Denmark–Ukraine relations

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Denmark-Ukraine relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and Ukraine

Denmark

Ukraine

Denmark–Ukraine relations refers to the current and historical relations between Denmark and Ukraine. Denmark has an embassy in Kiev,[1] and Ukraine has an embassy in Copenhagen.[2] Denmark recognized Ukraine on 31 December 1991,[3] and diplomatic relations were established on 12 February 1992.[4] Current Ukrainian ambassador to Denmark is Mykhailo Skuratovsky.[5]

History[edit]

In 1918[6] or 1919,[4] the Ukrainian People's Republic was recognized by Denmark.[7] During the Danish Presidency of the Council of the European Union, Prime Minister of Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussen welcomed Ukraine in the European Union but said that Ukraine needed more reforms before they can join the European Union.[8] In 2004, to strengthen ties with Ukraine, Denmark opened an embassy in Ukraine.[9]

High level visits[edit]

Danish Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen visited Ukraine in September 1998, during the visit, both countries signed an intergovernmental protocol on financial cooperation.[10] In March 2007, President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko visited Denmark, to hold meetings with Danish officials about signing energy, agricultural and food cooperation agreements.[11] In May 2011, Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov invited Prince Henrik to Ukraine.[12]

Economic relations[edit]

The total trade turnover between Ukraine and Denmark in 2003 was $250 million.[3] In 2006, Denmark exported machines worth 593 million DKK to Ukraine.[13] Ukraine was in 2010, Denmark 44th biggest export country.[14] In 2011, Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov claimed that Denmark is a major partner in cooperation,[15] and hoped for a further cooperation with Denmark.[16] Denmark has invested 1.3 billion dollars in Ukraine since 1991. Around 150 Danish companies are operating in Ukraine.[17]

Cooperation[edit]

On 1 June 1994, Denmark and Ukraine signed an environmental protection agreement.[18] Denmark assisted Ukraine with 18,5 million DKK, for the concernings about the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[19]

Cossacks on Ice[edit]

In March 2009, in Thule Air Base, American, Danish and Ukrainian air forces transported about 140,000 gallons of fuel and 17 tons of supplies from Thule Air Base to Station Nord, which is 600 miles away.[20] Ukraine assisted with an Ilyushin Il-76.[21]

Expatriates[edit]

About 200 Danes live in Ukraine, most of them work for Maersk.[17] The Danish community in Lviv is one of the oldest in post Soviet Ukraine.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Denmark. "Danish embassy in Kiev, Ukraine" (in English / Ukrainian). Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark). Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Government of Ukraine. "Ukrainian embassy in Copenhagen, Denmark". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ukraine). Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Bilateral relations between Denmark and Ukraine". Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Political relations: History of Bilateral relations". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "Yanukovych appoints ambassadors to Denmark and Armenia". KyivPost. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2010. 
  6. ^ Dmytro Doroshenko (1973). History of Ukraine, 1917-1923 (2). Indiana University: Hetman Movement Leadership. Retrieved 7 June 2011. "It must be noted that as early as July, 1918, the Danish government, through its consul in Kyjiv, Mr. Carlsen, initiated the establishment of de facto relations between Denmark and Ukraine." 
  7. ^ Talmon, Stefan (1998). Recognition of Governments in International Law. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-826573-5. 
  8. ^ "Danish prime minister: More reforms needed before Ukraine can join European Union". Kievpost. 4 July 2002. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Denmark to strengthen ties with Ukraine, open embassy in Kiev". Newslibrary / DR. 28 December 2004. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Danish foreign minister in Ukraine to open 100m-dollar credit line". NewsLibrary.com / Ukrainian Television First Programme. 9 September 1998. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Yushchenko starts official visit to Denmark". forUm. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Kronprins Frederik tager til Ukraine". Helsingør Dagblad (via Ritzau) (in Danish). 17 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Øget dansk eksport til Ukraine". Mental Supply (in Danish). 26 February 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Dansk erhverv Maj 2011". Danskerhverv.dk (in Danish): 4. May 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Ukraine considers Denmark its major partner in cooperation with European Union – N.Azarov". Caspian Energy. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Ukraine hopes for further cooperation with Danish Investment Fund". 7 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Staff writer Katya Grushenko (14 April 2011). "Danes small in number, but big in influence on Ukraine". Kiev Post. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  18. ^ United Nations (1 June 1994). Agreement on cooperation in the field of environmental protection. Signed at Copenhagen. 33201. United Nations Treaty Series. p. 3. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  19. ^ "Miljøstyrelsen - Environmental projects in the Ukraine". Ministry of Environment (Denmark). Ministry of Environment (Denmark). Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  20. ^ "Ukrainians, Danes, Americans resupply remote outpost". Air Force Space Command. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  21. ^ "Danish-Ukrainian Air Foce Cooperation". Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  22. ^ "West Ukraine’s Danish dominance". Business Ukraine Online. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.