Eurocopter EC120 Colibri

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EC120 Colibri
HC120
VH-VCC.JPG
EC120B
Role Light utility helicopter
Manufacturer Eurocopter/Airbus Helicopters
Harbin Aviation Industries
First flight 9 June 1995
Introduction 1998
Produced 1995-present
Number built over 550
Unit cost
~US$1.7M, €1M (November 2010)
Privately operated Russian EC120
Spanish National Police EC120

The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) EC120 Colibri (English: hummingbird) is a 5-seat, single-engine, single main rotor, light helicopter. Jointly designed and developed by Eurocopter, China National Aero-Technology Import & Export Corporation (CATIC), Harbin Aviation Industries (Group) Ltd (HAI) and Singapore Technologies Aerospace Ltd (STAero) at Eurocopter France's Marignane facility, the EC120 B is assembled by Eurocopter in France and Australia.[1] In China, the aircraft is produced by Harbin as the HC120.[2] Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC) started manufacturing HC-120 in 2004, the assembly line in this northern China city is the only HC-120 line outside of France. Chinese PLA Army and local police forces purchase HC-120 helicopters.[3]

Eurocopter has a 61% interest in the project, with CATIC owning 24% and STAero with 15% share.[4]

Design and development[edit]

The EC120 B is mostly built from composite materials and has a fenestron tail rotor, making it a particularly quiet helicopter (FAA Appendix J flyover noise signature = 78.7 dB SEL, 6.7 dB SEL below Stage 2 limits). Certified to FAR 27 standards, the EC120 B also features crash-resistant seats and a crash-resistant fuel system.

The design of the Colibri's wide cabin makes it suitable for wide variety of civilian and parapublic missions, such as utility transport, offshore transport, training, law enforcement, casualty evacuation and corporate transport. In the casualty evacuation role, the helicopter can carry one pilot and one stretcher patient as well as one or two medical attendants. For cargo carrying, the Colibri can carry one pilot plus 2.94 cubic meters (103.9 cu. ft.) of total useful load volume (cabin and hold). The EC120's 0.8 cubic meter (28.3 cu. ft.) hold is accessible from the side and rear.

In addition to its civilian roles, the Colibri is also used by the military for training, observation and light utility missions. In the latter role, it can carry a sling load cargo of up to 700 kg (1,543 lb).

The EC120 B is able to carry equipment such as FLIR cameras, spotlights and other useful tools. Some law enforcement agencies using the EC120 B include: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Edmonton Police Service, Calgary Police Service, the York Regional Police, and the Albuquerque Police Department.

Operational history[edit]

The first EC120 B was delivered in 1998 and by 2008, Eurocopter had already delivered more than 550 Colibris to various customers.

In 2004, the United States Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) selected the EC120 B to meet its Light Sign Cutter requirement, a program potentially involving 55 aircraft with a total value of US$ 75 million in then-year dollars.[5] In 2006, the CBP ordered 15 EC120 B helicopters, with a further five aircraft since ordered.[6]

In January 2008, the French Defense Ministry selected the EC120 as the French Army's new lead-in rotary-wing trainer, replacing the Aérospatiale Gazelle. 36 EC120 Bs equipped with Sagem avionics will be operated through a 22-year public-private partnership (PPP), with the first aircraft due to arrive in 2010.[7]

Since 2011 the EC 120 B has been used by the traffic police in Kurdistan, Iraq.[8] In a first step, new pilots are trained on gyroplanes and then further trained on helicopters.[9]

Variants[edit]

  • EC-120 B Colibri: Standard designation (original designation during development was "P-120")
  • HC-120: Chinese-built variant of the EC120

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[edit]

A Spanish Air Force Colibri demonstrates it's agility with a barrel roll

The EC120 is used by both private individuals and companies, helicopter charter and training organizations as well as law enforcement and government use.

 Brazil
 Canada
 Germany
 Lithuania
 Spain
 United States

Military operators[edit]

 China
 France
 Indonesia
 Singapore
 Spain

Specifications (EC120 B)[edit]

Data from Eurocopter EC120 B 2008 Tech Data book

General characteristics

Performance

Avionics
Vehicle and Engine Multifunction Display (VEMD) with First Limit Indicator (FLI) fitted as standard.

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EC120 Assembly Line". Australian Aerospace. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2007. 
  2. ^ "HC-120 (EC-120) Helicopter". Global Security.org. Retrieved 16 April 2007. 
  3. ^ "HC-120 Helicopters built in Harbin China". [1]. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Eurocopter
  5. ^ Defense Industry Daily
  6. ^ American Eurocopter
  7. ^ French Ministry of Defense
  8. ^ Kurdistan's traffic police to have helicopters, AKNews, 17 December 2011, Retrieved on 4 June 2012
  9. ^ Iraq Defence & Security Summit 2012, The Aussie Aviator, 4 April 2012, Retrieved on 4 June 2012
  10. ^ Jeferson Espindola. "EC-120B Colibri - Mato Grosso do Sul". Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "HAWCS: Calgary's Eye in the Sky". Helicopters Magazine. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Reshaping Canada’s Parapublic Service". Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  13. ^ Careless, James. "Bringing in Backup". Helicopter Magazine. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "Bundespolizei-Flugdienst". Bundespolizei.de. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Valstybės sienos apsaugos tarnyba". Pasienis.lt. 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  16. ^ Dirección General de la Policía. "Servicio de Medios Aéreos-Helicópteros". Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "EC120 Reaches 10,000 Flight Hour Milestone". eurocopter.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "About The Aircraft". apdair1.com. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "Albuquerque Police Department Air Support Unit - Air 1 Eurocopter EC-120B". youtube.com. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "World Air Forces 2014". Flightglobal Insight. 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "Eurocopter delivers the last of 36 EC120s ordered by Hélidax". eurocopter.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 

External links[edit]