Frederick Hemke

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This article is about Frederick L. Hemke, the Northwestern University saxophone professor. For the jazz band director and saxophonist at Northern State University, see Frederic Hemke.
Fred Hemke
Born (1935-07-11) July 11, 1935 (age 79)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Saxophone artist
Music pedagogue
Instruments Saxophone
Years active 1962–present
Associated acts Northwestern University
Website www.fredericklhemke.com

Fred Hemke, DMA (né Frederick Leroy Hemke, Jr.; born 11 July 1935 Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American virtuoso classical saxophonist and influential, long-standing professor of saxophone at Northwestern University. Hemke helped raise the popularity of classical saxophone, particularly among leading American composers and helped raise the recognition of classical saxophone in solo, chamber, and major orchestral repertoire. For a half century, from 1962 to 2012, Hemke was a full-time faculty music educator at Northwestern University's Bienen School of Music. In 2002, Hemke was named Associate Dean Emeritus of the School of Music.[1][2][3][4][4][5][6][7][8] Hemke retired from Northwestern University in 2012. From the start of his career in the early 1960s, building on the achievements of earlier influential American teachers of classical saxophone — including those of Larry Teal, Joseph Allard, Cecil Leeson, Sigurd Raschèr, and Vincent Abato — Hemke, and a handful of peer American saxophonists — including Eugene Rousseau and Donald Sinta — helped build American saxophone repertoire through composers that included Muczynski, Creston, Stein, Heiden, and Karlins.[9][10] Journalist and author Michael Segell, in his 2005 book, The Devil's Horn, called Hemke "The Dean of Saxophone Education in America."[11][12]

Formal education[edit]

Paris Conservatory (2007)

From 1955 to 1956, Hemke studied saxophone with Marcel Mule at the Paris Conservatoire National de Musique et de Declamation, earning in 1956 the Premier Prix diploma.[a] Hemke holds the distinction of being the first American saxophonist to earn a Premier Prix diploma from the Paris Conservatory. In 1958, Hemke earned a Bachelor of Science degree in music education from University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. In 1962, he earned a Master of Music degree from the Eastman School of Music. In 1975, Hemke earned an A.Mus.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[1]

In primary and secondary school, until the start of college, Hemke studied saxophone with Eddie Schmidt, a jobbing teacher, band director in Milwaukee, and a close friend of Ralph Joseph Hermann (1914–1994) — musician, composer, songwriter, and music publisher. Hemke was highly influenced by Schmidt's recording of Marcel Mule — and also of his recordings of Al Gallodoro, and Freddy Gardner. At the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Hemke studied with Jay Morton, teacher of woodwinds. Hemke did not have a formal saxophone teacher at Eastman, but while there, studied reeds with clarinetist Stanley Hasty (1920–2011), flute repertoire with Joseph Mariano (1911–2007), and oboe repertoire with Robert Sprenkle (1914–1988).[13][14]

Teaching career[edit]

Hemke taught saxophone at Northwestern's School of Music for fifty years. He began in 1962 as a teaching associate. In 1964 he became an assistant professor and was appointed chairman of the newly formed Winds and Percussion Instruments department. In 1967 Hemke was elevated to Associate Professor; on September 1, 1975, Full Professor; and on September 1, 1991, Chairman of the Department of Music Performance Studies at the School of Music. Hemke served as senior Associate Dean for Administration in the School of Music from 1995 to 2001. In 2002, Hemke was named the Louis and Elsie Snydacker Eckstein Professor of Music and also named Associate Dean Emeritus of the School of Music. He retired from full-time teaching in 2012. As a music educator in higher education, Hemke has taught hundreds of saxophonists, many of whom have flourished as performing artists and music educators of international rank.[1]

Selected former students

Other positions[edit]

Frederick L. Hemke Reeds

Hemke is well known as the designer of a line of reeds which bear the trademark "Frederick L. Hemke Reeds." Rico Reeds began making the brand in 1982. Hemke is an artist-clinician for The Selmer Company,[b] the North American distributor based in Elkhart, Indiana, of a premium crafted saxophones made in France by the Paris firm, Henri Selmer Paris. In 1979 Hemke was host for the Sixth World Saxophone Congress held at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Performing career[edit]

Hemke is an internationally acclaimed saxophone artist. Hemke has appeared extensively as a solo artist and has given master classes and lectures in the United States, Canada, Scandinavia, and the Far East. He has performed with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and many other orchestras. He has premiered several works for saxophone, including Allan Pettersson's Symphony No. 16 (February 24, 1983)[15] and James Di Pasquale's Sonata for tenor saxophone. Di Pasquale, a prolific composer, had studied saxophone with Hemke and Sigurd Rascher.

Selected performances
  • Premier, February 27, 2014, Augusta Read Thomas, Hemke Concerto, Prisms of Light, for solo alto saxophone and orchestra
  1. "Illuminations" (sample at 1:14 on YouTube)
  2. "Sunrise Ballad"
  3. "Chasing Radiance"
  4. "Solar Rings"
Hemke, saxophone, with the New Haven Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton conducting
Recorded at Woolsey Hall, New Haven, Connecticut, February 27, 2014[17]
Commissioned as a retirement gift to Fred Hemke by current and former students; the composer, Thomas, had been Hemke's colleague at Northwestern
From the album, A Portrait of Augusta Read Thomas, Nimbus Records (CD) (2014); OCLC 889352260

Advocacy for B tenor saxophone[edit]

In a traditional modern saxophone quartet — B soprano, E alto, B tenor, and E baritone saxophone — repertoire and popularity for solo classical was, and still is, dominated by B soprano and E alto saxophone. Bucking the trend, Hemke spent time focusing on the B tenor as a classical solo instrument, as evidenced by the release of his 1971 solo album, Music for Tenor Saxophone. In orchestral music, the tenor is known as one of the three saxophone voices in Ravel's Boléro — originally performed by two saxophonists, one on E sopranino and one on tenor doubling on B soprano. Recordings by tenor saxophone virtuoso James Houlik and others notwithstanding, classical tenor saxophone recordings make up a small portion of the classical saxophone repertoire and discography universe.

Selected discography[edit]

Solo recordings
OCLC 70304864 (stereo) (LP)
OCLC 34006752 (mono) (cassette)
OCLC 9439934 (mono) (LP)
OCLC 82478166 (mono) (LP)
OCLC 682038662 (LP)
OCLC 3249596 (LP)
James Jacobs Edmonds (1931–2002), piano
Hemke performed on a Selmer Mark VI
Side 1
Matrix N° XCTV-87627[d] (mono)
Matrix N° RG 576A (stereo)
  1. Chanson et Passepied, Op. 16, by Jeanine Rueff, Leduc (©1951); OCLC 3643353 and 70350851
  2. Sicilienne, by Pierre Lantier, Leduc (©1944); OCLC 2513787, 220710420 and 494480544
  3. Chant Corse, by Henri Tomasi, Leduc (©1932); OCLC 1693762, 65054912 and 60574040, OCLC 2788030
  4. Elegie, by Hermann Reutter, Leduc (©1957); OCLC 4319498 and 17711417
  5. Villageoise, by Marcel Bitsch, Leduc (©1953); OCLC 2520728 and 659257906
  6. Suite, by Paul Bonneau, Leduc (©1944); OCLC 1042470
    1. "Plainte"
    2. "Espieglerie"
  7. Variations on a Theme by Claude Le Jeune, by Franz Tournier (1923–2010), Leduc (©1955); OCLC 4245478 and 222890465
  8. Cantilena et Danse, by Denis Joly (fr), Leduc (©1949); OCLC 4257200 and 77295149
Side 2
Matrix N° XCTV-87628[d] (mono)
Matrix N° RG 576A (stereo)
  1. An Abstract, by David Ward,[e] Southern Music Co. (©1963); OCLC 271801728, 4026579 and 878470044
  2. Cantilena, by Warren Benson, Boosey & Hawkes (©1954); OCLC 70345845, 5910326 and 743342657
  3. Petite Suite, by Walter Hartley, Fema Music Publications (©1962); OCLC 461584790 and 3958081
  4. Violin Sonata No. 2, Op.1, by Jean-Marie Leclair
  5. Prelude to Cantata No. 12, by Bach, arr. by Sigurd Raschèr, Chappell (©1938); OCLC 1881486 and 33309682
    1. "Weinen"
    2. "Klagen"
    3. "Sorgen"
    4. "Zagen"
  6. Orchestral Suite No. 3, BWV 1068, by J.S. Bach
    1. "Gavottes I & II", arr. by Marcel Mule
      Leduc (©1939); OCLC 4451340
      See: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
  7. Adagio, by Arcangelo Corelli, arr. by Marcel Mule, Leduc (©1939); OCLC 7301376
  8. Le Fete du Village, by François-Joseph Gossec, arr. by Marcel Mule, Leduc (©1937); OCLC 317456709
  • Music for Tenor Saxophone, Brewster Records[f] BR 1204 (LP) (1971); OCLC 5111369
Milton Lewis Granger (born 1947), piano
Album cover art: Fred Hemke
Notes by Charles (Chuck) Brewster Hawes, PhD (born 1945)
  1. Sonata, for tenor saxophone and piano, by James Di Pasquale
  2. A Ballad in Time and Space, by William Duckworth
  3. Poem, for tenor saxophone and piano, by Walter Hartley
  4. Music for Tenor Saxophone and Piano, by Martin William Karlins
  • The American Saxophone, Brewster Records[f] BR 1203 (LP) (1971); OCLC 4256573
Milton Lewis Granger (born 1947), piano
Album cover art: Fred Hemke
Notes by Alan Burrage Stout (born 1932)
  1. Concerto, for alto saxophone, by Ingolf Dahl
  2. Farewell, by Warren Benson
  3. Concerto, for alto saxophone, Karel Husa
  4. Aeolian Song, by Warren Benson
  • Music for Tenor Saxophone (1971) and The American Saxophone (1971) was
Re-issued as a compilation under the title:
The American Saxophone, EnF Records[g] 1203-2 (CD) (2006); OCLC 111103801
Douglas Cleveland, organ
Recorded at Alice Miller Chapel, Northwestern University on the Æolian-Skinner Organ and at Trinity United Methodist Church, Wilmette, Illinois, on the 2001 Reuter Organ
The Music of George Gershwin
Hemke, Alto Saxophone
Figard String Quintet: Tracy Figard, violin; Catherine Price, violin; Kristin Figard, viola; Sam Norlund, cello; Douglas Nestler, double bass
Notes by Jonah L. Blum (born 1976) (in English) and Hemke
Cover art by Hemke
  • Premier, February 27, 2014, Augusta Read Thomas, Hemke Concerto, Prisms of Light, for solo alto saxophone and orchestra
  1. "Illuminations" (sample at 1:14 on YouTube)
  2. "Sunrise Ballad"
  3. "Chasing Radiance"
  4. "Solar Rings"
Hemke, saxophone, with the New Haven Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, conducting
Recorded at Woolsey Hall, New Haven, Connecticut, February 27, 2014[17]
Commissioned as a retirement gift to Fred Hemke by current and former students; the composer, Thomas, had been Hemke's colleague at Northwestern
From the album, A Portrait of Augusta Read Thomas, Nimbus Records (CD) (2014); OCLC 889352260
Ensemble recordings
Hemke has recorded with the Eastman Wind Ensemble, and the The University of Chicago Contemporary Chamber Players.
Recorded at the Stockholm Concert Hall, October 17 & 18, 1984[h]
Northwestern University Wind Ensemble, John Philip Paynter (1928–1996) (nl) conducting
Recorded November 1976
4th work: Concerto for Saxophone and Orchestra of Wind Instruments, by Ross Lee Finney, Hemke, alto saxophone
Hemke, E alto saxophone
With the Kronos Quartet: David Harrington, violin; John Sherba, violin; Hank Dutt, viola; Joan Jeanrenaud, cello
Recorded Nov. 27, 1978, Kresge Recording Studios, Eastman School of Music
First work: The Dream Net, quintet for saxophone and string quartet, commissioned by Hemke
  1. "Slow" (audio)
  2. "Quick" (audio)
  3. "Flexing" (audio)[18]
Notes by Carter Harman
For soprano, violoncello, trumpet, E alto saxophone, French horn, piano, tympani, cymbals, tomtoms, irons, and gongs
Bethany Beardslee, soprano, Contemporary Chamber Players of the University of Chicago
Ralph Shapey conducting
Re-released CRI Records (CD) (1995); OCLC 33428323
Re-released CRI Records (CD) (2007); OCLC 793773808 and 842067254
Interlochen Arts Academy Wind Ensemble, Dennis L. Johnson (born 1946) conducting
33rd Annual Midwestern Conference on School Vocal and Instrumental Music
Performed live, January 21, 1978, Hill Auditorium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  1. "Meditative"
  2. "Rhythmic"[19]
  • Concerto for Saxophone and Wind Orchestra by Ingolf Dahl, University of Wisconsin–Madison Records (1972); OCLC 49941229
University of Wisconsin–Madison Wind Ensemble, (H. Robert Reynolds) conducting

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

"The Old Castle" on YouTube
Jean Martinon conducting
Re-released RCA Camden Classics Victrola CCV 5011 (LP) (1971)
Re-released RCA VICS 1593 (LP) (1971); OCLC 6033704 and 221592686
Re-released RCA (LP) (1977); OCLC 4310870
Re-released RCA LPS 9845 (LP)
Stokowski conducting
Recorded February 20–21, 1968, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Re-released RCA Red Seal LSC 3133 (LP) (1970); OCLC 79804294 and 4663689
Re-released RCA Red Seal (LP) (1975); OCLC 11646599
Re-released RCA Red Seal (LP) (1979); OCLC 16697745
Re-released RCA Red Seal (CD) (1997); OCLC 39096777
Also re-released with several various compilations
Martinon conducting
Solti conducting
Recorded May 1976, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Original release Decca (1977)
Original release London Records (LP) (1977); OCLC 869375711
Re-released Decca (CD) (1996); OCLC 23366204
Boléro on YouTube
Re-released Universal Classics (2003); OCLC 52087462
Re-released Deutsche Grammophon (2003); OCLC 178786394
Boléro on YouTube and orchestral scores of Boléro at: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
Barbara Hendricks, soprano; Fred Hemke, Robert Black, soprano saxophones; Fred Spector, mandolin; Frederic Chrislip, tenor banjo; Herman Troppe, accordion; Solti conducting
Recorded January 1980, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Re-released on Decca Eloquence 442 995, Australia (CD) (2008); OCLC 226380109

Selected publications[edit]

Educational publications

The dissertation explores in depth the saxophone's history and gradual acceptance in the realm of symphonic music
  • On Reading Music: An Information Processing Analysis, by Gilbert Koreb Krulee (born 1924) & Hemke (1980); OCLC 30499976
The Selmer Series, Elkhart, Indiana

Commissions and dedications

2000; OCLC 63046841
Revised 2006; OCLC 76879383, 76879383 and 658778115, OCLC 878432573, 658778115 and 658778164, OCLC 76879388
Commissioned by Jean-François Guay
Homage to Marcel Mule, Jean-Marie Londeix, Eugene Rousseau, Fred Hemke, Daniel Deffayet
Funded in part by the Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec
  • Episode, for saxophone quartet, by Jared Tozier Spears (born 1936), commissioned by Hemke (1969); OCLC 28207501
  • Symphony for Saxophone and Wind Band, by Gerald Eugene Kemner (1932–2006) (composed around 1962 for Hemke)

Music editions

  • Hemke has edited works for saxophone solos and saxophone ensembles, twenty-five of which are part of the Frederick Hemke Saxophone Series published by the Southern Music Company.[j]

Awards and honors[edit]

1956 Premiere Prix[a][20] du Saxophone, Paris Conservatory; Hemke was the first American to win a First Prize from the Conservatory; his achievement inspired other American saxophonist to work towards First Prize diplomas at the Paris Conservatory, and other well-known European conservatories known for classical saxophone, including the Royal Conservatory of Brussels
1976–1978 Founding coordinator of the North American Saxophone Alliance; later awarded Honorary Life Membership
1999–2001 Distinguished Service to Music Medal, Kappa Kappa Psi, for Instrumental Music Education[21]
2004 Appointed the Charles Deering McCormick Professor of Teaching Excellence at Northwestern University
2013 Centerstage Lifetime Achievement Award, Conn-Selmer[22]
2013 Honorary Alumni Award, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois[23]

Hemke's saxophone and accessories[edit]

Hemke had been a primary design consultant for the S-80 mouthpiece manufactured by Henri Selmer Paris. For alto saxophone, Hemke uses a custom version of the S-80. The mouthpiece is metal with a square chamber.

The Selmer Mark VII E alto and B tenor saxophones, introduced in 1974, were designed in consultation with Hemke.

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • For research, while in grad school at Eastman, Hemke had borrowed from H. & A. Selmer[b] one of the world's original saxophones made by Adolphe Sax around 1860. On September 17, 1960, a custodian unwittingly stuffed a cardboard box containing the instrument into an incinerator and completely destroyed it. The only other one in existence was in a Paris museum.[24]
  • Hemke has been a lifelong visual artist. His works are in the Regenstein Hall of Music at Northwestern University and on the covers of his albums.

Audio samples and videography[edit]

Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra (Ahronovitch), Swedish Society Discofil (1994); OCLC 45586363
Recorded at the Stockholm Concert Hall, October 17 & 18, 1984[h]
For 12 saxophones
North American premier
Northwestern University Saxophone Ensemble, Hemke conducting
For 9 saxophones
World premiere, 2008, Pick-Steiger Concert Hall, Evanston, Illinois
Northwestern University Saxophone Ensemble, Hemke conducting

Hemke Legacy Tribute: May 29 – June 3, 1912, Northwestern University

7:30 pm, May 31, 2012, Pick-Staiger Concert Hall, Northwestern University
Songs by Gershwin, arranged by Jonah L. Blum (born 1976)
Northwestern University Chamber Orchestra, Robert Hasty conducting
Scenes from Porgy and Bess
  1. "Summertime" (prologue on YouTube)
  2. "Bess, You Is My Woman Now" (at 2:30 on YouTube)
  3. "I Got Plenty o' Nuttin' " (at 4:42 on YouTube)
  4. "Gone, Gone, Gone" (at 6:40 on YouTube)
  5. "I Loves You, Porgy" (at 9:00 on YouTube)
  6. "Summertime" (epilogue at 11:49 on YouTube)
(Brahms's Variations on the St. Anthony Chorale by Haydn)
Arranged by Gary S. Bricault (born 1952) at the request of Fred Hemke
Northwestern University Alumni Saxo Orchestra, Stephen Alltop conducting
Performed June 3, 2012, at Northwestern University
105 saxophones: 3 E sopraninos, 23 B sopranos, 35 E altos, 25 B tenors, 12 E baritones, 6 B basses, and 1 E contra bass tubax[k]
Academic offices
Preceded by
Cecil Leeson
Full-time faculty, saxophone
Bienen School of Music
Northwestern University

1962–2012
Succeeded by
Timothy McAllister

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b A First Prize from the Paris Conservatory, in any musical discipline, is an internationally recognized distinction. A First Prize in saxophone from the Paris Conservatory under Marcel Mule holds a unique distinction because of Mule's unprecedented level of virtuosity, his influence in building the saxophone family of instruments in orchestral repertoire, and his role in developing a new generation of highly influential performing artists.

    Mule's leverage from two of his American First Prize protégés, Hemke and Rousseau, greatly helped transform classical saxophone in America, a country that led the world in the use of saxophones. When Hemke began teaching saxophone in 1962 at Northwestern University, few American universities and conservatories had full-time saxophone-only faculty members. The role was typically filled by other orchestral woodwind experts who doubled on saxophone. By 1970, many reputable music institutions of higher learning had a dedicated saxophone professor. As of 2014, most major universities, and all comprehensive music institutions of higher learning, have a least one dedicated saxophone instructor.

  2. ^ a b c H. & A. Selmer, Inc., and its successor, The Selmer Corporation, based in Elkhart, Indiana, has not been owned by Henri Selmer Paris since 1927. But in the North American market, H. & A. Selmer assembles and distributes Henri Selmer Paris instruments manufactured in France. H. & A. Selmer, Inc. — its successors and affiliates — are now part of Conn-Selmer.

  3. ^ The imprint date is inferred from an announcement in the Music Educators Journal, April May 1963, pg. 137; ISSN 0027-4321

  4. ^ a b The alpha matrix prefix "XCTV" was an imprint of Columbia Custom Records of Columbia Records. The prefix was designated for LP mono. The matrix numbers XCTV-87627 (side A) and XCTV-87628 (side B) were handwritten on the stamper and appear in the runout areas of both sides of this particular pressing.

  5. ^ David Ward, born 1936, earned a Bachelor of Music from Oklahoma City University, and Master of Music (1960) and Doctor of Musical Arts (1966) from the Eastman School of Music.

  6. ^ a b Brewster Records was a label with a mailing address of 1822 Monroe Street, Evanston, Illinois. It was founded in 1967 by Charles Brewster Hawes, PhD (born 1945), who was also its chief engineer. Other engineers included James S. Hill and Robert E. Diehl. All three were saxophone students at Northwestern University

  7. ^ a b c The acronym EnF (for EnF Records) reflects the initials of the first names of Elizabeth and Fred. Elizabeth is Fred's daughter.

  8. ^ a b A citation of the liner notes for the album cataloged under OCLC 45586363 states that Hemke recorded Pettersson's composition on October 17 and 18, 1984.

  9. ^ The alpha matrix prefix "ZAL" indicates that the record is a London-based Decca 12-inch 33-13 rpm stereo record ("Decca/London Phase Four Recordings — Part V: Decoding the Inner Groove Information," The Absolute Sound, Vol. 11, No. 42, July–August 1986, pps. 181, 182; ISSN 0097-1138)

  10. ^ Southern Music Company, the former San Antonio based sheet music retailer and wholesaler founded in 1937, sold its sheet music assets in 2012 to Lauren Keiser Music Publishing of Maryland Heights, Missouri, and became known as Southern Music LLC. The sheet music is published and distributed by the Hal Leonard Corporation.

  11. ^ The E contrabass tubax, made by Benedikt Eppelsheim Instruments in Munich, is pitched one octave lower than a standard E baritone saxophone

––––––––––––––––––––

Inline citations
  1. ^ a b c Frederick L. Hemke Papers, Northwestern University Library
  2. ^ The New Grove Dictionary of American Music (Hemke is in vol. 2 of 4), H. Wiley Hitchcock & Stanley Sadie (eds.) Macmillan Press (1986); OCLC 13184437
  3. ^ International Who's Who in Music and Musicians' Directory, 1990–1991 (12th ed.), International Who's Who in Music (1990); OCLC 632053332
  4. ^ a b Who's Who in the Midwest, Marquis Who's Who; ISSN 0083-9787

    27th ed., 2000–2001 (2000); OCLC 45650338
    28th ed., 2002 (2000); OCLC 48980585

  5. ^ Who's Who in American Music: Classical, R.R. Bowker (1983); OCLC 10206087
  6. ^ Who's Who in Entertainment 1998–1999 (3rd ed.) Marquis Who's Who (1997); OCLC 38740408
  7. ^ Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (Hemke is in Vol. 2 of 6), Macmillan; Schirmer

    6th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1978); OCLC 4426869
    7th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1984); OCLC 10574930
    8th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1992); OCLC 24246972
    9th ed., Laura Kuhn (ed.) (born 1953) (2001); OCLC 44972043

  8. ^ Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Classical Musicians, Nicolas Slonimsky (ed.), Schirmer Books (1997); OCLC 36111932
  9. ^ The Cambridge Companion to the Saxophone, Richard Ingham (ed.), Cambridge University Press (1998), pps. 46, 166; OCLC 38748296
  10. ^ The Saxophone, by Stephen Cottrell, Yale University Press (2012), pg. 256; OCLC 785865144
    Cottrell is a saxophonist and professor of music at City University London
  11. ^ The Devil's Horn: The Story of the Saxophone, from Noisy Novelty to King of Cool (first Picador edition), by Michael Segell (born 1951), Farrar, Straus and Giroux (2006), pg. 261; (2005 Farrar, Straus and Giroux edition OCLC 63047414)
  12. ^ Classical Saxophone Transcriptions: Role and Reception (masters thesis) by Kathryn Diane Etheridge, Florida State University (2008); OCLC 668117435
  13. ^ Fostering Artistry and Pedagogy: Conversations With Artist-Teachers Frederick Hemke, Eugene Rousseau, and Donald Sinta, (PhD dissertation), by Julia Nolan, University of British Columbia (2012)
  14. ^ "An Interview with Frederick Hemke," by Jonathan Helton, The Saxophone Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, pps. 26–31 (2006)
  15. ^ Allan Petterson: destin, douleur et musique: la vie et l'œuvre, by Jean-Luc Caron, Éditions L'Âge d'Homme (fr) (2007), pg. 106; OCLC 716568162
  16. ^ "Fred Hemke at Town Hall," New York Times April 17, 1962
  17. ^ a b "A Light Breeze: Premiere Of A New Sax Symphony At NHSO," by Christopher Arnott, Hartford Courant, February 27, 2014
  18. ^ List of Chamber works with audio mp3 samples, Warren Benson www.warrenbenson.com
  19. ^ Programs: "33rd Annual Midwestern Conference," School of Music, Theatre & Dance Publications, by the University of Michigan, January 19–21, 1978
  20. ^ "The Paris Conservatory: Its Oboe Professors, Laureates (1795–1984)" (explaining First Prize), by George Arnold Conrey, DFA (1919–1994), IDRS Journal, Vol. 14, No. 8, July 1986; ISSN 0092-0827
  21. ^ Guide to Membership for the 2011–2013 Biennium – Chapter: "Distinguished Service to Music Medal," Nick Smith (ed.), Kappa Kappa Psi/Tau Beta Sigma, pps. 57–59
  22. ^ "Dr. Fred Hemke Wins the Conn-Selmer Centerstage Lifetime Achievement Award," (press release), Conn-Selmer, June 12, 2013
  23. ^ "Alumni recognition awards for 2013," Augustana College, June 5, 2013
  24. ^ "Original Sax Lost in Blaze," Schenectady Gazette (AP), September 20, 1960, pg. 1, col. 6