Drinkstone windmills

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Drinkstone Post Mill
Drinkstone post mill.jpg
Drinkstone post mill
Origin
Mill name Clover's Mill
Grid reference TL 964 622
Coordinates 52°13′24″N 0°52′29″E / 52.2234°N 0.8747°E / 52.2234; 0.8747Coordinates: 52°13′24″N 0°52′29″E / 52.2234°N 0.8747°E / 52.2234; 0.8747
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1689
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Post mill
Roundhouse storeys Single storey roundhouse
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Two Spring sails, two Common sails
Windshaft Wood, with cast iron poll end
Winding Fantail
Number of pairs of millstones Two pairs
Drinkstone Smock Mill
Drinkstone smock mill.jpg
Drinkstone smock mill
Origin
Mill name Clover's Mill
Grid reference TL 962 622
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1780
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Two-storey smock
Base storeys single-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Two Spring sails and two Common sails
Windshaft Wood
Winding Fantail
Other information Base formerly a horse mill

Drinkstone Windmills are a pair of windmills at Drinkstone, Suffolk, England. They consist a post mill and a smock mill. The post mill is Grade I listed[1] and the smock mill is Grade II listed.[2] The mills were known as Clover’s Mills as they were always worked by the Clover family.

Post mill[edit]

Drinkstone Post Mill was built as an open trestle post mill. A brick and flint roundhouse was added in 1830.[3] The mill was originally powered by Common sails. Spring sails were fitted during the nineteenth century and the mill was finally worked with one pair of spring and one pair of common sails.[4] The mill has a wooden windshaft with a cast iron poll end, which was fitted by the millwright C Sillitoe of Long Melford. In the 1920s, an air brake was fitted to the sails, but the scheme was not successful and was abandoned[5] Winding was by tailpole until the 1940s, when the fantail carriage from Barley Green Mill, Stradbroke was fitted. This was worked by a winch to start with[5] and the fantail from Thurston Mill was fitted during World War Two.[3] The fantail from Woolpit Mill was fitted in 1963.[citation needed]

The frame of the mill shows its age, there being no side girts. The body has been extended in the breast and tail, and the mill may have been reconstructed so that the original breast of the mill is now the tail.[5] The mill has two pairs of millstones.[3] The structure is currently on the Heritage at Risk Register.[6]

Post mill history[edit]

Drinkstone Post Mill was built in 1689, making it the oldest windmill in Suffolk.[4] Samuel Clover was given the post mill, horse mill and mill house by his father (Samuel Sr) in 1775. The mill passed to his son (Samuel Jr, b1752) and thence through a succession of Clovers’ to Wilfred, who took the mill on the death of his father Daniel in 1947. On 28 February 1949 the mill was tailwinded, damaging the sails and fantail. The mill became derelict until Mr Clover restored it in 1962 and put her back to work[3]

Smock mill[edit]

Drinkstone Smock Mill was built in 1780 on a horse mill which had been in existence in 1689.[4] The mill is a two-storey smock mill on a single-storey base, which originally housed a horse mill. The mill has a pepperpot cap[4] which was originally winded by a chain and wheel,[5] a fantail being added towards the end of her working life. The mill was last worked with a pair of Common sails and a pair of Spring sails.[4] The windshaft was a wooden one. The millstones were supported on a hurst frame, an arrangement usually found in a watermill.[5]

Millers[edit]

The post mill before the fantail was fitted
  • Samuel Clover Sr – 1775
  • Samuel Clover 1775 –
  • Samuel Clover Jr
  • John Clover
  • Daniel Clover
  • Mrs Clover – 1900
  • Daniel Clover 1900 – 1947
  • Wilfred Clover 1947 – 1949, 1962 –

Reference for above:-[3]

Culture and media[edit]

Drinkstone post mill was featured in the Dad's Army episode "Don't Forget the Diver" in which Lance Corporal Jones went round on the sails of the mill and was thrown off into a pond.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Post Mill, 120 metres north of Mill Cottage, Woolpit Road, Drinkstone". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  2. ^ "Smock Mill, 20 metres north of Mill Cottage (including attached engine shed and oil engine), Woolpit Road, Drinkstone". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale Ltd. p. 168. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Regan, Dean (1997). Windmills of Suffolk. Suffolk: Dean Regan. pp. p4–5, 38–39. ISBN 0-9531562-0-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Flint, Brian (1997). Suffolk Windmills. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. pp. p6, 12, 16, 19, 47, 50–51, 80. ISBN 0-85115-112-4. 
  6. ^ English Heritage - Drinkstone Post Mill