Promotional art for Grifter #1 (September, 2011).
Art by Cafu and Bit.
|Publisher||WildStorm (May 1995 - August 1997)
DC (September 2011 - Present)
|First appearance||WildC.A.T.S. #1 (August 1992)|
|Created by||Jim Lee
|Alter ego||Cole Cash|
Grifter (Cole Cash) is a fictional comic book superhero who has appeared in books published by Wildstorm Productions and DC Comics. Created by artist Jim Lee and writer Brandon Choi, he first appeared in WildC.A.T.s #1 (August 1992), as a member of that titular superhero team, during the period when Wildstorm and its properties were owned by Jim Lee. In that incarnation, Grifter is a former government operative and member of the military unit Team 7 and the espionage agency International Operations.
In 1999, Lee sold Wildstorm to DC Comics, and ownership of all Wildstorm characters, including Grifter, transferred to DC Comics. His backstory and continuity remained the same, however, until DC's 2011 relaunch of their entire comics line, The New 52, which rebooted the continuity for most of its characters. Since then, the character has starred in his own DC series, and has also made appearances in numerous other DC titles, such as Voodoo, Legion Lost, Team 7, Animal Man and Deathstroke.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Powers and abilities
- 3 In other media
- 4 Reception
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The character debuted in WildC.A.T.S. #1 (August 1992). He was later a major character in the original Team 7 miniseries. In 1997, co-creator Brandon Choi picked this mini-series as his favorite Grifter story, explaining, "I really enjoyed [writer] Chuck Dixon's portrayal of the team members, especially Cole. He really wove Cole's background into the whole Team 7 story in a very believable fashion."
In June 2011, DC Comics announced that Grifter would be incorporated into the DC Universe in a new ongoing series written by Nathan Edmondson and drawn by CAFU as part of its September 2011 relaunch of its comics properties. Beginning with Grifter #9 in May 2012, series writer Nathan Edmondson was replaced with Rob Liefeld. By issue #16, the title was cancelled. 
Cole Cash's natural talent for combat landed him in black ops, taking the dirtiest jobs as part of a squad known as Team 7 (which also included John "Topkick" Lynch, Marc "Backlash" Slayton, Jackson "Arclight" Dane, Philip "Bulleteer" Chang, Stephen "Wraparound" Callahan, Alex "Slaphammer" Fairchild and Michael "Deathblow" Cray). Cash's codename during these operations was Deadeye. The group was deliberately exposed to an experimental chemical called the Gen Factor, which activated a variety of psi powers in them, but which also detrimentally affected their sense of morality and mental health. After the experiment the survivors were classified as Gen 12. Some of their teammates went mad or committed suicide. One had to be put down by his friends. Cole suspects that in fact their own superiors, International Operations (I.O.), were behind the experiment, while their superiors claimed that it was an unknown chemical weapon. Cole grew more and more disgruntled with I.O.'s manipulations and secrecy and rebelled against team-leader John Lynch. Cash took charge and united the team's mental powers against a nuclear weapon that I.O. team-leader Miles Craven fired at Team 7 as a test. Team 7 went into hiding, but was eventually forced to return to I.O. One of the many missions Team 7 performed was destroying the dictatorship of a small African country. Andrew Johnson, one of the members, goes mad and glories in his ability to make people commit suicide. Disgusted, Cole kills Johnson.
Dead, Craven became interested in their childr went into hiding again, while others stayed with I.O. The team finally fell apart and Cole came to work as an assassin for International Operations (I.O.), but he soon became disenchanted with them too. He went freelance, and it was during this period of his life he encountered the ancient Kherubim warrior Zealot. They fell in love, and she took the unprecedented measure of teaching him, a male, the ways of the Coda, the warrior order she had once belonged to. Her Coda-teachings stabilized Cole's sanity and locked away what remained of his psionic powers.[volume & issue needed][volume & issue needed]
Some time later Cole and Zealot broke up; for Zealot it was just another relationship, but Cole had become devoted to her, being eternally grateful to her for restoring his sanity. However they remained on good terms, and both were recruited to become part of Lord Emp's Daemonite hunting team, the WildC.A.T.s. Grifter later quit the team when they had to ally with Hightower, a Daemonite who had killed Grifter's friend Lonely. He rejoined when the team came back from Khera, even being the team's leader for some time. During this time Max Cash, his younger brother, was killed, came back as a zombie and was killed again by Grifter himself. He left the team again after Zealot's apparent death. At this point most of his teammates left as well and the WildC.A.T.s were disbanded.[volume & issue needed]
During a mission for Jack Marlowe - Spartan, Cole's legs were shattered by a FBI double-agent's daughter. Therefore he could no longer operate as Marlowe's field agent. He trained accountant Edwin Dolby (Grifter) to take his place. Dolby turned out to be unsuitable for the violent life that Grifter planned for him and resigned from Halo. After Marlowe apologized to him, he rejoined, but strictly as an accountant. Grifter remodeled the robotic body of former teammate Ladytron as a remote-controlled body for himself.[volume & issue needed]
Several months later, Grifter's legs were healed, a side effect of the dormant Gen-factor according to I.O. scientists. John Lynch, who had woken from his coma, restored Cole's memory. Cole was sent to take down Tao and working together with double-agent Holden Carver, Tao's organization was completely dismantled and Tao was imprisoned.[volume & issue needed]
In the series Captain Atom: Armageddon, Jack Marlowe has died and Cole has taken control of Halo Corporation and all its assets. Much of the series focuses on Cole's hatred of Majestic for his involvement in the death of Marlowe and Cole trying to become a mentor to the new version of his friend, 'The Void'. Much like most of humanity, Cole despises the tyrannical role the Authority has taken over in world affairs. As such, he assists Captain Atom when the latter battles Authority members Apollo and Midnighter. Cole is murdered by Apollo, with a laser blast to the back of the head. Minutes later, the entire universe is rebooted by Void, in the "WorldStorm" storyline. Cole is shown alive, asking his Wildcats teammates if they notice anything odd. 
WildCats vol. 4
The fourth WildCats series has shown Cole to be a man who has attempted to change himself, but keeps getting sucked back in to the hero lifestyle. He appears to be an employee of Hadrian as a core member of the new WildCats team that he is assembling.[volume & issue needed]
Grifter & Midnighter
In March 2007 a mini-series, Grifter & Midnighter was launched, charting the team up between Grifter and Midnighter, written by Chuck Dixon, with art by Ryan Benjamin.
In the alternate timeline of the 2011 "Flashpoint" storyline, Grifter is the leader of the United Kingdom's resistance movement against the Amazons. In a flashback, Grifter assembles Team 7 to battle against Muslim extremists in the Middle East, until they were killed. Grifter was saved by Penny Black (Britannia) and escapes from the Middle East. While Grifter was recovering, the United Kingdom is invaded by the Amazons. Grifter assembles the Resistance to fight against the Amazons. In the present, Lois Lane is rescued by the Resistance from a camp just before she is converted into an Amazon. It is revealed that the Resistance were helping to find Penny's armor prototype at Westminster, as it could turn the war around. While the Resistance are headed towards Westminster, Resistance member Miss Hyde betrays them and contacts the Female Furies. She then tries to make the Resistance surrender by holding a knife to the throat of Lois. However, Miss Hyde regains control of the body and fights the Amazons, allowing the Resistance to gain the upper hand. After they escape the Westminster Palace, Grifter gathers with Britannia, who has then recovered her armor and found a group of released prisoners. The two then lead the Resistance in an all-out battle against the Amazons. Grifter and the Resistance arrive to attack in the Atlantean/Amazon war, and Grifter heralds their arrival by shooting an Atlantean twice in the head. Grifter is killed in battle by Enchantress.
The New 52
With The New 52, the 2011 relaunch of all of DC Comics' series that immediately followed "Flashpoint", Grifter is established to be a former U.S. Army Special Ops soldier who deserted and became a con-artist. During one of his latest cons, Cole Cash is assaulted and abducted by Daemonites, aliens who can "possess" human bodies. Cash is held for 17 days, while a Daemonite attempts to take possession of his body. For unknown reasons Cole wakens prematurely, aborting the transfer and leaving him with the ability to overhear the telepathic communication of Daemonites. He subsequently hijacks a plane and kills several Daemonites disguised as humans resulting in him being wanted for crimes and terrorism. Cash is now wanted by several intelligence agencies and his brother Max, also a military special operative, is tasked with apprehending him. Furthermore, the Daemonites also wish to retrieve Cash in order to maintain their secrecy. On the run from his many pursuers, Cash dons a costume from a costume shop in order to conceal his identity.
Powers and abilities
As a result of the Gen-factor exposure, Grifter had strong powers of telekinesis and telepathy. These powers began to burn out over the years and by the time of the Dead Reckoning mission, his telepathic assault was only enough to give an enemy agent a bloody nose. His Coda-training sealed his powers away, but he can still use them under certain circumstances (usually the presence of another Team 7 member so that they can combine their powers). A side effect of his Gen-factor exposure seems to be accelerated healing. This healing factor also appears to have slowed his aging. He was the youngest member of Team 7, and though over 20 years have passed since his exposure to the Gen-Factor, he still has the appearance and vitality of a man in his mid-to late 20s.[volume & issue needed]
Apart from these superhuman powers, Cole is a talented marksman with both firearms and thrown weapons. He has single-handedly taken down large groups of armed opponents.[volume & issue needed]
In other media
- Grifter appeared in the 2013 animated film Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, voiced by Danny Jacobs. Just like in the alternate Flashpoint timeline, he is a member of the Resistance and meets up with Lois Lane. During the final attack in the Atlantean/Amazonian war, Grifter and the Resistance later assist Batman, Flash, Captain Thunder and Cyborg. During the chaos against the fractions' respective warlords as well as Professor Zoom, he assisted Batman in defeating (and killing) Black Manta by shooting the Atlantean in the head, and is joking referred to as the "boy idiot" by Batman. Grifter is killed in battle after being impaled multiple times by several Amazonians with arrows.
- Grifter appeared in the Playmates Interactive Entertainment's Super Nintendo video game based on the Wild C.A.T.s TV series as one of the supporting non-player characters.
- A Grifter figure from Playmates Toys was released in 1994. In addition, Playmates also produced a "giant" version of Grifter in 1995.
Sales for The New 52 version of Grifter struggled. Despite a strong launch that found the series debut selling 37,100 issues, sales quickly plummeted, selling 14,903 in March 2012. Issue #8, which was Edmondson's last as writer, sold 14,117 issues.
Critical reception for the series was mixed. The A.V. Club's Keith Phipps and Oliver Sava disagreed on the debut issue, with Phipps saying: "It reads like a book that could turn into something, but as a jumping-on point, this didn’t really work for me," while Sava called it "a solid action thriller with a sci-fi twist." MTV Geek largely panned the opening issue, giving it a score of 10/52 and saying "Grifter feels like a series of sort of clever action beats that never got put together as a proper story".
- Brady, Matthew (August 1997). "Character Profile: Grifter". Wizard (72). pp. 124–5.
- "September’s THE EDGE Solicits". The Source. DC Comics. June 13, 2011.
- Renaud, Jeffrey (January 19, 2012). "Rob Liefeld Takes 'Deathstroke,' 'Grifter' & 'Hawkman' to the Extreme". Comic Book Resources.
- Allen, Todd (October 15, 2012). "Liefeld Was Right: DC Cancels Blue Beetle, Legion Lost, Grifter, Frankenstein". Comics Beat.
- Team 7 #1-4. Wildstorm Productions.
- Team 7: Objective Hell #1-3. Wildstorm Productions.
- Team 7: Dead Reckoning #1-4. Wildstorm Productions.
- WildC.A.T.s volume 1 and Grifter. Wildstorm Productions.
- Wildcats 3.0. Wildstorm Productions.
- Sleeper Volume 2. Wildstorm Productions.
- Wildcats: Nemesis. Wildstorm Productions.
- "Captain Atom: Armageddon" #1-8 (2005-2006)
- Johns, Geoff (w), Kubert, Andy (p), Hope-Archer, Sandra (i). "Flashpoint, Chapter Three of Five". Flashpoint #3 (September 2011). DC Comics.
- Flashpoint: Lois Lane and the Resistance #2 (July 2011). DC Comics.
- Flashpoint: Lois Lane and the Resistance #3 (August 2011). DC Comics.
- Johns, Geoff (w), Kubert, Andy (p), Hope-Archer, Sandra; Delperdang, Jesse (i). "Flashpoint, Chapter Five of Five". Flashpoint #5 (October 2011). DC Comics.
- Grifter #2 (October 2011). DC Comics.
- Grifter #1 (September 2011). DC Comics.
- "Top 300 Comics Actual--September 2011". ICV2. October 10, 2011.
- "March 2012 Comic Book Sales Figures". Comichron. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "Top 300 Comics Actual--April 2012". ICv2. May 7, 2012.
- Phipps, Keith; Sava, Oliver (September 16, 2011). "The New DC 52, Week 3 (Green Lantern, Batwoman, Frankenstein, Agent Of S.H.A.D.E. and more)". The A.V. Club
- "New 52: 'Legion Lost,' 'Grifter,' 'Superboy,' and 'Frankenstein: Agent of S.H.A.D.E.'" MTV. September 15, 2011