Elkhart, Indiana

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City of Elkhart, Indiana
City
Nickname(s): The City with a Heart, RV Capital of the World
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°40′59″N 85°58′08″W / 41.68306°N 85.96889°W / 41.68306; -85.96889Coordinates: 41°40′59″N 85°58′08″W / 41.68306°N 85.96889°W / 41.68306; -85.96889
Country United States
State Indiana
County Elkhart
Government
 • Mayor Dick Moore (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 24.42 sq mi (63.25 km2)
 • Land 23.45 sq mi (60.74 km2)
 • Water 0.97 sq mi (2.51 km2)
Elevation 748 ft (228 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 50,949
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 51,152
 • Density 2,172.7/sq mi (838.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 46514, 46515, 46516, 46517
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-20728[4]
GNIS feature ID 0434079[5]
Website http://www.elkhartindiana.org/
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,439
1870 3,265 126.9%
1880 6,953 113.0%
1890 11,360 63.4%
1900 15,184 33.7%
1910 19,282 27.0%
1920 24,277 25.9%
1930 32,949 35.7%
1940 33,434 1.5%
1950 35,646 6.6%
1960 40,274 13.0%
1970 43,152 7.1%
1980 41,305 −4.3%
1990 43,627 5.6%
2000 51,874 18.9%
2010 50,949 −1.8%
Est. 2012 51,152 0.4%

Elkhart /ˈɛlkɑrt/ is a city in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. The city is located 15 miles (24 km) east of South Bend, Indiana, 110 miles (180 km) east of Chicago, Illinois, and 150 miles (240 km) north of Indianapolis, Indiana. Elkhart has the larger population of the two principal cities of the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is part of the South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka Combined Statistical Area, in a region commonly known as Michiana. The population was 50,949 at the 2010 census. Despite the shared name, it is not the county seat of Elkhart County; that position is held by the city of Goshen, located about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Elkhart.

History[edit]

The St. Joseph River widens as it flows west through Elkhart.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the area now known as Elkhart was mainly inhabited by the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi Indian tribes. In 1829, the Village of Pulaski was established, consisting of a Post Office, mill, and a few houses on the north side of the St. Joseph River. Two years later, Dr. Havilah Beardsley moved westward from Ohio and purchased one square mile of land from Pierre Moran (a half French, half Native American Potawatomi Chief) in order to establish a rival town named Elkhart. In 1839, the Pulaski Post Office was officially changed to Elkhart.[6]

By the late 19th century and early 20th century, musical instrument factories, Miles Medical Company, and numerous mills set up shop and became the base of the economy. In 1934, the first recreational vehicle factory opened in Elkhart. Similar companies followed suit for the remainder of the decade, and the economy continued to grow until the rationing of materials in World War II. After the war, growth picked back up and, by 1949, Elkhart was officially dubbed the "RV Capital of the World."[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

In 1851, the Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana Railroad Company built the first rail line through the city, and by 1852 the first passenger train passed through town. This, in turn, caused major population growth.[8] Today, Norfolk Southern has the biggest railroad presence in town, although Elkhart has 2 other railroads (Shortline-Elkhart and Western (operated by Pioneer Railcorp) and Regional-Grand Elk (operated by Watco). Amtrak has two trains that stop in Elkhart: (Lake Shore Limited and Capital Limited). Canadian Pacific runs 6-8 trains through town on Norfolk Southern's trackage.

In 1867, Elkhart Hydraulic Company built the first hydroelectric dam across the St. Joseph River and by 1870, it powered the city.[9] Today, the dam still produces electric power and is operated by Indiana Michigan Power, a subsidiary of American Electric Power.

In 1889, the second electric streetcar system in the world began operation on the city's streets.[8] It has since been decommissioned.

Name[edit]

Although apparently a name of German or Germanic origin, the etymology of the city's name is disputed. One source argues that the city's Island Park looks like an elk's heart.[9] Another source claims that the origin of the city's name was the Shawnee Indian Chief Elkhart, cousin of the famous Chief Tecumseh, and the father of Princess Mishawaka, the namesake of neighboring Mishawaka.[6][10]

Geography[edit]

Elkhart is located at 41°40′59″N 85°58′8″W / 41.68306°N 85.96889°W / 41.68306; -85.96889 (41.683149, -85.968798).[11]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 24.42 square miles (63.2 km2), of which 23.45 square miles (60.7 km2) (or 96.03%) is land and 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2) (or 3.97%) is water.[1]

The city sits on the St. Joseph and Elkhart Rivers. The Elkhart River drains into the St. Joseph at Island Park just north of downtown. There are also numerous small lakes around the city.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Elkhart, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 32
(0)
34
(1)
46
(8)
59
(15)
70
(21)
80
(27)
84
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
63
(17)
49
(9)
35
(2)
59.1
(15.1)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
48
(9)
58
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
54
(12)
43
(6)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
40.4
(4.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.4
(61)
1.8
(46)
2.8
(71)
3.4
(86)
3.6
(91)
3.7
(94)
3.5
(89)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
3.1
(79)
2.9
(74)
2.6
(66)
36.6
(930)
Source: Weatherbase[12]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 50,949 people, 19,261 households, and 11,942 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,172.7 inhabitants per square mile (838.9 /km2). There were 22,699 housing units at an average density of 968.0 per square mile (373.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.1% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.9% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.5% of the population.

There were 19,261 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 51,874 people, 20,072 households, and 12,506 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,428.0 people per square mile (937.7/km²). There were 21,688 housing units at an average density of 1,015.1 per square mile (392.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.5% White (predominantly German American), 14.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.8% of the population.

Of the 20,072 households, 62.3% were occupied by families, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,863, and the median income for a family was $40,514. Males had a median income of $30,674 versus $22,760 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,890. About 11.1% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Government[edit]

The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council consists of nine members—six are elected from individual districts, while three are elected at-large.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Elkhart from the Riverwalk.

Due to its proximity to the South Bend metropolitan area, the commercial sectors of the city are small. The city's main shopping mall is the Concord Mall, located on the city's south side. A second shopping mall, Pierre Moran Mall, was torn down in 2006 for a new development called Woodland Crossing. Many residents prefer to shop and dine in neighboring Mishawaka due to that city's larger selection of stores and restaurants.

Industry[edit]

Elkhart is best known for two industries: recreational vehicles and musical instruments. It has been referenced as the "RV Capital of the World" and the "Band Instrument Capital of the World" for decades.[14] Other notable industries in Elkhart include; pharmaceuticals, electronic components, manufactured housing and mobile homes. Numerous manufacturers of musical instruments and accessories, of which most of the surviving companies have been absorbed into the Conn-Selmer conglomerate, have a long history in the city. Elkhart is also home to the Robert Young Rail Yards, which are the second-largest freight classification yards in the world.[15]

In 1884, Dr. Franklin Miles launched the Miles Medical Co. in Elkhart, which in later decades produced products such as Alka-Seltzer and Flintstones Vitamins. In 1979, the Miles Medical Co. was purchased by the German company Bayer, and was consolidated into the larger Pittsburgh-based Bayer, Inc. by 1995.[citation needed] By 2006, Bayer had pulled all manufacturing out of Elkhart. Most of the facilities were torn down while just a few buildings remained, mostly unused.

Elkhart is home to many Recreational vehicle (RV) manufacturers, boat manufacturers, and van conversion companies, including Bennington Marine, Forest River Inc, HEARTLAND RVs, Hy-Line, Keystone, Monaco, Skyline, Sun Valley, Travel Supreme, and the 2010 number one retail selling motor-home manufacturer in North America, Thor Motor Coach.[16] Many other manufacturers, including Dutchman, Gulf Stream, and Jayco, can be found nearby in Goshen, Middlebury, Nappanee and Wakarusa.

The city also has retail outlets for Recreational Vehicles such as Campers Inn. In addition, the city is home to some small and large shops which support the RV (Recreational Vehicle) industry, as well as several other companies, such as renowned jeweler, Images, which was founded in Elkhart in a small garage. The Charles R. Walter Piano is also hand-crafted in Elkhart.

Nibco, (Northern Indiana Brass Company), has called Elkhart home for over 100 years and is now a fifth generation family business. NIBCO Inc. manufactures and markets flow control products.

Elkhart Brass Manufacturing has been a cornerstone of Elkhart's industrial base. From its location in the heart of Elkhart's industrial area at West Beardsley Avenue, Elkhart Brass Manufacturing has become a leader in the creation of innovative fire-fighting equipment.[17]

The unemployment rate reached 18.8% in April 2009.[18] Due to Elkhart's recent economic troubles, the city and some of its unemployed residents were featured on the February 8, 2009 edition of ABC News.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Elkhart's riverwalk.

Major roads[edit]

Elkhart is located on The Indiana Toll Road (Interstates 80/90) at exits 92 and 96 and on the eastern portion of the St. Joseph Valley Parkway (U.S. Route 20) which by-passes the southern side of the city. State Road 19 runs through the city while U.S. Route 33 and State Road 120 terminate in the city. U.S. 33 used to run through the city and that route was part of the original Lincoln Highway.

Rail[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, services the Elkhart Train Station. Two routes, the Capitol Limited and Lake Shore Limited stop at the station, along the former New York Central Railroad line. The Capitol Limited connects Chicago to Washington, DC and the Lake Shore Limited connects Chicago to New York City and Boston. Both lines connect to their eastern destinations via Cleveland with one train offered for each direction on each route daily.[20]

Airports[edit]

Elkhart Municipal Airport (EKM) is located on the city's northwest side. No commercial flights are offered but two charter flight services operate out of the airport. South Bend International Airport (SBN) is the closest airport with commercial airline service.

The Mishawaka Pilots Club Airport (3C1) is just outside the southwest edge of the city of Elkhart. Mishawaka Pilots Club Airport is a privately owned, public-use facility.

Interurban Trolley[edit]

Main article: Interurban Trolley

Elkhart is a central hub for the Interurban Trolley regional public bus service, which stops at various destinations throughout the city and connects it to neighboring Goshen, Osceola, Dunlap and Mishawaka. It was originally known as the BUS system. The system's name is derived from its use of vintage-trolley-style buses that run between several different cities and towns, evoking the interurban train networks that were common in United States during the first half of the 20th century. The Interurban Trolley operates each day, except Sundays or major holidays.

Connections to other transit systems[edit]

Bittersweet/Mishawaka Route links up with TRANSPO's Route 9 in Mishawaka, which in turn connects riders to downtown South Bend and the South Shore Station, TRANSPO's transit hub. North Pointe Route stops at Elkhart's Greyhound station. Elkhart-Goshen and Concord routes both stop near the Elkhart Train Station.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Baugo Community Schools serve the southwest side of the city and the west central part of the county. That system is made up of one elementary school (Jimtown Elementary), an intermediate, a junior high, and a high school each named Jimtown.

The Concord Community Schools serve the southeast side of the city of Elkhart and northwest Goshen. This system consists of four elementary schools (East Side, Ox Bow, South Side, and West Side), an intermediate school, a junior high school, and a high school, all named Concord.

The Elkhart Community Schools, the largest district, serve most of the city and the populated northwest side of the county. The system includes one primary school (Roosevelt), thirteen elementary schools (Beardsley, Bristol, Cleveland, Eastwood, Hawthorne, Mary Beck, Mary Daly, Mary Feeser, Monger, Osolo, Pinewood, Riverview, and Woodland), three middle schools (North Side, Pierre Moran, and West Side), two high schools (Central and Memorial), two alternative schools (L.I.F.E) (Tipton Street Center), and the Elkhart Area Career Center.

Private schools[edit]

In addition to the public schools, four private religious schools serve the city. Elkhart Christian Academy (grades K-12), Trinity Lutheran School (K-8), St. Vincent de Paul Catholic School (grades K-6), and St. Thomas the Apostle School (grades K-8) are located in Elkhart. Additionally, Two private secular school exists: The Montessori School of Elkhart on Crawford Street runs from pre-K through Grade 6. Cornerstone Christian Montessori School (K-6)

Higher education[edit]

Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary has been at its south-side location since 1958.

Bethel College of neighboring Mishawaka has a small location on the city's south side.

Indiana Institute of Technology has a small operation on Middlebury Street on the city's east side.

Indiana University South Bend, which is the third largest of the Indiana University campuses, operates an Elkhart Center located in the city's downtown area. The center moved to its downtown location in August 2007.

Ivy Tech Community College is a statewide system of community colleges, as well as the second largest institution of higher education in the state of Indiana, and has a campus on the city's east side. There are plans for a new campus directly off County Road 17, which is a fast-growing commercial and industrial corridor.

Beulah Bible College & Seminary has been at its southwest location since 1995.

Culture[edit]

Theater[edit]

The front of the Lerner Theater, then named the ELCO, in downtown Elkhart.

In 1884, the Bucklen Opera House opened its doors for the first time, with a seating capacity of 1200. It was common for one performance to take place every week. Elkhart's location on the railroad made it a good stopping point for shows traveling from New York to Chicago. In 1896, the first movie was shown in the theater, which was also used as Elkhart High School's auditorium until 1924.[6] The Bucklen was demolished in 1986.

The Lerner Theatre, formerly the ELCO Performing Arts Center, is a small theater located downtown. After being built in 1924 and undergoing two name changes, it became the ELCO in 1934. Ownership switched hands several times, but the end of the Lerner appeared to be in sight when owner William Miller died in 1987. In 1990, the city bought the theater to prevent further deterioration due to vacancy. Also that year, a commission was formed by some locals to oversee restoration. Funding issues led the city to get involved further in the form of getting a federal grant. The grant helped with major upgrades and the hiring of full-time staff.[21]

The ELCO was renamed The Lerner when it reopened after an $11 million renovation and expansion in June 2011. It is now used for a wide range of smaller productions.

Museums[edit]

There are many different museums located in the city.

  • Woodlawn Nature Center is a small natural history museum and activity center that includes 10 acres of woods. It features exhibits and programs for all ages that are designed to connect as many people as possible to nature, natural history and the future of the planet.
  • The Midwest Museum of American Art has over 2500 works in its collection, and also offers 8-10 temporary showings per year.[citation needed]
  • The RV/MH Hall of Fame & Museum was once located in the city, but now has been moved to a new facility along the toll road. Elkhart County is known as being the RV Capital of the World.
  • The Ruthmere Museum (which was the mansion once occupied by Albert R. and Elizabeth Baldwin Beardsley, the descendants of the city's founder) and the "Time Was" Museum are also in Elkhart. They are both small, historical museums that depict what life was like in the early twentieth century.

Recreation[edit]

Elkhart's downtown riverwalk on a wintery evening.

The city has 35 different facilities including parks, pavilions, a waterpark, two skatepark, golf courses, greenways, and the downtown riverwalk, which now features an ice-skating/roller-blading path (depending on the time of year).[citation needed]

At NIBCO Parkway, there is a skating rink which rents skates and serves hot chocolate in the winter months. In the summer, it turns into a free waterspray park. There is a new spray park at McNaughton Park on the city's west side, as well.

Events[edit]

The Elkhart Jazz Festival is a three-day event that takes place in late June on the banks of the Elkhart River. It is known as one of the premier Jazz festivals in the nation. In 2007, the festival celebrated its 20th anniversary.

Each June, the Elkhart Parks and Recreation Department presents Rhapsody in Green. It is a weekend event put on at the city's Island Park. It is a typical summer festival with live music and food.

Also, the Elkhart Air Show is an annual event that takes place at the Elkhart Municipal Airport at the end of July. It features a wide variety of airplanes old and new. The event was canceled in 2007 due to financial issues. It is unclear whether the show is on hiatus or gone for good.[22]

On February 9, 2009 President Barack Obama spoke to a crowd of thousands at Concord High School in an attempt to bolster support for his nearly trillion dollar economic stimulus package.[23][24]

Sports team[edit]

The Elkhart Miracle are a new, independent, minor league baseball team that will begin play in the Northern League in 2014. The stadium will be located on the city's southwest side on State Road 19.[25]

The Elkhart Express was a semi-professional men's basketball team in the International Basketball League. Their home games were played at North Side Gymnasium, located inside Elkhart's North Side Middle School. The franchise began operation in 2006 and won the International Title in 2006 and 2007. The Elkhart Express officially released news that they were folding under bankruptcy on January 5, 2009. In January 2010, head coach and founder Daimon Beathea announced that the Express would return for the 2010 season, but those plans never came to fruition.

Media[edit]

The Elkhart Truth is the main newspaper that serves the city of Elkhart and the county.

Elkhart lies in the South Bend-Elkhart television market, the 89th largest in the United States as of 2008.[26] One television station, WSJV-TV (Fox) is located in the city, along with a number of radio stations including WTRC, WLEG, WCMR, WFRN-FM, and WVPE (NPR).

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c Taylor, Richard D. "History of Elkhart". richarddeantaylor.com. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  7. ^ "The History of the RV and Manufactured Housing Industry in and around Elkhart Indiana". amishcountry.org. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  8. ^ a b "Origins of Elkhart - Transportation". City of Elkhart. 2006-12-28. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  9. ^ a b "Origins of Elkhart - The Early Years". City of Elkhart. 2006-12-28. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  10. ^ Marvin, John. "Background History on St. Joseph County - Costly Victory". St. Joseph County, Michigan. Archived from the original on 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Weatherbase: Weather for Elkhart, Indiana, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on December 20, 2011.
  13. ^ "Elkhart City Fact Sheet". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-02-10. 
  14. ^ "RV Scene". amishcountry.org. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  15. ^ "About Elkhart". The Greater Elkhart Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  16. ^ Year to date data provided by Statistical Surveys, June 2010
  17. ^ "Elkhart Brass: Mission & History". Our Company. elkhartbrass.com. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  18. ^ Pepitone, Julianne (2009-04-29). "Unemployment: 109 cities at 10% or higher". Government survey shows jobless rate grows in all 372 metro areas, with 15% joblessness in 18 of them (cnn.com). Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  19. ^ Tapper, Jake (2009-02-08). "Hoosier Daddy: President Obama to Indiana on Monday". Political Punch (ABC News). Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  20. ^ "Amtrak - Stations - Elkhart, IN (EKH)". Amtrak. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  21. ^ http://www.thelerner.com/about.html
  22. ^ South Bend Tribune: High-flying air show grounded for '07
  23. ^ "Big Crowds Gather At Elhart School To Hear Obama", Chicago Tribune, February 9, 2009 [1]
  24. ^ "President Barack Obama Woos Ordinary Americans With Economic Stimulus Package" The Telegraph, February 9, 2009 [2]
  25. ^ http://www.northernleague.co/news/pressreleases/index.html?article_id=11
  26. ^ New Nielsen market rankings released - Lost Remote TV Blog

External links[edit]