Clogheen, County Tipperary
Chloichín an Mhargaid
|Dáil Éireann||Tipperary South|
|Elevation||54 m (177 ft)|
|Dialing code||0 52, +000 353 (0)52|
|Irish Grid Reference||S001137|
It lies in the Galtee-Vee Valley with the Galtee Mountains to the north and the Knockmealdowns in close proximity to the south. The River Tar which is a tributary of the Suir runs through the village. It is located on the R665 and R668 regional roads. The nearest large towns are Cahir and Mitchelstown, approximately 14 and 20 kilometres away, respectively.
The first substantial records of the village date from the Cromwellian period, but the village did not come to note until the 18th and 19th centuries. It then became a local centre of trade and commerce. The village takes its modern form from the 19th century with a wide area that was formerly the Market Square (and still named so) and a number of townhouses in the Georgian style. Evidence of its former economic activity exists in the form of a number of ruined mills and accompanying mill-streams in the environs of the village, as well as several large estates.
A former Catholic parish priest of Clogheen, Nicholas Sheehy, is buried at Shanrahan graveyard just outside the village, having been executed in 1766. Sheehy had been a vocal opponent of Anglican Church tithes. When a secret oath-bound society known as the Whiteboys, formed in the parish, elements of the Protestant Ascendancy conspired to make him an example to those who questioned or threatened their powers. After a kangaroo trial in Clonmel, he was hung for murder and treason, crimes with little basis, no reliable witnesses, and no proof.
The stately Shanbally Castle was situated 4.5 kilometres outside the village. It was built circa 1820 for the 1st Viscount Lismore, designed by the architect John Nash, and was demolished by the State in 1960.
Lewis' Topigraphical Dictionary of 1837 notes Clogheen as being located in the barony of Iffa and Offa West and reported that there were 1,928 inhabitants, a military barracks for the accommodation of two troops of cavalry, an extensive brewery, plus seven flour mills in the town and neighbourhood.
Clogheen gained national notoriety in 2000 when a former hotel, which was due to house refugees, was damaged by fire in an arson attack. The event reputedly inspired the Gerry Stembridge television film, Black Day at Black Rock. The problems reflected a general upheaval in Irish rural society in which the local population experienced net immigration for the first time in its modern history.
- Census for post 1821 figures.
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x
- Clogheen, County Tipperary Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2013-08-12.
- A. D. Mills, 2003, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press
- Irish census 2006
- Madden, Richard Robert (1855). The Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of Blessington (Appendix). Retrieved 01-04-2011.
- Moore, Thomas (2008). Emer Nolan, ed. Memoirs of Captain Rock: The Celebrated Irish Chieftain with Some Account of His Ancestors Written by Himself. Field Day Publications. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-946755-36-3. Retrieved 02-04-2011.
- McDonnell, Randal; The Lost Houses of Ireland, A chronicle of great houses and the families who lived there, Weidenfeld & Nicolson(2002)
- Owens,Gary; 'A Moral Insurrection': Faction Fighters, Public Demonstrations and the O'Connellite Campaign, 1828, Irish Historical Studies Vol. 30, No. 120 (Nov., 1997), pp. 513-541 (Nov., 1997)
- Lewis, Samuel; A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837).
- "Man questioned over hotel fire". irishtimes.com. Tue 5 May 2000. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
- Sheehan, Helena (2004). The continuing story of Irish television drama: tracking the tiger. Broadcasting and Irish society 3. Four Courts Press. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-85182-688-9. Retrieved 01-04-2011.