Xylose isomerase

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xylose isomerase
2glk.png
D-Xylose isomerase tetramer from Streptomyces rubiginosus PDB 2glk.[1] One monomer is coloured by secondary structure to highlight the TIM barrel architecture.
Identifiers
EC number 5.3.1.5
CAS number 9023-82-9
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a xylose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

D-xylose \rightleftharpoons D-xylulose

This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those intramolecular oxidoreductases interconverting aldoses and ketoses. The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-xylose aldose-ketose-isomerase. Other names in common use include D-xylose isomerase, D-xylose ketoisomerase, and D-xylose ketol-isomerase. This enzyme participates in pentose and glucuronate interconversions and fructose and mannose metabolism. The enzyme is used industrially to convert glucose to fructose in the manufacture of high-fructose corn syrup. It is sometimes referred to as "glucose isomerase".

Structural studies[edit]

Xylose isomerase enzymes exhibit a TIM barrel fold with the active site in the centre of the barrel and a tetrameric quaternary structure.[2] PDB structures are available in the links in the infobox to the right.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Katz, A. K.; Li, X.; Carrell, H. L.; Hanson, B. L.; Langan, P.; Coates, L.; Schoenborn, B. P.; Glusker, J. P.; Bunick, G. J. (2006). "Locating active-site hydrogen atoms in D-xylose isomerase: Time-of-flight neutron diffraction". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (22): 8342–8347. doi:10.1073/pnas.0602598103. PMC 1482496. PMID 16707576.  edit
  2. ^ http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pdbe-srv/PDBeXplore/enzyme/?ec=5.3.1.5&tab=assemblies