List of Governors of Louisiana

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Governor of the State of Louisiana
Seal of Louisiana.svg
=
Incumbent
Bobby Jindal

since January 14, 2008
Style The Honorable
Residence Louisiana Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once but eligible again after four-year respite
Formation Louisiana Constitution
Number of Governors of Louisiana by party affiliation[1]
Party Governors
Democratic 41
Republican 11
Democratic-Republican 3
Whig 3
National Republican 5

This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.

Colonial period (French and Spanish governors)[edit]

For the first 24 Governors of Louisiana, under French and Spanish administration, see: List of colonial governors of Louisiana

United States territorial period[edit]

Note: from 1804 to 1812, what would later become the State of Louisiana was known as the "Territory of Orleans". The contemporary "Louisiana Territory" was to the north, and did not include modern Louisiana.

No. Governor Took Office Left Office
25th total; 1st under US control William C. C. Claiborne Wcc claiborne.jpg December 20, 1803 April 30, 1812

First period of U.S. statehood[edit]

# Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Notes Lieutenant Governor
1 William Charles Cole (W. C. C.) Claiborne Wcc claiborne.jpg April 30, 1812 December 16, 1816 Democratic-Republican None
2 Jacques Phillippe Villeré Jacques Villere.jpg December 16, 1816 December 18, 1820 Democratic-Republican None
3 Thomas Bolling Robertson Robertson.jpg December 18, 1820 November 15, 1824 Democratic-Republican [2] None
4 Henry Schuyler Thibodaux Thibodaux.jpg November 15, 1824 December 13, 1824 National Republican [3] None
5 Henry Johnson H.S.Johnson.jpg December 13, 1824 December 15, 1828 National Republican None
6 Pierre Derbigny Derbigny.jpg December 15, 1828 October 6, 1829 National Republican [4] None
7 Armand Julie Beauvais ArmandBeauvais.jpg October 6, 1829 January 14, 1830 National Republican [5] None
8 Jacques Dupré Jacques Dupré.jpg January 14, 1830 January 31, 1831 National Republican [3] None
9 André Bienvenue Roman AndreRoman.jpg January 31, 1831 February 4, 1835 Whig None
10 Edward Douglass White Sr. EDWhiteSr.jpg February 4, 1835 February 4, 1839 Whig None
André Bienvenue Roman AndreRoman.jpg February 4, 1839 January 30, 1843 Whig None
11 Alexandre Mouton A Mouton Senator from Louisiana 2.jpg January 30, 1843 February 12, 1846 Democratic None
12 Isaac Johnson IsaacJohnson.jpg February 12, 1846 January 28, 1850 Democratic Trasimond Landry (Whig)
13 Joseph Marshall Walker JMWalker.jpg January 28, 1850 January 18, 1853 Democratic Jean Baptiste Plauché (Independent)
14 Paul Octave Hébert PaulHebert.jpg January 18, 1853 January 22, 1856 Democratic William Wood Farmer (Democratic) 1853-1854
Robert C. Wickliffe (Democratic) 1854-1856
15 Robert Charles Wickliffe RobertWickliffe.jpg January 22, 1856 January 23, 1860 Democratic Charles Homer Mouton (Democratic) 1856
William F. Griffin (Democratic) 1856-1860
16 Thomas Overton Moore ThomasOvertonMoore.jpg January 23, 1860 April 24, 1862 Democratic Henry M. Hyams

Civil War Era[edit]

Governors of Confederate-held territory in Louisiana[edit]

No. Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Notes Lieutenant Governor
1 (CSA) Thomas Overton Moore ThomasOvertonMoore.jpg April 24, 1862 January 25, 1864 Democratic Henry M. Hyams (Democratic)
17 (2 CSA) Henry Watkins Allen HWAllen.jpg January 25, 1864 June 2, 1865 Democratic [6] Benjamin W. Pearce (Democratic)

Governors of Union-held territory in Louisiana[edit]

No. Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Notes Lieutenant Governor
18 (USA) George Foster Shepley George F Shepley.jpg July 2, 1862 March 4, 1864 Military vacant
19 (USA) Michael Hahn Michael Hahn.jpg March 4, 1864 March 4, 1865 Republican [7] James Madison Wells (Republican)

Reconstruction Era (Governors subordinate to U.S. military rule)[edit]

No. Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Notes Lieutenant Governor
20 James Madison Wells James Madison Wells.jpg March 4, 1865 June 3, 1867[8] Republican [9][10] Albert Voorhies (Republican)
21 Benjamin Franklin Flanders Benjamin Franklin Flanders.jpg June 8, 1867[11] January 8, 1868 Republican [12][13] None
22 Joshua Baker Joshua Baker.jpg January 8, 1868 June 27, 1868 Democratic (Unionist) [12][14] None

Post-Reconstruction[edit]

No. Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Notes Lieutenant Governor
23 Henry Clay Warmoth Henry Clay Warmoth.jpg June 27, 1868 December 9, 1872 Republican [15] Oscar J. Dunn (Republican) 1868-1872
P. B. S. Pinchback (Republican) 1872-1873
24 P. B. S. Pinchback P. B. S. Pinchback - Brady-Handy.jpg December 29, 1872 January 13, 1873 Republican [9] vacant
25 John McEnery John McEnery.jpg January 13, 1873 May 22, 1873 Democratic; Liberal Republican [16] Davidson B. Penn (Democratic; Liberal Republican)
26 William Pitt Kellogg William P. Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg May 22, 1873 January 8, 1877 Republican [16] C.C. Antoine (Republican)
27* Stephen B. Packard Stephen B. Packard - History of Iowa.jpg January 8, 1877 April 24, 1877 Republican [17] C.C. Antoine (Republican)
28 Francis Tillou Nicholls Francis Tillou Nicholls.jpg April 24, 1877 January 14, 1880 Democratic [18] Louis A. Wiltz (Democratic)
29 Louis Alfred Wiltz Louis Alfred Wiltz.jpg January 14, 1880 October 16, 1881 Democratic [4] Samuel D. McEnery (Democratic)
30 Samuel Douglas McEnery Samuel Douglas McEnery.jpg October 16, 1881 May 20, 1888 Democratic [19] W.A. Robertson (Democratic) 1881
George L. Walton (Democratic) 1881-1884
Clay Knobloch (Democratic) 1884-1888
Francis Tillou Nicholls Francis Tillou Nicholls.jpg May 20, 1888 May 10, 1892 Democratic James Jeffries (Democratic)
31 Murphy James Foster, Sr. Murphy James Foster.jpg May 10, 1892 May 8, 1900 Democratic [20] Charles Parlange (Democratic) 1892-1894
Hiram R. Lott (Democratic) 1894-1896
Robert H. Snyder (Democratic) 1896-1900
32 William Wright (W. W.) Heard William Wright Heard.jpg May 8, 1900 May 10, 1904 Democratic Albert Estopinal (Democratic)
33 Newton Crain Blanchard Newton Crain Blanchard.jpg May 10, 1904 May 12, 1908 Democratic Jared Y. Sanders, Sr. (Democratic)
34 Jared Young Sanders, Sr. Jared Young Sanders.jpg May 12, 1908 May 14, 1912 Democratic [21] Paul M. Lambremont (Democratic)
35 Luther Egbert Hall Luther Egbert Hall - Gouverneur von Louisiana.jpg May 14, 1912 May 9, 1916 Democratic Thomas C. Barrett (Democratic)
36 Ruffin Golson Pleasant Ruffin Golson Pleasant.jpg May 9, 1916 May 11, 1920 Democratic Fernand Mouton (Democratic)
37 John Milliken Parker GovJohnParker.jpg May 11, 1920 May 13, 1924 Democratic Hewitt Bouanchaud (Democratic) 1920-1924
Delos R. Johnson (Democratic) 1924
38 Henry Luse Fuqua GovFuqua.jpg May 13, 1924 October 11, 1926 Democratic [4] Oramel H. Simpson (Democratic)
39 Oramel Hinckley Simpson GovOSimpson.jpg October 11, 1926 May 21, 1928 Democratic [9] Philip H. Gilbert (Democratic)
40 Huey Pierce Long HueyPLong.jpg May 21, 1928 January 25, 1932 Democratic [22][23] Paul N. Cyr (Democratic) 1928-1931
Alvin O. King (Democratic) 1931-1932
41 Alvin Olin King GovKing.jpg January 25, 1932 May 10, 1932 Democratic [9][24] None
42 Oscar Kelly (O.K.) Allen Oscar K. Allen.jpg May 10, 1932 January 28, 1936 Democratic [4] John B. Fournet (Democratic) 1932-1935
Thomas C. Wingate (Democratic) 1935
James A. Noe (Democratic) 1935-1936
43 James Albert Noe James Noe portrait.jpg January 28, 1936 May 12, 1936 Democratic [9] vacant
44 Richard Webster Leche Gov Richard Leche.jpg May 12, 1936 June 26, 1939 Democratic [25] Earl K. Long (Democratic)
45 Earl Kemp Long Earl Long portrait.jpg June 26, 1939 May 14, 1940 Democratic [9] Coleman Lindsey (Democratic)
46 Sam Houston Jones Sam H. Jones portrait.jpg May 14, 1940 May 9, 1944 Democratic Marc M. Mouton (Democratic)
47 James Houston (Jimmie) Davis GovernorJamesDavis.jpg May 9, 1944 May 11, 1948 Democratic J. Emile Verret (Democratic)
Earl Kemp Long Earl Long portrait.jpg May 11, 1948 May 13, 1952 Democratic William J. "Bill" Dodd (Democratic)
48 Robert Floyd (Bob) Kennon Robert F. Kennon portrait.jpg May 13, 1952 May 8, 1956 Democratic C. E. "Cap" Barham (Democratic)
Earl Kemp Long Earl Long portrait.jpg May 8, 1956 May 10, 1960 Democratic Lether Frazar (Democratic)
James Houston (Jimmie) Davis GovernorJamesDavis.jpg May 10, 1960 May 12, 1964 Democratic C. C. "Taddy" Aycock (Democratic)
49 John Julian McKeithen McKeithen.jpg May 12, 1964 May 9, 1972 Democratic [26] C. C. "Taddy" Aycock (Democratic)
50 Edwin Washington Edwards Edwin Edwards.jpg May 9, 1972 March 10, 1980 Democratic James E. "Jimmy" Fitzmorris (Democratic)
51 David Conner (Dave) Treen Dave Treen.jpg March 10, 1980 March 12, 1984 Republican Robert "Bobby" Freeman (Democratic)
Edwin Washington Edwards Edwin Edwards.jpg March 12, 1984 March 14, 1988 Democratic Robert "Bobby" Freeman (Democratic)
52 Charles Elson (Buddy) Roemer III Buddy Roemer by Gage Skidmore.jpg March 14, 1988 August 1991 Democratic Paul Hardy (Republican)
Charles Elson (Buddy) Roemer III August 1991 January 13, 1992 Republican [27] Paul Hardy (Republican)
Edwin Washington Edwards Edwin Edwards.jpg January 13, 1992 January 8, 1996 Democratic Melinda Schwegmann (Democratic)
53 Murphy James (Mike) Foster, Jr. GovFoster1.JPG January 8, 1996 January 12, 2004 Republican Kathleen Babineaux Blanco (Democratic)
54 Kathleen Babineaux Blanco Kathleen Blanco.jpg January 12, 2004 January 14, 2008 Democratic Mitchell "Mitch" Landrieu (Democratic)
55[28] Piyush "Bobby" Jindal Bobby Jindal, official 109th Congressional photo.jpg January 14, 2008 Incumbent Republican Mitchell "Mitch" Landrieu (Democratic) 2008-2010
Scott Angelle (Republican) 2010
John "Jay" Dardenne (Republican) 2010–Present

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Louisiana except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Name Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
William Charles Cole Claiborne 1803–1816 S U.S. Representative from Tennessee, Governor of Mississippi Territory
Thomas B. Robertson 1820–1824 H
Henry Johnson 1824–1828 H S
Edward Douglass White Sr. 1835–1839 H
Alexandre Mouton 1843–1846 S
Robert C. Wickliffe 1856–1860 Louisiana Lieutenant Governor, Elected U.S. Representative but was refused his seat
Michael Hahn 1864–1865 H Elected U.S. Senator* but was refused his seat
Benjamin Flanders 1870–1872 H
P. B. S. Pinchback 1872–1873 Acting Lieutenant Governor, Elected to both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate but was refused his seat.[29]
William P. Kellogg 1873–1877 H S
Samuel D. McEnery 1881–1888 S Louisiana Lieutenant Governor
Murphy J. Foster 1892–1900 S
Newton C. Blanchard 1904–1908 H S
Jared Y. Sanders, Sr. 1908–1912 H Louisiana Lieutenant Governor, Elected U.S. Senator but denied the seat, preferring to stay governor
Huey Pierce Long 1928–1932 S* Elected to the Senate in 1930, but did not take the seat until the election of his hand-picked successor was ensured
Edwin W. Edwards 1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996 H
David C. Treen 1980–1984 H
Buddy Roemer 1988–1992 H
Kathleen Blanco 2004–2008 Louisiana Lieutenant Governor (1996–2004)
Piyush "Bobby" Jindal 2008–Present H

Living former governors[edit]

As of October 2012, four former governors were alive, the oldest being Edwin W. Edwards (1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996, born 1927). The most recent governor, and also the most recently serving governor, to die was David C. Treen (1980–1984), on October 29, 2009.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Edwin W. Edwards 1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996 (1927-08-07) August 7, 1927 (age 86)
Buddy Roemer 1988–1992 (1943-10-04) October 4, 1943 (age 70)
Murphy J. Foster, Jr. 1996–2004 (1930-07-11) July 11, 1930 (age 83)
Kathleen Blanco 2004–2008 (1942-12-15) December 15, 1942 (age 71)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Table includes both Union and Confederate governors.
  2. ^ Resigned to take a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Louisiana.
  3. ^ a b As president of the state senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  4. ^ a b c d Died in office.
  5. ^ As president of the state senate, acted as governor until his senate president term expired.
  6. ^ Governor Allen was removed from office and fled to Mexico after the Union took control of Louisiana following the surrender of the Confederacy.
  7. ^ Resigned to take a seat in the United States Senate, but was denied his seat, Louisiana having not yet been readmitted to the Union.
  8. ^ LOUISIANA.; Removal of Gov. Wells and Appointment of THomas J. Durant as Governor of Louisiana--The Levee Commissioners and Gen. Sheridan's Reason's for Removing Them.
  9. ^ a b c d e f As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  10. ^ Removed from office by General Phillip Sheridan, who held Wells accountable for the unstable political conditions stemming from the granting of suffrage to blacks.
  11. ^ The Executive documents of the House Of Representatives for the First Session of the Fortieth Congress, 1867
  12. ^ a b Appointed military governor.
  13. ^ Resigned.
  14. ^ Removed from power; when Louisiana was readmitted to the Union, Governor Baker and General Winfield Scott Hancock, who appointed him, were removed from power in the state.
  15. ^ Impeached but never convicted; however, Warmoth was still removed from office with 35 days remaining in his term. All charges were later expunged.
  16. ^ a b The State Returning Board declared John McEnery the winner over William Kellogg in 1872, but a second election board was formed that declared Kellogg the winner. Both men were sworn in to office on the same day by opposing legislatures. After armed skirmishes erupted, President Ulysses S. Grant stepped in, declaring Kellogg the winner on September 20, 1873.
  17. ^ Packard was the Radical Republican candidate for governor in 1876. In a disputed outcome, both Packard and his Democratic opponent, Francis T. Nicholls were inaugurated. Nicholls had led in the balloting by some eight thousand votes, but the Republican-controlled State Returning Board cited fraud and declared Packard the victor. Pinchback, however, refused to support Packard and endorsed Nicholls.
  18. ^ Francis Nicholls won the 1876 election over Stephen B. Packard, but the Republican-controlled State Returning Board declared Packard the winner. Nicholls took office anyway, and assembled a government that was eventually recognized by the federal government as the proper state government.
  19. ^ As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  20. ^ Foster's 1896 reelection was characterized by widespread voting fraud which benefited his candidacy. A temporarilly rejuvenated Republican Party united with the Populists behind the candidacy of John N. Pharr and likely won more than the 43 percent attributed to Pharr in the official returns. Foster quickly maneuvered to adopt the state constitution of 1898, which effectively disenfranchised Blacks and induced several decades of one-party Democratic control via White primaries, the winning of which was tantamount to election. See also Regular Democratic Organization and Solid South.
  21. ^ Elected to the United States Senate but refused the seat, preferring to remain governor.
  22. ^ Impeached on charges of bribery and corruption, but not convicted.
  23. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; Governor Long was elected to the Senate in 1930, but did not take office until 1932, preferring to remain in office as governor.
  24. ^ Paul N. Cyr was lieutenant governor under Governor Huey Long, and stated he would take over for governor after Long left for the Senate, but Long demanded Cyr forfeit his office. Alvin Olin King, as president of the state senate, was elevated to lieutenant governor and later governor.
  25. ^ Resigned due to a fraud scandal; he was later convicted of mail fraud, and served five years in prison. He was pardoned by President Harry S. Truman in 1953.
  26. ^ First Louisiana governor elected to consecutive terms after 1921 constitution was amended in 1966 to allow governors to serve two consecutive terms.
  27. ^ Ibid. Roemer switched from Democrat to Republican several days before the Republicans held a convention in Lafayette to endorse a candidate. Roemer was unable to cancel the convention or to stop its momentum toward U.S. Representative Clyde C. Holloway, who received the endorsement. Both Holloway and Roemer remained in the race, but neither attracted sufficient votes to place in the runoff election.
  28. ^ "Jindal sworn in as governor". Times Picayune. January 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  29. ^ Compilation of Senate Election Cases from 1789 to 1885 - Pages 483 - 512

External links[edit]