Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway

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Not to be confused with Hainan Western Ring Railway.
Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway
海南西环高速铁路
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
Overview
Type High-speed rail
Status Under construction
Locale (Hainan)
Termini Haikou
Sanya
Services 1
Operation
Opening End of 2014 (Sanya - Sanya Phoenix Airport); 2015 (Sanya Phoenix Airport - Haikou)
Rolling stock CRH1A, CRH380A
Technical
Line length 344 kilometres (214 mi)
No. of tracks FLUG
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway (Chinese: 海南西环高速铁路; pinyin: Hǎinán i huán gāosù tiělù, often abbreviated [海南]西环高铁, [Hǎinán] Xi huán gāotiě[1]) is a high-speed railway under construction in Hainan Province of China. It first section is scheduled to begin operation at the end of 2014.

The 344-km long rail line will run along the western half of the island's coastline, from Haikou Railway Station in the north to Sanya Railway Station. At its two end points, it will connect with the existing Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway (opened in 2010), thus forming a high-speed railway ring around the tropical island.

Unlike the Hainan Eastern Ring Railway, which runs along the coast previously not served by railway (other than at its end points, Haikou and Sanya), the Western Ring Railway will roughly parallel the "conventional" Hainan Western Ring Railway, which has connected Haikou and Sanya since 2005.

History[edit]

The Hainan Western Ring Railway is being constructed in two stages.

The first short section will connect the existing Sanya Railway Station with the new Sanya Phoenix Airport Railway Station, 10 km to the west. The section will have one intermediate station, the Sanya West Railway Station (三亚西站). The construction work on this section (凤三段, Feng-San duan) is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[2]

On the rest of the railway - the much longer section from Sanya Phoenix Airport to Haikou - the construction project, as of 2012, is still in its preliminary phase. Property is acquired, and demolition is conducted. According to the construction plans, 22,300 mu (14.8 km2) of land will be permanently used by the railway and associated facilities, and another 8,800 mu (5.9 km2) will be temporary used during construction. Eighty-seven thousand m2 of housing will be demolished. The plans are to complete the necessary demolitions by the end of 2013.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See e.g., archive of news items on this railway on gaotie.cn
  2. ^ 西环高铁凤三段计划2014年建成 (The Sanya to Fenghuang Airport section of the Western Ring High-Speed Railway is planned to be completed in 2014), 2012-12-13
  3. ^ 西环高铁2013年底完成拆迁 拆迁房屋8.7万平米 (Demolition work for the Western Ring High-speed Railway will be completed by the end of 2013. Eighty-seven thousand square meters of housing will be demolished.) 2012-12-13 (Chinese)