The Ecclesiastical Household is a part of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Reflecting the different constitutions of the Churches of England and of Scotland, there are separate Ecclesiastical Households in each nation.
The College of Chaplains is under the Clerk of the Closet, an office dating from 1437. It is normally held by a diocesan bishop, who may however remain in office after leaving his see. The current Clerk is the Lord Bishop of Guildford, the Rt Rev'd Christopher Hill. The Deputy Clerk of the Closet, a new office dating only from 1677, is the Domestic Chaplain to the Sovereign, and Sub-dean of the Chapel Royal, and is the sole full-time clerical member of the Household.
The Clerk of the Closet is responsible for advising the Private Secretary to the Sovereign on the names for candidates to fill vacancies in the Roll of Chaplains to the Sovereign. He presents Bishops for Homage to the Sovereign; examines any theological books to be presented to the Sovereign; and preaches annually in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He receives a salary of £7 a year.
Some three or four chaplains are appointed annually, and one is kept vacant for the Sovereign's own choosing.
Her Majesty's Household in Scotland (Ecclesiastical) consists of Chaplains who are all ministers of the Church of Scotland.
The current Dean of the Chapel Royal (since 2006) is the Very Reverend John B. Cairns. Other members are the Dean of the Thistle, the Domestic Chaplain (who is usually the minister at Crathie Kirk) and approximately ten Chaplains in Ordinary. Upon retirement the Chaplains become "Extra Chaplains".
List of Chaplains in the Household 
The College of Chaplains consists of those appointed Chaplain-in-Ordinary to His/Her Majesty. There are also Honorary Chaplains, who do not fulfill any formal duties.
During the reign of Queen Victoria, there were 36 Chaplains-in-Ordinary and a number of Honorary Chaplains. A new appointment as Chaplain-in-Ordinary would traditionally be made among the Honorary Chaplains. Upon his accession in 1901, King Edward reduced the number of Chaplains-in-Ordinary to 12, and removed the prerequisite that a Chaplain-in-Ordinary need previously have been appointed Honorary Chaplain.
Chaplains appointed as Bishop or other senior church positions left the household.
- Reverend Prebendary W. Rogers -1896 (deceased)
- Reverend the Honourable Canon A Phipps -1896 (deceased)
- Reverend James Edward Cowell Welldon 1892 - 6 December 1898 (appointed Bishop)
- Reverend Prebendary Charles Henry Turner ? - 13 July 1898 (appointed Bishop)
- Reverend Clement Smith, Rector of Whippingham, Isle of Wight 2 March 1896 - ?
- Reverend Canon Alfred Ainger 2 March 1896 - ?
- Reverend the Honourable Arthur Lyttelton, DD 1896 - 6 December 1898 (appointed Bishop)
- Venerable Archdeacon Walter John Lawrance, Rector of St Albans, Hertfordshire 13 July 1898 - ?
- Reverend Herbert Edward Ryle, DD, Hulsean Professor of Divinity at Cambridge 6 December 1898 - 4 January 1901 (resigned, appointed Bishop)
- Venerable Archdeacon William Donne, Vicar of Wakefield 6 December 1898 - ? 
- Reverend Arthur Robins ? - 1899 (deceased)
- Reverend John Henry Joshua Ellison ? - 1899 (deceased)
- Reverend Canon Frederick Cecil Alderson 1 January 1900 - ?
- Reverend Robert Henry Hadden 1 January 1900 - ?
- Reverend Canon Robert Campbell Moberly, DD 4 January 1901 - ?
Honorary Chaplains 
- Reverend James Edward Cowell Welldon 1888-1892
- Reverend Canon Alfred Ainger ? - 2 March 1896
- Reverend Clement Smith, Rector of Whippingham, Isle of Wight ? - 2 March 1896
- Venerable Archdeacon Walter John Lawrance, Rector of St Albans, Hertfordshire ? - 13 July 1898
- Reverend Herbert Edward Ryle, DD, Hulsean Professor of Divinity at Cambridge 2 March 1896 - 6 December 1898
- Venerable Archdeacon William Donne, Vicar of Wakefield 2 March 1896 - 6 December 1898
- Reverend Robert Campbell Moberly, DD, Canon of Christ Church, Oxford and Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology 13 July 1898 - 4 January 1901
- Reverend Canon Frederick Cecil Alderson ? - 1 January 1900
- Reverend Robert Henry Hadden ? - 1 January 1900
- Reverend the Honourable John Stafford Northcote, Vicar of St Andrew´s, Westminster 6 December 1898 - ? 
- Reverend Handley Carr Glyn Moule, DD, Principal of Ridley Hall, Cambridge 6 December 1898 - ?
- Reverend Prebendary Edgar Charles Sumner Gibson, DD, Vicar of Leeds 4 January 1901 - ?
- Reverend E. H. Goodwin, Chaplain to the Forces, first class 1 June 1901 - ? in recognition of his services while Principal Chaplain to the South African Field Force