Millville, New Jersey
Millville is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 28,400, reflecting an increase of 1,553 (+5.8%) from the 26,847 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 855 (+3.3%) from the 25,992 counted in the 1990 Census. Millville, Bridgeton and Vineland are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes.
Millville was originally incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 24, 1801, from portions of Fairfield Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Landis Township on March 7, 1864. Millville was reincorporated as a city on March 1, 1866, based on the results of a referendum passed that same day.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Commerce
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Attractions
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Known as "Shingle Landing" in its earliest days, a sawmill was believed to have existed at Leaming's Mill at around 1720. The area also had a public road, a boat landing, and a bridge-like structure.
In 1790, Joseph Smith and Henry Drinker purchased 24,000 acres (97 km2) of land known as the Union Mills Tract. They also formed the Union Estates Company and built lumber mills along the Maurice River and established a dam to power these new mills. Joseph Buck, an American Revolutionary War veteran who served under General George Washington, was part of a group that purchased the land in the area and laid out the plans for what would become Millville.
In the early 1850s, the Smith and Wood Iron Foundry and New Jersey Mills were constructed. In 1860, a bleachery and dye house were added to New Jersey Mills, which then became Millville Manufacturing. David Wood then constructed a dam, forming the largest man-made lake in the state, which powered the entire manufacturing organization. By 1870, the mill had 600 employees, and in 40 years this number doubled.
In 1862, Charles K. Landis laid out the city of Vineland about two and a half miles east of the Maurice River. In 1864, Vineland was separated from Millville Township and joined the new Landis Township.
The Millville Airport was dedicated "America's First Defense Airport" on August 2, 1941, by local, state, and federal officials. In less than a year, construction of military base facilities began, and in January 1943, the Millville Army Air Field opened as a gunnery school for fighter pilots. Gunnery training began with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft, but after a few weeks was changed over to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. During its three-year existence, thousands of soldiers and civilians served here, with about 1,500 pilots receiving advanced fighter training in the Thunderbolt.
Following World War II, the airfield was declared excess to the governments needs, and returned to the City of Millville. Most of the airport buildings were converted to apartments for the many veterans returning from the war. The last of the apartments vanished in the early 1970s, and the airport soon became a hub of industry and aviation for Southern New Jersey.
Up to the late 1990s the Millville downtown area was depressed and somewhat isolated, examples including the abandoned Levoy Theatre and Wheaton Glass Factory, with investors reluctant to venture in its development. Major redevelopment has occurred in the past several years; establishing the scenic Riverfront and Downtown areas into an artists' haven including many studios, shops and restaurants. Older abandoned buildings have been restored with continued major development is planned.
Today Millville has an arts district named the Glasstown Arts District. A public art center with galleries and studios is the hub of activity, and is open six days a week. Seven full-time galleries and ten part-time galleries and studios are open mostly on weekends and on the third Friday of each month. WheatonArts and the Creative Glass Center of America includes a major collection of early American glass with contemporary glass from CGCA Fellows and working glass artists in a restored 19th century glass factory. The Levoy Theatre successfully re-opened on September 9, 2012
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 44.489 square miles (115.228 km2), of which 42.001 square miles (108.783 km2) is land and 2.488 square miles (6.445 km2) (5.59%) is water.
|Climate data for Millville, NJ (1981−2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||42
|Average low °F (°C)||24
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.05
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.9||9.1||10.5||11.1||10.0||9.1||9.0||8.1||7.9||8.1||8.8||9.4||110|
|Source: NOAA |
1840 1850-1890 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1900-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,400 people, 10,648 households, and 7,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 676.2 per square mile (261.1/km2). There were 11,435 housing units at an average density of 272.3 per square mile (105.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.04% (19,608) White, 19.83% (5,631) Black or African American, 0.94% (266) Native American, 1.19% (338) Asian, 0.06% (18) Pacific Islander, 5.24% (1,488) from other races, and 3.70% (1,051) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.93% (4,239) of the population.
There were 10,648 households, of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, 25.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,925 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,459) and the median family income was $55,000 (+/- $4,433). Males had a median income of $46,186 (+/- $3,934) versus $35,336 (+/- $2,860) for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,364 (+/- $1,573). About 16.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,847 people, 10,043 households, and 7,010 families residing in the city. The population density was 633.9 people per square mile (244.8/km2). There were 10,652 housing units at an average density of 251.5 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.13% White, 14.99% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.17% of the population.
There were 10,043 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.65 and the average family size was 2.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,378, and the median income for a family was $46,093. Males had a median income of $36,915 versus $26,669 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,632. About 12.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 1801, Millville was first organized as a township; It became a city in 1866. Until 1913, Millville operated under a Mayor-Council form of government where the mayor was elected by the people. In 1913, a change of form of government to the Walsh Act was passed and the commission form of government became the way the city was run. Under this form of government as used in Millville, five commissioners are elected and one of these is selected from among its members to serve as the mayor and another as vice mayor. each commissioner is assigned a department to oversee.
As of 2014[update], the Millville City Commission consists of Mayor Michael Santiago, Commissioner of Public Safety; Vice Mayor James F. Quinn, Commissioner of Revenue and Finance; Lynne Porreca Compari, Commissioner of Public Affairs; David W. Ennis, Commissioner of Public Works; and Joseph Sooy, Commissioner of Parks and Public Property. All five commissioners were elected in November 2014 in a vote that made Santiago the city's first Hispanic mayor, with terms of office that run concurrently until December 31, 2017.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 17,500 registered voters in Millville, of which 4,652 (26.6%) were registered as Democrats, 2,802 (16.0%) were registered as Republicans and 10,033 (57.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.6% of the vote here (6,523 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 39.8% (4,515 votes), with 11,330 ballots cast among the city's 17,715 registered voters, for a turnout of 64.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.9% of the vote here (5,082 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 46.8% (4,677 votes), with 9,992 ballots cast among the city's 15,685 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 63.7.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 48.4% of the vote here (3,169 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 40.9% (2,675 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.9% (453 votes), with 6,541 ballots cast among the city's 17,167 registered voters, yielding a 38.1% turnout.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015), Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township), Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014), James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014), Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016) and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014). The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014), Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014) and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).
Millville Public Schools serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 6,023 students and 499.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.07:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Child Family Center (631 students) for preschool, six K-5 elementary schools — Bacon Elementary School (304), Holly Heights Elementary School (502), Mt. Pleasant Elementary School (251), Rieck Avenue Elementary School (455), Silver Run Elementary School (554) and Wood Elementary School (227) — Lakeside Middle School for grades 6-8 (1,131), Memorial High School for grades 9 and half of 10th (739) and Millville Senior High School for grades 11, 12, and the other half of the 10th grade (1,229).
The district has high school sending/receiving relationships with Commercial Township, Lawrence Township and Maurice River Township. Students from Woodbine had attended the district's high school programs until a July 2013 ruling by the New Jersey Department of Transportation under which Woodbine students would start attending Middle Township High School as of September 2014, while Woodbine students who had already started attendance in Millville would be allowed to graduate.
St. Mary Magdalen School is a Catholic school serving children in grades K-8 operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. The school opened in 1882 with an enrollment of 45 students. Former Camden Bishop Joseph Galante announced in January 2012 that the school would close in June due to poor finances resulting from a declining student body.
Portions of Millville are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
The city had a total of 172.73 miles (277.98 km) of roadways, of which 107.90 miles (173.65 km) are maintained by the municipality, 42.39 miles (68.22 km) by Cumberland County and 22.44 miles (36.11 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
New Jersey Transit has several bus routes that service the Millville region. Service includes the 313 route from Cape May to Philadelphia, the 408 route between Milville and Philadelphia and the 553 route from Upper Deerfield Township to Atlantic City.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millville include:
- A. R. Ammons (1926–2001), author and poet, winner of the National Book Award.
- Fred Pierce Corson (1896−1985), a Bishop of The Methodist Church.
- Julie Ann Dawson (born 1971), a horror fiction writer, RPG designer, and publisher.
- Graham Fenton, professional actor who has appeared in Jersey Boys on Broadway.
- Merritt Gant (born 1971), guitarist for metal band Overkill.
- Leon Henderson (1895–1986), administrator of the Office of Price Administration from 1941 to 1942.
- Dwayne Hendricks (born 1986), professional football player, currently on the New York Giants.
- James R. Hurley (born 1932), politician.
- Claudia E. McCarthy (born 1949), New Jersey Hall Of Fame Coach who holds the South Jersey record for field hockey coaching wins.
- William A. McKeighan (1842–1895), Nebraska Populist politician.
- Steve Romanik (1924–2009), played collegiate football for the Villanova Wildcats, and played quarterback in the NFL from 1950-1954 for the Chicago Bears and Chicago Cardinals.
- Hannah Whitall Smith (1832–1911), a lay speaker and author in the Holiness movement in the United States and the Higher Life movement in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- Logan Pearsall Smith (1865–1946), essayist and critic.
- Edward C. Stokes (1860–1942) Governor of New Jersey 1905-1908.
- Mike Trout (born 1991), Major League Baseball player for Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim .
- Frank H. Wheaton, Sr. (1881–1983), known as the "dean of American Glassware" during his tenure as Wheaton Industries president.
- Daniel D.W. (born 1979), award winning VFX designer, independent film maker and screenplay writer.
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- Biddle, Henry Drinker (1893). The Drinker Family in America: To and Including the Eighth Generation. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. p. 11. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Glass - Whitall Tatum Company, Millville, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Staff. "15,000 AT DEDICATION OF DEFENSE AIRPORT; Henderson Predicts Many Fields Like That at Millville, N.J.", The New York Times, August 3, 1941. Accessed May 21, 2012. "The nation's first defense airport, covering 660 acres, was dedicated here this afternoon."
- Vanaman, Joyce. "STUDENTS VISIT AIR MUSEUM / A VERY PLANE EXPERIENCE IN MILLVILLE", The Press of Atlantic City, May 12, 1999. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Some 1500 pilots received gunnery training in P-47 Thunderbolts and P-40 Warhawk fighter planes."
- Overview, Millville Army Air Field Museum. Accessed August 25, 2014.
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- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed September 24, 2012. Data for years from 1810 to 1860 are for Millville Township.
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- Orthodox Christian Churches of New Jersey - Cumberland County
- Catholic Churches in Millville, NJ
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- What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
- About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
- Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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- Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
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- Mt. Pleasant Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Rieck Avenue Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Silver Run Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Wood Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Lakeside Middle School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Memorial High School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Millville Senior High School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
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- About Us, Maurice River Township School District. Accessed August 24, 2014. "The Maurice River Township School District consists of one elementary school and is a sending district to the Millville School District for its high school students.... Maurice River Township transports approximately 180 students to the Memorial and Senior High Schools in Millville."
- Jones, Jean. "Sending districts Maurice River, Commercial, Lawrence, Woodbine suing Millville School District over tuition rates", The News of Cumberland County, April 13, 2009. Accessed August 24, 2014. "The suit, filed in the state Administrative Law Court, asks the commissioner of education to resolve a dispute about the method which the Millville school district is using to estimate and audit tuition for four sending districts. The four districts, Maurice River, Commercial, Lawrence and Woodbine, have joined in the suit with Maurice River as the lead agency."
- D'Amico, Diane. "Woodbine students to begin attending Middle Township High School instead of Millville", The Press of Atlantic City, August 6, 2013. Accessed August 24, 2014. "Education Commissioner Chris Cerf has approved the petition by Woodbine in Cape May County to end its sending/receiving relationship with Millville High School and instead send its high school students to Middle Township, which is closer and in the same county."
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- Romalino, Carly Q. "Edgarton Academy Board of Trustees moving at '100 miles per hour' to open Newfield school", Gloucester County Times, April 22, 2012. Accessed June 14, 2012. "Notre Dame in Buena Borough — along with St. Mary Magdalen in Millville and Sacred Heart High School in Vineland — was ordered closed in mid-January by Bishop Joseph Galante, who cited the schools’ shrinking enrollment numbers and other financial issues as reason to close the schools."
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- Home Page, Millville Executive Airport. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Laymon, Rob. "NOTED POET TO INJECT LIFE INTO WORKS IN O.C. VISIT", The Press of Atlantic City, July 23, 1992. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Ammons wrote Corson's Inlet in August of 1962, after having lived in Northfield and Millville for many years."
- via Associated Press. "FRED CORSON, RETIRED BISHOP", The New York Times, February 18, 1985. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Fred Pierce Corson was born in Millville, N.J., and was educated at Dickinson College, in Carlisle, Pa., Drew University and the Yale Divinity School."
- Kubersky, Seth. "Live Active Culture", Orlando Weekly, May 7, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2011. "I spent a few minutes on the phone with Graham Fenton, one of the performers helping to tell that story. Fenton is no stranger to Orlando: A fellow Jersey boy (raised about an hour south of Philly in Millville, N.J.), Graham moved here after attending Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Mellon University when his wife, Nicole Kaplan, was cast in Finding Nemo, the Musical at Disney’s Animal Kingdom."
- Laday, Jason. "Merritt's Music is opening on High Street in Millville", The News of Cumberland County, July 10, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Guitarist and Millville native son Merritt Gant, best known for his work with thrash-metal band Overkill in the early 1990s, is poised to open his own guitar shop on High Street."
- "Up Again Henderson", Time (magazine), May 1, 1939. Accessed October 1, 2007. "As a boy out of Millville, N. J., he worked his way through Swarthmore College, played basketball and football there."
- Weinberg, David. "Millville's Hendricks signs free-agent deal with Giants", The Press of Atlantic City, April 28, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- James R. Hurley profile, The Political Graveyard. Accessed May 30, 2007.
- Staff. "Millville's Claudia McCarthy sets coaching record for wins", Daily Journal (New Jersey), September 17, 2009. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Millville's Claudia McCarthy claimed her 479th career win Thursday, establishing the South Jersey all-time record for victories by a field hockey coach after the host Thunderbolts knocked off Absegami, 2-0."
- William Arthur McKeighan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 30, 2007.
- Gray, Matt. "Former NFL player, city commissioner Steve Romanik dies", The News of Cumberland County, September 16, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Former Millville City Commissioner and Chicago Bears quarterback Steve Romanik died this morning, according to his family.... Romanik described his father as someone who was proud to serve Millville, and proud of his inductions into both the Millville Thunderbolt Club Hall of Fame and the Villanova University Football Hall of Fame."
- Steve Romanik, database Football. Accessed October 24, 2007.
- Hannah Whitall Smith 1832 - 1911: Author, Evangelist, Tentmaker.org. Accessed March 29, 2011. "From 1864 to 1868 Robert and Hannah Smith lived in Millville, New Jersey. Robert managed Hannah’s father’s business, the Whitall, Tatum, & Company glass factories."
- Logan Pearsall Smith Manuscripts, 1881-1943, Kent State University. Accessed February 11, 2008.
- Edward C Stokes - Governors of New Jersey, New Jersey State Library. Accessed March 29, 2011.
- McGarry, Michael. "Millville's Mike Trout could be newest Angel in the outfield", The Press of Atlantic City, June 10, 2009. Accessed January 12, 2011.
- Staff. "Millville puts on parade as glass maker turns 100", The Baltimore Sun, March 17, 1981. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Frank H. Wheaton, Sr., chairman of Wheaton industries and dean of American glass manufacturing, turned 100 years old yesterday amid much fanfare from residents of this southern New Jersey city."
- "2012 Project Twenty1 Award Winners"
- "Clark: A Gonzomentary film review"
- Millville City website
- Millville Public Schools
- Millville Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Millville Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics