|Frequent-flyer program||Fortune Wings Club|
|Parent company||Grand China Air|
|Headquarters||Haikou, Hainan, China|
|Key people||Chen Feng (Chairman)|
Hainan Airlines Company Limited (HNA) (SSE: 600221) (Chinese: 海南航空公司; pinyin: Hǎinán Hángkōnggōngsī) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, People's Republic of China. It is the largest privately owned air transport company and the fourth largest airline in terms of fleet size in the People's Republic of China. It operates scheduled domestic and international services on 500 routes from Hainan and nine locations on the mainland, as well as charter services. Its main base is Haikou Meilan International Airport, with a hub at Beijing Capital International Airport and several focus cities.
- 1 History and development
- 2 Subsidiaries
- 3 Corporate affairs
- 4 Destinations
- 5 Fleet
- 6 Fortune Wings Club
- 7 Hainan Airlines subsidiaries
- 8 References
- 9 External links
History and development
Hainan Airlines was established in October 1989 as Hainan Province Airlines in Hainan, the largest special economy zone in China. It was then renamed as Hainan Airlines and became China's first joint-stock air-transport enterprise in January 1993 and began scheduled services on 2 May 1993.
Fleet expansion and airport purchase
Executive-jet operations with a Bombardier Learjet 55 were added in April 1995. In 1998, Hainan Airlines became the first Chinese carrier to own shares in an airport after it purchased 25% stake of Haikou Meilan International Airport.
Establishment of holding company
In 2000, HNA Group (Hainan Airlines Group, S: 海航集团, T: 海航集團, P: Hǎiháng Jítuán) was established which became parent company of Hainan Airlines. It also controlled Shanxi Airlines, Chang'an Airlines and China Xinhua Airlines.
By 2003 Hainan, the main airline, overtook Chang'an as the fourth largest airline in China.
On November 30, 2007, a new company called Grand China Airlines Holding Company (GCAHC) was formed under the initiative of the HNA group's largest operational entity, Hainan Airlines. The airline planned to merge its operations with all HNA Group's aviaition subsidiaries. The new holding company was held jointly by Hainan province government (48.6%), HNA group (32.8%) and George Soros (18.6%). As a result, a new airline called Grand China Air was founded. According to the plan, the former four airlines under HNA group, Hainan Airlines, Shanxi Airlines, Chang'an Airlines, and China Xinhua Airlines should be transferred into Grand China Air in the near future.
In addition, HNA Group also invests in other airlines, including Beijing Capital Airlines (70%), Lucky Air (67.95%), Zest Airways (undisclosed but approximated to be at 40%), Africa World Airlines (42%), Tianjin Airlines (20%), Yangtze River Express (51%), Hong Kong Airlines (45%), Hong Kong Express Airways (45%) and Aigle Azur (48%).
Contemporary history (2012–present)
Hainan Airlines and the HNA Group have their headquarters in the HNA Building (S: 海航大厦, T: 海航大廈, P: Hǎiháng Dàshà), a.k.a. the New Haihang Building (S: 新海航大厦, T: 新海航大廈, P: Xīn Hǎiháng Dàshà), Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China. It was previously headquartered in the HNA Development Building a.k.a. the Haihang Development Building (S: 海航发展大厦, T: 海航發展大廈, P: Hǎiháng Fāzhǎn Dàshà) along Haixiu Road in Haikou.
Hainan Airlines has established seven airline bases in Beijing, Xi'an, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, Dalian and Shenzhen, as well as an extensive network across the People's Republic of China, and connecting Asia, Europe, America and Africa. It serves nearly 500 domestic and international routes and flies to more than 90 cities.
Hainan operates international regular flights and offers charter flights to various destinations such as flights from Beijing to Almaty, Toronto, Berlin, Brussels, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Petersburg, Moscow and Chicago; Beijing, Xi'an, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou to Taipei; Beijing, Haikou, Nanning to Bangkok; Hefei via Haikou to Singapore and others. Hainan also received approval from the US DOT to begin nonstop flights between Beijing and Chicago. Starting in June 2014, Hainan began servicing Boston directly with a four times weekly 787 flight from Beijing Capital International Airport. It is the first direct flight between Boston and China. The airline plans to begin service in the second quarter of 2013 with the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. It will become the first Chinese carrier to offer flights between the two cities. Flights from Beijing-Capital to Chicago-O'Hare began on September 3, 2013, initially using Airbus A340-600s, but now utilizing 787-8s.
As of October 2014, the Hainan Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft with an average age of 5.4 years:
On 29 September 2005, HNA Group ordered 42 Boeing 787-8s, 10 of which will join the Hainan Airlines Fleet.
In June 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 13 Airbus A320-200 aircraft.
In late 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 50 Embraer ERJ-145s and 50 Embraer 190s, with a total value (at list price) of $2.7 billion USD. The 50-seat ERJ-145s were produced by the Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry (HEAI) joint venture, located in Harbin. E-190 deliveries began in December 2007. The 106-seat aircraft is configured for single-class service, and produced in São José dos Campos, Brazil. Due to the global financial crisis and huge losses incurred in 2008, the ERJ-145 order was reduced to 25. The E-190 order remained unchanged.
Fortune Wings Club
Hainan Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Fortune Wings Club (simplified Chinese: 金鹏俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 金鵬俱樂部; pinyin: Jīn Péng Jùlèbù). The airlines's subsidiaries Hong Kong Airlines, Hong Kong Express Airways, Lucky Air, China West Air are also parts of the program. It is also possible for passengers to collect miles on the airlines which have codeshares with Hainan Airlines. Members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with Hainan Airlines's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to Elite members which are divided into two tiers: Fortune Wings Gold membership and Silver Card membership. Elite membership get extra services.
Hainan Airlines subsidiaries
While operating one of China's largest commercial Airlines, Hainan Airlines also operates numerous subsidiaries in a variety of related and unrelated industries, including: 11 airports, 47 hotels and inns, 13 financial service providers, 5 marine transport firms and 2 retailers. As February 2013, HNA Group have a subsidiaries with following :
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- HU to invest in ACT CArgo
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- Hainan Airlines International
- "Partnership". Hainan Airlines. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "American, Chinese airline strike code-sharing deal at O'Hare". Chicago Tribune. December 7, 2011.
- "Etihad signs first codeshare deal as it eyes China growth – Transport". ArabianBusiness.com. 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
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- Hainan Airline News, Hainan Airline News, Sep. 02, 2013.
- Hainan Airlines To Lease Three Airbus A340-600's From ILFC (ILFC: December 4, 2007)
- Hainan Airlines. "Notice on Application"
- Elite Membership
- China Business News | Hainan Airlines Establishes Ship Leasing Firm in Shanghai
- Hainan Airlines Granted CAAC Approval to Set Up Fuzhou Airlines by Leon Zheng, at WCARN.com on February 19, 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014
- Hainan Airlines to launch Fuzhou-based airline. Travel Daily Asia. 24 Jan 2014. Retrieved 26 Mar 2014
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