Indonesian Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Indonesian Army
Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat
Lambang TNI AD.png
Indonesian Army insignia
Active 1945 – present
Country Indonesia
Type Army
Size 233,000(regular)[1]
Part of Indonesian National Armed Forces
Motto Kartika Eka Paksi
(Sanskrit, lit:"Unmatchable Bird with Noble Goals")
Engagements Indonesian Independence
Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation
East Timor Invasion
Counter-insurgency in Aceh
Counter-insurgency in Maluku
Papua conflict
Commanders
Indonesian Army Chief of Staff General Gatot Nurmantyo
(25 July 2014-present)
Insignia
Army Aviation Roundel Roundel Indonesia army aviation.svg

The Indonesian Army (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat, TNI–AD), the land component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, has an estimated strength of 233,000 regular personnel.[1] The history of the Indonesian Army has its roots in 1945 when the Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (TKR) "Civil Security Forces" first emerged as a paramilitary and police corps.[2]

Since the nation's independence movement, the Indonesian Army has been involved in multifaceted operations ranging from the incorporation of Western New Guinea, the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, to the annexation of East Timor, as well as internal counter-insurgency operations in Aceh Maluku and Papua. The army's operations have not been without controversy; it has been periodically associated with human rights violations, particularly in West Papua, East Timor and Aceh.[3][4]

The Indonesia Army is composed of a headquarters, 12 military area commands, a strategic reserve command KOSTRAD, a special forces command Kopassus, and various adjunct units. The size of the Army has expanded over the years; in July 1976 the Army was estimated to consist of solely 180,000 personnel.[5]

The Military Area Commands (Kodam) as of 2007
RM-70 rocket launchers, Indonesia has seven units, which are spread throughout the country

Army commands and army service component commands

  • Combat Command
    • Army Strategic Reserve (Kostrad)
    • Army Special Forces (Kopassus)
  • Territorial Command
    • Kodam Iskandar Muda
    • Kodam I/Bukit Barisan
    • Kodam II/Sriwijaya
    • Kodam Jaya
    • Kodam III/Siliwangi
    • Kodam IV/Diponegoro
    • Kodam V/Brawijaya
    • Kodam VI/Mulawarman
    • Kodam VII/Wirabuana
    • Kodam IX/Udayana
    • Kodam XII/Tanjungpura
    • Kodam XVI/Pattimura
    • Kodam XVII/Cendrawasih
  • Service Component Command
    • Army Military Police Command
    • Army Intelligence Command
    • Army Aviation Command
    • Army Territorial Command
    • Army Topographical Corps
    • Army Adjutant General Corps
    • Army Medical Corps
    • Army Finance Corps
    • Army Engineering Corps
    • Army Quartermaster Corps
    • Army Transport Corps
    • Army Judicial Corps
    • Army Ordnance Corps
    • Army Communication Service
    • Army Psychology Service
    • Army Data & Information Service
    • Army Health Service
    • Army Research & Development Service
    • Army Chaplain Service

Territorial Command

The Armed Forces' operational sections were established by General Soedirman, following the model of the German Wehrkreise system. The system was later codified in Surat Perintah Siasat No.1, signed into doctrine by General Soedirman in November 1948.

The Army's structure underwent various reorganizations throughout its early years. From 1946 to 1952, the Army was organised into set divisions. These were further consolidated in 1951, and then dispersed in 1952. From 1952 to 1958-59, the Army was organised into seven Tentara & Teritoriums. In August 1958, the Indonesian Army reconsolidated its territorial command. There were then established sixteen Kodams, which retained earlier divisional titles; the Siliwangi Division, for example, became Kodam VI/Siliwangi.[6]

A reorganization in 1985 made significant changes in the army chain of command. The four multiservice Regional Defense Commands (Kowilhans) and the National Strategic Command (Kostranas) were eliminated from the defense structure, re-establishing the Military Area Command (Kodam), or regional command, as the key organization for strategic, tactical, and territorial operations for all services.[7] The chain of command flowed directly from the ABRI commander in chief to the ten Kodam commanders, and then to subordinate army territorial commands.

The Kodams incorporate provincial and district commands each with a number of infantry battalions, sometimes a cavalry battalion, artillery, or engineers.[8] Some have Raider battalions attached. Currently there are 12 Military Area Commands, and these are:

Kodam Iskandar Muda, overseeing Aceh province as part of the Aceh special autonomy law. There are two Korems (Korem=military area command) and one HQ regiment included in Kodam IM.

  • Korem 011/Lilawangsa, based in Lhokseumawe, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 012/Teuku Umar, based in Meulaboh, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam IM HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam IM), based in Aceh Besar Regency, manned by personnel from
  • Detached units of Kodam IM
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery detachment 001/Pulo Rungkom, based in Lhokseumawe.
    • Field Artillery battalion 17/Rencong Cakti, based in Pidie Regency.

Kodam I/Bukit Barisan, overseeing northern Sumatra provinces of North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Riau and Riau Islands. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam I/BB.

  • Korem 022/Pantai Timur, based in Pematangsiantar, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 023/Kawal Samudra, based in Sibolga, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 031/Wirapratama, based in Pekanbaru, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 032/Wirabima, based in Padang, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry batallion 131/Braja Sakti, based in Payakumbuh.
    • Infantry batallion 133/Yudha Sakti, based in Padangpanjang.
  • Korem 033/Wirabraja, based in Tanjungpinang, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry batallion 134/Tuah Sakti, based in Batam.
  • Infantry brigade 7/Rimba Raya, as brigade size strike force, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam I/BB HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam I/BB), based in Medan, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry batallion 100/Raider, based in Langkat Regency.
    • Cavalry battalion 6/Naga Karimata, based in Medan.
    • Combat Engineer battalion 1/Dhira Dharma, based in Medan.
    • Field Artillery battalion 2/Kilap Sumagan, based in Medan.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 11/Wira Bhuana Yudha, based in Binjai.
  • Detached units of Kodam I/BB
    • Cavalry company 6/Rajawali Bhakti Tama, based in Pekanbaru.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 2/Prasada Sakti, based in Limapuluh Koto Regency.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 13/Parigha Bhuana Yudha, based in Pekanbaru.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery detachment 004/Wira Satya Bhuana Yudha, based in Dumai.

Kodam II/Sriwijaya, overseeing southern provinces on Sumatra island of Jambi, Bengkulu, Bangka Belitung, South Sumatra and Lampung. There are five Korems and one HQ regiment included in Kodam II/Swj.

Kodam Jaya, overseeing Jakarta as the capital city of Indonesia. Kodam Jaya also oversees three regions outside Jakarta of Bekasi and Depok which actually in West Java province and Tangerang which is in Banten province. There are two Korems, one strike force brigade, one air defense artillery regiment and one HQ regiment included in Kodam Jaya.

  • Korem 051/Wijayakarta
  • Korem 052/Wijayakrama
  • Infantry brigade 1/Jayasakti, as brigade size strike force, manned by personnel from
    • Mechanized Infantry batallion 201/Jaya Yudha, based in East Jakarta.
    • Mechanized Infantry batallion 202/Taji Malela, based in Bekasi.
    • Mechanized Infantry batallion 203/Arya Kemuning, based in Tangerang.
    • Cavalry battalion 9/Satya Dharma Kala, based in Tangerang.
    • Scout Platoon
    • Protocol Company
  • Air Defense Artillery regiment 1/Putra Yudha, manned by personnel from
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 6/Baladika Akaca Yudha.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 10/Agni Bhuana Cakti.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery detachment 003/Akasa Rakca Ksatrya.
  • Kodam Jaya HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam Jaya), based in East Jakarta, manned by personnel from
    • Cavalry battalion 7/Pragosa Satya.
    • Field Artillery battalion 7/Bring Galih.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 3/Agni Tirta Dharma.
    • Construction Engineer battalion 11/Durdhaga Wighra, based in South Jakarta.
    • Construction Engineer battalion 13/Karya Etmaka, based in South Jakarta.
    • Construction Engineer battalion 14/Sradha Wirya Samertitaya, based in South Jakarta.
    • Bomb Difusal Company
    • Nuclear, Biology & Chemical Engineer Company

Kodam III/Siliwangi, overseeing West Java and Banten provinces. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam III/Slw.

  • Korem 061/Surya Kencana, based in Bogor, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry batallion 315/Garuda, based in Bogor
  • Korem 062/Taruma Nagara, based in Garut Regency
  • Korem 063/Sunan Gunung Jati, based in Cirebon Regency, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 064/Maulana Yusuf, based in Serang, manned by personnel from
  • Infantry brigade 15/Kujang II, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam III/Slw HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam III/Slw), based in Bandung, manned by personnel from
    • Cavalry battalion 4/Andhaka Cakti, based in Bandung.
    • Cavalry company 4/Tarantula Hitam Cakti, based in Bandung.
    • Horsed Cavalry detachment/Bala Turangga Cakti, based in Bandung.
    • Combat Engineer battalion 3/Yudha Wyogrha, based in Bandung Regency.
    • Light Air Defense Artillery battalion 3/Yudha Bhuana Yakca, based in Cimahi.
    • Field Artillery battalion 4/Parahyangan, based in Cimahi.
  • Detached units of Kodam III/Slw
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 14/Pratiti Wira Yudha, based in Cirebon.
    • Field Artillery battalion 5/Pancagiri, based in Cianjur Regency.

Kodam IV/Diponegoro, overseeing Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam IV/Dip.

  • Korem 071/Wijayakusuma, based in Purwokerto
  • Korem 072/Pamungkas, based in Yogyakarta, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 403/Wirasada Pratista, based in Yogyakarta.
  • Korem 073/Makutarama, based in Salatiga, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 074/Warastratama, based in Surakarta, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 408/Suhbrasta, based in Sragen.
  • Infantry brigade 4/Dewa Ratna, as brigade size strike force, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam IV/Dip HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam IV/Dip), based in Semarang, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 400/Raider, based in Semarang.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 15/Dahana Bhaladika Yudha, based in Semarang.
    • Combat Engineer battalion 4/Tanpa Kawandya, based in Semarang Regency.
  • Detached units of Kodam IV/Dip
    • Cavalry battalion 2/Turangga Seta, based in Ambarawa.
    • Cavalry company 2/Turangga Pancal Panggung, based in Sleman Regency.
    • Field Artillery battalion 3/Nagapakca, based in Magelang.

Kodam V/Brawijaya, overseeing East Java province. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam V/Brw.

  • Korem 081/Dhirot Saha Jaya, based in Madiun
  • Korem 082/Citra Panca Yudha Jaya, based in Mojokerto
  • Korem 083/Bala Dika Jaya, based in Malang, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 512/Quratara Yudha, based in Malang.
  • Korem 084/Bhaskara Jaya, based in Surabaya, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 516/Caraka Yudha, based in Surabaya.
  • Infantry brigade 16/Wira Yudha, as brigade size strike force, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 511/Dibyatara Yudha, based in Blitar.
    • Infantry battalion 521/Dadaha Yudha, based in Surabaya.
    • Infantry battalion 527/Baladibya Yudha, based in Lumajang Regency.
  • Kodam V/Brw HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam V/Brw), based in Surabaya, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 500/Raider, based in Surabaya.
    • Cavalry company 3/Tupai Setia Cakti, based in Sidoarjo Regency.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery battalion 8/Marwaca Bhuana Cakti, based in Sidoarjo Regency.
  • Detached units of Kodam V/Brw

Kodam XII/Tanjungpura, overseeing Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan. There are two Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam XII/Tpr.

  • Korem 102/Panju Panjung, based in Palangkaraya, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 631/Antang Elang, based in Palangkaraya.
  • Korem 121/Alambhana Wanawai, based in Pontianak, manned by personnel from
  • Infantry brigade 19/Khatulistiwa, as brigade size strike force, based in Singkawang, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam XII/Tpr HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam XII/Tpr), based in Pontianak, manned by personnel from
    • Cavalry detachment 2/Beruang Cakti, based in Pontianak.
    • Field Artillery battalion 16/Tumbak Kaputing, based in Landak Regency.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 6/Satya Digdaya, based in Pontianak.

Kodam VI/Mulawarman, overseeing East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan and North Kalimantan. There are two Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam V/Brw.

  • Korem 091/Aji Surya Natakesuma, based in Samarinda, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 611/Awang Long, based in Samarinda.
  • Korem 101/Antasari, based in Banjarmasin, manned by personnel from
  • Infantry brigade 24/Bulungan Cakti, as brigade size strike force, based in Bulungan Regency, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 600/Raider, based in Balikpapan.
    • Infantry battalion 613/Raja Alam, based in Tarakan.
    • Infantry battalion 614/Raja Pandita, based in Malinau Regency.
  • Kodam VI/Mlw HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam VI/Mlw), based in Balikpapan, manned by personnel from
    • Cavalry battalion 1/Macan Tutul Cakti, based in Balikpapan.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 7/Yudha Dharma, based in Balikpapan.
  • Detached units of Kodam VI/Mlw
    • Combat Engineer detachment 8/Gawi Manuntung, based in Banjarmasin.
    • Field artillery battalion 18/Buritkang, based in Berau Regency.
    • Medium Air Defense Artillery detachment 002/Agni Bala Cakti, based in Bontang.

Kodam VII/Wirabuana, overseeing all provinces on Sulawesi island of Gorontalo, Central Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi and West Sulawesi. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam VII/Wrb.

  • Korem 131/Santiago, based in Manado, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 712/Raider, based in Manado.
  • Korem 132/Tadaluko, based in Palu, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 714/Sintu Maroso, based in Poso Regency.
  • Korem 141/Toddo Puli, based in Bone Regency, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 142/Taroada Tarogau, based in Pare-pare, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 143/Halu Oleo, based in Kendari, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 725/Woroagi, based in Kendari.
  • Infantry brigade 22/Ota Manasa, as brigade size strike force, based in Gorontalo (city), manned by personnel from
  • Kodam VII/Wrb HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam VII/Wrb), based in Makassar, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 700/Raider, based in Makassar.
    • Cavalry battalion 10/Mendagiri, based in Makassar.
    • Field Artillery battalion 6/Tamarunang, based in Makassar.
    • Light Air Defense battery 141/Sula Bhuana Cakti, based in Makassar.
    • Combat Engineer battalion 8/Sakti Mandraguna, based in Makassar.
  • Detached units of Kodam VII/Wrb
    • Cavalry company 10/Manguni Setia Cakti, based in Manado.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 4/Yudha Karya Nyata, based in Manado.

Kodam IX/Udayana, overseeing provinces of Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The former Indonesian province of East Timor was also under the jurisdiction of Kodam IX/Udayana. There are three Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam IX/Udy.

  • Korem 161/Wirasakti, based in Kupang
  • Korem 162/Wirabhakti, based in Mataram (city), manned by personnel from
  • Korem 163/Wirasatya, based in Denpasar
  • Infantry brigade 21/Komodo, as brigade size strike force, based in Kupang Regency, manned by personnel from
    • Infantry battalion 743/Pradnya Samapta Yudha, based in Belu Regency.
    • Infantry battalion 744/Satya Yudha Bhakti, based in Kupang.
    • Infantry battalion 746/Nitya Yudha Bhakti, based in Kupang Regency.
  • Kodam IX/Udy HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam IX/Udy), based in Denpasar, manned by personnel from

Kodam XVI/Pattimura, overseeing Maluku and North Maluku provinces. There are two Korems and one HQ regiment included in Kodam XVI/Ptm.

  • Korem 151/Binaya, based in Ambon, manned by personnel from
  • Korem 152/Baabullah, based in Ternate
  • Kodam XVI/Ptm HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam XVI/Ptm), based in Ambon, manned by personnel from
    • Assault Infantry battalion 733/Raider, based in Ambon.
    • Cavalry detachment 5/Birgus Latro Cakti, based in Ambon.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 5/Chakti Mandra Guna, based in Ambon.

Kodam XVII/Cendrawasih, overseeing West Papua and Papua provinces. There are four Korems, one strike force brigade and one HQ regiment included in Kodam XVII/Cen.

  • Korem 171/Praja Wira Tama, based in Sorong
    • Infantry battalion 752/Vira Yudha Sakti, based in Sorong.
  • Korem 172/Praja Wira Yakti, based in Jayapura
  • Korem 173/Praja Wira Braja, based in Biak
  • Korem 174/Anim Ti Waninggap, based in Merauke
  • Infantry brigade 20/Ima Jayakeramo, as brigade size strike force, based in Mimika Regency, manned by personnel from
  • Kodam XVII/Cen HQ and HQ Regiment (Rindam XVII/Cen), based in Jayapura, manned by personnel from
    • Combat Engineer detachment 10/Kesatria Yudha Dharma, based in Jayapura.
  • Detached units of Kodam XVII/Cen
    • Combat Engineer detachment 11/Mit Anim, based in Merauke Regency.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 12/Oharo Hesowa Hubana, based in Nabire Regency.
    • Combat Engineer detachment 13/Pawbili Pelle Alang, based in Sorong.

Infantry battalions in progress of forming:

Operational Commands

Special Forces Command (Kopassus), est 5,530 divided is composed of five groups, Grup 1/Parakomando (Para Commando), Grup 2/Parakomando (Para Commando), Pusat Pendidikan Pasukan Khusus (Training), Grup 3/Sandhi Yudha (Combat Intelligence), SAT 81/Penanggulangan Teror (Counter-terrorism); plus the Presidential Guard (Paspampres) and headquarters.[9] Each group is headed by a Colonel and all groups are para-commando qualified. Of note is the unusual nature of Group IV, possibly also called "Sandhi Yudha," which consists of select members from Groups I, II, and III. The duties of these specially trained personnel include attacking behind enemy lines (Infiltration tactics). Group IV also, reportedly[who?], works with the Joint Intelligence Unit on interrogations, and carries out clandestine operations around the country.

  • Group 1/Eka Wastu Baladhika, based in Serang, composed of
    • Commando battalion 11/Atulo Sena Baladhika.
    • Commando battalion 12/Asabha Sena Baladhika.
    • Commando battalion 13/Thikkaviro Sena Baladhika.
  • Grup 2/Dwi Dharma Bhirawa Yudha, based in Kartasura, composed of
    • Commando battalion 21/Bhirawa Yudha.
    • Commando battalion 22/Manggala Yudha.
    • Commando battalion 23/Dhanuja Yudha.
  • Grup 3/Sandhi Yudha, based in East Jakarta, composed of
    • Commando battalion 31/Eka Sandhi Yudha Utama.
    • Commando battalion 32/Apta Sandhi Prayudha Utama.
    • Commando battalion 33/Wira Sandhi Yudha Sakti.
  • Special Forces Training Center in West Bandung Regency
  • Unit 81/Counter Terrorist, based in East Jakarta, composed of
    • Commando battalion 811.
    • Commando battalion 812.
    • Support battalion.

Army Strategic Reserve Command (Kostrad), is the Indonesian Army's Strategic Reserve Command. Kostrad is a Corps level command which has around 40,000 troops.[10] It also supervises operational readiness among all commands and conducts defense and security operations at the strategic level in accordance with policies of the TNI commander.

  • Infantry Division 1 Kostrad, based in Bogor Regency. The division composed of:
  • Infantry Division 2 Kostrad. The division composed of:
    • Headquarters Infantry Division 2
    • Infantry brigade 6/Trisakti Baladaya, based in Surakarta, consist of
    • Infantry brigade 9/Daraka Yudha,
    • Airborne Infantry brigade 18/Trisula, based in Malang Regency, consist of
    • Field Artillery regiment 1/Putra Yudha, consist of
    • Light Air Defense Artillery battalion 2/Amwanga Bhuana Wicesa
    • Heavy Cavalry battalion 8/Narasinga Wiratama, based in Pasuruan Regency.
    • Combat Engineer battalion 10/Jaladri Palaka, based in Pasuruan Regency.
    • Medical battalion 2/Yudha Bhakti Husada, based in Malang Regency
    • Supply and Transport battalion 2/Mawwat Wastwan Jaya
    • Reconnaissance Cavalry company 2/Kala Setia Cakti, based in Malang Regency.
  • Airborne Infantry brigade 3/Tri Budi Mahasakti, based in Makassar, consist of
    • Airborne Infantry battalion 431/Satria Setia Perkasa
    • Airborne Infantry battalion 432/Dharma Putera
    • Airborne Infantry battalion 433/Julu Siri
  • Army Aviation Command (id:Pusat Penerbangan Angkatan Darat) The army had its own small air arm that performs attack, liaison and transport duties. It operates 100 aircraft in three helicopter and aircraft squadrons composed mostly of light aircraft and small transports, such as the IPTN produced CN-235.

Equipment

Small arms and infantry weapons

Name Origin Type Caliber Notes
Pindad P1/P2[11]  Indonesia Semi-automatic pistol 9x19mm Local copy of the Browning Hi-Power. Approximately 30,000 P1s and 2,000 P2s manufactured.
M1911  United States Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP
SIG Sauer P226   Switzerland Semi-automatic pistol 9x19mm For use by Kopassus.
Pindad PM2[11]  Indonesia Submachine gun 9x19mm
MP5 series  Germany Submachine gun 9x19mm Used by special forces
Pindad SS1[11]  Indonesia Assault rifle 5.56x45mm
Pindad SS2[11]  Indonesia Assault rifle 5.56x45mm Modernized SS1.
M16[11]  United States Assault rifle 5.56x45mm
Steyr AUG[11]  Austria Assault rifle 5.56x45mm For use by Kopassus.
G36[12]  Germany Assault rifle 5.56x45mm Used by special forces
Accuracy International AWM[12]  United Kingdom Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum Used by special forces
Pindad SPR-1[11]  Indonesia Sniper rifle 7.62x51mm
Pindad SPR-3[11]  Indonesia Sniper rifle 7.62x51mm
Pindad SPR-2[11]  Indonesia Anti-materiel rifle 12.7x99mm
Pindad SM3  Indonesia Light machine gun 5.56x45mm Locally produced version of the FN Minimi.
Pindad SM2  Indonesia General purpose machine gun 7.62x51mm Locally produced version of the FN MAG.
Pindad SMB-QCB  Indonesia Heavy machine gun 12.7x99mm Locally produced version of the CIS 50MG.
Name Origin Type Notes
M203 grenade launcher 'Pindad SPG1'  Indonesia Under barrel grenade launcher First locally produced grenade Launcher.
M79 grenade launcher  United States Single-shot grenade launcher
AT-13 Metis M  Russia Anti tank missile launchers
AT-5 Sprandel  Russia Anti tank missile launchers
MBT LAW  Sweden Anti tank missile launchers [13][14][15]
FGM-148 Javelin  United States Anti tank guided missile On order[16][17][18]
C90-CR (M3)  Spain Anti tank rocket launchers
PF-89  China Anti tank rocket launcher
M80 Rocket Launcher[19]  Yugoslavia Shoulder-fired missile

Tanks

Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
GermanyLeopard 2 Main Battle Tank 103[20] With approximately U.S. $ 287 million, Indonesia purchased 40 units of the Leopard 2A4 and 63 units of the Leopard 2 Revolution plus 10 units supporting Leopard 2 tanks.[21] Two delivered.[22][23][24]
France AMX-13 Light tank 275[25] Including self-propelled artillery variants. Not all operational and the remaining tanks will be upgraded.
United KingdomFV101 Scorpion 90 Light tank 90[26] Armed with 90mm cockerill

Infantry Fighting Vehicles and Armored Personnel Carriers

Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
GermanyMarder 1A3 Infantry fighting vehicle 50[27] With the assistance of German Rheinmetall, PT Pindad will make the production line from the early stages until finished.[28][29][30]
FranceAMX-VTT Armoured Personnel Carrier 200[31] less than 200 operational
United KingdomAlvis Stormer Armoured Personnel Carrier 40[32] Includes the armoured personnel carrier, command post, ambulance, recovery, logistics and bridge laying variants.[33]
South KoreaDoosan DST Tarantula (6x6) Amphibious Armored Fighting Vehicle 28[34] [35][36][37][38]
IndonesiaPindad Panser (6x6) Armoured Personnel Carrier 226[39]
IndonesiaPindad Panser APR-1V (4x4) Armoured Personnel Carrier 14 Early predecessor to the Pindad PS-3. Based on a commercial Isuzu truck chassis. Follow on orders cancelled following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.
FranceVéhicule de l'Avant Blindé (VAB)(4x4) Armoured Personnel Carrier 46[40] 14 were originally supplied. Another 32 were acquired in 2006 for the Indonesian peacekeeping mission in Lebanon.[41]
United StatesCadillac Gage Commando (4x4) Light Armoured Car 200[42]
United KingdomFV601 Saladin Armoured Car 69[43]
IndonesiaPindad Komodo Light Tactical Vehicle 56[44] . The Indonesian Army has officially ordered 6 Komodos. The Mistral Mobile SAM launcher is also scheduled for orders with the Indonesian Army with a total of 56 Komodos.[45][46] An additional fifty Komodos are ordered from Pindad.[47] 8 Komodos modified to house communications equipments were also ordered.[48][49]
FranceRenault Sherpa 2 Light Tactical Vehicle 12[50][51] Announced in July 2011.[52]
Soviet UnionBTR-40 Light Tactical Vehicle 85[53] Locally modified from armoured personnel carrier to armoured reconnaissance variants.[54]

Utility and logistics vehicles

Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
M151 MUTT Light utility vehicle
Land Rover LWB Light utility vehicle
Steyr Puch Haflinger 700 AP Light utility vehicle
Nissan Q4W73 Light truck
DAF YA400 Transport truck
Unimog Medium truck
Isuzu Elf[55][56] Medium truck
Steyr 680M Medium truck
Bedford MK Light truck
Steyr 17M29 Medium truck
Cakra FAV Fast attack vehicle

Artillery and Air Defence Systems

Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
Brazil ASTROS II Multiple rocket launcher 36[57] on order
Indonesia Rhan 122 122mm Multiple rocket launcher Unknown 122 mm rockets. Built by PTDI
Indonesia NDL-40 77mm Multiple rocket launcher 50 77 mm rockets. Built by PTDI
France Nexter CAESAR 155mm Self-propelled howitzer 37[58] on order
South Korea KH-179 155mm Towed artillery 18[59][60] on order
Singapore FH-2000[61] 155mm Towed artillery 8
United StatesM101 howitzer & KH 178 105mm[61] 105mm Towed artillery 54
Soviet Union ZUR-23-2KG 23 mm Anti-aircraft artillery 14 .[62]
China Giant Bow I 23 mm Anti-aircraft artillery 18 .[63]
Soviet Union 57 mm AZP S-60 57mm Anti-aircraft artillery 256
SwedenBofors 40 mm[citation needed] 40mm Anti-aircraft artillery unknown
Switzerland Oerlikon Skyshield[64] 35mm Anti-aircraft artillery 6 .[65][66][67][68]
Switzerland Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon[64] 35mm Anti-aircraft artillery unknown .[69][70]
Sweden RBS-70 Surface-to-air missile 45 .[71][72][73]
China TD-2000B Surface-to-air missile unknown .[74][75]
United Kingdom Starstreak (missile)[76] surface-to-air missile unknown .[77][78][79]
France Mistral Surface-to-air missile unknown .[80]
China QW-3[64] Surface-to-air missile unknown .[74][81]
Poland POPRAD Grom (missile) Surface-to-air missile 155

Aircraft

Aircraft Type Versions In service[82] Notes
United States Boeing AH-64 Apache Attack helicopter AH-64E 8[83] Deal finalized[84]
Russia Mil Mi-35 Attack helicopter Mi-35 8[83] [85]
France Eurocopter Fennec Utility helicopter AS550,AS350,AS355 12[86] on order
Russia Mil Mi-17 Transport Helicopter Mi-17-V5 15 One lost to crash 2013.[87]
United States Bell UH-1 Iroquois Utility helicopter UH-1D 10
Germany Eurocopter Bo 105 Utility helicopter 15[83] Built under license by PTDI
Canada Bell 412 Utility helicopter 412
412SP
412EP
14
14
16
Built under license by PTDI[88]
Spain CASA C-212 Aviocar Tactical transport 4
United States Cessna 310 Light transport 4
United States Aero Commander Light transport 680 3

List of Army Chief of Staffs

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b IISS Military Balance 2012, 248. Figure may have not been updated by IISS since 2006 at least.
  2. ^ Daves, Joseph H (2013) The Indonesian Army from Revolusi to Reformasi ISBN 978-1492930938, p 15
  3. ^ Schwarz, Adam (1994) A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s Allen & Unwin ISBN 1-86373-635-2, p 215
  4. ^ Hill-Smith, Charlie (2009) Strange Birds in Paradise: A West Papuan Story
  5. ^ IISS, The Military Balance 1976-77, p.55, ISBN 0-900492-98-8
  6. ^ Ken Conboy, Kopassus: Inside Indonesia's Special Forces, Equinox Publishing, Jakarta/Singapore, 2003, p.79
  7. ^ Library of Congress Country Study, Indonesia, November 1992, Organization of the Armed Forces
  8. ^ The Military Balance 2006, International Institute for Strategic Studies
  9. ^ For further authoritative details on Kopassus, see Ken Conboy (2003) KOPASSUS Inside Indonesia's Special Forces, Equinox Publishing, ISBN 979-95898-8-6.
  10. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2008, 382.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "TNI Angkatan Darat - Situs Resmi TNI Angkatan Darat" (in Indonesian). 19 March 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "Kopassus & Kopaska - Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije" (in Croatian). Hrvatski Vojnik Magazine. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  13. ^ http://pertahananbangsa.blogspot.com/2012/11/tni-ad-membeli-atgm-nlaw-dan-atgm.html
  14. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2013/01/indonesia-akan-beli-senjata-anti-tank.html
  15. ^ "TNI-AD Uji Terima Roket Anti Tank NLAW". March 21, 2013. 
  16. ^ Indonesia & Jordan; Javelin missile order - Dmilt.com, May 26, 2013
  17. ^ "TNI Borong Rudal Anti-Tank Buatan Amerika Serikat". June 10, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Raytheon - Lockheed Martin's Javelin JV Gets Contract to Produce Block I Javelin Missile for Indonesia and Other Countries". November 18, 2013. 
  19. ^ ANNUAL REPORT ON THE TRANSFERS OF CONTROLLED GOODS IN 2008 - Serbia, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 24 September 2010 
  20. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/november_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/rheinmetall_to_supply_103_leopard_2a4_tanks_and_43_marder_1a3_infantry_armoured_to_indonesia_1311131.html
  21. ^ "Approves Sale of Tanks to Indonesia". May 8, 2013. 
  22. ^ Indonesia takes delivery of first Leopard 2A4 tanks and Marder armoured vehicles from Germany - Armyrecognition.com, 25 September 2013
  23. ^ "Tank Kelas Berat Perkuat TNI-AD". September 23, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Rheinmetall to Supply the Indonesian Army With Leopard 2 Simulators". May 23, 2014. 
  25. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2009/08/10/amx-13-tank-tempur-utama-tni-ad/
  26. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2010/10/24/scorpion-90-little-mbt-nya-indonesia/
  27. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/september_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/indonesia_takes_delivery_first_leopard_2a4_tanks_and_marder_armoured_vehicles_from_germany_2509133.html
  28. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/09/tank-marder-1a3-model-tank-medium-pindad.html
  29. ^ Marder, Lapis Baja One Stop Services
  30. ^ "Beli 114 tank Leopard, Indonesia dapat 50 tank". May 15, 2013. 
  31. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2009/08/18/amx-13-vci-tank-angkut-personel-tni-ad/
  32. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2010/08/11/alvis-stormer-tank-apc-modern-tni-ad/
  33. ^ "Stormer - Light Armoured Vehicles - Jane's Land Forces". Jane's Information Group. 18 January 2011. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. 
  34. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2014/03/tni-ad-operasikan-28-panser-korea.html
  35. ^ "Production of Tarantula 6x6 has been Completed". May 21, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Korea Selatan Segera Kirim Panser Tarantula Pesanan TNI AD". May 25, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Tarantula 6×6 Armoured Fire Support Vehicle". June 12, 2013. 
  38. ^ "[Foto] Sengatan sang Laba-Laba". October 10, 2013. 
  39. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2014/03/panglima-tni-terima-24-panser-anoa.html
  40. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2010/11/19/vab-kisah-panser-perisai-ibu-kota/
  41. ^ "TNI defends purchase of 32 armored vehicles". The Jakarta Post. 2006-09-18. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  42. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2009/03/20/v-150-commando-mobil-setan-penumpas-fretilin/
  43. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2010/05/17/panser-fv-601-saladin-dipakai-jarang-dibuang-sayang/
  44. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/11/pindad-produksi-lima-varian-rantis.html
  45. ^ "Mistral Komodo Akan Memperkuat Arhanud". October 6, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Pindad Produksi Lima Varian Rantis Komodo". November 13, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Kopassus & Brimob, Pengguna Pertama Komodo Tempur" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Medan Bisnis. 2013-04-22. Archived from the original on 2013-06-08. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  48. ^ "PINDAD Kebut Pesanan KOMODO". January 13, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Komodo, Other Milestone for PT Pindad?". May 5, 2013. 
  50. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2011/01/indonesia-orders-sherpa-light-scout.html
  51. ^ http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2011/01/14/Renault-APCs-set-for-Indonesian-army/UPI-44491295004600/
  52. ^ http://www.renault-trucks-defense.com/en/news/renault-trucks-defense-receive-new-orders-from-indonesia.html
  53. ^ http://indomiliter.com/2010/04/21/btr-40-panser-yang-nyaris-jadi-besi-tua/
  54. ^ BTR-40 series of wheeled armoured vehicles
  55. ^ "Kemhan dan Isuzu Bahas Pengadaan Truk Militer". April 4, 2013. 
  56. ^ "TNI Pesan 965 Truk Isuzu". November 15, 2013. 
  57. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2012/11/indonesia-ordered-36-astros-ii-rocket.html
  58. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2014/03/sagem-wins-order-from-nexter-systems-to.html
  59. ^ http://arc.web.id/artikel/53-tni-ad10/534-kh-179-artileri-negeri-ginseng-untuk-tni-ad.html
  60. ^ http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2013/12/tni-ad-akan-mendapatkan-1-batalion.html
  61. ^ a b http://pussenarmed.kodiklat-tniad.mil.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=57
  62. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/04/zur-23-2kg.html
  63. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/04/giant-bow-i.html
  64. ^ a b c http://indonesia-oslo.no/air-force-orders-anti-aircraft-weapons/
  65. ^ "Senjata Oerlikon Skyshield TNI AU". May 28, 2013. 
  66. ^ "Perkuat Dirgantara, Indonesia Beli Perisai Udara". May 29, 2013. 
  67. ^ "Indonesia has ordered Rheinmetall-made Oerlikon Skyshield air defence system". February 11, 2014. 
  68. ^ "Indonesia orders more German air defense systems". February 20, 2014. 
  69. ^ Songsong Kedatangan PSU Baru, Korpaskhas akan Kirim Personil untuk Berlatih di Swiss
  70. ^ "Paskhas Akan Dapat OERLIKON 35 mm, Denhanud disiapkan". May 18, 2013. 
  71. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/12/rbs-70-rudal-pencegat-supersonik-jarak.html
  72. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/04/radar-giraffe_17.html
  73. ^ Saab AB Tawarkan Giraffe AMB dan RBS-70NG kepada TNI AD
  74. ^ a b http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/04/rudal-cina-warisan-jenderal-djoko.html
  75. ^ Uji terima ulang Sista Hanud Terintegrasi TD-2000B Rudal Meriam
  76. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/11/rudal-starstreak-indonesia.html
  77. ^ "Thales Announces Order for FORCESHIELD Integrated Air Defence System and STARSTREAK Missiles for Indonesian Ministry of Defence". January 15, 2014. 
  78. ^ "Sistem Pertahanan Udara Terintegrasi ForceSHIELD". January 20, 2014. 
  79. ^ "Indonesian SAMs Break Cover, Promising Enhanced Anti-UAV Capability". June 27, 2014. 
  80. ^ http://garudamiliter.blogspot.com/2012/10/mistral-komodo-akan-memperkuat-arhanud.html
  81. ^ "Lanud Supadio Kini Dilengkapi dengan Rudal QW-3". June 6, 2013. 
  82. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
  83. ^ a b c http://www.flightglobal.com/airspace/media/reports_pdf/world-air-forces-2014-108161.aspx
  84. ^ USA and Indonesia formalise AH-64E Apache deal - Flightglobal.com, 26 August 2013
  85. ^ http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/indonesia/index.php
  86. ^ http://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/singapore-air-show/2014-02-07/indonesian-army-and-navy-expand-fleets?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
  87. ^ http://idrw.org/?p=29067
  88. ^ "PT DI Serahkan 3 CN 295 dan 6 Bell 412 EP kepada Kemenhan". December 17, 2013. 
  89. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/docs/v14i2a02p_0007.htm
  90. ^ "Letjen Budiman Ditunjuk Gantikan Jenderal Moeldoko". August 30, 2013. 
  91. ^ "Presiden SBY Resmi Lantik Gatot Nurmantyo Menjadi KSAD". July 25, 2014. 
  92. ^ "KSAD Resmi Berpangkat Jenderal TNI". August 09, 2014. 

External links