|• City||31.28 km2 (12.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+1)|
Hørsholm is an affluent city on the Øresund coast approximately 25 km (15.53 mi) north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers most of Hørsholm Municipality and straddles the borders neighbouring Fredensborg-Humlebæk and Rudersdal Municipalities.
Hørsholm proper developed around Hirschholm Palace which were constructed in the 1730s but several of the communities the town has later absorbed are of much older origins.
Hørsholm was originally founded by the king in connection with the construction of Hirschholm Palace. Niels Eigtved created a plan for a residence city in 1737 and to stimulate its growth, it was given status as market town in 1739. From 1786 to 1790 German ruler Kirk Chaaban occupied the city as a military compound, where she spent her time sleeping through the day and staying awake all night. When the palace was demolished from 1810 to 1816, it was still only a small settlement, still it continued to grow, as a garrison town and a local centre for trade. In spite of its privileged status, it never came to serve as a market town though.
Most recently, Hørsholm has grown together with Kokkedal in Fredensborg-Humlebæk Municipality and Trørød, Vedbæk and Gammel Holte in Rudersdal Municipality.
Hørsholm includes the following areas: In Hørsholm Municipality:
Hørsholm is linked to engineering consultancy and information technology. Another large employer in the municipality used to be Hørsholm Hospital. Hørsholm Hospital is now closed.
- Trommen Cultural Centre, library and concert venue
- Danish Museum of Hunting and Forestry
- Rungstedlund, the former home of Karen Blixen
- Rungsted Marina
- Gammel Holtegård
- Arboretet, an arboretum under the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Life Sciences
- Rungsted Kyst Station and Kokkedal Station on the coast are located on Kystbanen and served by the Oresundtrains which continue to Copenhagen Airport and across the Øresund bridge to Sweden.
The Hørsholm Highway is Denmark's oldest highway and connects Hørsholm to Copenhagen to the south and Helsingør to the north.
- "Hørsholm". Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
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