Portal:North East England

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The North East England Portal

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North-east England is a region in the United Kingdom, comprising Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, the Tees Valley and a small part of North Yorkshire.

The principal city of the region is Newcastle upon Tyne; the region's other cities are Sunderland and Durham. Middlesbrough is another large town. Conversely, Northumberland (to the north of all these cities) is England's most sparsely-populated county; it contains the highest point in the North East, The Cheviot, at 815m.

The region has a rich natural heritage, and includes the Northumberland National Park. The North East has several different accents (the Northern English dialect). A referendum, held on 4 November 2004, rejected the establishment of an elected regional assembly for the region.

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The nave of Durham Cathedral, showing the earliest vaulted ceiling in England.

Durham Cathedral was founded in AD 1093 and is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Durham. The cathedral is regarded as one of the finest examples of Norman architecture and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nearby Durham Castle, which faces it across Palace Green. Durham Cathedral occupies a strategic position on a promontory high above the River Wear.

The present cathedral replaced the 10th century "White Church", built as part of a monastic foundation to house the shrine of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. Its treasures include relics of St Cuthbert, the head of St Oswald of Northumbria and the remains of the Venerable Bede. There are daily Church of England services at the Cathedral, with the Durham Cathedral Choir singing daily except Mondays and when the choir is on holiday. The cathedral is a major tourist attraction within the region, the central tower of 217 feet (66 m) giving views of the City of Durham and the surrounding area.

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Newcastle Quayside with bridges.jpg

Gateshead lies on the southern bank of the River Tyne. Its quayside was historically a busy industrial port, but is now a centre for culture; both the Sage Gateshead and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art are visible in this picture. Originally part of County Durham, Gateshead became part of the county of Tyne and Wear in 1974 and together with Newcastle upon Tyne on the north bank they form the urban core of the Tyneside conurbation. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne; the silhouettes of the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, the Tyne Bridge and the High Level Bridge are visible here.

Selected biography

The Venerable Bede translates John 1902.jpg

Bede (672/673 – 26 May 735), also referred to as Saint Bede or the Venerable Bede (Latin: Bēda Venerābilis), was an English monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth and of its companion monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow (see Monkwearmouth-Jarrow), both in the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) gained him the title "The Father of English History".

In 1899, Bede was made a Doctor of the Church by Leo XIII, a position of theological significance; he is the only native of Great Britain to achieve this designation (Anselm of Canterbury, also a Doctor of the Church, was originally from Italy). Bede was moreover a skilled linguist and translator, and his work with the Latin and Greek writings of the early Church Fathers contributed significantly to English Christianity, making the writings much more accessible to his fellow Anglo-Saxons. Bede's monastery had access to a superb library which included works by Eusebius and Orosius among many others.

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North East England lists

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  • Northern English (N.B. This category covers all of northern England, so includes dialects spoken outside the north-east region)

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