Germany at the Paralympics

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Germany at the Paralympic Games

Flag of Germany
IPC code  GER
NPC National Paralympic Committee Germany
Website www.dbs-npc.de (German)
Paralympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
Other related appearances
West Germany (1960–1988)
East Germany (1984)

Germany (GER) participated in the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome, where it sent a delegation of nine athletes. The country, since 1949 officially the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), was until 1990 also called West Germany while the separate East German Democratic Republic (GDR) existed, which was recognized by the IOC only after 1964. East German athletes, however, participated in the Paralympics for the first and last time in 1984. Following the reunification of Germany in 1990, athletes from all of Germany compete simply as Germany (GER) again.[1]

Germany has participated in every edition of the Summer Paralympics, and has also taken part in every edition of the Winter Paralympics, from the first in 1976. Germany was the host country of the 1972 Summer Paralympics, in Heidelberg.[2]

Germany has won a total of 1587 Paralympic medals, of which 554 gold, 535 silver and 500 bronze. (And if one adds East Germany's tally, the total rises to 1591.) This is more than any country other than the United States. The International Paralympic Committee, however, maintains separate records for "Germany" (1960–64 and 1992–present) and "West Germany" (due to their separate IPC codes), giving West Germany a total of 873 medals, and Germany a total of 714. This places the "two countries" sixth and seventh, respectively, on the all-time Paralympic Games medal table - behind the United States, Great Britain, Canada, France and Australia.[3]

Germany has consistently been one of the world's strongest nations at the Paralympics. Prior to 2008, at the Summer Games, it had always been among the top ten on the medal tables, and was within the top three on six occasions. In 2008, it dropped to 11th place. At the Winter Games, Germany has always been among the top three, except in 1980 (7th) and 1984 (4th). It topped the medal table at the 1972 Summer Paralympics (which it hosted), and the 1976, 2002 and 2010 Winter Games.[4]

Among Germany's most successful Paralympians are[5]

  • Reinhild Möller, winner of 19 medals (of which 16 gold) in alpine skiing, and 4 medals (of which 3 are gold) in athletics
  • Claudia Hengst: 25 medals (of which 13 gold) in swimming
  • Gerd Schönfelder: 17 medals (of which 12 gold) in alpine skiing
  • Frank Höfle: 17 medals (of which 10 gold) in cross-country skiing.

Medal tallies[edit]

These tallies include the results for both "Germany" and "West Germany". They do not include the four medals of East Germany at the Paralympics.

Summer Paralympics[edit]

Elfriede Ranz (Pilot) and Ursula Egner of Germany on the medal dais after winning silver in the Women's tandem Kilo on the track at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games.
Event Gold Silver Bronze Total Ranking
1960 Summer Paralympics 15 6 9 30 3rd
1964 Summer Paralympics 5 2 5 12 9th
1968 Summer Paralympics 12 12 11 35 6th
1972 Summer Paralympics 28 17 22 67 1st
1976 Summer Paralympics 37 34 26 97 4th
1980 Summer Paralympics 67 48 46 161 3rd
1984 Summer Paralympics 79 77 74 230 5th
1988 Summer Paralympics 76 66 51 193 2nd
1992 Summer Paralympics 61 51 59 171 2nd
1996 Summer Paralympics 40 58 51 149 3rd
2000 Summer Paralympics 16 41 38 95 10th
2004 Summer Paralympics 19 28 31 78 8th
2008 Summer Paralympics 14 25 20 59 11th
2012 Summer Paralympics 18 26 22 66 8th
Total 487 491 465 1443

Winter Paralympics[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze Total Ranking
1976 Winter Paralympics 10 12 6 28 1st
1980 Winter Paralympics 3 5 9 17 7th
1984 Winter Paralympics 10 14 10 34 4th
1988 Winter Paralympics 9 11 10 30 3rd
1992 Winter Paralympics 12 17 9 38 2nd
1994 Winter Paralympics 25 21 18 64 2nd
1998 Winter Paralympics 14 17 13 44 2nd
2002 Winter Paralympics 17 1 15 33 1st
2006 Winter Paralympics 8 5 5 18 2nd
2010 Winter Paralympics 13 5 6 24 1st
Total 121 108 101 330

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  3. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  4. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee