Lakeview, Oregon

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Lakeview, Oregon
City
Downtown Lakeview
Downtown Lakeview
Nickname(s): The Tallest Town in Oregon
Location in Lake County and Oregon
Location in Lake County and Oregon
Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lake
Incorporated 1889
Government
 • Mayor Mike Patrick[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)
 • Land 2.33 sq mi (6.03 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 4,802 ft (1,463.6 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 2,294
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 2,261
 • Density 984.5/sq mi (380.1/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97630
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-40700[3]
GNIS feature ID 1144791[5]
Website www.lakevieworegon.org

Lakeview is a city in Lake County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,294 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Lake County.[7] Although it is an incorporated city, the municipal government refers to the community as "The Town of Lakeview", and bills itself as "Tallest Town in Oregon" because of its elevation.[8][9] Lakeview is situated in the Goose Lake Valley at the foot of the Warner Mountains and at the edge of the Southeastern Oregon high desert.

History[edit]

Native American artifacts, sandals made of sagebrush bark, have been dated to 9,000 years ago in Lake County.[10] White traders, explorers and military expeditions arrived in the 1800s.[11] The first white outpost in Lake County was Fort Warner, built in 1866 near the future location of the Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge, mainly to protect white settlers from the native people.[12]

General George Crook was active in the area and established camps in the area and fought native Americans.[11] The area around Lakeview was also home to Irish and some Basque sheepherders [13] who were later displaced by cattle ranchers.

The first community established in the Goose Lake Valley was New Pine Creek in 1869.[11] A post office was established there on December 8, 1876.[14] Lake County, created from parts of Jackson and Wasco counties in 1875, originally included what became Klamath in 1882. The original county seat was in Linkville (Klamath Falls), but it was later moved to Lakeview.[12] In 1890, a fire in Lakeview destroyed 75 businesses.[12] The town was rebuilt in 1901 using brick and corrugated iron roofs. In 1906 a second fire threatened the community, but was contained to a few buildings and homes.

Geography[edit]

At an elevation of 4,800 feet (1,500 m), Lakeview is one of the highest cities in Oregon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.34 square miles (6.06 km2), of which, 2.33 square miles (6.03 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

The city averages about 35 rainy days per year, 12 days with high temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, and 167 days with low temperatures below freezing. The average temperature in January is 27 °F (−3 °C), and in July it is 67 °F (19 °C). Annual snowfall averages 54 inches (137 cm).[15]

Climate data for Lakeview, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
40
(4)
47
(8)
57
(14)
65
(18)
74
(23)
85
(29)
84
(29)
74
(23)
63
(17)
49
(9)
40
(4)
59.6
(15.1)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
21
(−6)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
43
(6)
49
(9)
47
(8)
40
(4)
33
(1)
26
(−3)
20
(−7)
32.4
(0.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.9
(48)
1.8
(46)
1.5
(38)
1.1
(28)
1.4
(36)
1.1
(28)
0.3
(8)
0.2
(5)
0.6
(15)
1.0
(25)
1.6
(41)
1.8
(46)
14.3
(363)
Source: Weatherbase [15]

Demographics[edit]

The Lake County Courthouse in Lakeview
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 270
1890 770 185.2%
1900 761 −1.2%
1910 1,253 64.7%
1920 1,139 −9.1%
1930 1,799 57.9%
1940 2,466 37.1%
1950 2,831 14.8%
1960 3,260 15.2%
1970 2,705 −17.0%
1980 2,770 2.4%
1990 2,526 −8.8%
2000 2,474 −2.1%
2010 2,294 −7.3%
source:[3][16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,294 people, 1,034 households, and 632 families residing in the town. The population density was 984.5 inhabitants per square mile (380.1 /km2). There were 1,212 housing units at an average density of 520.2 per square mile (200.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.3% White, 1.6% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.[3]

There were 1,034 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.78.[3]

The median age in the town was 43.9 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 20.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.[3]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,474 people, 1,037 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,582.7 people per square mile (612.3/km²). There were 1,220 housing units at an average density of 780.5 per square mile (302.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.47% White, 0.04% African American, 2.47% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% of the population.[3]

There were 1,037 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.85.[3]

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the city was $30,960, and the median income for a family was $38,953. Males had a median income of $31,958 versus $22,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,649. About 14.3% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[3]

Economy[edit]

Safeway store sign in Lakeview

Lakeview has several schools, a hospital, a sawmill, a perlite mine and agriculture. Lakeview is home to two uranium mines, White King and Lucky Lass, that operated from 1955 to the mid-1960s. In 1995 the mines were declared Superfund sites.[17]

The nearby Warner Creek Correctional Facility opened in 2005.[18] The prison, one of several built in Oregon to house an expanding inmate population, was opposed by many Lake County voters.[19] The minimum-security prison, 4 miles (6 km) northwest of the city, employs a staff of 100 and holds about 400 inmates.[18]

Lakeview also markets itself as part of the "Oregon Outback" and is working to attract more tourist dollars from outdoors enthusiasts, sportsmen and wildlife enthusiasts. Attractions include: fishing, birdwatching, camping, hang gliding, paragliding, hiking, rockhounding, hunting, wildlife and wildflowers.[20]

Lakeview is known as one of the best places in North America for hang gliding and paragliding and was designated "the Hang Gliding Capital of the West" in 1991. The National Championships for Hang Gliding were held in Lakeview in 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2008, while the National Championships for Paragliding were held in Lakeview in 1998 and 2007.[21] And for at least the past twenty years, Lakeview has hosted the "Umpteenth Annual Festival of Free Flight" over the Fourth of July holiday weekend, sponsored by the Lake County Chamber of Commerce, and various local businesses. This event draws pilots and families from all over the United States, as well as other countries, for hang gliding and paragliding.

Lakeview is also known for the hot water geyser, Old Perpetual, located at Hunter's Hot Springs. The geyser is known to go "silent" from about the first of September until around mid October. This is attributed to 1) farming irrigation during the spring and summer and possibly 2) geothermal development by the City of Lakeview to supply the Warner Creek Correctional Facility with water for heating.[22] However, the Town and the Oregon Department of Corrections deny any cause-and-effect relationship between geothermal development and the geyser, and the actual cause(s), if any, of the geyser's dormancy other than irrigation is unknown.

Lakeview High School, the only high school in the city, is part of Lakeview School District #7; serving students in grades 7 through 12. Daly Middle School, was relocated to Lakeview High School in 2012 and serves students in grades 7-8.There are two elementary schools, located across the street from each other. Fremont Elementary School houses K-3 while A.D. Hay Elementary School, considered the main building, houses grades 4-6.[23] In 2013, the former Daly Middle School building began housing the Klamath Community College, Innovative and Learning Center. The new Center is being utilized to bring KCC classes and degree programs to Lakeview, removing the obstacle of driving 100 miles each way to attend classes.

Many students from high schools in Lake County have attended college on scholarships provided in trust by pioneer physician Bernard Daly. Known as the Bernard Daly Educational Fund, the funds have helped over 1,600 Lake County students. Daly was a medical doctor, rancher, banker and politician. He was associated with an act of frontier heroism that occurred when a fire broke out during a Christmas program at the isolated Oregon town of Silver Lake in December 1894. Rancher Ed O'Farrell rode to Lakeview some 100 miles (160 km) away in sub-zero temperatures to fetch Daly. The ride took 19 hours, during which O'Farrell stopped at ranches along the way to change horses. Daly and driver William Duncan made the return trip to Silver Lake in 13 hours using a buggy. Forty-three people died in the fire, the worst in Oregon history.[24]

Transportation[edit]

Lakeview is located on U.S. Route 395 and Oregon Route 140. It is some 96 mi (154 km) from the passenger train station in Klamath Falls, Oregon. The Lake County Railroad serves the city, but does not provide passenger service. This railroad was operated by the Great Western Railway of Colorado, and later by the county, but operations were transferred to the Modoc Northern Railroad.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incorporated Cities: Lakeview". Oregon Secretary of State. 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Gazetteer: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Lakeview". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically H-L" (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Lakeview, Oregon". City of Lakeview. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ The State of Oregon does not recognize towns as a legal entity. See List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon.
  10. ^ "Oregon Historical County Records Guide: Lake County History". Oregon Secretary of State. 2012. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Lund, Norma (January 30, 2007). "Local History Time Line". Lake County Museum. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. 
  12. ^ a b c "History of Lake County". Lake County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  13. ^ Mallea-Olaetxe, J. (2000). Speaking Through the Aspens: Basque Tree Carvings in Nevada and California. The Basque Series (2008 ed.). Reno, Nevada: University of Nevada Press. pp. 8, 36–37, 40, 104–105, 157, 190. ISBN 978-0-87417-762-6. OCLC 233936651. 
  14. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 701. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  15. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Weather for Lakeview, Oregon, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2007. Retrieved September 9, 2007. 
  16. ^ Moffatt, Riley Moore (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-8108-3033-2. 
  17. ^ EPA. "Fremont Nat. Forest Uranium Mines (USDA)". Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
    Center for Land Use Interpretation. "Lakeview Disposal Cell". Perpetual Architecture: Uranium Disposal Cells of America. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Issue Brief 2012: Warner Creek Corrections Facility" (PDF). Oregon Department of Corrections. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  19. ^ Esteve, Harry (April 21, 2003). "Budget Squeeze Pressures Plan for New Prison". The Oregonian (Sunrise ed.) (Portland, Oregon). p. B01. 
  20. ^ Welcome to Lake County - Oregon's Outback
  21. ^ Cascade Paragliding: About the club
  22. ^ Preusch, Matthew (February 21, 2010). "Lakeview's Iconic Geyser Seems to Be Running Out of Steam. But Why?". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 22, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Oregon School Directory 2012–13" (PDF). Oregon Department of Education. p. 42. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  24. ^ Cooper, Forest E. (1986). Introducing Dr. Bernard Daly. Lakeview, Oregon: Lake County Historical Society. OCLC 15192993. 

External links[edit]