Critérium du Dauphiné

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"Dauphiné Libéré" redirects here. For the newspaper, see Le Dauphiné libéré.
Critérium du Dauphiné
2014 Critérium du Dauphiné
Critérium du Dauphiné 2011 - Départ Pontcharra.JPG
Race details
Date Early June
Region Dauphiné, France
English name Dauphiné Libéré Tour
Local name(s) Critérium du Dauphiné(French)
Nickname(s) Dauphiné Libéré
Discipline Road
Competition UCI World Tour
Type Stage race
Organiser Amaury Sport Organisation
History
First edition 1947 (1947)
Editions 66 (as of 2014)
First winner  Edouard Klabinski (POL)
Most wins  Nello Lauredi (FRA)
 Luis Ocaña (ESP)
 Charly Mottet (FRA)
 Bernard Hinault (FRA)
(3 wins)
Most recent  Andrew Talansky (USA)

The Critérium du Dauphiné (known as the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré before 2010) is an annual cycling road race, run over eight stages in the Dauphiné region in France during the first half of June. The race was inaugurated in 1947 by a local newspaper, the Dauphiné Libéré, which gave its name to the event. For many years, organisation of the event was shared between the newspaper publishers and the Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO); in 2010, the newspaper ceded all organisational responsibility to the ASO, and the race's name was abbreviated. Along with the Tour de Suisse, the Dauphiné is an important race in the lead-up to the Tour de France in July, and it is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar.

Because the Dauphiné is a mountainous area, the winners are often climbing specialists. Many climbs that are famous from the Tour de France – like the Mont Ventoux, the Col du Galibier or Col de la Chartreuse – appear often in the Dauphiné Libéré. All cyclists who have won the Tour de France five times have also won the Dauphiné Libéré.

The first Dauphiné Libéré was held in 1947 when Edouard Klabinski from Poland was the winner. Nello Lauredi, Luis Ocaña, Charly Mottet and Bernard Hinault share the record of the most wins, with three each.

History[edit]

After the Second World War, as cycling recovered from a nearly universal five- or six-year break, the newspaper Dauphiné Libéré decided to create and organize a cycling stage race through the Dauphiné region. The race is set in June, just before the Tour de France. From its beginning this race was used as preparation for the Tour de France by French cyclists, including Louison Bobet and John Robic. It has also served as a test of both advanced equipment for the cyclists and for broadcast coverage, which is stressed in the mountainous region.

The current form of the Critérium is the consequence of a merger with the Circuit of the Six-Provinces-Dauphiné in 1969.

The Critérium has been won by all the quintuple winners of the Tour de France (Anquetil, Merckx, Hinault, and Indurain). Nine racers have also won the Dauphiné Libéré and the Tour de France in the same year: Louison Bobet in 1955, Jacques Anquetil in 1963, Eddy Merckx in 1971, Luis Ocaña in 1973, Bernard Thévenet in 1975, Bernard Hinault in 1979 and 1981, Miguel Indurain in 1995, Bradley Wiggins in 2012 and Chris Froome in 2013.

The cities that have hosted a start or finish most often are: Grenoble (44 times), Avignon (32 times), Saint-Étienne (23 times), Annecy (22 times), Chambéry (21 times), Gap (21 times), Lyon (19 times), Aix-les-Bains (18 times), Valence (16 times), Briançon (15 times) and Vals-les-Bains (15 times).

Jerseys[edit]

The leader of the general classification wears a yellow jersey with a blue band, distinct from the other racers. As early as 1948 a red jersey with white polka-dots was awarded to the climber because of the mountainous journey of the Critérium. In 1955, a green jersey was added for the best sprinter.

Winners[edit]

Rider Team
1947 Poland Klabinski, EdouardEdouard Klabinski (POL)
1948 France Fachleitner, EdouardÉdouard Fachleitner (FRA)
1949 France Lazarides, LucienLucien Lazarides (FRA)
1950 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1951 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1952 France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto (FRA)
1953 France Teisseire, LucienLucien Teisseire (FRA)
1954 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1955 France Bobet, LouisonLouison Bobet (FRA)
1956 Belgium Close, AlexAlex Close (BEL)
1957 France Rohrbach, MarcelMarcel Rohrbach (FRA)
1958 France Rostollan, LouisLouis Rostollan (FRA)
1959 France Anglade, HenryHenry Anglade (FRA)
1960 France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto (FRA)
1961 United Kingdom Robinson, BrianBrian Robinson (GBR)
1962 France Mastrotto, RaymondRaymond Mastrotto (FRA)
1963 France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA)
1964 Spain Uriona, ValentinValentin Uriona (ESP)
1965 France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA)
1966 France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor (FRA)
1969 France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor (FRA)
1970 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1971 Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1972 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1973 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1974 France Santy, AlainAlain Santy (FRA)
1975 France Thevenet, BernardBernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot BP Michelin
1976 France Thevenet, BernardBernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot-BP-Michelin
1977 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Gitane-Campagnolo
1978 Belgium Pollentier, MichelMichel Pollentier (BEL)
1979 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1980 Netherlands Velde, Johan van derJohan van der Velde (NED) TI-Raleigh
1981 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1982 France Laurent, MichelMichel Laurent (FRA) Peugeot-Esso-Michelin
1983 United States Lemond, GregGreg LeMond (USA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1984 Colombia Ramirez, MartinMartin Ramirez (COL) Systeme U
1985 Australia Anderson, PhilPhil Anderson (AUS) Panasonic
1986 Switzerland Zimmermann, UrsUrs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera-Inoxpran
1987 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA) Systeme U-Gitane
1988 Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera (COL) Café de Colombia
1989 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA) RMO
1990 United Kingdom Millar, RobertRobert Millar (GBR) Z
1991 Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera (COL) Postobon
1992 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA) RMO
1993 Switzerland Dufaux, LaurentLaurent Dufaux (SUI) ONCE
1994 Switzerland Dufaux, LaurentLaurent Dufaux (SUI) ONCE
1995 Spain Indurain, MiguelMiguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto
1996 Spain Indurain, MiguelMiguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto
1997 Germany Bolts, UdoUdo Bölts (GER) Team Telekom
1998 France De Las Cuevas, ArmandArmand De Las Cuevas (FRA) Banesto
1999 Kazakhstan Vinokourov, AlexanderAlexander Vinokourov (KAZ) Casino-Ag2r Prévoyance
2000 United States Hamilton, TylerTyler Hamilton (USA) US Postal
2001 France Moreau, ChristopheChristophe Moreau (FRA) Festina
2002 Result Void[1][2]
2003 Result Void[1][2]
2004 Spain Mayo, IbanIban Mayo (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi
2005 Spain Landaluze, InigoIñigo Landaluze (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi
2006 United States Leipheimer, LeviLevi Leipheimer (USA) Gerolsteiner
2007 France Moreau, ChristopheChristophe Moreau (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance
2008 Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP) Caisse d'Epargne
2009 Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP) Caisse d'Epargne
2010 Slovenia Brajkovic, JanezJanez Brajkovič (SLO) Team RadioShack
2011 United Kingdom Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins (GBR) Team Sky
2012 United Kingdom Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins (GBR) Team Sky
2013 United Kingdom Froome, ChrisChris Froome (GBR) Team Sky
2014 United States Talansky, AndrewAndrew Talansky (USA) Garmin-Sharp

Victories per country[edit]

Country Times Won
 France 30
 Spain 10
 United Kingdom 5
 United States 4
 Belgium 3
 Colombia 3
  Switzerland 3
 Australia 1
 Germany 1
 Kazakhstan 1
 Netherlands 1
 Poland 1
 Slovenia 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong: Governing body strips American of Tour wins". BBC News. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Union Cycliste Internationale". 

External links[edit]