Downe Township, New Jersey

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Downe Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Downe
Downe Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Downe Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Downe Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Downe Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°16′10″N 75°08′00″W / 39.269497°N 75.133318°W / 39.269497; -75.133318Coordinates: 39°16′10″N 75°08′00″W / 39.269497°N 75.133318°W / 39.269497; -75.133318[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Royal charter January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Robert G. Campbell (R, term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Nadine Lockley[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 54.268 sq mi (140.552 km2)
 • Land 48.606 sq mi (125.888 km2)
 • Water 5.662 sq mi (14.664 km2)  10.43%
Area rank 31st of 566 in state
3rd of 14 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,585
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 1,566
 • Rank 510th of 566 in state
11th of 14 in county[11]
 • Density 32.6/sq mi (12.6/km2)
 • Density rank 559th of 566 in state
14th of 14 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08315 - Dividing Creek
08321 - Fortescue
08345 - Newport
08349 - Port Norris, New Jersey[12]
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401118220[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882061[15]
Website www.downetwpnj.org

Downe Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,585,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 46 (-2.8%) from the 1,631 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 71 (-4.2%) from the 1,702 counted in the 1990 Census.[16]

What is now Downe Township was formed by Royal charter on January 19, 1748, as Downes Township, from portions of Fairfield Township. Downe Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Commercial Township on February 27, 1874.[17] Downe Township is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[18][19]

Geography[edit]

Downe Township is located at 39°16′10″N 75°08′00″W / 39.269497°N 75.133318°W / 39.269497; -75.133318 (39.269497,-75.133318). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 54.268 square miles (140.552 km2), of which, 48.606 square miles (125.888 km2) of it was land and 5.662 square miles (14.664 km2) of it (10.43%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Lawrence Township, Millville, Commercial Township, and the Delaware Bay.

Communities[edit]

There are five communities within Downe Township:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,501
1820 1,749 16.5%
1830 1,923 9.9%
1840 1,920 −0.2%
1850 2,341 21.9%
1860 3,114 33.0%
1870 3,385 8.7%
1880 1,687 * −50.2%
1890 1,793 6.3%
1900 1,833 2.2%
1910 1,519 −17.1%
1920 1,322 −13.0%
1930 1,574 19.1%
1940 1,546 −1.8%
1950 1,786 15.5%
1960 1,870 4.7%
1970 1,777 −5.0%
1980 1,803 1.5%
1990 1,702 −5.6%
2000 1,631 −4.2%
2010 1,585 −2.8%
Est. 2013 1,566 [10] −1.2%
Population sources: 1810-2000[22]
1810-1920[23] 1840[24] 1850-1870[25]
1850[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[17]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,585 people, 646 households, and 434.8 families residing in the township. The population density was 32.6 per square mile (12.6 /km2). There were 996 housing units at an average density of 20.5 per square mile (7.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.62% (1,468) White, 2.59% (41) Black or African American, 0.50% (8) Native American, 0.25% (4) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.64% (26) from other races, and 2.40% (38) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.85% (61) of the population.[7]

There were 646 households, of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.[7]

In the township, 19.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 33.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.6 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $45,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,437) and the median family income was $49,471 (+/- $9,499). Males had a median income of $36,739 (+/- $5,543) versus $32,841 (+/- $8,768) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,428 (+/- $2,019). About 6.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 1,631 people, 658 households, and 438 families residing in the township. The population density was 32.1 people per square mile (12.4/km²). There were 1,134 housing units at an average density of 22.3 per square mile (8.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 91.05% White, 4.84% African American, 1.47% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.98% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.37% of the population.[32][33]

There were 658 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 107.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $34,667, and the median income for a family was $39,375. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $26,397 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,366. About 11.5% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Downe Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Downe Township Committee are Mayor Robert Campbell, Deputy Mayor Dennis Cook, Edward Bart, Tammi Reynolds and Christine Wilford.[35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Downe Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[8][38][39] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Downe Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[40]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[41] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[42][43] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[44][45]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[49][50] As of 2013, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director William Whelan (Public Safety; D, Bridgeton, term ends December 31, 2014).[51] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[52] Joseph Derella (NA; D, Millville, 2015),[52] Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr. (Public Property & Personnel; R, Vineland, 2013),[53] Carl W. Kirstein (NA; R, Bridgeton, 2013),[54] Carol Musso (Health; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[55] Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014),[56][57][52] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[58] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[59] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2013).[60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,128 registered voters in Downe Township, of which 249 (22.1%) were registered as Democrats, 484 (42.9%) were registered as Republicans and 394 (34.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[61]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.7% of the vote here (447 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 38.1% (300 votes), with 788 ballots cast among the township's 1,127 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.9%.[62] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.1% of the vote (445 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received 38.9% (293 votes), with 753 ballots cast among the township's 1,071 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.3.[63]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 51.7% of the vote (306 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 31.9% (189 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 9.8% (58 votes), with 592 ballots cast among the township's 1,127 registered voters, yielding a 52.5% turnout.[64]

Education[edit]

The Downe Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. Downe Township School had an enrollment of 165 students in the 2010-11 school year.[65]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Bridgeton High School in Bridgeton, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Bridgeton Public Schools.[66]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Clerk / Chief Financial Officer, Downe Township. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Downe, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Downe township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Downe township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  12. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  15. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  17. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  18. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  19. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  20. ^ Natural, Undisturbed Beauty of Nature, Right Here in the Northeast Corridor, accessed April 5, 2007. "Fortescue is also host to one of the East Coast's most popular fishing tournaments, the Fortescue Weakfish Tournament. Fortescue is known as the weakfish capital of the world."
  21. ^ "About Money Island NJ". 
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  24. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 269, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 3, 2013. "Downe is in the southern part of the county, on Maurice river cove, and contained in 1850, 2,341 inhabitants; in 1860, 3,114; and in 1870, 3,385. Mauricetown (on Maurice river), Dividing Creek, and Newport, are the principal towns "
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Downe township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Downe township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Downe township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  35. ^ Downe Township Committee, Downe Township. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  36. ^ Jones, Jean. "Cook selected as mayor in Downe Township", The News of Cumberland County, January 4, 2011. Accessed August 30, 2011. "In a surprise move, township committee elected Democrat Dennis Cook, of Money Island, as the new mayor at Monday’s reorganization meeting.... Two committee members were sworn in to begin new terms, Democrat Tammi Reynolds, who had been serving the unexpired term of former mayor Renee Blizzard, who resigned, and Cook, who is new to the committee."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  44. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  45. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  50. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  51. ^ William Whelan, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ a b c Kent, Spencer. "Democrats take back control of Cumberland County freeholder board; Whelan named director", South Jersey Times, January 3, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2012. "Doug Long and Joe Derella, both swept into office in November, were officially sworn in as board members, giving Democrats a 5 to 2 majority.... Democrat Bill Whelan was named director. Long was chosen as deputy board director."
  53. ^ Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr., Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Carl W. Kirstein, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  55. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  56. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  57. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  58. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  59. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  60. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  61. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  62. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  63. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  64. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  65. ^ Data for the Downe Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  66. ^ Western/Southern Cumberland Region Strategic Plan, Cumberland Development Corporation, January 2003. Accessed September 3, 2013. "Students in Bridgeton, Downe and a portion of Lawrence Township attend Bridgeton High School. There are over 10,000 students enrolled in public schools in the study area (Table 26, Enrollment)."

External links[edit]