Huntington Park, California
|Huntington Park, California|
|City of Huntington Park|
|Los Angeles County, California|
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated (city)||September 1, 1906|
|• Mayor||Mario Gomez|
|• Total||3.016 sq mi (7.811 km2)|
|• Land||3.013 sq mi (7.802 km2)|
|• Water||0.003 sq mi (0.008 km2) 0.11%|
|Elevation||171 ft (52 m)|
|• Density||19,000/sq mi (7,400/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1660778|
Named for prominent industrialist Henry E. Huntington, Huntington Park was incorporated in 1906 as a streetcar suburb for workers in the rapidly expanding industries to the southeast of downtown Los Angeles. To this day, about 30% of its residents work at factories in nearby Vernon and Commerce. The stretch of Pacific Boulevard in downtown Huntington Park was a major commercial district serving the city's largely working-class residents, as well as those of neighboring cities such as Bell, Cudahy, South Gate, and Downey. As with most of the other cities along the corridor stretching along the Los Angeles River to the south and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, Huntington Park was an almost exclusively white community during most of its history; Alameda Street and Slauson Avenue, which were fiercely defended segregation lines in the 1950s, separated it from black areas.
The changes that shaped Los Angeles from the late 1970s onward—the decline of American manufacturing that began in the 1970s; the rapid growth of newer suburbs in Orange County, the eastern San Gabriel, western San Fernando and Conejo valleys; the collapse of the aerospace and defense industry at the end of the Cold War; and the implosion of the Southern California real estate boom in the early 1990s—resulted in the wholesale departure of virtually all of the white population of Huntington Park by the mid-1990s. The vacuum was filled almost entirely by two groups of Latinos: upwardly mobile families eager to leave the barrios of East Los Angeles, and recent Mexican immigrants. Today, Pacific Boulevard is once again a thriving commercial strip, serving as a major retail center for working-class residents of southeastern Los Angeles County—but unlike its previous heyday of the 1930s, the signs along the avenue's storefronts are now primarily in Spanish.
A weekly certified farmers market is now hosted at Salt Lake Park (opposite the Recreation Center on Bissell Street) every Wednesday from 9am-1:30pm. The market includes year round as well as seasonal vendors that provide access to the following products: Bee products, eggs, fruits and fruit products, herbs, nuts, plants, vegetables, granola, nuts, corn, etc.
Huntington Park is located at  Before California abolished judicial townships (some time after 1960), Huntington Park was located in San Antonio Township.(33.982, -118.217).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.
Cities surrounding Huntington Park include Bell, Cudahy, Los Angeles, Maywood, South Gate, and Vernon. In addition unincorporated areas, including Florence-Graham and Walnut Park, are adjacent to Huntington Park.
A 2012 study by the California Center for Public Health Advocacy found Huntington Park California had the highest percentage of overweight children in all of California with 53% of the city's child population being obese or overweight.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Huntington Park had a population of 58,114. The population density was 19,270.0 people per square mile (7,440.2/km²). The racial makeup of Huntington Park was 29,776 (51.2%) White (1.6% Non-Hispanic White), 440 (0.8%) African American, 752 (1.3%) Native American, 393 (0.7%) Asian, 28 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 24,535 (42.2%) from other races, and 2,190 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56,445 persons (97.1%).
The Census reported that 57,859 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 248 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 7 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 14,597 households, out of which 8,581 (58.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,461 (51.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,212 (22.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,623 (11.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,377 (9.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 81 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,644 households (11.3%) were made up of individuals and 694 (4.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.96. There were 12,296 families (84.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.19.
The population was spread out with 18,439 people (31.7%) under the age of 18, 6,984 people (12.0%) aged 18 to 24, 17,886 people (30.8%) aged 25 to 44, 10,942 people (18.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,863 people (6.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.9 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.
There were 15,151 housing units at an average density of 5,023.9 per square mile (1,939.7/km²), of which 3,936 (27.0%) were owner-occupied, and 10,661 (73.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 18,054 people (31.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 39,805 people (68.5%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the census of 2000, there were 61,348 people, 14,860 households, and 12,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 20,252.4 inhabitants per square mile (7,817.4/km²). There were 15,335 housing units at an average density of 5,062.4 per square mile (1,954.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 41.4% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 51.1% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 95.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 14,860 households out of which 58.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.8% were non-families. 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.12 and the average family size was 4.34.
In the city the population was spread out with 35.8% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 13.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,941, and the median income for a family was $29,844. Males had a median income of $21,039 versus $16,733 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,340. About 23.3% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.5% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Fire protection in Huntington Park is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. The LACFD operates Station #164, the battalion headquarters, at 6301 South Santa Fe Avenue and Station #165 at 3255 Saturn Avenue, both in Huntington Park, as a part of Battalion 13. Ambulance transport services are contracted to Care Ambulance Service. The Huntington Park Police Department provides law enforcement.
In the state legislature Huntington Park is located in the 30th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon, and in the 46th Assembly District, represented by Democrat John Pérez. Federally, Huntington Park is located in California's 34th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +23 and is represented by Democrat Lucille Roybal-Allard.
The United States Postal Service operates the Huntington Park Post Office at 6606 Seville Avenue, the Soto Post Office at 5625 Soto Street, and the State Street Post Office at 7800 State Street.
Bus services are provided by both the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro), and Huntington Park's own COMBI  bus service.
Huntington Park is zoned to schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District.
Public elementary schools that serve the city include:
- Hope Street Elementary School (Huntington Park) (Opened 2005)
- Huntington Park New Elementary School 7 (Opened 2006)
- Middleton Elementary School (Huntington Park) and Middleton New Primary Center (K)
- Miles Elementary School (Huntington Park)
- Pacific Boulevard School (Huntington Park, Opened 2005)
- San Antonio Elementary School (Huntington Park)
- Walnut Park Elementary School (Huntington Park)
- Huntington Park New Elementary #3 (Huntington Park, opening soon)
- Huntington Park College-Ready Academy High School
- Aspire: Antonio Maria Lugo Academy
- Aspire: Titan Academy
- Aspire: Junior Collegiate Academy
- Linda Esperanza Marquez High School
Public middle schools include:
- Gage Middle School (Huntington Park)
- Nimitz Middle School (Huntington Park)
- Centennial College Preparatory Academy
Most residents are zoned to Huntington Park High School. Some residents of Huntington Park are zoned to Bell High School in Bell, and some areas are jointly zoned to both schools. Any student who lives in the Bell or Huntington Park zones may apply to Maywood Academy High School in Maywood; Maywood Academy, which opened in 2005 and moved into its permanent campus in 2006, does not have its own attendance boundary because it lacks American football, track and field, and tennis facilities.
San Antonio Continuation School and Huntington Park College Ready Academy (a public charter school) also serve the high school population. Some parts of Huntington Park are zoned to both Huntington Park and Bell High School.
In addition Pacific Boulevard Special Education Center (ungraded) is in the city.
Private schools include:
- Church of the Nazarene School (K-6)
- St. Matthias Elementary School (K-8)
- California InterAmerican High School (Ungraded)
- Lois Andrews - actress, famous for her big-screen portrayal of the comics character Dixie Dugan.
- Leon Leyson - youngest person on Schindler's List, taught for many years at Huntington Park High School. He died from lymphoma at age 82 in Whittier, California.
- Rosario Marin - 41st Treasurer of the United States and a former mayor of Huntington Park.
- Lorenzo Mata - professional basketball player.
- Terry Wilson - stuntman and actor, famous as "Bill Hawks" on the television series Wagon Train, was born in 1923 in Huntington Park.
- Tex Winter - famous college basketball coach, former Houston Rockets head coach, and assistant head coach for the Los Angeles Lakers
- Elton Gallegly - former US Representative, California's 24th District
- Tim Wallach
- Kerry King - Lead guitarist and founding member of Slayer
- Slayer - thrash metal band whose origin is Huntington Park.
- East Los Angeles, California, 96.7%
- Maywood, California, 96.4%
- Walnut Park, California, 95.4%
- Huntington Park, California, 95.1%
- Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, 94.0%
- Cudahy, California, 93.8%
- Bell Gardens, California, 93.7%
- Commerce, California 93.4%
- Vernon, California, 92.6%
- South Gate, California, 92.1%
-  "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Huntington Park! - City Council". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- U.S. Census
- "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- http://factfinder.census.gov/ Factfinder.census.gov
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Zoning Map." City of Huntington Park. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0636056.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Data Center Results - Huntington Park, California]". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- "Hometown Fire Stations." Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- "Post Office Location - HUNTINGTON PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location - SOTO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location - STATE STREET." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=47.07502 Laschool.org
- http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=47.03101 Laschools.org
- http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=22.24077 Laschools.org
- "Proposed Changes to South East HS Area Schools." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
- "Huntington Park city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 2, 2010.
- "School History." Maywood Academy High School. Retrieved on July 2, 2010.
- "Alliance — College Ready Academy High Schools".
- "LAUSD Breaks Ground on New High School in Huntington Park." Los Angeles Unified School District. March 25, 2010. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
- http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=56.40036 Laschools.org
- "Huntington Park Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Leon Leyson's Life Featured in 'A Child on Schindler's List,'" NBC Los Angeles (July 22, 2009).
- "Youngest Schindler's List survivor dies". USA Today. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- Huntington Park official website
- www.WatchOurCity.com: an independent watchdog website on local government corruption