Washoe County, Nevada

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Washoe County, Nevada
Washoe County Courthouse.jpg
Washoe County Courthouse
Seal of Washoe County, Nevada
Seal
Map of Nevada highlighting Washoe County
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded 1861
Named for Washoe Tribe
Seat Reno
Area
 • Total 6,551 sq mi (16,967 km2)
 • Land 6,342 sq mi (16,426 km2)
 • Water 209 sq mi (541 km2), 3.19%
Population
 • (2010) 421,407
 • Density 67/sq mi (25.7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.washoecounty.us

Washoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 421,407.[1] Its county seat is Reno.[2] Washoe County includes the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Washoe County was created in 1861 as one of the original nine counties of the Nevada Territory. It is named after the Washoe people who originally inhabited the area. It was consolidated with Roop County in 1864. Washoe City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced by Reno in 1871.

In 1911 a small group of Bannock under a leader named "Shoshone Mike" killed four ranchers in Washoe County.[3] A posse was formed, and on February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, and eight of them were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle.[4] Three children and a woman who survived the battle were captured. The remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from the Smithsonian Institution to the Fort Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994.[5]

"For decades Paiute children growing up in northern Nevada were required by the federal government to attend a boarding school in Carson City where they learned English, not Paiute."[6]

As of 2013, "Washoe County is the first school district in the state to offer Paiute classes," offering an elective course in the Paiute language at Spanish Springs High School.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,551 square miles (16,967 km2), of which 6,342 square miles (16,426 km2) is land and 209 square miles (541 km2) (3.2%) is water.[7]

The county is notable for sharing a border with thirteen other counties, more than any other county in the United States except San Juan County, Utah, which borders fourteen.

There are two incorporated cities within the county, namely Reno and Sparks. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should become one combined governmental body.[8] According to unofficial results the day after the election, 54% of voters approved of the ballot measure to consolidate the governments.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,091
1880 5,664 83.2%
1890 6,437 13.6%
1900 9,141 42.0%
1910 17,434 90.7%
1920 18,627 6.8%
1930 27,158 45.8%
1940 32,476 19.6%
1950 50,205 54.6%
1960 84,743 68.8%
1970 121,068 42.9%
1980 193,623 59.9%
1990 254,667 31.5%
2000 339,486 33.3%
2010 421,407 24.1%
Est. 2012 429,908 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 339,486 people, 132,084 households, and 83,741 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 143,908 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.41% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 1.82% Native American, 4.28% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 7.67% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. 16.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 132,084 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,815, and the median income for a family was $54,283. Males had a median income of $36,226 versus $27,953 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,277. About 6.70% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Ranching in Washoe County

Other communities[edit]

  • Anderson
  • Arrowcreek
  • Bartley Ranch
  • Beulah
  • Border Town
  • Bronco
  • Buffalo Ranch
  • Caughlin Ranch
  • Copperfield
  • Damonte Ranch
  • Deep Hole
  • Diessner
  • Dodge
  • Flanigan
  • Franktown
  • Galena
  • Glendale
  • Grand View Terrace
  • Heinz
  • Hidden Valley
  • Hot Springs
  • Huffaker
  • Jumbo
  • Lawton
  • Mayberry-Highland Park
  • Mira Loma
  • Montreux
  • Mustang
  • New Washoe City
  • North Valleys
  • Northeast Reno
  • Northwest Reno
  • Olinghouse
  • Panther Valley
  • Patrick
  • Phil
  • Poeville
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Pyramid
  • Raleigh Heights
  • Red Hawk
  • Red Rock
  • Reederville
  • Saddlehorn
  • Sand Pass
  • Sano
  • Steamboat
  • Upper Pyramid
  • Vya
  • Washoe City
  • Washoe Summit
  • Wedekind

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ James Shown - Winnemucca, NV. "America's Last Indian Battle". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  4. ^ "Ed Hogle memorial". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  5. ^ "NMNH - Repatriation Office - Reports - Great Basin - Nevada". Nmnh.si.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  6. ^ a b Joe Hart (Director). "Nevada Proud: Students get a chance to learn native language in school". KRNV, Reno, NV. http://www.mynews4.com/mostpopular/story/Nevada-Proud-Students-get-a-chance-to-learn/evGAng-G2UWy6VLIxRSr-g.cspx. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Voyles, Susan (October 24, 2010). "Combining local governments is questioned on ballot issue". Reno Gazette-Journal. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Election Results: Nevada". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°38′N 119°41′W / 40.63°N 119.68°W / 40.63; -119.68