Gerlach, Nevada

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Gerlach, Nevada
Census-designated place
Kluft-photo-CR447-Gerlach-NV-Img 1575.jpg
Location of Gerlach, Nevada
Location of Gerlach, Nevada
Coordinates: 40°39′5″N 119°21′24″W / 40.65139°N 119.35667°W / 40.65139; -119.35667Coordinates: 40°39′5″N 119°21′24″W / 40.65139°N 119.35667°W / 40.65139; -119.35667
Country United States
State Nevada
Area
 • Total 3.1 sq mi (8.1 km2)
 • Land 3.1 sq mi (8.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 206
 • Density 66/sq mi (25/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 89412
Area code(s) 775
FIPS code 32-27300
Website
Reference No. 152
The water tower in Gerlach is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Gerlach, Nevada is a census-designated place (CDP) in Washoe County, Nevada, United States. The population was 206 at the 2010 census.[1] It is part of the RenoSparks Metropolitan Statistical Area. Prior to 2010, Gerlach was part of the Gerlach–Empire census-designated place. The town of Empire is now a separate CDP. The next nearest town, Nixon, is 60 miles (100 km) to the south on a reservation owned by the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe. The Fly Geyser ia located near Gerlach.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Gerlach CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km2), all land.[1] Its elevation is 3,946 ft (1,203 m).

Economy[edit]

The economy of Gerlach focuses on tourism in the nearby Black Rock Desert, and hunting. Gypsum mining was the historic staple of the local economy until 2011. Nearby Empire was a company town of the United States Gypsum Corporation (USG) until the plant closed on January 31, 2011, eliminating 95 jobs.[2][3]

The other major industries are a Union Pacific switching station in Gerlach and public services of Washoe County, which includes its roads department and a K–12 public school owned by the Washoe County School District; the future of the Gerlach K–12 School is unknown, as it is estimated that after the gypsum plant closes only around a dozen children will remain in Gerlach.[2] Many of the inhabitants of Gerlach are elderly retirees. Many people in Gerlach also have small private businesses. Many are Internet-based, due to the town's remote location. Hunters from all over the west travel to Gerlach to hunt a wide variety of game such as chukar, geese, deer, antelope, etc. Joe's Gerlach Club hosts an annual chukar feed in late January. Bruno's restaurant hosts several other private parties in a large room in the back which is available for rent.[citation needed]

Since 1990, Burning Man, a week long countercultural festival with a population of 68,000[4] (as of 2013), has been held nearby. Due to the appearance and actions of many of the participants, local enthusiasm is mixed, but the event is responsible for around 20% of the sales at the few commercial establishments in the area, which include the closest permanent fuel and grocery stops to the event site. The Black Rock Desert is also the site of many other recreational activities, organized and otherwise, throughout the year.[5]

In 2009, the Space Chair was launched into orbit north of Gerlach.

History[edit]

Gerlach was founded in 1906[6] during the construction[7] of the Feather River Route of the Western Pacific Railroad.

Transportation[edit]

Primary highway access to Gerlach is provided by State Route 447. It can also be accessed via three former state highways: State Route 34, State Route 48, and State Route 49 (also known as Jungo Road).

Gerlach has an airfield, simply a graded dirt strip, which is no longer usable. It should not be used unless under emergency.

In film[edit]

Gerlach was one of the film locations for the film Far From Home (1989). Gerlach was also the site for Gary Cooper's first (credited) film, The Winning of Barbara Worth (1926).[8]

Radio[edit]

Gerlach has two non-profit community based radio stations. KFBR-FM 91.5 [9] is run by Friends of Black Rock/High Rock,[10] and has a studio at Jalisco's on Main Street. KLAP-FM[11] 89.5 is run by Open Sky Radio Corp, and broadcast from a studio located at 395 Main Street in the old Gerlach Gas Station and Garage Building Office.

References[edit]