Enterprise, Oregon

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Enterprise, Oregon
City
Enterprise OR - aerial.jpg
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°25′27″N 117°16′37″W / 45.42417°N 117.27694°W / 45.42417; -117.27694Coordinates: 45°25′27″N 117°16′37″W / 45.42417°N 117.27694°W / 45.42417; -117.27694
Country United States
State Oregon
County Wallowa
Incorporated 1889
Government
 • Mayor Steve Lear
Area[1]
 • Total 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Land 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,757 ft (1,145.1 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,940
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,888
 • Density 1,268.0/sq mi (489.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97828
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-23500[4]
GNIS feature ID 1141885[5]
Website www.enterpriseoregon.org
Near Enterprise, Oregon

Enterprise is a city in and the county seat of Wallowa County, Oregon, United States.[6] The population was 1,895 at the 2000 census, and 1,940 in the 2010 census.[7]

History[edit]

Enterprise was platted in 1886,[8] and received its name as the result of a vote at a community meeting held in a tent owned by a mercantile company in 1887.[citation needed] Its name is meant to reflect "the policy of its inhabitants".[9] The city was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 21, 1889.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.53 square miles (3.96 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,940 people, 871 households, and 522 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,268.0 inhabitants per square mile (489.6/km2). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 630.7 per square mile (243.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 871 households of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 46 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 21.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,895 people, 821 households, and 522 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,289.7 people per square mile (497.7/km²). There were 952 housing units at an average density of 647.9 per square mile (250.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.46% White, 0.05% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.06% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

There were 821 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,429, and the median income for a family was $39,338. Males had a median income of $29,688 versus $22,232 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,755. About 6.7% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Enterprise has a humid continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification Dfb), one of the less common climate types in Oregon.

On June 11, 1968, an F2 tornado hit Wallowa County, north of Enterprise. The tornado cut a path between 8 mi (13 km) and 10 miles (16.1 km) long, and between 0.5 miles (0.8 km) and 2 miles (3.2 km) wide. About 1,800 acres (728.4 ha) of prime timber were destroyed, with an estimated loss of between 5 and 50 million dollars.[11]

Climate data for Enterprise
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
66
(19)
73
(23)
83
(28)
89
(32)
92
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
91
(33)
85
(29)
68
(20)
60
(16)
96
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 33.9
(1.1)
40.0
(4.4)
47.3
(8.5)
56.7
(13.7)
65.5
(18.6)
72.3
(22.4)
82.9
(28.3)
82.1
(27.8)
73.3
(22.9)
61.2
(16.2)
45.3
(7.4)
36.5
(2.5)
58.08
(14.48)
Daily mean °F (°C) 23.9
(−4.5)
29.3
(−1.5)
35.2
(1.8)
42.8
(6)
50.2
(10.1)
56.1
(13.4)
62.9
(17.2)
61.3
(16.3)
54.2
(12.3)
45.2
(7.3)
33.8
(1)
27.0
(−2.8)
43.49
(6.38)
Average low °F (°C) 13.9
(−10.1)
18.6
(−7.4)
23.0
(−5)
28.9
(−1.7)
34.8
(1.6)
39.9
(4.4)
42.8
(6)
40.4
(4.7)
35.1
(1.7)
29.1
(−1.6)
22.3
(−5.4)
17.5
(−8.1)
28.86
(−1.74)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−33
(−36)
−10
(−23)
3
(−16)
16
(−9)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
23
(−5)
13
(−11)
3
(−16)
−16
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−33
(−36)
Precipitation inches (mm) .91
(23.1)
.70
(17.8)
.99
(25.1)
1.17
(29.7)
1.66
(42.2)
2.08
(52.8)
0.69
(17.5)
0.78
(19.8)
1.01
(25.7)
1.08
(27.4)
1.00
(25.4)
1.02
(25.9)
13.10
(332.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 10.9
(27.7)
7.5
(19.1)
7.0
(17.8)
2.2
(5.6)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
4.7
(11.9)
7.9
(20.1)
41.6
(105.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11 10 13 14 13 11 7 6 6 8 14 11 124
Source: WRCC,[12] Weatherbase [13]

Economy[edit]

Enterprise is home to Terminal Gravity Brewery and Pub, which distributes statewide.[14]

Education[edit]

Enterprise with the Wallowa Mountains in the distance

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  8. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 29. ISBN 0-87595-073-6. 
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 120. 
  10. ^ Leeds, W. H. (1899). "Special Laws". The State of Oregon General and Special Laws and Joint Resolutions and Memorials Enacted and Adopted by the Twentieth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly (Salem, Oregon: State Printer): 858. 
  11. ^ Miller, George R. "Oregon Tornadoes: More Fact Than Fiction". George R. Miller. Retrieved February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Monthly Normals for Enterprise". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  13. ^ "Historical Weather for Enterprise, Oregon, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  14. ^ Terminal Gravity Brewing - About. Retrieved September 2009.
  15. ^ Melton, Kimberly (October 11, 2010). "Oregon native, Willamette University grad Dale Mortensen wins Nobel Prize in economics". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 

External links[edit]