HSH's infrastructure runs east to Pogradec, south to Vlorë and north to Shkodër. There is also a branch line to capital city Tirana. The network was extended beyond Shkodër in the 1980s into what is now Montenegro, via the Albanian border town of Han i Hotit. But that section of the system is for freight only. There is also no physical rail connection between Albania and neighbouring Macedonia as well as Greece.
HSH is totally non-electrified, and trains are hauled by CzechoslovakT-669 diesel electric locomotives. The entire system is normally single-track, with bypasses at various points throughout the system. Second-hand passenger rolling stock from Germany's DB, Italy's FS, Austria's ÖBB, or Polish State Railways (PKP) is used on the system. Trains have suffered from vandalism such as the throwing of rocks from the outside or damages to the interior. Periodically, some lines do not run on full schedule as parts of the rail track are stolen for iron scrap. Plans exist to upgrade the Durrës–Tiranë line starting in 2013 although a similar previous plan was rejected by the Albanian government.
French stock, bought secondhand in 1980's. Originally constructed between 1956 and 1962 in a serie of 318 coaches, reconstructed from 1900-1920 PLM coaches. In France called 'modernisées Sud Est' of 'Bruhat'