Hekurudha Shqiptare

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Hekurudha Shqiptare
Hekurudha Shqiptarë.svg
Hekurudha e Shqipërisë.jpg
Train between Tirana and Durrës
Locale Albania
Dates of operation 1945–
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Headquarters Durrës
Website http://www.hsh.com.al/

Hekurudha Shqiptare or HSH (Albanian Railways) is Albania's national company that governs the Albanian Railway System. The network's main terminal is in the port city Durrës.

HSH's infrastructure runs east to Pogradec, south to Vlorë and north to Shkodër. There is also a branch line to capital city Tirana. The network was extended beyond Shkodër in the 1980s into what is now Montenegro, via the Albanian border town of Han i Hotit. But that section of the system is for freight only. There is also no physical rail connection between Albania and neighbouring Macedonia as well as Greece.

HSH is totally non-electrified, and trains are hauled by Czechoslovak T-669 diesel electric locomotives. The entire system is normally single-track, with bypasses at various points throughout the system. Second-hand passenger rolling stock from Germany's DB, Italy's FS, Austria's ÖBB, or Polish State Railways (PKP) is used on the system. Trains have suffered from vandalism such as the throwing of rocks from the outside or damages to the interior. Periodically, some lines do not run on full schedule as parts of the rail track are stolen for iron scrap. Plans exist to upgrade the Durrës–Tiranë line starting in 2013 although a similar previous plan was rejected by the Albanian government.[citation needed]

Passenger services[edit]

As of january 20th 2014 until further notice, following daily trains are in service:[1]

  • 07:20 Durrës - 10:06 Elbasan - 11:00 Librazhd
  • 15:10 Durrës - 17:55 Elbasan
  • 06:00 Elbasan - 08:43 Durrës
  • 12:15 Librazhd - 13:05 Elbasan - 15:53 Durrës
  • 05:45 Shkodër - 09:40 Durrës
  • 13:00 Durrës - 17:05 Shkodër
  • 05:00 Vlorë - 09:45 Durrës
  • 13:25 Durrës - 18:16 Vlorë

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
T-669 1000 02.10.13 Vorë T669.1057 (10101257713).jpg DE locomotive 90 61 (series 1001-1061) [2] 1978

Carriages[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
AB 39-78 Albania trains 4.jpg 11 (series 401-411) Former Italian coaches[3] >1959
458 HSH Tirana.JPG 45 Former Austria[2] Former Austrian numbers 50 81 20-04 000-059. Arrived around 1999
Pafawag 8 (series 52-59) Former Poland typ Osshd Y. Not sure if new or secondhand[4] 1981
Pafawag Bwixd[3] 67 HSH Tirana.JPG 10 (series 61-70) Former Poland typ Halberstadt/120A. Not sure if new or secondhand[4] 67 stil in service in 2009. 1981
HSH Silberlinge 2.JPG By, Byuu, ABy 12. Series 51 41 21-43 013 - 24[2] Silberling, bought secondhand from Germany. German numbers 51 80 21 43
FS HSH Tirana 2.JPG UIC-X 63 (series 301-?) Former Italian coaches series type B 29-38, B 29-40, B 29-70[3] 1992-1993
A 19-40 5 (series 501-505) Former Italian coaches[3]

Retired[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
Class 56.3400 434.1 digital.jpeg 1'D h2 Steam locomotive 4 A gift from Sovjet Union, this former Austrian and Hungarian rolling stock was a trophy from the WOII.[4]
Class 20 Steam locomotive 2 19?
Class 31 Steam locomotive 1 (31) Steamless shunter 1940
Class 72 Steam locomotive 1 (72) 1941
Class 01 TKt48-2.jpg 1'D1 ' 2-8-2 Steam locomotive 80 6 (TKt 48.01-48.06) New, built in Poland. Similar to Polish TKt48 class.[4] Possible in service until 1991.[3] 1951, 1952
Schnellzugwagen.jpg 5 Former German 'Schnellzugwagen' type AB4ü-28. Probably a gift from Sovjet Union, this rolling stock was a trophy from the WOII. Present during the 1949 opening of the first Albanian railway.[4]
Krauss-Maffei 2000 DB 221 125-8.JPG DE locomotive 140 5 (2001-2005) Former German locomotives DB Class 221, bought secondhand in 1989. Shipped in 1989-1990. Taken out of service around 1993. Most scrapped. 1956
T435 0500 720 1.jpg DE locomotive 60 10 Identical to Czech 720 class. In 2009, 0524, 0526, 0591 were found in Prenjas. 1958
T211 0450 DE locomotive 40 4 Identical to Czech T211 class 1959
T458/459 1500 DE locomotive 80 8 Identical to Czech T458 class. In 2009, 1523, 1525, 1526, 1530, 1531 were found in Prenjas 1963
D 10 (01-10) Chinese built bagage vans. Originally green, later brown colored.[3] Some were seen in 2011, out of service. 1966-1972
B 41 (70-110) Chinese built second class stock.[3] 1966-1972
4 (series 151-154) Second class coach. Built byu Shkodër Wagon Works[3] 1980's
4 (series 151-154) Second class coach. Built byu Shkodër Wagon Works[3] 1980's
B10t (type Bruhat) Voiture Bruhat.jpg 140 43 (series 201-243) (in France: 50 87 20-47 423, 491, 496-812) French stock, bought secondhand in 1980's. Originally constructed between 1956 and 1962 in a serie of 318 coaches, reconstructed from 1900-1920 PLM coaches. In France called 'modernisées Sud Est' of 'Bruhat'[3] 1981-1982

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ HSH Official timetable
  2. ^ a b c Focken, Heiki (2008), Lok Report: Albanien. Auf Schienen durch das Land der Skipetaren,
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Angelfire.com: HSH Passenger Stocklist
  4. ^ a b c d e Drehscheibe Online

External links[edit]