Marlfield, Clonmel

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Marlfield
Inis Leamhnachta
Town
Former village school and estate cottages.
Former village school and estate cottages.
Marlfield is located in Ireland
Marlfield
Marlfield
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°20′53″N 7°44′49″W / 52.348056°N 7.746944°W / 52.348056; -7.746944Coordinates: 52°20′53″N 7°44′49″W / 52.348056°N 7.746944°W / 52.348056; -7.746944
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Tipperary
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference S

Marlfield (Irish: Inis Leamhnachta) is a village three kilometres west of Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ireland. It is within the townlands of Marlfield and Inishlounaght. It replaced an older settlement named Abbey, which had developed near the 12th century Cistercian community of Inislounaght Abbey.

Local industry[edit]

Marlfield developed as a minor regional industrial centre using water from a tributary of the river Suir as a source of power. In 1773-74, Stephen Moore's was the largest grain mill in the country, processing 15,382 cwt in its 'boulting mill' that year.[1] The lake was artificially constructed to run mill machinery, eventually powering hydroelectric current for the 'Big House'. There were several grain and rapeseed mills near the lake which were superseded by a substantial distillery. Andrew Stein's Pot still at Marlfield was producing 8, 268 Imperial gallons of whiskey per week in 1818.[2][3] It was eventually taken over by Jamesons before it too was closed. In 1886, Marlfield Embroideries was established by Mrs. Bagwell to give employment to local women and girls.[4] Marlfield was for many generations the seat of the Bagwell family, who owned much of the land and other resources in the area. The terrace of houses and nearby school, which formed the core of the village, were built for the estate workers.

Marlfield/Abbey during the famine[edit]

In 1837, ten years before the height of the famine, Marlfield was recorded as having a population of 1,123 inhabitants, many of whom were employed at John Stein's distillery.[5] Like much of the rest of rural Ireland, the poor of Marlfield suffered greatly during the Great famine. While there were local acts of philanthropy to help alleviate starvation, there were documented cases where food convoys and barges transporting flour and grain were attacked by desperate residents. These incidents of 'lawlessness' were viewed with little sympathy by local establishment figures.[6]

Sport[edit]

The village is home to Marlfield GAA club, which promotes hurling in the area.

In 2009 Marlfield was the start and finish points for the 'Bill Hyland Memorial' cycle race. This is a road event organised annually by the Clonmel Cycle Club.[7]

People associated with Marlfield[edit]

Points of local interest[edit]

  • Marlfield House. Burned by anti-Treaty Republicans in January, 1923, and subsequently rebuilt.[8]
  • St. Patrick's Church.
  • Marlfield Lake. Artificial reservoir fed by springs at St. Patrick's Well, it was used to supply power to local mills. It is now a wildlife sanctuary and public amenity.[9]
  • St. Patrick's Well [1]
  • Sandybanks. Formerly a favourite swimming area on the Suir. During summer holidays, large crowds from Clonmel made their way here to swim before the provision of the town's first indoor pool in 1973.
  • Memorial to local soldiers who died in the 1914-18 war.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Young, Arthur (1780). A Tour in Ireland;. Dublin: Printed by G. Bonham for Whitestone. p. 141. 
  2. ^ Morewood, Samuel (1838). A philosophical and statistical history...of inebriating liquors.... W. Curry, jun. and company. 
  3. ^ Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1818). Parliamentary papers. HMSO. 
  4. ^ MacCurtain,, Margaret; Mary O'Dowd and Maria Luddy (1992). "An Agenda for Women's History in Ireland, 1500-1900". Irish Historical Studies (Irish Historical Studies Publications Ltd) 28 (109): 32. JSTOR 30008003. 
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1837). A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland: Comprising the Several Counties etc.. S. Lewis,. 
  6. ^ Pownoll Phipps,, William (1894). Life of Colonel Pownoll Phipps, with family records. London,: R. Bentley. pp. 171–174. 
  7. ^ "Clonmel Race Route !". Worldwidecycles.com. April 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  8. ^ O'Callaghan, Margaret (Nov 1984). "Language, Nationality and Cultural Identity in the Irish Free State, 1922-7: The "Irish Statesman" and the "Catholic Bulletin" Reappraised". Irish Historical Studies (Irish Historical Studies Publications Ltd) 24 (Vol. 24, No. 94): 232. JSTOR 30008301. 
  9. ^ . Belton, S (1834). The Angler in Ireland: Or An Englishman's Ramble Through Connaught and Munster, During the Summer of 1833. R. Bentley.