European Union Special Representative
The European Union Special Representatives (EUSR) are emissaries of the European Union with specific tasks abroad. While the EU's ambassadors are responsible for affairs with a single country, Special Representatives tackle specific issues, conflict areas or regions of countries. They answer directly to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, currently Catherine Ashton.
- 1 Current SRs by region
- 2 Previous SRs
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Current SRs by region
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Peter Sørensen took over the position of EUSR in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a mandate from 1 September 2011 until 30 June 2015. His post was de-coupled from the one of High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (which remained in the hands of Valentin Inzko), aiming at fostering the EU pre-accession strategy for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
South Caucasus and Georgia
Franz-Michael Skjold Mellbin was appointed European Union Special Representative (EUSR) in Afghanistan from 1 September 2013. His mandate is to contribute, through close liaison with and support for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Brahmini, to achieving the implementation of the Union's policy in Afghanistan, which includes the implementation of the EU-Afghanistan Joint Declaration; leading the implementation of the EU Action Plan on Afghanistan and Pakistan, in so far as it concerns Afghanistan, thereby working with EU Member States’ representatives in Afghanistan; and supporting the role of the United Nations in Afghanistan with particular emphasis on contributing to better co-ordinated international assistance. His mandate ends on 28 February 2015.
There was a mandate for a Special Representative for the Middle East peace process, but the post was abolished on 10 January 2014 and its duties were assumed by European External Action Service. The mandate of the Special Representative was based on the EU's policy objectives regarding the Middle East peace process, which include a two-State solution with Israel and a democratic, viable, peaceful and sovereign Palestinian State living side-by-side within secure and recognised borders enjoying normal relations with their neighbours in accordance with UN Security Council Resolutions 242, 338, 1397 and 1402 and the principles of the Madrid Conference.
Gary Quince was appointed EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the African Union (AU) on 1 November 2011. His mandate runs until 30 June 2014.
Horn of Africa (incl. the region of Sudan)
Bernardino León was appointed EU Special Representative for the Southern Mediterranean region on 18 July 2011. His mandate, which runs until 30 June 2014, is based on the policy objectives of the Union regarding Southern Neighbourhood. Those objectives include enhancing the Union's political dialogue, contributing to the partnership and broader relationship with the countries of the Southern Mediterranean region and establishing close coordination with relevant local partners and international and regional organisations such as the African Union, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the League of Arab States and the United Nations.
A long standing request for a representative that would be in charge of enhancing the effectiveness and visibility of EU's Human rights policy, based on the Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy (officially adopted on 25 June 2012), led to the creation of the post of the Special Representative of the European Union for Human Rights. The post, which is providing a strong, independent, flexible and sufficiently broad mandate, is aiming to cover fields such as the strengthening of democracy, International justice, humanitarian law and the abolition of the death penalty .
On 25 July 2012, the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Baroness Ashton appointed Stavros Lambrinidis, a former foreign affairs minister of Greece and Vice-President of the European Parliament, as the first Special Representative of the European Union for Human Rights, with a mandate from 1 September 2012 to 30 June 2014. His mandate was extended to 28 February 2015.
|Afghanistan||Klaus Peter Klaiber||10 December 2001 – 30 June 2002|
|Francesc Vendrell||1 July 2002 – 31 August 2008|
|Ettore Francesco Sequi (also for Pakistan from 15 June 2009)||1 September 2008 – 31 March 2010|
|Vygaudas Ušackas||1 April 2010 – 31 August 2013|
|African Great Lakes Region||Aldo Ajello (initially as Special Envoy)||25 March 1996 – 28 February 2007|
|Roeland van de Geer||1 March 2007 – 31 August 2011|
|African Union||Koen Vervaeke||6 December 2007 – 31 October 2011|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Lord Ashdown (also High Representative)||3 June 2002 – 31 January 2006|
|Christian Schwarz-Schilling (also High Representative)||1 February 2006 – 30 June 2007|
|Miroslav Lajčák (also High Representative)||1 July 2007 – 28 February 2009|
|Valentin Inzko (also High Representative until now)||1 March 2009 – 31 August 2011|
|Central Asia||Ján Kubiš||28 July 2005 – 5 July 2006|
|Pierre Morel||5 October 2006 – 30 June 2012|
|de:Patricia Flor||1 July 2012 - 30 June 2014|
|Georgia crisis||Pierre Morel||25 September 2008 – 31 August 2011|
|Kosovo||Wolfgang Petritsch (Special Envoy)||5 October 1998 – 29 July 1999|
|Pieter Feith||4 February 2008 – 30 April 2011|
|Fernando Gentilini||1 May 2011 – 31 January 2012|
|Republic of Macedonia||François Léotard||29 June 2001 – 29 October 2001|
|Alain Le Roy||29 October 2001 – 28 February 2002|
|Alexis Brouhns||30 September 2002 – 31 December 2003|
|Søren Jessen-Petersen||26 January 2004 – 30 June 2004|
|Michael Sahlin||12 July 2004 – 31 August 2005|
|Erwan Fouéré||17 October 2005 – 31 August 2011|
|Middle East peace process||Miguel Ángel Moratinos||25 November 1996 – 31 May 2002|
|Marc Otte||14 July 2003 – 28 February 2011|
|Andreas Reinicke||1 February 2012 - 1 January 2014|
|Moldova||Adriaan Jacobovits de Szeged||23 March 2005 – 28 February 2007|
|Kálmán Mizsei||1 March 2007 – 28 February 2011|
|South Caucasus||Heikki Talvitie||1 July 2003 – 28 February 2006|
|Peter Semneby||1 March 2006 – 28 February 2011|
|Philippe Lefort (also for Georgia crisis)||1 September 2011 - 30 June 2014|
|Royaumont Process||Panagiotis Roumeliotis
(was already also the coordinator of the process of stability and good-neighbourly relations in South-east Europe (the Royaumont Process))
|31 May 1999 – 31 May 2000|
|(Special) Coordinator of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe||Bodo Hombach||2 July 1999 – 31 December 2001|
|Erhard Busek||1 January 2002 – 30 June 2008|
|Sudan||Pekka Haavisto||18 July 2005 – 30 April 2007|
|Torben Brylle||1 May 2007 – 31 August 2010|
|Rosalind Marsden (also for South Sudan since 1 August 2011)||1 September 2010 – 31 October 2013|
|Federal Republic of Yugoslavia||Felipe González||8 June 1998 – 11 October 1999|
- BH News
- "European Commission Press Release". eeas.europa.eu. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- Former Special Representatives
- Official list of EU Special Representatives
- Official list of current EU Special Representatives
- Official list of former EU Special Representatives
- Exploring EU Foreign Policy, the EUSR, Leuven Catholic University
- Giovanni Grevi, The EU Special Representatives, Chaillot Paper nb. 106, Institute for Security Studies of the European Union, Paris, 2007
- Cornelius Adebahr, Working inside out: what role for Special Envoys in the European External Action Service?, EPC Policy Brief, January 2011
- Dominik Tolksdorf, The Role of EU Special Representatives in the post-Lisbon foreign policy system: A renaissance?, IES Policy Brief, Brussels, June 2012