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For the Bolivian province, see Chiquitos Province.

Chiquitos means "little ones" in Spanish. The Spanish Conquistadores chose this name for the people living in the rain savannas of what is now the eastern parts of the Santa Cruz Department in Bolivia, when they found the small doors of the Indian huts in the region.

Today, this area is called the Gran Chiquitania with around 20 ethnic groups living in this region.

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