European Union Customs Union
The European Union Customs Union (EUCU) is a customs union which consists of all the member states of the European Union (EU) and some of its neighbouring countries: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Turkey.
The customs union is a principal task of the European Economic Community, established in 1958, and now succeeded by the European Union. No customs are levied on goods travelling within the customs union and—unlike a free trade area—members of the customs union impose a common external tariff on all goods entering the union. One of the consequences of the customs union is that the European Union has to negotiate as a single entity in international trade deals such as the World Trade Organisation.
EU applicant Turkey and two bordering microstates—Andorra and San Marino — are in customs union with the EU. Monaco, while not a member of the EU, is part of the EU customs territory through an agreement with France.
|Andorra||Agreement between the EEC and Andorra||1991||Excludes agricultural products|
|San Marino||Co-operation and Customs Union Agreement||1991|
|Turkey||European Union–Turkey Customs Union||1995||Excludes agricultural products|
While all EU members are part of the customs union, not all of their respective territories form part of the customs union. This may be because a territory is not part of the EU, because the territories have opt-outs, or are excluded from the customs union because of their economic or geographic circumstances; see Special member state territories and the European Union.
- "Andorra : Customs Unions and preferential arrangements". European Commission. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "Taxation and Customs - FAQ". European Commission. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code". Official Journal of the European Union. 1992-10-19. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "San Marino : Customs Unions and preferential arrangements". European Commission. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "Trade : Turkey". European Commission. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "Turkey : Customs Unions and preferential arrangements". European Commission. Retrieved 2012-09-12.