Elections in Niger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Niger.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Niger

Every five years, elections in Niger occur on national level for the head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 113 members, elected for a five-year term, 105 members elected in multi-seat constituencies and 8 members elected in single-seat national minority constituencies. Niger has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and a third party that is electorally successful.

Latest elections[edit]

The Republic of Niger held a presidential election on 31 January 2011. The first round was to be held on January 3 and the second round on January 31, but those dates were postponed to 31 January 2011 (together with parliamentary elections) and 12 March 2011. The election follows a military coup in February 2010 ousting President Mamadou Tandja.


e • d Summary of the 31 January and 12 March 2011 Nigerien presidential election results
Candidates – Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Mahamadou IssoufouNigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 1,217,527 36.06 1,820,639 57.95
Seyni OumarouNational Movement for the Development of Society 784,618 23.24 1,321,248 42.05
Hama AmadouNigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation 669,153 19.82
Mahamane OusmaneDemocratic and Social Convention 284.188 8.42
Amadou CheiffouSocial Democratic Rally 137,501 4.07
Moussa Moumouni DjermakoyeNigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 133,222 3.95
Ousmane Issoufou OubandawakiAlliance for Democratic Renewal 65,077 1.93
Amadou CisséUnion for Democracy and the Republic 54,218 1.61
Abdoulaye Amadou Traoré 18,116 0.54
Bayard Mariama Gamatié 12,991 0.38
Total (turnout 50.4%/48.2%) 3,376,611 100.00 3,141,887 100.00
Source: senego.com, senego.com
e • d Summary of the 31 January 2011 National Assembly of Niger election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (Parti Nigerien pour la Democratie et le Socialisme–Tarayya) 39
National Movement for the Development of Society (Mouvement National de la Societé de Développement–Nassara) 26
Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation (Mouvement Démocratique Nigérien pour une Fédération Africaine–Lumana Africa) 23
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Alliance Nigérienne pour la Démocratie et le Progrès–Zaman Lahiya) 8
Rally for Democracy and Progress (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès–Jama'a) 7
Union for Democracy and the Republic (Union pour la Démocratie et la République–Tabbat) 6
Democratic and Social Convention (Convention Démocratique et Sociale–Rahama) 3
National Union of Independents (Union Nationale des Indépendants) 1
Total (turnout %) 113
Source: senego.com

Previous elections[edit]

2011 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 31 January 2011 National Assembly of Niger election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (Parti Nigerien pour la Democratie et le Socialisme–Tarayya) 39
National Movement for the Development of Society (Mouvement National de la Societé de Développement–Nassara) 26
Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation (Mouvement Démocratique Nigérien pour une Fédération Africaine–Lumana Africa) 23
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Alliance Nigérienne pour la Démocratie et le Progrès–Zaman Lahiya) 8
Rally for Democracy and Progress (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès–Jama'a) 7
Union for Democracy and the Republic (Union pour la Démocratie et la République–Tabbat) 6
Democratic and Social Convention (Convention Démocratique et Sociale–Rahama) 3
National Union of Independents (Union Nationale des Indépendants) 1
Total (turnout %) 113
Source: senego.com

2011 Presidential election[edit]

The Republic of Niger held a presidential election on 31 January 2011(together with parliamentary elections)and 12 March 2011. The election follows a constitutional referendum held on 31 October 2010, following the military coup in February 2010 ousting President Mamadou Tandja.

e • d Summary of the 31 January and 12 March 2011 Nigerien presidential election results
Candidates – Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Mahamadou IssoufouNigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 1,217,527 36.06 1,820,639 57.95
Seyni OumarouNational Movement for the Development of Society 784,618 23.24 1,321,248 42.05
Hama AmadouNigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation 669,153 19.82
Mahamane OusmaneDemocratic and Social Convention 284.188 8.42
Amadou CheiffouSocial Democratic Rally 137,501 4.07
Moussa Moumouni DjermakoyeNigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 133,222 3.95
Ousmane Issoufou OubandawakiAlliance for Democratic Renewal 65,077 1.93
Amadou CisséUnion for Democracy and the Republic 54,218 1.61
Abdoulaye Amadou Traoré 18,116 0.54
Bayard Mariama Gamatié 12,991 0.38
Total (turnout 50.4%/48.2%) 3,376,611 100.00 3,141,887 100.00
Source: senego.com, senego.com


Constitutional referendum, 2010[edit]

A constitutional referendum was held in Niger on 31 October 2010, following the 2010 Nigerien coup d'état which ousted Tandja Mamadou.[1] Parliamentary elections were held on 31 January 2011, and presidential elections were held on 31 January and 12 March 2011.According to first results with 172 of the 264 districts reporting, turnout was 54.16%, and 93.48% of voters were in favour of the new constitution.[2] Preliminary results gave a turnout of 53% and 90.18% in favour. The constitution grants immunity to the coup leaders and stipulates they have to hand over power by 6 April 2011.[3]

Results:

Nigerien constitutional referendum, 2010[4]
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 3,124,152 90.18%
No 340,115 9.82%
Valid votes 3,464,267 97.91%
Invalid or blank votes 74,059 2.09%
Total votes 3,538,326 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 6,720,335 52.65%

The junta, called "Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy" and led by Salou Djibo, organised the transition. On 31 October 2010, a new Constitution of 2010 (Seventh Republic) was adopted by referendum.


Constitutional referendum, 2009[edit]

A constitutional referendum was held in Niger on 4 August 2009. The purpose of the referendum was to submit to Nigerien voters the dissolution of the Fifth Republic of Niger and the creation of a "Sixth Republic of Niger" under a fully presidential system of government. The referendum offered a yes or no vote on the suspension of the Constitution and the granting of President Mamadou Tandja a three year interim government during which the Constitution of the Sixth Republic of Niger would be formulated. On 20 June, the Constitutional Court of Niger declared the plan illegal, but Tandja subsequently assumed emergency powers and dissolved the Court. The events surrounding this election form the 2009 Nigerien constitutional crisis.Although the opposition boycotted the referendum, official results reported that turnout was 68%, with 92.5% of voters in favor. The new constitution was accordingly promulgated on 18 August 2009.[5]

2009 Parliamentary election[edit]

A parliamentary election was held in Niger on 20 October 2009,[6] in the wake of President Mamadou Tandja's dissolution of the National Assembly in May 2009 and a successful constitution referendum in August 2009.The Independent Electoral Commission announced on 15 May 2009 that the election would be held on 28 November 2009, between the first and second rounds of the presidential election on 14 November and 6 December 2009.[7]However, the Electoral Commission announced in June that the election would be moved to 20 August, two weeks after the controversial referendum on a new constitution that would allow President Tandja to remain in office.[8] The turnout for the elections was 51.27% of the six million registered voters.</ref name="AFP results"> According to official results announced by CENI President Moumouni Hamidou on 24 October the governing MNSD won the election by taking 76 of 113 seats in the National Assembly.[9]


2004 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 16 November and 4 December 2004 Nigerien presidential election results
Candidates - Parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Tandja Mamadou - National Movement for the Development of Society 991,764 40.67 1,509,905 65.53
Mahamadou Issoufou - Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 599,792 24.60 794,357 34.47
Mahamane Ousmane - Democratic and Social Convention 425,052 17.43
Ahmado Cheiffou - Social Democratic Rally 154,732 6.35
Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye - Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 147,957 6.07
Hamid Algabid - Rally for Democracy and Progress 119,153 4.89
Total (turnout 48.3 %) 100.0 100.0

2004 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 4 December 2004 National Assembly of Niger election results
Parties Votes % Seats
National Movement for the Development of Society (Mouvement National de la Societé de Développement-Nassara) 37.2 47
PNDS and allies Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (Parti Nigerien pour la Democratie et le Socialisme) 13.4 17
Combined list with Nigerien Progressive Party-African Democratic Rally (Parti Progressiste Nigérien-Rassemblement Démocratique Nigerien) and Nigerien Self-Management Party (Parti Nigérien pour l’Autogestion-Al'ouma) 2.7 4
Combined list with Union of Independent Nigeriens (Union des Nigériens Indépendants) and Union for Democracy and the Republic (Union pour la Démocratie et la République-Tabbat) 3.3 2
Combined list with Nigerien Progressive Party-African Democratic Rally (Parti Progressiste Nigérien-Rassemblement Démocratique Nigerien) 1.9 2
Democratic and Social Convention (Convention démocratique et sociale-Rahama) 17.4 22
Social Democratic Rally (Rassemblement social démocratique-Gaskiya) 7.1 7
Rally for Democracy and Progress (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès-Jama'a) 6.5 6
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Alliance nigérienne pour la démocratie et le progrès-Zaman Lahiya) 5.4 5
Party for Socialism and Democracy in Niger (Parti pour le socialisme et la démocratie au Niger-Alheri) 1.3 1
Total (turnout 44.7%)   113
Source: africanelections.tripod.com

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]