Elton Gallegly

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Elton Gallegly
Elton Gallegly Portrait.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 24th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Brad Sherman
Succeeded by Lois Capps
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 23rd district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by Anthony C. Beilenson
Succeeded by Lois Capps
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 21st district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Bobbi Fiedler
Succeeded by Bill Thomas
Mayor of Simi Valley
In office
1980–1986
Preceded by None (Position Created)
Succeeded by Greg Stratton
Personal details
Born (1944-03-07) March 7, 1944 (age 70)
Huntington Park, California, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Janice Shrader
Residence Simi Valley, California, U.S.
Occupation Politician
Religion Non-denominational Protestantism
Signature

Elton William Gallegly (born March 7, 1944) was a U.S. Representative, last serving California's 24th congressional district, and previously the 23rd and 21st, serving in Congress from 1987 to 2013. He is a member of the Republican Party. Gallegly announced on January 5, 2012, that he would not be seeking re-election.[1]

Early life, education, and pre-congressional career[edit]

Born in Huntington Park, California on March 7, 1944, Gallegly graduated from high school and attended California State University, Los Angeles but did not graduate. He worked as a real estate broker before entering politics. Gallegly is a former member of the Simi Valley, California City Council. He became Simi Valley's first elected mayor in 1982, a position that he held before the House.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1986, incumbent Republican U.S. Congresswoman Bobbi Fiedler decided to retire to run for the U.S. Senate. Gallegy won the primary with 50% of the vote.[2] In the general election, he won with 68% of the vote.[3] He won re-election in 1988 with 69% and in 1990 with 58%. In 1992, he defeated Democrat activist Anita Perez Ferguson 54%-41%.[4] Since then, he won re-election with at least 58% of the vote, except in 2000. That year, he defeated Democrat Michael Case 54%-41%.[5]

2006

On March 10, 2006, Gallegly announced his intent to retire from the House of Representatives after the 2006 mid-term elections, citing health concerns. He had already filed nomination papers to seek another term, however, and attempted to have his name removed from the Republican primary ballot. California election law, though, makes it clear that a candidate's name can only be withdrawn in the case of their death and, as a result, that Gallegly's name would have to remain on the ballot. The following week, after learning that he could not have his name removed from the ballot and that no new challengers would be allowed to enter the race, Gallegly changed his mind and decided to seek what he said would be his final term. He won re-election with 62% of the vote.[6]

2008

Gallegly won re-election with 58% of the vote.[7]

2010

Gallegly won re-election with 60% of the vote.[8][9]

The top 5 groups or industries that have contributed cash to Representative Gallegly's 2009/2010 campaign are: (1) Retirees: $39,484 (2) Real Estate: $35,578 (3) Lawyers/Law Firms: $29,374 (4) Pharmaceuticals: $22,500, and (5) Crop Production/Processing $20,179.[10]

Tenure[edit]

Representative Gallegly’s most recent activism has been focused on the issue of animal rights. Gallegly himself wrote a bill, enacted in 1999, which made it a federal crime to sell videos of dogfights and other depictions of animal violence.[11][12] However, on April 20, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States, in an 8-1 ruling written by Chief Justice John Roberts, overturned Gallegly's law on the ground that the law violated the First Amendment right to freedom of speech, and created a "criminal prohibition of alarming breadth."[11]

In his defense, Representative Gallegly argued that the bill he wrote contained "exceptions for religious, political, scientific, educational, journalistic, and artistic expression [that] may have provided too many loopholes within the legislation.[12] Bob Stevens was convicted of committing animal cruelty as defined by the law, but claimed that his rights to free speech and artistic expression protected him against prosecution."[12] Representative Gallegly objected to Stevens’ defense, claiming that the videos “promote violence and, as such, are not protected by the Constitution.”.[13]

In 2011, Gallegly voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.[14]

Committee assignments[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Gallegly is married to the former Janice Shrader, and has four children. Gallegly is of partial Swiss descent.[16]

A gallery has been named for him at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library.[17][18]

Countrywide financial loan[edit]

In January 2012, it was reported that Gallegly received so-called "VIP" or "Friends of Angelo" loans from troubled mortgage lender Countrywide Financial, in which loans were granted at lower rates than were available to the public. Gallegly and names of other legislators were forwarded to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, which begun an investigation into the issue. Gallegly denied knowing that he was part of Countrywide Financial's special loan program.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rep. Elton Gallegly to retire". Ventura County Star. January 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=429188
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=50885
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27537
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=294
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=201485
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=334922
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=488357
  9. ^ Meet Tim | About
  10. ^ Elton Gallegly: Campaign Finance/Money - Industries - Congressman 2010 | OpenSecrets
  11. ^ a b Barnes, Robert (April 21, 2010). "Supreme Court overturns anti-animal cruelty law in First Amendment case". The Washington Post. 
  12. ^ a b c Animal cruelty leads to crimes against humans (Rep. Elton Gallegly) - The Hill's Congress Blog
  13. ^ Representative Elton Gallegly. "Animal Cruelty Leads to Crimes Against Humans." The Hill. )
  14. ^ http://www.ibtimes.com/ndaa-bill-how-did-your-congress-member-vote-384362
  15. ^ Preston, Julia (January 7, 2011). "Surprise Choice for Immigration Panel". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2011. 
  16. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/reps/gallegly.htm
  17. ^ Michele Willer-Alfred (26 January 2013). "Exhibit for Elton Gallegly at Reagan Library shows relationship with president". Ventura County star. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Elton Gallegly Gallery Dedication Ceremony and Reception — 2/26/13". Reagan Foundation. Youtube. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  19. ^ Leibovich, Mark (2012-01-14). "Countrywide ‘V.I.P.’ Loans Linked to 2 Congressmen". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bobbi Fiedler
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 21st congressional district

1987–1993
Succeeded by
Bill Thomas
Preceded by
Anthony C. Beilenson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 23rd congressional district

1993–2003
Succeeded by
Lois Capps
Preceded by
Brad Sherman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 24th congressional district

2003–2013
Succeeded by
Lois Capps