Civil parishes in Berkshire

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A map of Berkshire, showing the districts: (1) West Berkshire; (2) Reading; (3) Wokingham; (4) Bracknell Forest; (5) Windsor and Maidenhead; and (6) Slough

A civil parish is a country subdivision, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 104 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, most of the county being parished; Reading is completely unparished; Bracknell Forest, West Berkshire and Wokingham are entirely parished. At the 2001 census, there were 483,882 people living in the 104 parishes, accounting for 60.5 per cent of the county's population.

History[edit]

Parishes arose from Church of England divisions, and were originally purely ecclesiastical divisions. Over time they acquired civil administration powers.[1]

The Highways Act 1555 made parishes responsible for the upkeep of roads. Every adult inhabitant of the parish was obliged to work four days a year on the roads, providing their own tools, carts and horses; the work was overseen by an unpaid local appointee, the Surveyor of Highways.[2]

The poor were looked after by the monasteries, until their dissolution. In 1572, magistrates were given power to 'survey the poor' and impose taxes for their relief. This system was made more formal by the Poor Law Act 1601, which made parishes responsible for administering the Poor Law; overseers were appointed to charge a rate to support the poor of the parish.[3] The 19th century saw an increase in the responsibility of parishes, although the Poor Law powers were transferred to Poor Law Unions.[4] The Public Health Act 1872 grouped parishes into Rural Sanitary Districts, based on the Poor Law Unions; these subsequently formed the basis for Rural Districts.[5]

Parishes were run by vestries, meeting annually to appoint officials, and were generally identical to ecclesiastical parishes,[6] although some townships in large parishes administered the Poor Law themselves; under the Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882, all extra-parochial areas and townships that levied a separate rate became independent civil parishes.[7]

Civil parishes in their modern sense date from the Local Government Act 1894, which abolished vestries; established elected parish councils in all rural parishes with more than 300 electors; grouped rural parishes into Rural Districts; and aligned parish boundaries with county and borough boundaries.[7] Urban civil parishes continued to exist, and were generally coterminous with the Urban District, Municipal Borough or County Borough in which they were situated; many large towns contained a number of parishes, and these were usually merged into one. Parish councils were not formed in urban areas, and the only function of the parish was to elect guardians to Poor Law Unions; with the abolition of the Poor Law system in 1930 the parishes had only a nominal existence.[8]

The Local Government Act 1972 retained civil parishes in rural areas, and many former Urban Districts and Municipal Boroughs that were being abolished, were replaced by new successor parishes; urban areas that were considered too large to be single parishes became unparished areas.[9]

The current position[edit]

Recent governments have encouraged the formation of town and parish councils in unparished areas, and the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 gave local residents the right to demand the creation of a new civil parish.[10]

A parish council can become a town council unilaterally, simply by resolution;[9] and a civil parish can also gain city status, but only if that is granted by the Crown.[9] The chairman of a town or city council is called a mayor.[9] The Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 introduced alternative names: a parish council can now choose to be called a community; village; or neighbourhood council.[11]

List of civil parishes and unparished areas[edit]

Image Name Status Population District Former local authority Refs
Rose Hill, Binfield - geograph.org.uk - 849009.jpg Binfield Civil parish 7,475 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Clock Fountain, Charles Square, Bracknell - geograph.org.uk - 1283687.jpg Bracknell Town 50,131 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Pine trees, Caesar's Camp - geograph.org.uk - 1181921.jpg Crowthorne Civil parish 6,711 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Sandhurst Royal Military Academy - geograph.org.uk - 44912.jpg Sandhurst Town 20,803 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Farmland, Jealott's Hill - geograph.org.uk - 800522.jpg Warfield Civil parish 9,226 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Foliejon Park - geograph.org.uk - 110884.jpg Winkfield Civil parish 15,271 Bracknell Forest Easthampstead
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Statue in Forbury Gardens, Reading - geograph.org.uk - 238645.jpg Reading Unparished area 143,096 Reading Reading
County Borough
[14]
[15]
Lynch Hill Lane, Britwell - geograph.org.uk - 162908.jpg Britwell Civil parish 5,989 Slough Eton
Rural District
[16]
[17]
[18]
Honda Building, M4 Junction 5 - geograph.org.uk - 25755.jpg Colnbrook with Poyle Civil parish 5,408 Slough Eton
Rural District
[16]
[17]
[19]
Horlicks - geograph.org.uk - 580434.jpg Slough Unparished area 103,428 Slough Slough
Municipal Borough
[20]
[21]
Wexham Park Hospital, Stoke Green, Slough - geograph.org.uk - 126434.jpg Wexham Court Civil parish 4,242 Slough Eton
Rural District
[16]
[17]
[18]
The A340, Aldermaston - geograph.org.uk - 1202526.jpg Aldermaston Civil parish 927 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Four Points Inn, Aldworth - geograph.org.uk - 915299.jpg Aldworth Civil parish 308 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Ashampstead church.jpg Ashampstead Civil parish 398 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
BasildonParkFassade.jpg Basildon Civil parish 1,559 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Pond and pump, Beech Hill - geograph.org.uk - 635037.jpg Beech Hill Civil parish 311 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Footpath Across Barley Fields Near Beedon - geograph.org.uk - 34133.jpg Beedon Civil parish 393 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Picklepythe Lane, Beenham - geograph.org.uk - 1808736.jpg Beenham Civil parish 1,175 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Pasture, Boxford - geograph.org.uk - 1790984.jpg Boxford Civil parish 466 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Phew, it's hot - geograph.org.uk - 914212.jpg Bradfield Civil parish 2,172 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Malthouse Farm - geograph.org.uk - 39329.jpg Brightwalton Civil parish 322 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Brimpton Baptist Church, Brimpton - geograph.org.uk - 25858.jpg Brimpton Civil parish 613 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
St Mary's, Bucklebury - geograph.org.uk - 504227.jpg Bucklebury Civil parish 2,066 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Boats racing to Buoy 1 at Burghfield Sailing Club - geograph.org.uk - 59826.jpg Burghfield Civil parish 5,894 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Pasture at Catmore Farm - geograph.org.uk - 39321.jpg Catmore Civil parish 28 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Typical Chaddleworth - geograph.org.uk - 862865.jpg Chaddleworth Civil parish 482 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Modern Housing Estate in Chieveley - geograph.org.uk - 39275.jpg Chieveley Civil parish 2,710 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Henwick Old Farm - geograph.org.uk - 11370.jpg Cold Ash Civil parish 3,623 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
The South Western Slopes of Walbury Hill - geograph.org.uk - 62332.jpg Combe Civil parish 38 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26][23]
Superity Farm - geograph.org.uk - 1154270.jpg Compton Civil parish 1,521 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
EastGarston(AndrewSmith)Aug2006.jpg East Garston Civil parish 532 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Pond East Ilsley - geograph.org.uk - 881757.jpg East Ilsley Civil parish 519 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Houses on Church Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1526394.jpg Enborne Civil parish 492 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Englefield House - geograph.org.uk - 1824880.jpg Englefield Civil parish 303 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Farnborough Rectory - geograph.org.uk - 1591918.jpg Farnborough Civil parish 100 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Downland, Fawley - geograph.org.uk - 887213.jpg Fawley Civil parish 172 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
The Old Rectory, Frilsham - geograph.org.uk - 11395.jpg Frilsham Civil parish 321 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
St Mary, Great Shefford - geograph.org.uk - 1538851.jpg Great Shefford Civil parish 896 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Greenham and Crookham Common Nature Reserve - geograph.org.uk - 10648.jpg Greenham Civil parish 2,712 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
St Mary's Church at Hamstead Marshall (Benham Marsh) - geograph.org.uk - 6233.jpg Hampstead Marshall Civil parish 276 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Opium poppies, Hampstead Norreys - geograph.org.uk - 876353.jpg Hampstead Norreys Civil parish 748 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
A water buffalo, Little Hungerford, West Berkshire - up close - geograph.org.uk - 398650.jpg Hermitage Civil parish 1,154 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
The Holy Brook to south of Calcot.jpg Holybrook Civil parish 7,162 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
A small river, High Street, Hungerford - geograph.org.uk - 1353254.jpg Hungerford Town 5,559 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Farmland, Inkpen - geograph.org.uk - 1575412.jpg Inkpen Civil parish 877 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Station House, Kintbury - geograph.org.uk - 1340771.jpg Kintbury Civil parish 2,593 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Jockeys training racehorses on the gallops, Lambourn, Berkshire.jpg Lambourn Civil parish 4,017 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
War Memorial, Leckhampstead - geograph.org.uk - 39351.jpg Leckhampstead Civil parish 315 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Midgham Green - geograph.org.uk - 531.jpg Midgham Civil parish 282 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Kennet and Avon canal, Newbury - geograph.org.uk - 830868.jpg Newbury Town 28,339 West Berkshire Newbury
Municipal Borough
[27]
[23]
Church , Padworth - geograph.org.uk - 5957.jpg Padworth Civil parish 548 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Seven Deadly Sins - geograph.org.uk - 1386195.jpg Pangbourne Civil parish 2,981 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Poppies on the field edge - geograph.org.uk - 850219.jpg Peasemore Civil parish 297 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Purley Village - geograph.org.uk - 9716.jpg Purley on Thames Civil parish 4,232 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Lake, Donnington - geograph.org.uk - 1791043.jpg Shaw cum Donnington Civil parish 1,680 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Enborne Bridge and Guyer's Lock - geograph.org.uk - 127842.jpg Speen Civil parish 2,634 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Church Next to Manor Farm, Stanford Dingley - geograph.org.uk - 2598.jpg Stanford Dingley Civil parish 209 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Houses at Mortimer Common - geograph.org.uk - 1315512.jpg Stratfield Mortimer Civil parish 3,584 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Thatched cottage, Streatley - geograph.org.uk - 1440229.jpg Streatley Civil parish 974 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Harvesting below Sulham Woods - geograph.org.uk - 915955.jpg Sulham Civil parish 80 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Sulhamstead Swing Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1768791.jpg Sulhamstead Civil parish 1,248 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Thatcham Discovery Centre, Seating Area - geograph.org.uk - 37520.jpg Thatcham Town 22,824 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Church in Theale Village, West Berks - geograph.org.uk - 1420.jpg Theale Civil parish 2,771 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Bluebell wood - geograph.org.uk - 1279971.jpg Tidmarsh Civil parish 391 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Yew Tree Rise - geograph.org.uk - 1331438.jpg Tilehurst Civil parish 14,683 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Ufton Court near Ufton Nervet - geograph.org.uk - 22970.jpg Ufton Nervet Civil parish 321 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Wasing Park - geograph.org.uk - 1775991.jpg Wasing Civil parish 55 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Welford Park House. - geograph.org.uk - 1643603.jpg Welford Civil parish 522 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Downland, West Ilsley - geograph.org.uk - 631490.jpg West Ilsley Civil parish 340 West Berkshire Wantage
Rural District
[24]
[23]
Plantation near West Woodhay - geograph.org.uk - 62402.jpg West Woodhay Civil parish 100 West Berkshire Hungerford
Rural District
[26]
[23]
Snelsmore Common, Winterbourne - geograph.org.uk - 2122660.jpg Winterbourne Civil parish 206 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Grazeley Manor Farm - geograph.org.uk - 17669.jpg Wokefield Civil parish 325 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Canalside Residence, Woolhampton Village - geograph.org.uk - 24081.jpg Woolhampton Civil parish 725 West Berkshire Newbury
Rural District
[25]
[23]
Yattendon Main Street - geograph.org.uk - 8736.jpg Yattendon Civil parish 378 West Berkshire Bradfield
Rural District
[22]
[23]
Cottages, Marlow Road, Bisham - geograph.org.uk - 987765.jpg Bisham Civil parish 1,149 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Moored Boat on The River Thames, Bray - geograph.org.uk - 1271164.jpg Bray Civil parish 8,425 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
A Window in Cookham - geograph.org.uk - 516750.jpg Cookham Civil parish 5,519 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Sheep at Ockwells Manor, Maidenhead - geograph.org.uk - 872742.jpg Cox Green Civil parish 7,203 Windsor and Maidenhead Maidenhead
Municipal Borough
[30]
[29]
Buildings off Slough Road - geograph.org.uk - 2203058.jpg Datchet Civil parish 4,646 Windsor and Maidenhead Eton
Rural District
[16]
[29]
Eton College Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1990519.jpg Eton Town 4,980 Windsor and Maidenhead Eton
Urban District
[31]
[29]
The Queen Mother Reservoir - geograph.org.uk - 1309816.jpg Horton Civil parish 983 Windsor and Maidenhead Eton
Rural District
[16]
[29]
Pasture, Hurley - geograph.org.uk - 1033027.jpg Hurley Civil parish 1,854 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Maidenhead Union, St. Marks Maidenhead - geograph.org.uk - 94797.jpg Maidenhead Unparished area 42,827 Windsor and Maidenhead Maidenhead
Municipal Borough
[30]
[32]
WindsorCastle LongWalk.jpg New Windsor Unparished area 26,885 Windsor and Maidenhead New Windsor Municipal Borough [33]
[34]
Statue of King George III, Windsor - geograph.org.uk - 1596983.jpg Old Windsor Civil parish 4,775 Windsor and Maidenhead Windsor
Rural District
[35]
[29]
Shottesbrooke Park - geograph.org.uk - 604893.jpg Shottesbrooke Civil parish 154 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
National School of Government, Sunningdale - geograph.org.uk - 1769194.jpg Sunningdale Civil parish 4,875 Windsor and Maidenhead Windsor
Rural District
[35]
[29]
East Lodge - geograph.org.uk - 1432394.jpg Sunninghill and Ascot Civil parish 11,603 Windsor and Maidenhead Windsor
Rural District
[35]
[29]
[36]
The Street, Waltham St Lawrence - geograph.org.uk - 566504.jpg Waltham St Lawrence Civil parish 1,232 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Cottage, Paley Street - geograph.org.uk - 872760.jpg White Waltham Civil parish 2,875 Windsor and Maidenhead Cookham
Rural District
[28]
[29]
The Good Life - geograph.org.uk - 1500162.jpg Wraysbury Civil parish 3,641 Windsor and Maidenhead Eton
Rural District
[16]
[29]
St Bartholomews, Arborfield - geograph.org.uk - 17640.jpg Arborfield and Newland Civil parish 2,228 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Aggister's Lane, Barkham - geograph.org.uk - 2334378.jpg Barkham Civil parish 3,511 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Hogweed, Charvil Meadows - geograph.org.uk - 987652.jpg Charvil Civil parish 2,990 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Harris Garden Beds in April.jpg Earley Town 32,036 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Furze Hill - geograph.org.uk - 2355220.jpg Finchampstead Civil parish 12,334 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Temple Island - geograph.org.uk - 431805.jpg Remenham Civil parish 547 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Farmland, Ruscombe - geograph.org.uk - 1048305.jpg Ruscombe Civil parish 1,027 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Cutbush Manor - geograph.org.uk - 17638.jpg Shinfield Civil parish 8,136 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
House at Sonning Lock - geograph.org.uk - 552078.jpg Sonning Civil parish 1,445 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Winnersh - Lavell's Lake - geograph.org.uk - 2078888.jpg St Nicholas Hurst Civil parish 2,008 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
War Memorial, Swallowfield - geograph.org.uk - 626127.jpg Swallowfield Civil parish 1,961 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Wargrave Road, Twyford - geograph.org.uk - 605025.jpg Twyford Civil parish 6,216 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Horticulture, Wargrave - geograph.org.uk - 1048327.jpg Wargrave Civil parish 3,910 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Hotel and footbridge, Winnersh - geograph.org.uk - 2334525.jpg Winnersh Civil parish 7,939 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Former Town Hall, Wokingham - geograph.org.uk - 487176.jpg Wokingham Town 30,403 Wokingham Wokingham
Municipal Borough
[39]
[38]
Woodland next to Heath Lake - geograph.org.uk - 696196.jpg Wokingham Without Civil parish 7,099 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]
Hurricane Way, Woodley - geograph.org.uk - 873187.jpg Woodley Town 26,439 Wokingham Wokingham
Rural District
[37]
[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angus Winchester, 2000, Discovering Parish Boundaries. Shire Publications. Princes Risborough, 96 pages ISBN 978-0747804703
  2. ^ RAC Foundation : What Went Wrong? British Highway Development Before Motorways Retrieved 22 August 2009
  3. ^ The Victorian Web : The Poor Law : Introduction Retrieved 22 August 2009
  4. ^ Staffordshire University : Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts Retrieved 22 August 2009
  5. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Status Details for Rural Sanitary District Retrieved 22 August 2009
  6. ^ Robert Tittler, The Reformation and the Towns in England, 1998, Oxford University Press, 395 pages, ISBN 9780198207184
  7. ^ a b Modern British Surnames : Selected Events in the History of Civil Registration and Boundary Changes 1801-1996 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  8. ^ Alex MacMorran and T R Colquhoun Dill, The Local Government Act 1894 and the Subsequent Statutes Affecting Parish Councils, 1907, Butterworth and Co, London, 626 pages
  9. ^ a b c d Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government Act 1972 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Rating Act 1997 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  12. ^ a b c d e f A Vision of Britain Through Time : Easthampstead Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  13. ^ a b c d e f Office for National Statistics: Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Bracknell Forest Retrieved 3 November 2010
  14. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Reading County Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  15. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Abbey; Battle; Caversham; Church; Katesgrove; Kentwood; Mapledurham; Minster; Norcot; Park; Peppard; Redlands; Southcote; Thames; Tilehurst; and Whitley wards. Retrieved 3 November 2010
  16. ^ a b c d e f A Vision of Britain Through Time : Eton Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  17. ^ a b c Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Slough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  18. ^ a b The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972, Schedule, Part 3
  19. ^ The Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994
  20. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Slough Municipal Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  21. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Baylis and Stoke; Britwell (part); Central; Chalvey; Cippenham Green; Cippenham Meadows; Farnham; Foxborough; Haymill; Kedermister; Langley St Mary's; Upton; and Wexham Lea (part) wards. Retrieved 3 November 2010
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bradfield Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk Office for National Statistics : Census 2010 : Parish Headcounts : West Berkshire Retrieved 3 November 2010
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wantage Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q A Vision of Britain Through Time : Newbury Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h A Vision of Britain Through Time : Hungerford Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  27. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Newbury Municipal Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  28. ^ a b c d e f g A Vision of Britain Through Time : Cookham Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Windsor and Maidenhead" Retrieved 3 November 2010
  30. ^ a b A Vision of Britain Through Time : Maidenhead Municipal Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  31. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Eton Urban District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  32. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Belmont; Boyn Hill; Furze Platt; Maidenhead Riverside; Oldfield; and Pinkneys Green wards. Retrieved 3 November 2010
  33. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : New Windsor Municipal Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010
  34. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Castle Without; Clewer East; Clewer North (part); Clewer South (part); Eton and Castle (part); and Park wards. Retrieved 3 November 2010
  35. ^ a b c A Vision of Britain Through Time : Windsor Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  36. ^ Office of the Deputy Prime Minister: Bulletin of Changes to Local Authority Areas in England: Orders Made Between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005: District Council Notices of the Change of Name of a Parish Under Section 75 of the Local Government Act 1975 Retrieved 3 November 2010
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wokingham Rural District Retrieved 3 November 2010
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Wokingham" Retrieved 3 November 2010
  39. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wokingham Municipal Borough Retrieved 3 November 2010

West Berkshire Parishes==External links==