First Temperate Neolithic
The First Temperate Neolithic (FTN) is an archaeological horizon consisting of the earliest archaeological cultures of Neolithic Southeastern Europe, dated to c. 6400–5100 BCE. The cultures of the FTN were the first to practice agriculture in temperate Europe, which required significant innovations in farming technology previously adapted to a mediterranean climate.
The constituent cultures of the FTN are:
- the Criş culture, c. 6400–5200 BCE, Romania;
- the Karanova I/II culture, c. 6300–5100 BCE, central and southern Bulgaria;
- the Kőrös culture, c. 6400–5100 BCE, eastern Hungary;
- the Macedonian First Neolithic, c. 6600–5300 BCE, Macedonia;
- the Poljanica group, c. 6300–5200 BCE, northeast Bulgaria;
- the Starčevo culture, c. 6200–5200 BCE, Serbia, Bosnia, eastern Croatia and western Hungary;
- and the West Bulgarian Painted Ware culture, c. 6200–5200 BCE, western Bulgaria.
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