Catahoula Parish, Louisiana

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Catahoula Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Catahoula Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1808
Named for Tensas word for big, clear lake
Seat Harrisonburg
Largest city Jonesville
Area
 • Total 739 sq mi (1,915 km2)
 • Land 704 sq mi (1,822 km2)
 • Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 4.84%
Population
 • (2010) 10,407
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Catahoula Parish (French: Paroisse de Catahoula) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,407.[1]Its seat is Harrisonburg,[2] located on the Ouachita River, which runs through the Parish.

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

Catahoula Parish was the home to many succeeding Native American groups in the thousands of years before European settlements began. Peoples of the Marksville culture, Troyville culture, Coles Creek culture and Plaquemine culture built villages and mound sites throughout the area. Notable examples include Peck Mounds, and the Troyville Earthworks. The Troyville Earthworks have components dating from 100 BCE to 700 CE during the Baytown to the Troyville-Coles Creek periods. It once had the tallest mound in Louisiana at 82 feet (25 m) in height and the second-tallest mound in North America (after Monk's Mound at Cahokia Mounds), but it was destroyed to make way for the Jonesville bridge over the Black River.[3]

Historic era[edit]

At the start of the American Civil War, James G. Taliaferro, a delegate to the state secessionist convention from Catahoula Parish, argued strongly against leaving the American Union. Taliaferro "denied the constitutional right [of a state] to leave the Union and painted a gloomy picture of economic chaos, blighted prosperity, staggering taxation and 'fatal prostration of Louisiana's interests under a southern Confederation,' and he could see no way ahead to prevent final anarchy and war. So 'radical' were the ideas of Taliaferro that the convention refused to print his protest in the pages of [its journal]."[4]

Although the parish trends Democratic, in the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama of Illinois received only 1,659 votes (31.8 percent) compared to 3,486 (66.7 percent) for the Republican nominee, John S. McCain of Arizona.[5] The 2008 totals mirrored those of 2004, when Catahoula Parish cast 3,219 (65.0 percent) for President George W. Bush and 1,673 ballots (34.8 percent) for his Democratic rival, Senator John F. Kerry of Massachusetts.[6] Local officials are almost entirely Democratic in affiliation, and Republicans rarely contest such elections.

Boundary history[edit]

It has adopted its current boundary since 1908, when La Salle Parish was formed from its old western section. It is the 3rd most changed parish, with fourteen boundary revisions. Only Natchitoches and Ouachita parishes have more revisions of boundaries.

Catahoula Hog Dog[edit]

Main article: Catahoula Cur

Catahoula Parish lays claim to its namesake Catahoula Leopard dog breed. The Catahoula breed was owned by Colonel James "Jim" Bowie of the Alamo and his brother Rezin Bowie, both of Alabama.[7] During the early 1900s, Theodore Roosevelt used the Catahoula when hunting.[8] Louisiana Governor Earl Kemp Long also collected these dogs.[7]

Geography[edit]

The parish has a total area of 739 square miles (1,914.0 km2), of which 704 square miles (1,823.4 km2) is land and 35 square miles (90.6 km2) (4.84%) is water.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,287
1830 2,581 12.9%
1840 4,955 92.0%
1850 7,132 43.9%
1860 11,651 63.4%
1870 8,475 −27.3%
1880 10,277 21.3%
1890 12,002 16.8%
1900 16,351 36.2%
1910 10,415 −36.3%
1920 11,074 6.3%
1930 12,451 12.4%
1940 14,618 17.4%
1950 11,834 −19.0%
1960 11,421 −3.5%
1970 11,769 3.0%
1980 12,287 4.4%
1990 11,065 −9.9%
2000 10,920 −1.3%
2010 10,407 −4.7%
Est. 2012 10,292 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,920 people, 4,082 households, and 2,992 families residing in the parish. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 5,351 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 71.78% White, 27.12% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,082 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the parish the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $22,528, and the median income for a family was $27,206. Males had a median income of $26,181 versus $18,427 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $12,608. About 22.60% of families and 28.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.80% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Catahoula Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Water features[edit]

Education[edit]

Catahoula Parish School Board operates local public schools.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

National Guard[edit]

The 1087TH Transportation Company of the 165TH CSS (combat service support) Battalion of the 139TH RSG (regional support group) resides in Jonesville, Louisiana.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Indian Mounds of Northeast Louisiana : Troyville Earthworks". Retrieved 2011-10-22. 
  4. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 13
  5. ^ "Louisiana general election returns, November 4, 2008". sos.louisiana.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Louisiana general election returns, November 2, 2004". sos.louisiana.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2010. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b Cracker Catahoulas
  8. ^ Molosser World: Catahoula Bulldog
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°40′N 91°51′W / 31.67°N 91.85°W / 31.67; -91.85