|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
Take-out or takeout (in North American and Philippine English), carry-out (in U.S. and Scottish English), take-away (in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Hong Kong, and Ireland), or parcel (in Indian English and Pakistani English) refers to prepared meals or other food items, purchased at a restaurant, that the purchaser intends to eat elsewhere.
The restaurant involved may or may not provide table service. Take-out is sometimes cheaper than table service for the same dishes. In the United States and Canada, food ordered this way (especially at fast food outlets) is ordered to go, and in the UK it is ordered to take away or sometimes to eat out, as opposed to eating in or dining in.
When dining in, a gratuity to the table server of around 10-15% would normally be expected (but not required, in most cases), depending on the customer's perception of service quality. Such a gratuity would not typically be required at all for a pickup order.
Some restaurants involved in making food for eating elsewhere may also deliver the food to the customer, such as pizza delivery. In the United States and Canada, the order can further specify for pickup, if the customer intends to stop by the restaurant, or for delivery, to indicate that delivery to the customer is expected.
Take-out food is packaged in paper, cardboard, plastic, or foam food containers.
Disposable serviceware waste
In 2002, Taiwan began taking action to reduce the use of disposable tableware at institutions and businesses, and to reduce the use of plastic bags. Yearly, the nation of 17.7 million people was producing 59,000 tons of disposable tableware waste and 105,000 tons of waste plastic bags, and increasing measures have been taken in the years since then to reduce the amount of waste. In 2013 Twaiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) banned outright the use of disposable tableware in the nation's 968 schools, government agencies and hospitals. The ban is expected to eliminate 2,600 metric tons of waste yearly.
In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, laws banning use of disposable food and drink containers at large scale events have been enacted. Such a ban has been in place in Munich, Germany since 1991, applying to all city facilities and events. This includes events of all sizes, including very large ones (Christmas market, Auer-Dult Faire, Oktoberfest and Munich City Marathon). For small events of a few hundred people, the city has arranged for a corporation offer rental of crockery and dishwasher equipment. In part through this regulation, Munich reduced the waste generated by Oktoberfest, which attracts tens of thousands of people, from 11,000 metric tons in 1990 to 550 tons in 1999.
China produces about 57 billion pairs of single-use chopsticks yearly, of which half are exported. About 45 percent are made from trees – about 3.8 million of them – mainly cotton wood, birch, and spruce, the remainder being made from bamboo. Japan uses about 24 billion pairs of these disposables per year, and globally the use is about 80 billion pairs are thrown away by about 1.4 million people. Reusable chopsticks in restaurants have a lifespan of 130 meals. In Japan, with disposable ones costing about 2 cents and reusable ones costing typically $1.17, the reusables better the $2.60 breakeven cost. Campaigns in several countries to reduce this waste are beginning to have some effect.
- Condiment sachet
- Oyster pail, a type of paper container from America that later became used with Chinese American cuisine
- Pizza delivery
- "take•away". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- "Sunday Levity: Paradise Secured". The Acorn. Retrieved 2008-09-01. "But we’re only here for a take-away (or parcel, in local parlance)."
- Env. Research Foundation (undated). Taiwan’s Plastics Ban.
- China Post. June 5, 2013. EPA to ban disposable cups from June 1.
- Pre-Waste EU. (undated). Ban on disposable food and drink containers at events in Munich, Germany (Pre-waste factsheet 99)
- New York Times. Reus Oct. 24, 2011. Disposable Chopsticks Strip Asian Forests. By Rachel Nuwer.
- Ecopedia. 2013. How Wooden Chopsticks Are Killing Nature. By Alastair Shaw.
- How disposable chopsticks are made (video).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Take-out food.|
|Look up Take-out, takeout, carry-out, or take-away in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|