|Traded as||NASDAQ: CBRL|
|Founded||September 19, 1969|
|Headquarters||Lebanon, Tennessee, United States|
|Number of locations||630|
|Area served||United States|
|Key people||Michael A. Woodhouse (Director & Executive Chairman)
Sandra B. Cochran (President & CEO)
|Revenue||US$ $2.580 billion (2012)|
|Operating income||US $190.98 million (2012)|
|Net income||US $103.08 million (2012)|
|Total assets||US $340.96 million (2012)|
|Total equity||US $305.88 million (2012)|
Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc. is an American chain of combined restaurant and gift stores with a Southern country theme. The company was founded by Dan Evins in 1969; its first store was in Lebanon, Tennessee, which remains the company headquarters. The chain's stores were at first positioned near highway exits in the Southeastern and Midwestern US, but it expanded across the country during the 1990s and 2000s. As of September 18, 2012[update], the chain operates 630 stores in 42 states.
Cracker Barrel's menu is based on traditional Southern cuisine, with appearance and decor designed to resemble an old-fashioned general store. Each restaurant features a front porch lined with wooden rocking chairs, a stone fireplace, and artifacts from the local area. Cracker Barrel is known for its partnerships with country music performers, and has received attention for its charitable activities, such as its assistance of victims of Hurricane Katrina and injured war veterans.
During the 1990s, the company was the subject of controversy for its official stance against gay and lesbian employees and for discriminatory practices against African American and female employees. A U.S. Department of Justice investigation found Cracker Barrel discriminated against minority customers; patrons complained of racially segregated seating and service quality. In an agreement with the Department of Justice, Cracker Barrel has implemented non-discrimination policies, and pledged to focus on improving minority representation and civic involvement, particularly in the black community. Company shareholders added sexual orientation to the company's non-discrimination policy in 2002.
- 1 History
- 2 Restaurants
- 3 Corporate overview
- 4 Controversies
- 5 References
- 6 YouTube videos
- 7 External links
First location and early company history
Cracker Barrel was founded in 1969 by Dan Evins, a sales representative for Shell Oil, who developed the restaurant and gift store concept initially as a plan to improve gasoline sales. Designed to resemble the traditional country store that he remembered from his childhood, with a name chosen to give it a Southern country theme, Cracker Barrel was intended to attract the interest of highway travelers. The first restaurant was built close to Interstate 40, in Lebanon, Tennessee. It opened in September 1969, serving Southern cuisine including biscuits, grits, country ham, and turnip greens.
Evins incorporated Cracker Barrel in February 1970, and soon opened more locations. In the early 1970s, the firm leased land on gasoline station sites near interstate highways to build restaurants. These early locations all featured gas pumps on-site; during gasoline shortages in the mid to late 1970s, the firm began to build restaurants without pumps. Into the early 1980s, the company reduced the number of gas stations on-site, eventually phasing them out altogether as the company focused on its restaurant and gift sales revenues. Cracker Barrel became a publicly traded company in 1981 to raise funds for further expansion. It floated more than half a million shares, raising $4.6 million. Following the initial public offering, Cracker Barrel grew at a rate of around 20 percent per year; by 1987, the company had become a chain of more than 50 units in eight states, with annual net sales of almost $81 million.
New markets and refocus
The company grew consistently through the 1980s and 1990s, attaining a $1 billion market value by 1992. As of 1993, the chain's revenue was nearly twice that of any other family restaurant.
In 1994, the chain tested a carry-out-only store, Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Corner Market, in suburban residential neighborhoods. In addition, it expanded into new markets through the establishment of more traditional Cracker Barrel locations, the majority of them outside the South, and tested alterations to its menus to adapt to new regions. The chain added regional dishes to its menus, including eggs and salsa in Texas and Reuben sandwiches in New York, but continued to offer its original menu items in all restaurants.
By September 1997, Cracker Barrel had 314 restaurants, and aimed to increase the number of stores by approximately 50 per year over the following five years. The firm closed its Corner Market operations in 1997, and refocused on its restaurant and gift-store locations. Its then president, Ron Magruder, stated that the chain was concentrating on strengthening its core theme, offering traditional foods and retail in a country-store setting, with good service and country music. The chain opened its first restaurant and gift store not located near a highway in 1998, in Dothan, Alabama. In the 2000s, in the wake of incidents including charges of racial discrimination and controversy over its policy of firing gay employees, the firm launched a series of promotional activities including a nationwide book drive and a sweepstakes with trips to the Country Music Association Awards and rocking chairs among the prizes.
The number of combined restaurants and stores owned by Cracker Barrel increased between 1997 and 2000, to more than 420 locations. In 2000 and 2001, the company addressed staffing and infrastructure issues related to this rapid growth by implementing a more rigorous recruitment strategy and introducing new technology, including an order-placement system. From the late 1990s to the mid-2000s, the company focused on opening new locations in residential areas to attract local residents and workers as customers. It updated its marketing in 2006 to encourage new customers, changing the design of its highway billboard advertisements to include images of menu items. Previously the signs had featured only the company's logo. By 2011, Cracker Barrel had opened more than 600 restaurants in 42 states. It was announced on January 17, 2012, that company founder Dan Evins had died of bladder cancer.
Food and gift shop
As a Southern-themed chain, Cracker Barrel serves traditional Southern comfort food often described as "down-home" country cooking, and sells gift items including toys and woodcrafts. Breakfast is served all day, and there are two menus: one for breakfast, the other for lunch and dinner. Since the first restaurant opened, the menu has featured Southern specialties, including biscuits, fried chicken, and catfish; seasonal and regional menu items were added during the 1980s and 1990s. In 2007, Cracker Barrel announced plans to remove artificial trans fats from its menu items.
Locations, service, and decor
For much of its early history, Cracker Barrel decided to locate its restaurants along the Interstate Highway System, and the majority of its restaurants remain close to interstate and other highways. Cracker Barrel is known for the loyalty of its customers, particularly travelers who are likely to spend more at restaurants than locals.
The locations are themed around the idea of a traditional Southern U.S. general store. Items used to decorate each store are authentic artifacts, including everyday objects from the early 1900s and after. Each restaurant features a front porch lined with wooden rocking chairs, a wooden peg solitaire game on every table, and a stone fireplace with a deer head displayed above the mantel. The peg games have been present in Cracker Barrel since the opening of the first store, and continue to be produced by the same family in Lebanon, Tennessee. The decor at each location typically includes artifacts related to the local history of the area; these are centrally stored in a warehouse in Tennessee, where they are cataloged and stockpiled for future use by individual store locations.
Destinations magazine has presented the chain with awards for best chain restaurant, and in 2010 and 2011 the Zagat survey named it the "Best Breakfast". The chain was selected by the Outdoor Advertising Association of America as the 2011 OBIE Hall of Fame Award recipient for its long-standing use of outdoor advertising. It was also named the "Best Family Dining" restaurant by a nationwide "Choice in Chains" consumer poll in Restaurants & Institutions magazine for 19 consecutive years.
Investment and business model
Cracker Barrel restaurants are aimed at the family and casual dining market as well as retail sales. The chain also advertises to people traveling on the interstate highways, as the majority of its locations are close to highway exits. The company has promoted its cost controls to investors, The company has stated its goal to keep employee turnover low, to provide better trained staff. Since the 1980s, the firm has offered a formal training program with benefits for progressing through it to all of its employees.
The board of directors of Cracker Barrel has repeatedly been at odds with the largest shareholder, Biglari Holdings Inc.. The owner of Biglari Holdings, Sardar Biglari, controls a 19.9% share of the company, just short of the 20% needed to trigger a shareholder rights plan, more commonly termed a "poison pill". The poison pill was adopted after Biglari Holdings sought approval to purchase a 49.99% share of the company and join the board of directors.
Biglari Holdings purchased shares of Cracker Barrel in 2011, and has been often critical of the transparency to shareholders, overspending on advertising, lack of customer value, capital funds mismanagement, and not maximizing shareholder value. Biglari has requested to be on the board of directors three times, and has been denied each time by a vote of shareholders. Biglari Holdings has also put forward a request for a one time $20/share dividend to address perceived overly conservative capitalization, which was also rejected by shareholders. Cracker Barrel has responded by claiming Biglari has a "hidden agenda" and a conflict of interest by holding shares in other restaurant chains such as Steak 'n Shake.
Cracker Barrel has supported a wide range of charities through one-off donations, promotional events, and partnerships with charitable organizations. The chain has supported charities and causes in communities where its restaurants are located, including the Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Nashville after severe flooding in 2010. In the same year Cracker Barrel established Cracker Barrel Cares Inc., an employee-funded non-profit organization that provides support to Cracker Barrel employees. Cracker Barrel has also formed a partnership the Wounded Warrior Project, a charity for injured veterans. In attempts to rebuild its image after several race-related controversies, the firm has provided a scholarship through the National Black MBA Association, and job skills programs and sponsorships with 100 Black Men of America and the Restaurant and Lodging Association.
Cracker Barrel sponsored the NASCAR Atlanta 500 race at Atlanta Motor Speedway from 1999 to 2001 and the Grand Ole Opry from 2004 to 2009. The company was the first presenting sponsor of the Grand Ole Opry. This sponsorship allowed the company to make connections within the Nashville music industry, following which it entered into partnership with a number of country music performers. The chain has established partnerships with artists including Alison Krauss, Charlie Daniels, Josh Turner, Kenny Rogers, Dolly Parton, Alan Jackson, and Alabama, to offer CD releases and merchandise.
Policy toward sexual orientation
In early 1991, an intra-company memo called for employees to be dismissed if they did not display "normal heterosexual values". According to news reports, at least 11 employees were fired under the policy on a store-by-store basis from locations in Georgia and other states. After demonstrations by gay rights groups, the company ended its policy in March 1991 and stated it would not discriminate based on sexual orientation. The company's founder, Dan Evins, subsequently described the policy as a mistake. From 1992 onward, the New York City Employees Retirement System, then a major shareholder, put forward proposals to add sexual orientation to the company's non-discrimination policy. An early proposal in 1993 was defeated, with 77 percent against and only 14 percent in support, along with 9 percent abstaining. It was not until 2002 that the proposals were successful; 58 percent of company shareholders voted in favor of the addition.
Cracker Barrel achieved the lowest score (15 out of 100) of all rated food and beverage companies in the Human Rights Campaign's 2008 Corporate Equality Index, a measure of LGBT workplace equality. Their score for 2011 had increased to a 55. The 2011 survey noted that the firm had established a non-discrimination policy and had introduced diversity training that included training related to sexual orientation. However, the company's score for 2013 dropped to a 35 out of 100, not having obtained the points related to non-discrimination toward gender identity and health benefits for partners of LGBT employees and transgender-inclusive benefits.
On December 20, 2013, Cracker Barrel announced it would no longer sell certain Duck Dynasty products which it was "concerned might offend some of [its] guests" after Phil Robertson, a star on the reality TV show, remarked in a GQ interview
Don't be deceived. Neither the adulterers, the idolaters, the male prostitutes, the homosexual offenders, the greedy, the drunkards, the slanderers, the swindlers—they won't inherit the kingdom of God. Don't deceive yourself. It's not right.
Robertson also made "comments likening homosexuality to terrorism and bestiality" in the interview, and expressed views about race which attracted criticism. On December 22, less than two days after pulling the products from its shelves, Cracker Barrel reversed its position after protests from customers.
Racial and sexual discrimination
In July 1999, a discrimination lawsuit was filed against Cracker Barrel by a group of former employees, who claimed that the company had discriminated against them on the grounds of race. In December 2001, twenty-one of the restaurant's customers, represented by the same attorneys, filed a separate lawsuit, alleging racial discrimination in its treatment of guests. Regarding both accusations, Cracker Barrel officials disputed the claims and stated that the company was committed to fair treatment of its employees and customers.
In 2004, an investigation by the U.S. Justice Department found evidence that Cracker Barrel had been segregating customer seating by race; seating or serving white customers before seating or serving black customers; providing inferior service to black customers, and allowing white servers to refuse to wait on black customers. The Justice Department determined that the firm had violated Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The company was required to sign a five-year agreement to introduce "effective nondiscrimination policies and procedures". The terms included new equal opportunity training; the creation of a new system to log, investigate and resolve complaints of discrimination; and the publicizing of its non-discrimination policies. They were required to hire an outside auditor to ensure compliance with the terms of the settlement.
In 2006, Cracker Barrel paid a $2 million settlement to end a suit alleging race and sexual harassment at three Illinois restaurants. Cracker Barrel stores subsequently began displaying a sign in the front foyer explaining the company's non-discrimination policy, and added the policy and details of how to make a complaint to its menu and website.
Since the early 2000s, Cracker Barrel has provided training and resources to minority employees, to improve its image on diversity. These efforts involved beginning outreach to minority employees, along with testing a training plan to help employees whose first language is Spanish to learn English. As of 2002[update], minorities made up 23 percent of the company's employees, including over 11 percent of its management and executives. Cracker Barrel is on the Corporate Advisory Board for the Texas Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and is a corporate sponsor of the NAACP Leadership 500 Summit, where three of its officials were moderators and panelists in May 2011. The company has been praised for its gender diversity, particularly on its board of directors, which includes three women out of eleven total board members. Its chief executive officer, Sandra Cochran, is the second woman in Tennessee to hold that office in a publicly traded company.
In November 2012, Cracker Barrel licensed its name to Smithfield Foods' John Morrell division in a deal to create a line of meat products to be sold in super markets and other retail channels. In response to this contract, Kraft Foods started a trademark infringement lawsuit in February 2013. Kraft has sold cheese under the Cracker Barrel brand in retail stores since 1954. Kraft says that Cracker Barrel (store) has not made significant sales of retail food products beyond its menu, and asked that the deal be nullified by the U.S. District Court in the Northern District of Illinois.
- "Management". investor.crackerbarrel.com. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- "Financial Results CBRL: Income Statement". money.msn. MSN. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- "Financial Results CBRL: Balance". moneycentral.msn. MSN. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Inc Company Profile". money.msn. MSN. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- Rhein, Liz (June 10, 1987). "Along the interstate with Cracker Barrel". Restaurant Business (V86). p. 112. ISSN 0097-8043. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Carlino, Bill (September 20, 1993). "Dan W. Evins: barreling toward the top". Nation's Restaurant News (V27). p. 115. ISSN 0028-0518. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Gutner, Toddi (April 27, 1992). "Nostalgia sells". Forbes. p. 102. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Adler Thorp, Susan (April 28, 1986). "Summer Tourists Improve Picture for Cracker Barrel". Memphis Business Journal. p. 10. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Strother, Susan G. (February 1, 1998). "President: Cracker Barrel is Rolling Along". Orlando Sentinel (Florida). p. H1. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Brooks, Steve (March 1, 1996). "A barrel full of questions". Restaurant Business. p. 48. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Moritz, Gwen (April 25, 1994). "Off the interstate and to the 'burbs". Nashville Business Journal (V10). p. 33. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Tarquinio, J. Alex (September 25, 1997). "Cracker Barrel Customizes Menus, Changes Reflect Regional Tastes". The Capital Times. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Jackovics, Ted (June 26, 2005). "Cracker Barrel opens new restaurants away from interstates". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Hartmann, Stacey (May 21, 1999). "Cracker Barrel celebrates 30th with book drive, sweepstakes". The Tennessean. p. 6E. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Farkas, David (May 1, 2000). "Fixing the Fixin's". Chain Leader. p. 96. ISSN 1528-4999. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- French, Rose (November 23, 2006). "Cracker Barrel overhauls billboards". The Houston Chronicle. p. 5. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Fiscal 2011 Fourth Quarter Conference Call on the Internet" (Press release). Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. August 30, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel names McCarten as a board member". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. August 10, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year Fiscal 2011 Results And Provides Guidance for Fiscal 2012" (Press release). Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. September 13, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Bobby Allyn (January 17, 2012). "Cracker Barrel founder Dan Evins dies at 76". The Tennessean. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Hoover, Ken (April 25, 2005). "Cracker Barrel Served Up Piping Hot Profit". Investor's Business Daily. p. B20. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Papiernik, Richard L (November 27, 1995). "Down-home image can't hide Cracker Barrel's fine tuned focus". Nation's Restaurant News. p. 11. ISSN 0028-0518. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel to eliminate trans fats". Ocala Star Banner. May 18, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store to eliminate trans fats". Associated Press. May 17, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Russell, Keith (July 5, 2002). "Travelers taking to highways". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Kappes, Keith (August 16, 2011). "It's official: Cracker Barrel coming to Morehead!". The Morehead News. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Wadhwani, Anita (March 13, 2011). "Cracker Barrel tries out new strategies". The Tennessean. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Loew, Karen (June 25, 2003). "Toys in the Attic". The Tennessean. p. 1W. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Hall, Jason (July 12, 1999). "Cracker Barrel: country-fried success since 1999". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. p. 10. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel turns 40". The Tennessean. August 31, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Local". crackerbarrel.com. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Richards, Gregory (January 27, 2003). "Cracker Barrel Chain Makes an Art out of Decoration". Florida Times-Union. Retrieved January 21, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Rutledge, K Dawn (August 27, 2003). "Restaurant company continues to strengthen its business through Outreach". Westside Gazette. p. 1B. Retrieved February 3, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Hieb, Dan (August 18, 2010). "Zagat gives thumbs up to Cracker Barrel". Nashville Business Journal. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Polis, Carey (September 6, 2011). "Five Guys, Subway Top In-N-Out, Taco Bell In Zagat's Fast Food Survey". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel Secures OBIE Hall of Fame Award". Manufacturing Close-Up. March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "10-Q: CRACKER BARREL OLD COUNTRY STORE, INC" (Press release). EDGAR Online 10-K, 10-Q Glimpse Feed (USA). February 21, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- McCain, Randy (May 3, 2009). "Core values are at heart of Cracker Barrel's rise". The Tennessean. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Carlson, Kathy (October 27, 2003). "At Cracker Barrel, training is a specialty". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Archived from the original on February 1, 2004.
- Ruggless, Ron (November 13, 2013). "Cracker Barrel shareholders reject third Biglari board bid". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Duprey, Rich (December 20, 2013). "Biglari Takes Another Crack at Cracker Barrel". The Montly Fool. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Cracker Barrel Adopts Poison Pill". Dealbook, New York Times. September 23, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Heller, Jonathan (August 21, 2013). "Food Fight: Biglari Makes Another Run at Cracker Barrel". The Street. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Ruggless, Ron (September 17, 2013). "Biglari requests $20 dividend from Cracker Barrel". Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Jefferson, Greg (November 17, 2013). "Biglari trying to push dividend, debt at Cracker Barrel". San Antonio Express News. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Cracker Barrel Urges Shareholders to Reject Biglari Nomination to Board of Directors" (Press release). Business Wire. November 4, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Williams III, G. Chambers (December 30, 2013), Cracker Barrell rejects latest attempts to force a sale, USA Today
- "Cracker Barrel Donates to Civil Rights Fund". The Tennessee Tribune. November 1, 2007. p. 5. ISSN 1067-5280. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Richardson, Hamilton (May 30, 2009). "CD sales support injured vets". The Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- French, Rose (June 18, 2005). "Cracker Barrel Rebuilds Image". The Post and Courier. p. 9B–10B. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store offers $25,000 scholarship through National Black MBA program". Chicago Defender. October 1, 2002. p. 2. ISSN 0745-7014. Retrieved February 2, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "100 Partners For Student Leadership". Atlanta Inquirer. November 19, 2005. p. 5. Retrieved February 2, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Brown, Will (November 13, 2008). "Cracker Barrel serves up funding". Tallahassee Democrat. p. 5A. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Russell, Keith (August 18, 2001). "Atlanta Motor Speedway". The Tennessean. p. 1A. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Naujeck, Jeanne Anne (October 2, 2004). "'Opry' adds Cracker Barrel to name". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Cracker Barrel banks on CD deals". The Tennessean. November 11, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Daniels follows Krauss to Cracker Barrel". Billboard. July 12, 2005. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel offers bacon, eggs and CDs". The Bismarck Tribune. December 24, 2010. p. 1C. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- Price, Deb (December 23, 2002). "Perseverance gains Cracker Barrel gift". The Detroit News. p. 11A. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Hayes, Jack (March 4, 1991). "Cracker Barrel comes under fire for ousting gays". Nation's Restaurant News (V25). p. 1. ISSN 0028-0518. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- McCann, Michelle (July 1, 1998). "Shareholder Proposal Rule: Cracker Barrel in Light of Texaco". Boston College Law Review (Boston College Law School) 39 (4). Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- Staff writer (November 24, 1993). "Restaurant Bias Ban Loses". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- "2008 Corporate Equality Index". Human Rights Campaign. 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "Corporate Equality Index 2011". Issuu. Human Rights Campaign. October 4, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- "Corporate Equality Index 2013". Corporate Equality Index. Human Rights Campaign. 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Starnes, Todd (December 21, 2013). "Cracker Barrel pulls 'Duck Dynasty' merchandise". Fox News.
- Magary, Drew (January 2014), What the Duck?, GQ accessdate=2013-12-23
- Fields, Liz (December 22, 2013). "Cracker Barrel Flipflops on Nixing 'Duck Dynasty' Items From Shelves". ABC News.
- Subramanian, Courtney (2013-12-22), Cracker Barrel Pulls About Face on "Duck Dynasty" Merchandise, Time, retrieved 2013-12-23
- Kyles, Kyra (2013-12-19), Duck Dynasty Dad on Blacks, Welfare, Jet, retrieved 2013-12-23, "A&E announced Wednesday that Duck Dynasty star Phil Robertson was suspended indefinitely after making disparaging comments about gays and Blacks. [...] We think he may want to leave the topic of race relations out of his duck-summoning mouth."
- Hill, Shelley (October 5, 1999). "NAACP seeks class action in discrimination case against Cracker Barrel". Associated Press. Retrieved February 3, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Cracker Barrel denies it discriminates against black employees". Associated Press. November 4, 1999. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Poole, Sheila M. (October 16, 1999). "Plaintiffs seek to expand Cracker Barrel wage suit". The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Cracker Barrel Hit With $100M Racism Suit". Newsday. December 13, 2001. p. A78. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- McCampbell, Candy (December 14, 2001). "Patrons accuse Cracker Barrel of bias". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Russell, Keith; Bivins, Larry (April 12, 2002). "Executives say racist charges are unfounded". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- Schmidt, Julie; Copeland, Larry (May 7, 2004). "Cracker Barrel customer says bias was 'flagrant'". USA Today. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- "Justice Department Settles Race Discrimination Lawsuit Against Cracker Barrel Restaurant Chain". United States Department of Justice. May 3, 2004. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel To Pay $2 Million For Race And Sexual Harassment At Three Illinois Restaurants". lawmemo.com. LawMemo. March 10, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- Pallasch, Abdon M. (March 12, 2006). "Cracker Barrel settles Illinois workers' harassment claims". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved January 23, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- DuPlessis, Jim (October 21, 2006). "Discrimination claims hurt business even if false". The State. p. B8. Retrieved January 25, 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "Texas NAACP:About Us". texasnaacp.org. Texas Conference of the NAACP. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- "Speakers and special guests". NAACP Leadership 500 Summit. NAACP. May 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Allyn, Bobby (August 2, 2011). "Cracker Barrel says 'goodbye, glass ceiling'". The Tennessean. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Staff writer (February 1, 2013). "Kraft sues Cracker Barrel restaurants over trademark". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Candice Choi (February 1, 2013). "Cracker Barrel Lawsuit: Kraft Suing Restaurants For Control Of Name". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
Media related to Cracker Barrel at Wikimedia Commons