Washoe County, Nevada
|Washoe County, Nevada|
Location in the state of Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Washoe Tribe|
6,551 sq mi (16,967 km²)
6,342 sq mi (16,426 km²)
209 sq mi (541 km²), 3.19%
67/sq mi (25.7/km²)
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Washoe County was created in 1861 as one of the original nine counties of the Nevada Territory. It is named after the Washoe people who originally inhabited the area. It was consolidated with Roop County in 1864. Washoe City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced by Reno in 1871.
In 1911 a small group of Bannock under a leader named "Shoshone Mike" killed four ranchers in Washoe County. A posse was formed, and on February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, and eight of them were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle. Three children and a woman who survived the battle were captured. The remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from the Smithsonian Institution to the Fort Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,551 square miles (16,970 km2), of which, 6,342 square miles (16,430 km2) of it is land and 209 square miles (540 km2) of it is water, 3.19% of the total area.
There are two incorporated cities within the county, namely Reno and Sparks. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should become one combined governmental body. According to unofficial results the day after the election, 54% of voters approved of the ballot measure to consolidate the governments.
Major highways 
Adjacent counties 
- Humboldt County - east
- Pershing County - east
- Churchill County - east
- Lyon County - southeast
- Storey County - south
- Carson City - south
- Placer County, California - southwest
- Nevada County, California - west
- Sierra County, California - west
- Lassen County, California - west
- Modoc County, California - west
- Lake County, Oregon - north
- Harney County, Oregon - northeast
National protected areas 
- Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge
- Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area (part)
- Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Toiyabe National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 339,486 people, 132,084 households, and 83,741 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 143,908 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.41% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 1.82% Native American, 4.28% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 7.67% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. 16.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 132,084 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,815, and the median income for a family was $54,283. Males had a median income of $36,226 versus $27,953 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,277. About 6.70% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.
Census-designated places 
- Cold Springs
- Crystal Bay
- Golden Valley
- Incline Village
- Lemmon Valley
- Spanish Springs
- Sun Valley
Other communities 
- Bartley Ranch
- Border Town
- Buffalo Ranch
- Caughlin Ranch
- Damonte Ranch
- Deep Hole
- Grand View Terrace
- Hidden Valley
- Hot Springs
- Mayberry-Highland Park
- Mira Loma
- New Washoe City
- North Valleys
- Northeast Reno
- Northwest Reno
- Panther Valley
- Pleasant Valley
- Raleigh Heights
- Red Hawk
- Red Rock
- Sand Pass
- Upper Pyramid
- Washoe City
- Washoe Summit
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Washoe County, Nevada
- Reno 911!, a parody cop show set in Washoe County
- Washoe Zephyr, a regional wind referenced by Mark Twain.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- James Shown - Winnemucca, NV. "America's Last Indian Battle". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Ed Hogle memorial". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "NMNH - Repatriation Office - Reports - Great Basin - Nevada". Nmnh.si.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- Voyles, Susan (October 24, 2010). "Combining local governments is questioned on ballot issue". Reno Gazette-Journal.[dead link]
- "Election Results: Nevada". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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||Lake County, Oregon||Harney County, Oregon|
|Nevada County, California; Sierra County, California, California; Lassen County, California; and Modoc County, California||Humboldt County; Pershing County; and Churchill County|
|Placer County, California||Storey County and City of Carson City||Lyon County|