Gresik Regency

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Gresik Regency
Kabupaten Gresik
Regency
Lambang Kabupaten Gresik.png
Motto: Gresik Berhias Iman
Coordinates: 7°9′14″S 112°39′22″E / 7.15389°S 112.65611°E / -7.15389; 112.65611Coordinates: 7°9′14″S 112°39′22″E / 7.15389°S 112.65611°E / -7.15389; 112.65611
Country  Indonesia
Province East Java
Area
 • Total 1,137.05 km2 (439.02 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,177,201
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.gresikkab.go.id
Location of Gresik Regency, next to Surabaya in East Java.

Gresik Regency (older spelling Grissee) is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia. It includes the offshore Bawean Island, some 125 km to the north of Java and Madura. The regency's administrative centre is the town of Gresik, about 25 km to the northwest of Surabaya; Gresik is also the capital of the sub-region of Gerbangkartasusilo, the metropolitan region of the city of Surabaya.

History[edit]

Stone inscription at Gresik
Fish pond in Gresik, colonial period in/before 1926

The port of Gresik-Djaratan has functioned as an important commercial center since the eleventh century, trading with merchants from as far away as China, India, and Arabia. Some of these traders helped spread Islam in the area. In 1487, Sunan Giri, Syech Maulana Malik Ibrahim, also known as Sultan Ainul Yaqin, began to rule Gresik. In his 1515 book, Suma Oriental, the Portuguese apothecary and traveller Tomé Pires described Gresik as "the jewel of Java in trading ports".[1] Sunan Giri's descendants ruled the area for the following two centuries.

In 1974 the Indonesian government made Gresik, now a suburb of the regional capital of Surabaya, the capital of Gerbankartasusilo.

Administration[edit]

The Gresik Regency was divided at 2010 into eighteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[2]

  • Wringinanom (65,411)
  • Driyorejo (120,149)
  • Kedamean (66,715)
  • Menganti (119,278)
  • Cerme (69,217)
  • Benjeng (57,336)
  • Balongpanggang (49,035)
  • Duduksampeyan (43,783)
  • Kebomas (106,259)
  • Gresik (76,594)
  • Manyar (109,949)
  • Bungah (57,689)
  • Sidayu (40,650)
  • Dukun (54,384)
  • Panceng (39,535)
  • Ujungpangkah (41,828)
  • Sangkapura (45,755)
  • Tambak (24,475)

Sangkapura and Tambak districts together constitute the island of Bawean, lying to the north of Madura but administratively a part of Gresik Regency.

Industry[edit]

A large number of industries have established themselves in Gresik, mainly supporting agriculture and agricultural machinery. A lot of home-based industry exists, making caps (songkoks), bags, etc.

One of the largest factories in Gresik are PT. Semen Gresik (Gresik Portland Cement) and PT Petrokimia Gresik. PT. Semen Gresik, the largest cement factory in Indonesia, supplies 41% of the Indonesian market. While PT Petrokimia Gresik, the most complete fertilizer producer in Indonesia, supplies 50% of national subsidized fertilizers.

21st-century Gresik[edit]

The city has a reputation for its many coffee shops, called warkop (from warung kopi). In 2002, Petrokimia Putra (owned by PT Petrokimia Gresik), a soccer club from Gresik, won their first national league title in Jakarta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300 (2nd ed.). London: MacMillan. p. 39. ISBN 0-333-57689-6. 
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

Further reading[edit]

  • Turner, Peter (1997). Java (1st edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 341. ISBN 0-86442-314-4. 

External links[edit]