Clogheen, County Tipperary

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Clogheen
Chloichín an Mhargaid
Village
St. Paul's Community Centre
St. Paul's Community Centre
Clogheen is located in Ireland
Clogheen
Clogheen
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°16′34″N 7°59′46″W / 52.276°N 7.996°W / 52.276; -7.996Coordinates: 52°16′34″N 7°59′46″W / 52.276°N 7.996°W / 52.276; -7.996
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Tipperary
Dáil Éireann Tipperary South
Elevation 54 m (177 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 509
Dialing code 0 52, +000 353 (0)52
Irish Grid Reference S001137
Website clogheen.org

Clogheen (Irish: Chloichín an Mhargaid, meaning "Little Stone of the Market")[6][7] is a village in County Tipperary, Ireland. The census of 2006 recorded the population at 509 people.[8]

Location[edit]

It lies in the Galtee-Vee Valley with the Galtee Mountains to the north and the Knockmealdowns in close proximity to the south. The River Tar which is a tributary of the Suir runs through the village. It is located on the R665 and R668 regional roads. The nearest large towns are Cahir and Mitchelstown, approximately 14 and 20 kilometres away, respectively.

Transport[edit]

It is served daily by Bus Éireann Expressway route 7 linking it to Clonmel, Cork, Kilkenny and other locations.

History[edit]

The first substantial records of the village date from the Cromwellian period, but the village did not come to note until the 18th and 19th centuries. It then became a local centre of trade and commerce. The village takes its modern form from the 19th century with a wide area that was formerly the Market Square (and still named so) and a number of townhouses in the Georgian style. Evidence of its former economic activity exists in the form of a number of ruined mills and accompanying mill-streams in the environs of the village, as well as several large estates.

A former Catholic parish priest of Clogheen, Nicholas Sheehy, is buried at Shanrahan graveyard just outside the village, having been executed in 1766. Sheehy had been a vocal opponent of Anglican Church tithes. When a secret oath-bound society known as the Whiteboys, formed in the parish, elements of the Protestant Ascendancy conspired to make him an example to those who questioned or threatened their powers. After a kangaroo trial in Clonmel, he was hung for murder and treason, crimes with little basis, no reliable witnesses, and no proof.[9][10]

The stately Shanbally Castle was situated 4.5 kilometres outside the village. It was built circa 1820 for the 1st Viscount Lismore, designed by the architect John Nash, and was demolished by the State in 1960.[11]

Daniel O'Connell addressed a crowd of up to 50,000 people in the town on 28 September 1828, as part of a public demonstration to demand Catholic emancipation.[12]

Lewis' Topographical Dictionary of 1837 notes Clogheen as being located in the barony of Iffa and Offa West and reported that there were 1,928 inhabitants, a military barracks for the accommodation of two troops of cavalry, an extensive brewery, plus seven flour mills in the town and neighbourhood.[13]

Modern times[edit]

Having boasted for several centuries the title 'Town', few would argue that Clogheen is now better classified as a large village. Gone are the monthly court sittings in the local court-house, and the farmers no longer bring their milk to the creamery. The local bakery that used to supply much of South Tipp with their daily bread has closed its ovens as a result of competition from the multi-nationals. The Anglican Church of St. Paul has become the Community Centre - the building having been generously donated by the Church of Ireland. Clogheen does boast a fine Hospital, and a medical Centre. It also has a Day Care Centre providing care for the elderly in the community. There are a few well appointed pubs and local shops provide well for the population. Saint Mary's R.C. church celebrated 150 years in 2014. The village is well linked to the nearby economic centres of Clonmel and Mitchelstown and the larger economies of Cork, Limerick, and Waterford. Clogheen has an extremely popular Caravan Park and Petting Farm at Parson's Green. It is particularly busy when the country's National School trips are under way. Clogheen was the setting for part of the film 'Felicia's Journey' based on the novel of the same name by William Trevor.(Felicia's Journey) William Makepeace Thackeray's novel - Barry Lyndon - was rewritten for screen and directed by Stanley Kubrick. Some of the most exciting scenes for the movie were in Clogheen's hinterland. The eviction scene was on the Knockmealdown Mountains, and Castlegrace Castle, Clogheen was the dramatic setting for much of the military action. Johnny Cash is said to have been so inspired by the beauty of the Valley as seen from the Vee outside Clogheen that he composed Forty Shades of Green as a result of that visit. (Johnny Cash, Clogheen) Clogheen gained national notoriety in 2000 when a former hotel, which was due to house refugees, was damaged by fire in an arson attack.[14] The event reputedly inspired the Gerry Stembridge television film, Black Day at Black Rock.[15] The problems reflected a general upheaval in Irish rural society in which the local population experienced net immigration for the first time in its modern history.

Sport[edit]

The local GAA club is Fr. Sheehys. The club is part of the South division of Tipperary GAA and represents the areas of Clogheen and Burncourt.

Notable people[edit]

  • The parents of Abram Ryan, the celebrated American Poet-Priest, were both emigrants from Clogheen. Fr. Ryan was a supporter of the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Abram Ryan was so famous that he was mentioned by Margaret Mitchell in 'Gone With The Wind'. http://historicgraves.com/story/abram-ryan-gone-wind
  • Two brothers from Clogheen, George and Connie Moulson played Soccer for the Irish National team. Moulson Brothers Clogheen
  • John Moroney R.I.P. - Talented Irish Rugby player was a member of the popular Moroney family of Clogheen. John Moroney Irish Rugby Player
  • Nan Joyce, the Irish Travellers' rights activist, was born here in 1940.
  • Matthew Ryan, the author of "The Celebrated Theory of Parallels Euclid 1, Axiom 12" was born in Clogheen on 2 April 1837. Matthew Ryan - Euclid
  • Lord Edward Charles Sackville-West, noted music critic, novelist, and a member of the House of Lords, lived at his home - Cooleville House, Clogheen - for many years prior to his death there in 1965.Lord Edward Sackville West
  • Shanbally Castle, Clogheen was the Irish home of Lieutenant General Sir Reginald Polecarew - General Officer Commanding the 8th Division in Southern Ireland. He was married to Beatrice Frances Elizabeth Butler who had inherited Shanbally from her cousin Lord Lismore. Sir Reginald Polecarew
  • The parents of Irish Revolutionary, Tom Clarke - James Clarke (County Leitrim)and Mary Palmer of Clogheen- were married in St Paul's Church of Ireland in Clogheen on May 21st 1857. Clarke's brother was born in Clogheen some years later.Tom Clarke (Irish republican)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Any Tipperary Town by Larry Cunningham mentions Clogheen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  2. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  3. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  4. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  5. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  6. ^ Clogheen, County Tipperary Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2013-08-12.
  7. ^ A. D. Mills, 2003, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press
  8. ^ Irish census 2006
  9. ^ Madden, Richard Robert (1855). The Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of Blessington (Appendix). Retrieved 01-04-2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. ^ Moore, Thomas (2008). Emer Nolan, ed. Memoirs of Captain Rock: The Celebrated Irish Chieftain with Some Account of His Ancestors Written by Himself. Field Day Publications. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-946755-36-3. Retrieved 02-04-2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ McDonnell, Randal; The Lost Houses of Ireland, A chronicle of great houses and the families who lived there, Weidenfeld & Nicolson(2002)
  12. ^ Owens,Gary; 'A Moral Insurrection': Faction Fighters, Public Demonstrations and the O'Connellite Campaign, 1828, Irish Historical Studies Vol. 30, No. 120 (Nov., 1997), pp. 513-541 (Nov., 1997)
  13. ^ Lewis, Samuel; A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837).
  14. ^ "Man questioned over hotel fire". irishtimes.com. 5 May 2000. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  15. ^ Sheehan, Helena (2004). The continuing story of Irish television drama: tracking the tiger. Broadcasting and Irish society 3. Four Courts Press. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-85182-688-9. Retrieved 01-04-2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

External links[edit]