier (1884–1970) politician and Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War
- Christophe Maé (1975–) musician, performer, and composer.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Carpentras is twinned with:
- Thomas Wieder, "Un cabinet de curiosités à Carpentras," Le Monde des Livres, August 13, 2009.
- Truffle Market
- "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d’Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carpentras.|
- Carpentras official website (in French)
- Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 "Carpentras"
- Pictures of Carpentras Cathedral: , 
- Pictures of Carpentras Synagogue: , ,