Marignane

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Marignane
Chapel of Notre Dame de Pitié
Chapel of Notre Dame de Pitié
Coat of arms of Marignane
Coat of arms
Marignane is located in France
Marignane
Marignane
Coordinates: 43°25′18″N 5°14′03″E / 43.4217°N 5.2342°E / 43.4217; 5.2342Coordinates: 43°25′18″N 5°14′03″E / 43.4217°N 5.2342°E / 43.4217; 5.2342
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Istres
Canton Marignane
Intercommunality Marseille Provence Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Eric Le Bissès
Area1 23.16 km2 (8.94 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 33,909
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13054 / 13700
Elevation 0–100 m (0–328 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Marignane is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.

Geography[edit]

It is a component of the metropolitan Marseille Provence Métropole, and the largest suburb of the city of Marseille. It is located to the northwest of Marseille.

History[edit]

In the 15th century the Count of Provence owned the land,[1] and from 1603 to the French Revolution it belonged to the Covets.[1] In the 17th century the Covets refurbished the castle.[1]

Three chapels and one convent were built in the 17th and 18th century: Notre-Dame de Pitié (1635), Saint-Nicolas (1695), Sainte-Anne (1710, now demolished), and Couvent des Minimes (1695).[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,532 —    
1800 1,575 +2.8%
1806 1,601 +1.7%
1821 1,598 −0.2%
1831 1,633 +2.2%
1836 1,857 +13.7%
1841 1,998 +7.6%
1846 2,189 +9.6%
1851 2,183 −0.3%
1856 2,197 +0.6%
1861 2,233 +1.6%
1866 2,207 −1.2%
1872 2,209 +0.1%
1876 2,048 −7.3%
1881 1,853 −9.5%
1886 1,782 −3.8%
1891 1,761 −1.2%
1896 1,917 +8.9%
1901 1,898 −1.0%
1906 1,956 +3.1%
1911 1,993 +1.9%
1921 2,517 +26.3%
1926 2,501 −0.6%
1931 3,184 +27.3%
1936 3,545 +11.3%
1946 4,344 +22.5%
1954 5,316 +22.4%
1962 10,664 +100.6%
1968 20,044 +88.0%
1975 26,477 +32.1%
1982 31,109 +17.5%
1990 32,325 +3.9%
1999 34,006 +5.2%
2008 33,909 −0.3%

Politics[edit]

Since 1995, the mayor has been Daniel Simonpieri, former member of the Front National and of the MNR.

Personalities[edit]

Transport[edit]

The Marseille Provence Airport is located in Marignane.

Economy[edit]

Eurocopter, the manufacturer of the Franco-German NHI NH90 and Tiger military helicopters, has its head office on the grounds of Marseille Provence Airport in Marignane.[2]

Twin cities[edit]

Marignane is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ville de Marignane
  2. ^ "Legal Notice and Disclaimer." Eurocopter. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. "[...]whose registered Office is located Aéroport International Marseille-Provence – 13725 Marignane Cedex - France"

External links[edit]