National Railway Company of Belgium
|Revenue||€ 2.296.6 billion (2012)|
|Operating income||€ 6.306,5 million (2012)|
|Net income||€ -152.3 million (2012)|
The National Belgian Railway Company – Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen (NMBS) in Dutch / Société nationale des chemins de fer belges (SNCB) in French – is the Belgian national railway operator. The company officially styles itself NMBS/SNCB, although it is commonly referred to in English as "Belgian Railways" or "Belgian Rail". The corporate logo, which was designed in 1936 by Henry van de Velde, consists of the linguistically neutral letter B in a horizontal oval. Belgium has the densest rail network in the world.
NMBS/SNCB is an autonomous government company, formed in 1926 as successor to the Belgian State Railways. In 2005, the company was split up into three parts: Infrabel, which manages the railway infrastructure, network operations and network access, the public railway operator NMBS/SNCB itself to manage the freight (B-Cargo) and passenger services, and NMBS/SNCB-Holding, which owns both public companies and supervises the collaboration between them. Essentially, this was a move to facilitate future liberalisation of railway freight and passenger services in agreement with European regulations. Several freight operators have since received access permissions for the Belgian network. In February 2011, NMBS/SNCB Logistics began operating as a separate business.
Faced with rising losses, in June 2012, the Belgian transport minister announced further reform: NMBS/SNCB Holding would be split up, so NMBS/SNCB (the train operator) would be separate from Infrabel (the infrastructure owner). Unions oppose the reform.
In 2008 the NMBS/SNCB carried 207 million passengers a total of 8,676 million passenger-kilometres over a network of 3,536 kilometres (of which 2,950 km are electrified, mainly at 3000 V DC and 351 km at 25 kV 50 Hz AC).
The network currently includes four high speed lines suitable for 300 km/h (190 mph) traffic: HSL 1 runs from just south of Brussels to the French border, where it continues to a triangular junction with LGV Nord for Paris and Lille (and London beyond that), HSL 2 runs from Leuven to Liège, HSL 3 runs from Liège to the German border near Aachen and HSL 4 connects with HSL-Zuid in the Netherlands to allow services to run from Antwerp to Rotterdam. All lines are equipped with ERTMS (ETCS level 2 + GSM-R, access and fall-back in level 1).
- History of rail transport in Belgium
- List of railway lines in Belgium
- List of SNCB/NMBS classes
- Rail transport in Belgium
- Transportation in Belgium
- pronunciation (help·info)
- "Official website of NMBS/SNCB". B-rail.be. 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Official website of NMBS/SNCB - Home". Belgianrail.be. 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Railteam – Travel Information". Eurostar. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- thalys.com. "Find all information on the Thalys company". Thalys.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Railway Gazette: SNCB Logistics gains independence". Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Reforms proposed to cut SNCB losses – Railway Gazette". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- (French) Jobs B-Rail. Jobs.b-rail.be.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Railway Company of Belgium.|
- Bueker.net – Map of the Belgian, Dutch and Luxemburg rail networks
- SNCB website (note that the travel planner, when applied to a foreign country, e.g. the Netherlands, may recommend odd detours, due to the selection of train services in the database)
- List of train stations
- Lijst van NMBS-stations (Dutch)
- Collection of Google Earth locations of SNCB stations (requires Google Earth software) from the Google Earth Community forum.