Luis Ocaña

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Luis Ocaña
Luis Ocaña.jpg
Luis Ocaña in 1973 Tour de France
Personal information
Full name Jesús Luis Ocaña Pernía
Born (1945-06-09)9 June 1945
Priego, Spain
Died 19 May 1994(1994-05-19) (aged 48)
Nogaro, France
Team information
Discipline Road
Role Rider
Rider type Climber
Professional team(s)
1968–1969
1970–1974
1975–1976
1977
Fagor
Bic
Super Ser Zeus
Frisol Gazelle
Major wins

Grand Tours

Tour de France
General Classification (1973)
9 stages
Vuelta a España
General classification (1970)
6 stages

Stage races

Tour of the Basque Country
General classification (1971, 1973)
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
General classification (1970, 1972, 1973)

One-day races and Classics

Spanish National Road Race Champion (1968, 72)
Grand Prix des Nations (1971)

Jesús Luis Ocaña Pernía (pronounced: [xeˈsus ˈlwis oˈkaɲa perˈnia]; 9 June 1945 – 19 May 1994) was a Spanish road bicycle racer who won the 1973 Tour de France and the 1970 Vuelta a España.

Early professional career[edit]

Ocaña was born in Priego, Cuenca, Spain but his family moved to Mont-de-Marsan (Landes, France) in 1957. Ocaña took up racing in with a club in Mont-de-Marsan and began his professional career in 1968 with the Spanish Fagor team, becoming Spanish champion that year. The following year he won the prologue and two time trials, the mountains classification as well as finishing second in the Vuelta a España.

In 1970, Ocaña signed with the French team Bic. In the 1970 Vuelta a España, he battled with Augustín Tamames, losing the leader's jersey to him on the 13th stage. Ocaña time-trialled back into the jersey on the final day and won his first Grand Tour with one minute and 18 seconds over Tamames. The Spanish newspaper Dicen said Ocaña was "the best time-trialist that Spanish cycling has ever had".[1] In the 1970 Tour de France, Ocaña won the stage to Puy-de-Dôme and finished 31st in the Tour.

1971 Tour de France[edit]

Before the Tour de France, Ocaña finished third behind Eddy Merckx in Paris–Nice and second behind Merckx in the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré. On the uphill finish of stage eight with four kilometres to go, Ocaña launched the decisive move and broke away from the favourites for that year's Tour which included Merckx. He succeeded in a 15-second gain on Merckx but built on that the following day. Then on stage 11 to Orcières-Merlette Ocaña rode himself into the yellow jersey with eight minutes over Merckx.

After a rest day, Merckx cut that lead to 7 minutes and in the Pyrenees on the Col de Menté, Merckx attacked as he descended the mountain. Merckx lost control and skidded into a low wall . Ocaña could not avoid Merckx and fell himself. Merckx was up quickly and sped away. Ocaña struggled to release his cleats from the toe clips and was struck by the pursuing Joop Zoetemelk. The Maillot Jaune lay on the ground screaming with pain. He was taken by helicopter to the hospital in Saint-Gaudens. He recovered but his 1971 Tour dreams had come to an end.[2] The following day Merckx refused to wear the yellow jersey, in tribute to Ocaña. There is a memorial at the scene of the accident on the western side of the Col de Menté in the Pyrenees (at 42°54′55.9″N 0°44′37.7″E / 42.915528°N 0.743806°E / 42.915528; 0.743806).

The following year, 1972, Merckx had intended on not participating in the 1972 Tour de France in order to ride the Vuelta a España for the first time, but due to critics saying that Merckx only won the Tour because of Ocaña's fall, Merckx decided to ride. There was speculation of a duel. Ocaña had won the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré and the national championship. In the Pyrenees, Ocaña repeatedly attacked Merckx without success. He withdrew with bronchitis.

In 1973, Merckx decided to ride the Vuelta a España and Giro d'Italia. It was the first time that Merckx contested the Vuelta a España and that year he would not be contesting the Tour de France. Ocaña battled Merckx in the race with Bernard Thevenet also present. In the end Ocaña finished second almost 4 minutes behind Merckx.

1973 Tour de France[edit]

Because Ocaña had only finished one out of the four previous editions of the Tour de France that he had started, he was not considered a favourite for overall victory. Merckx, who was not competing, had picked José Manuel Fuente, Joop Zoetemelk and Raymond Poulidor for the podium. Indeed Zoetemelk and Poulidor had finished first and second after the prologue while Ocaña crashed during the first stage when a dog ran into the peloton.[3] However on the third stage, Ocaña and his team distanced his rivals. The stage began in Roubaix and when the peloton went over cobblestones at Querenaing, Ocaña and four teammates together with six others attacked and got five minutes at one point, although the chasing group reduced this to two and a half minutes at the finish. However Fuente finished seven minutes back.[4]

Ocaña won the first mountain stage and took the maillot jaune while Thévenet won the second mountain stage. L'Equipe newspaper predicted a duel.[5] However on the third mountain stage, Ocaña delivered a crushing defeat to his rivals. Fuente attacked early on the Col du Télégraphe and a group of favourites was established. On the following climb, the Col du Galibier Ocaña led. After the descent Ocaña and Fuente had a minute on Thévenet while the next group were five minutes and 30 seconds behind. Fuente got a flat tyre and Ocaña won with 52 seconds over Fuente, almost seven minutes over Thévenet and Martinez and 20 minutes and 24 seconds over Zoetemelk, Van Impe and Poulidor. Ocaña then led the general classification by nine minutes over Fuente, ten minutes on Thevénet with Zoetemelk fifth over 23 minutes behind.[3] Ocaña won the stage 12 time trial. A duel in the Pyrenees was expected between Ocaña and Fuente but Ocaña won the longest stage in the Pyrenees. L'Equipe had the headline Ocaña apuie sur l'accélérateur translated as Ocaña steps on the accelerator.[6] Ocaña won the last individual time trial and also the mountain stage to Puy-de-Dôme eventually winning the race with 15 minutes over Bernard Thévenet. He also won the combativity award. After his win, Ocaña declared that after the 1974 Tour de France, he wanted to try the hour record.[7]

Post-Tour career[edit]

After his win in the Tour de France, Ocaña finished third and won the bronze medal in the world championship road race. He also won the Vuelta Ciclista al País Vasco in 1973 and finished fourth in the 1974 Vuelta a España, won by Fuente. Ocaña was unable to defend his Tour de France win in 1974 due to an injury sustained during the Midi-Libre. He finished fourth again in the 1975 Vuelta a España. In 1976, he was back to top form and finished third in Paris–Nice and second overall in the Vuelta a España, a minute behind José Pesarrodona.

Ocaña retired at the end of 1977 after finishing 25th in the 1975 Tour de France. He had won 110 races including nine stages of the Tour de France. He retired to his vineyard in 1977. It is said that despite their rivalry on the road, Merckx organised for a Belgian distributor to order a sizeable quantity of wine from Ocaña's ailing vineyard.

Death[edit]

Ocaña committed suicide,[8] in Nogaro, Gers, France by gunshot in 1994. It is said he was depressed over financial matters and was also suffering from liver cirrhosis, hepatitis C, and cancer.[8]

Major successes[edit]

Source:[9]

1968
Spain Spanish National Road Race Championship
1969
Grand Prix du Midi Libre
Vuelta a La Rioja
Vuelta a España:
Winner stages 1A, 16 and 18B
2nd place overall classification
Winner mountains classification
Setmana Catalana de Ciclisme
1970
Vuelta a España:
Winner prologue and stage 19
Jersey gold.svg Winner overall classification
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
Tour de France:
Winner stage 17
1971
Grand Prix des Nations
Tour of the Basque Country
Vuelta a España:
Winner stage 12
3rd place overall classification
Tour de France:
Winner stages 8 and 11
Trofeo Baracchi (with Leif Mortensen)
Volta a Catalunya
1972
Spain Spanish National Road Race Championship
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
1973
Tour de France:
Jersey yellow.svg Winner overall classification
Winner stages 7A, 8, 12A, 13, 18 and 20A
Winner Combativity award
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
Tour of the Basque Country
Vuelta a España:
2nd place overall classification
Trophée des Grimpeurs

Grand Tour results timeline[edit]

1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977
Tour DNE DNF-8B 31 DNF-14 DNF-15 1 DNE DNF-13 14 25
Stages won 0 1 2 0 6 0 0 0
Mountains classification NR NR NR NR 3 NR NR NR
Points classification NR 9 NR NR 3 NR NR NR
Giro 34 DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE
Stages won 0
Mountains classification NR
Points classification NR
Vuelta DNF 2 1 3 DNE 2 4 4 2 22
Stages won 0 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Mountains classification NR 1 4 4 NR 2 3 5 NR
Points classification NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Legend
1 Winner
2–3 Top three-finish
4–10 Top ten-finish
11– Other finish
DNE Did Not Enter
DNF-x Did Not Finish (retired on stage x)
DSQ Disqualified
N/A Race/classification not held
NR Not Ranked in this classification

Tour de France[edit]

  • 1970 - 31st
  • 1971 - did not finish
  • 1972 - did not finish
  • 1973 - 1st
  • 1975 - did not finish
  • 1976 - 14th
  • 1977 - 25th

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vuelta retro;Luis Ocaña". Chechu Rubiera.info. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  2. ^ "Top 25 All Time Tour 1971- Unbeatable Merckx Gets a Major Scare". Barry Boyce, CyclingRevealed Historian. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  3. ^ a b "Moutiers-Les Orres, 237.5km". Archived from the original on 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  4. ^ "Roubaix-Reims, 226km". Archived from the original on 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  5. ^ Ocaña-Thévenet:Duel engage. L’équipe newspaper. July 9, 1973. page 1. 
  6. ^ Ocaña apuie sur l'accélérateur. L’équipe newspaper. July 14–15, 1973. page 1. 
  7. ^ Projet d'Ocaña:"l'heure" apres le Tour en 74!. L’équipe newspaper. July 24, 1973. page 1. 
  8. ^ a b "Sporting Digest: Cycling". The Independent. 20 May 1994. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  9. ^ Luis Ocaña profile at Cycling Archives