United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ECLAC headquarters in Santiago, Chile
Map showing United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean members
|Abbreviation||ECLAC / CEPAL|
|Type||Primary Organ - Regional Branch|
The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation. ECLAC includes 44 member States (20 in Latin America, 13 in the Caribbean and 11 from outside the region), and eight associate members which are non-independent territories in the Caribbean. ECLAC publishes statistics covering the countries of the region and makes cooperative agreements with nonprofit institutions. ECLAC's headquarters is in Santiago Chile.
ECLAC was established in 1948 as the UN Economic Commission for Latin America, or UNECLA. In 1984, a resolution was passed to include the countries of the Caribbean in the name. It reports to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The member states are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Korea (5 June 2007), Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The associate members are Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico and Turks and Caicos Islands and United States Virgin Islands.
- Santiago, Chile (headquarters)
- Mexico City, Mexico (Central American subregional headquarters)
- Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (Caribbean subregional headquarters)
- Buenos Aires, Argentina (country office)
- Brasília, Brazil (country office)
- Montevideo, Uruguay (country office)
- Bogotá, Colombia (country office)
- Washington, DC, United States of America (liaison office)
Executive Secretaries of ECLAC
|Gustavo Martínez Cabañas||Mexico||December 1948 – April 1950|
|Raúl Prebisch||Argentina||May 1950 – July 1963|
|José Antonio Mayobre||Venezuela||August 1963 – December 1966|
|Carlos Quintana||Mexico||January 1967 – March 1972|
|Enrique V. Iglesias||Uruguay||April 1972 – February 1985|
|Norberto González||Argentina||March 1985 – December 1987|
|Gert Rosenthal||Guatemala||January 1988 – December 1997|
|José Antonio Ocampo||Colombia||January 1998 – August 2003|
|José Luis Machinea||Argentina||December 2003 to June 2008|
|Alicia Bárcena Ibarra||México||July 2008 to present|
- United Nations System
- eLAC eLAC2007, eLAC2010 and eLAC2015: Strategies for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean
- eclac.cl, ECLAC: Office of the Executive Secretary
- CEPALSTAT page at official ECLAC site
- ECLAC signed a cooperation agreement to promote science and technology in the region (with Brazilian Center for Strategic Studies and Management) at ECLAC.org
- ABOUT ECLAC at official ECLAC site
- "ABOUT ECLAC – Member States and associate members of ECLAC". CEPAL. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Paul Berthoud, A Professional Life Narrative, 2008, worked with CEPAL-ECLAC and offers testimony from the inside of the early years of the organization.
- Briceño Ruiz, José; Quintero Rizzuto, María Liliana; Ruiz, Dyanna de Benítez (June 2013). "The ECLAC's structuralist thinking on development and Latin American integration: reflections on the contemporary relevance". Aportes para la Integración Latinoamericana (in Spanish) XIX (28): 1–324. ISSN 1667-8613. Retrieved 29 April 2014.