Harlem Shuffle

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For the dance step, see Harlem Shuffle (dance step).
"Harlem Shuffle"
Single by Bob & Earl
B-side "I'll Keep Running Back"
Released 1963
Format 7", 45rpm
Genre Rhythm and blues
Length 2:30
Label Marc Records 104[1]
Writer(s) Fred Smith
Producer(s) Fred Smith
Bob & Earl singles chronology
"Harlem Shuffle"
(1963)
"My Woman"
(1964)

"Harlem Shuffle" is an R&B song written and originally recorded by the duo Bob & Earl in 1963. The tune has been covered by Booker T and the MG's, The Boogie Kings on their self-titled album on the Montel Michelle label (1965), The Fabulous Flippers, a regional band out of Kansas (1966), The Traits, Roy Head's band (Treat her Right) (1967), by John Fred and his Playboy Band on their album Vigon (1967), by The Righteous Brothers on their album Sayin' Somethin (1967), by Bill Deal and the Rhondels (1969), by Johnny and Edgar Winter on their album Together (1976), and by The Belle Stars on their 1983 self-titled album.

More recently, it was covered by The Rolling Stones on their album Dirty Work (1986), "Weird Al" Yankovic (sung as "Harlem Polka") for his polka medley "Polka Party!" (1986), and by the 5.6.7.8's in 2002 on their Teenage Mojo Workout album. Pete Townshend also performed the song with his short-lived band Deep End.

House of Pain sampled the song's opening horn line in their breakthrough single "Jump Around" in 1992.[2]

Bob & Earl[edit]

The original single, co-arranged by Barry White and Gene Page, peaked at #44 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and #36 on the Cash Box chart. However, the record was much more successful upon its UK re-release in 1969, making the Top 10 there.[3] It was released on Marc Records, a subsidiary of Titan Records.

In 2003, the original Bob & Earl version of the song was ranked #23 by the music critics of The Daily Telegraph on their list of the "50 Best Duets Ever".[4]

Chart performance[edit]

The Rolling Stones[edit]

"Harlem Shuffle"
Single by The Rolling Stones
from the album Dirty Work
B-side "Had It With You"
Released February 28, 1986
Format CD, 7"
Recorded April - October, 1985
Genre Pop rock, dance-rock[10]
Length 3:23 (7" single)
6:19 (12" "London Mix")
6:35 (12" "New York Mix")
Label Rolling Stones
Writer(s) Bob Relf, Earl Nelson
Producer(s) Steve Lillywhite and The Glimmer Twins
The Rolling Stones singles chronology
"She Was Hot"
(1983)
"Harlem Shuffle"
(1986)
"One Hit (To the Body)"
(1986)

The Rolling Stones' cover version, with Bobby Womack on backing vocals, appeared on their 1986 album Dirty Work, and went to #5 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and #13 in the UK. Keith Richards had been looking for songs to possibly include on the album and had been working up songs with Ronnie Wood and Womack while waiting for Jagger to return to the studio in Paris after doing promo work on his solo album. To Richards's surprise, Jagger liked the feel and cut the vocals quickly. It became the first cover song the Stones had released as an opening single off a new studio album since 1965. It opens with:

You move it to the left and you go for yourself
You move it to the right yeah if it takes all night
Now take it kinda slow with a whole lot of soul
.

In 1986, a 12" extended single mix of the song was released. One side contained the "London Mix" and ran 6:19. The other side had a "New York Mix" and ran 6:35. Both mixes were variations of the 7" mix. The "New York Mix" is available on the CD, Rarities 1971–2003, although it has been edited to 5:48. Both full-length 12" versions can be found on Disc 25 of Singles 1971–2006.

Music video[edit]

The Rolling Stones produced an accompanying three-minute music video, which combined live-action and animation. The live-action was directed by famous animation director Ralph Bakshi and the animation was directed by future The Ren & Stimpy Show creator John Kricfalusi.[11] Other animators who also worked on the video included Lynne Naylor, Jim Smith, Bob Jaques, Vicky Jenson, Pat Ventura and two other unknown animators.[12]

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1986) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[13] 6
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[14] 13
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[15] 4
Belgium (VRT Top 30 Flanders)[16] 4
Canada (RPM 100 Singles)[17] 5
France (SNEP)[18] 28
Germany (Media Control Charts)[19] 11
Ireland (IRMA)[20] 8
Italy (FIMI)[21] 7
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[22] 5
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[23] 5
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[24] 1
Norway (VG-lista)[25] 6
Poland (Polish Singles Chart)[26] 24
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[27] 11
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[28] 10
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[29] 13
US Billboard Hot 100[30] 5
US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play1 [30] 4
US Billboard Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales1 [30] 5
US Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks[30] 2

1Remix

References[edit]

  1. ^ "45 Discography for Marc Records". Global Dog Productions. Globaldogproductions.info. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ "House of Pain's Jump Around sample of Bob & Earl's Harlem Shuffle". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bob & Earl Page". Soulwalking.co.uk. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  4. ^ "List of the 50 Best Duets Ever". The Daily Telegraph. November 8, 2003. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Bob & Earl awards at Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ultratop.be – Bob And Earl – Harlem Shuffle" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  7. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Bob And Earl - Harlem Shuffle search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  8. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Bob And Earl – Harlem Shuffle" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  9. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  10. ^ Ken Tucker (April 6, 1986). "R&B Gets The Superstar Treatment". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved June 28, 2013.  "The Stones raise the rhythm-and-blues issue explicitly on "Harlem Shuffle," the first single to be released from Dirty Work. (...) Mick Jagger smears the lyrics with lascivious glee, while the rest of the band attempts to turn the tune into a hip dance-rock number."
  11. ^ Ray Broadus Browne, Pat Browne (2001). Popular Press, ed. The Guide to United States Popular Culture. p. 676. ISBN 978-0-87972-821-2. 
  12. ^ "Classic Cartoons: Harlem Shuffle". Classiccartoons.blogspot.com. September 20, 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  13. ^ bulion. "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts - CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". ARIA. Australian-charts.com. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  15. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  16. ^ "Harlem Shuffle - ROLLING STONES". VRT (in Dutch). Top30-2.radio2.be. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  Hoogste notering in de top 30 : 4
  17. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 44, No. 4, April 19, 1986". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved June 28, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Lescharts.com – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  19. ^ "The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  20. ^ "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". IRMA. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  Only one result when searching "Harlem shuffle"
  21. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1986". HitParadeItalia (in Italian). Creative Commons. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
    61. Harlem shuffle - The Rolling Stones [#7]
  22. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – The Rolling Stones - Harlem Shuffle search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  23. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  24. ^ "Charts.org.nz – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  25. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle". VG-lista. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  26. ^ "THE HARLEM SHUFFLE - The Rolling Stones". Nowe Media, Polskie Radio S.A. LP3.polskieradio.pl. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle". Singles Top 60. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  28. ^ "The Rolling Stones – Harlem Shuffle – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  29. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d "Dirty Work awards at Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 29, 2013.