Café Cubano (Cuban coffee, Cuban espresso, cafecito, Cuban pull, Cuban shot) is a type of espresso which originated in Cuba after espresso machines were first imported there from Italy. Specifically, it refers to an espresso shot which is sweetened with demerara sugar as it is being brewed, but the name covers other drinks that use Cuban espresso as their base.
Drinking café cubano remains a prominent social and cultural activity within Cuba, Miami, Tampa, the Florida Keys, Havana on the Hudson, as well as the Cuban American community. Café Cubano is available in almost all coffee shops in Miami and Tampa making it a staple of local cuisine and tradition.
Traditional, Cuban-style espresso is made using the darker roasts, typically either Italian or Spanish Roasts. It is identical to Italian pulls, except for the addition of sugar directly to the espresso pitcher. The heat from the coffee-making process will hydrolyze some of the sucrose, thereby creating a sweeter and slightly more viscous result than a normal pull or adding sugar at the table.
Cafe Cubano is regarded as a mid-afternoon standard. It is traditionally taken without milk, which is customarily preferred for either breakfast or late night fare. In the Cuban and South Florida heat, cafe is usually served alongside a small glass of water. Cigars are another favored accompaniment.
Alternative or Household Methods: A common household method used in order to simulate the crema on a stove-top moka pot is to initially add just the first few drops of espresso to the sugar and mix vigorously. This results in a creamy, light brown paste. The remaining espresso is then added to this paste and mixed, creating a light brown foam layer, or espumita, atop the coffee.
However, a proper cafe Cubano is made on pressurized espresso machines. Italian Moka pots, macchinetta provide a domestic alternative, but are considered inferior pulls, thus they are reserved for personal or household settings.
Cortadito, which in Spanish literally means "small cut", is an espresso topped with steamed milk. It can be between 50/50 to 75/25 espresso and milk. It is similar to a cortado served in other countries, but pre-sweetened.
Café con leche, or "coffee with milk", is an espresso (without sugar) served alongside a cup of hot or steamed milk. Traditionally served separate from the coffee, the espresso is poured to the desired darkness into the cup of hot milk and then stirred. It is the traditional Cuban breakfast beverage, served with slices of buttered, toasted cuban bread.
Colada, is 4-6 shots of Cuban style espresso served in a Styrofoam cup along with small, plastic demitasses. It is a takeaway form, meant to be shared. This is customary of workplace breaks in Cuban communities.
- Vietnamese coffee, similar sweetened coffee
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