Huntington Park, California

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Huntington Park, California
City
City of Huntington Park
Pacific Boulevard and Clarendon Avenue, 2009
Pacific Boulevard and Clarendon Avenue, 2009
Official seal of Huntington Park, California
Seal
Location of Huntington Park in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Huntington Park in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°59′N 118°13′W / 33.983°N 118.217°W / 33.983; -118.217Coordinates: 33°59′N 118°13′W / 33.983°N 118.217°W / 33.983; -118.217
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) September 1, 1906[1]
Government
 • Mayor Rosa Perez[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 3.016 sq mi (7.811 km2)
 • Land 3.013 sq mi (7.802 km2)
 • Water 0.003 sq mi (0.008 km2)  0.11%
Elevation 171 ft (52 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 58,114
 • Density 19,000/sq mi (7,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90255[4]
Area code(s) 323[5]
FIPS code 06-36056
GNIS feature ID 1660778
Website huntingtonpark.org

Huntington Park is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 58,114, down from 61,348 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Named for prominent industrialist Henry E. Huntington, Huntington Park was incorporated in 1906 as a streetcar suburb for workers in the rapidly expanding industries to the southeast of downtown Los Angeles. To this day, about 30% of its residents work at factories in nearby Vernon and Commerce.[6] The stretch of Pacific Boulevard in downtown Huntington Park was a major commercial district serving the city's largely working-class residents, as well as those of neighboring cities such as Bell, Cudahy, South Gate, and Downey. As with most of the other cities along the corridor stretching along the Los Angeles River to the south and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, Huntington Park was an almost exclusively white community during most of its history; Alameda Street and Slauson Avenue, which were fiercely defended segregation lines in the 1950s, separated it from black areas.

The changes that shaped Los Angeles from the late 1970s onward—the decline of American manufacturing that began in the 1970s; the rapid growth of newer suburbs in Orange County, the eastern San Gabriel, western San Fernando and Conejo valleys; the collapse of the aerospace and defense industry at the end of the Cold War; and the implosion of the Southern California real estate boom in the early 1990s—resulted in the wholesale departure of virtually all of the white population of Huntington Park by the mid-1990s. The vacuum was filled almost entirely by two groups of Latinos: upwardly mobile families eager to leave the barrios of East Los Angeles, and recent Mexican immigrants. Today, Pacific Boulevard is once again a thriving commercial strip, serving as a major retail center for working-class residents of southeastern Los Angeles County—but unlike its previous heyday of the 1930s, the signs along the avenue's storefronts are now primarily in Spanish.

A weekly certified farmers market is now hosted at Salt Lake Park (opposite the Recreation Center on Bissell Street) every Wednesday from 9am-1:30pm. The market includes year round as well as seasonal vendors that provide access to the following products: Bee products, eggs, fruits and fruit products, herbs, nuts, plants, vegetables, granola, nuts, corn, etc.[7]

Geography[edit]

Huntington Park is located at 33°59′N 118°13′W / 33.983°N 118.217°W / 33.983; -118.217 (33.982, -118.217).[8] Before California abolished judicial townships (some time after 1960), Huntington Park was located in San Antonio Township.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.

Cities surrounding Huntington Park include Bell, Cudahy, Los Angeles, Maywood, South Gate, and Vernon. In addition unincorporated areas, including Florence-Graham and Walnut Park, are adjacent to Huntington Park.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Pedestrians on the Pacific Boulevard shopping district

2012[edit]

A 2012 study by the California Center for Public Health Advocacy found Huntington Park California had the highest percentage of overweight children in all of California with 53% of the city's child population being obese or overweight.[10]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Huntington Park had a population of 58,114. The population density was 19,270.0 people per square mile (7,440.2/km²). The racial makeup of Huntington Park was 56,445 (97.1%) Hispanic or Latino, 29,776 (51.2%) White (1.6% Non-Hispanic White), 440 (0.8%) African American, 752 (1.3%) Native American, 393 (0.7%) Asian, 28 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 24,535 (42.2%) from other races, and 2,190 (3.8%) from two or more races.[12]

The Census reported that 57,859 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 248 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 7 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,597 households, out of which 8,581 (58.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,461 (51.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,212 (22.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,623 (11.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,377 (9.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 81 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,644 households (11.3%) were made up of individuals and 694 (4.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.96. There were 12,296 families (84.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.19.

The population was spread out with 18,439 people (31.7%) under the age of 18, 6,984 people (12.0%) aged 18 to 24, 17,886 people (30.8%) aged 25 to 44, 10,942 people (18.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,863 people (6.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.9 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

There were 15,151 housing units at an average density of 5,023.9 per square mile (1,939.7/km²), of which 3,936 (27.0%) were owner-occupied, and 10,661 (73.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 18,054 people (31.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 39,805 people (68.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Huntington Park had a median household income of $36,620, with 27.7% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [13]

2000[edit]

According to the census[14] of 2000, there were 61,348 people, 14,860 households, and 12,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 20,252.4 inhabitants per square mile (7,817.4/km²). There were 15,335 housing units at an average density of 5,062.4 per square mile (1,954.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 41.4% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 51.1% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 95.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as their first language accounted for 90.77% of residents, while English was spoken by 9.17%, Chinese by 0.05% of the population.[15]

There were 14,860 households out of which 58.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.8% were non-families. 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.12 and the average family size was 4.34.

In the city the population was spread out with 35.8% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 13.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,941, and the median income for a family was $29,844. Males had a median income of $21,039 versus $16,733 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,340. About 23.3% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.5% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.

Latino communities These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Latino residents, according to the 2000 census:[§ 1]

  1. ^ [1] "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Fire protection in Huntington Park is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. The LACFD operates Station #164, the battalion headquarters, at 6301 South Santa Fe Avenue and Station #165 at 3255 Saturn Avenue, both in Huntington Park, as a part of Battalion 13.[16] Ambulance transport services are contracted to Care Ambulance Service.[citation needed] The Huntington Park Police Department provides law enforcement.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Whittier Health Center in Whittier, serving Huntington Park.[17]

In the state legislature Huntington Park is located in the 30th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon, and in the 46th Assembly District, represented by Democrat John Pérez.

In the United States House of Representatives, Huntington Park is in California's 40th congressional district, represented by Democrat Lucille Roybal-Allard.[18]

The United States Postal Service operates the Huntington Park Post Office at 6606 Seville Avenue,[19] the Soto Post Office at 5625 Soto Street,[20] and the State Street Post Office at 7800 State Street.[21]

Transportation[edit]

Bus services are provided by both the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro), and Huntington Park's own COMBI [2] bus service.

Education[edit]

Huntington Park is zoned to schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Public elementary schools that serve the city include:

  • Hope Street Elementary School (Huntington Park) (Opened 2005[22])
  • Huntington Park New Elementary School 7 (Opened 2006[23])
  • Middleton Elementary School (Huntington Park) and Middleton New Primary Center (K)
  • Miles Elementary School (Huntington Park)
  • Pacific Boulevard School (Huntington Park, Opened 2005[24])
  • San Antonio Elementary School (Huntington Park)
  • Walnut Park Elementary School (Huntington Park)
  • Huntington Park New Elementary #3 (Huntington Park, opening soon)
  • Huntington Park College-Ready Academy High School
  • KIPP Comienza Community Prep (Serving Grades K-4)
  • Aspire: Antonio Maria Lugo Academy
  • Aspire: Titan Academy
  • Aspire: Junior Collegiate Academy

Aspire Public Schools

Public middle schools include:

Most residents are zoned to Huntington Park High School or Linda Esperanza Marquez High School (opened 2012). Some residents of Huntington Park are zoned to Bell High School in Bell, and some areas are jointly zoned to both schools.[25][26] Any student who lives in the Bell or Huntington Park zones may apply to Maywood Academy High School in Maywood; Maywood Academy, which opened in 2005 and moved into its permanent campus in 2006, does not have its own attendance boundary because it lacks American football, track and field, and tennis facilities.[27]

San Antonio Continuation School and Huntington Park College Ready Academy[28] (a public charter school) also serve the high school population. Some parts of Huntington Park are zoned to both Huntington Park and Bell High School.

The groundbreaking for South Region High School 7 in Huntington Park occurred in 2010.[29] The school will open in 2012.[30]

In addition Pacific Boulevard Special Education Center (ungraded) is in the city.

Private schools include:

  • Church of the Nazarene School (K-6)
  • St. Matthias Elementary School (K-8)
  • California InterAmerican High School (7th-12th grades)

Public libraries[edit]

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Huntington Park Library at 6518 Miles Avenue.[31]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Huntington Park! - City Council". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/ Factfinder.census.gov
  7. ^ http://www.goodveg.org/HP.html
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Huntington Park. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  10. ^ http://www.publichealthadvocacy.org/research/overweightdocs2012/Overweight_Chart_High%20to%20Low_6-1-2012.pdf
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Huntington Park city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0636056.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0636056.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Data Center Results - Huntington Park, California]". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2009-11-18. 
  16. ^ "Hometown Fire Stations." Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  17. ^ "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  18. ^ "California's 40th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Post Office Location - HUNTINGTON PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  20. ^ "Post Office Location - SOTO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  21. ^ "Post Office Location - STATE STREET." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  22. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=47.07502 Laschool.org
  23. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=47.03101 Laschools.org
  24. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=22.24077 Laschools.org
  25. ^ "Proposed Changes to South East HS Area Schools." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
  26. ^ "Huntington Park city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 2, 2010.
  27. ^ "School History." Maywood Academy High School. Retrieved on July 2, 2010.
  28. ^ "Alliance — College Ready Academy High Schools". 
  29. ^ "LAUSD Breaks Ground on New High School in Huntington Park." Los Angeles Unified School District. March 25, 2010. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
  30. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=56.40036 Laschools.org
  31. ^ "Huntington Park Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  32. ^ "Leon Leyson's Life Featured in 'A Child on Schindler's List,'" NBC Los Angeles (July 22, 2009).
  33. ^ "Youngest Schindler's List survivor dies". USA Today. January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013. 

External links[edit]