List of non-marine molluscs of the Czech Republic

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Location of the Czech Republic

This is a list of the non-marine molluscs of the Czech Republic. That country is land-locked and therefore it has no marine molluscs, only land and freshwater species, including snails, slugs, freshwater clams and freshwater mussels. There are 247[1] species of molluscs living in the wild in the Czech Republic. In addition there are at least 11 gastropod species surviving in greenhouses.

There are 219[1] gastropod species (50[1] freshwater and 169[1] land species) and 28[1] bivalve species living in the wild.

There are also 11 introduced gastropod species (5 freshwater and 7 land species) and 4 bivalve species living in the wild in the Czech Republic. This is a total of 9 freshwater non-indigenous species living in natural habitats.

Summary table of number of species
Bohemia Moravia (including Czech Silesia) the Czech Republic
freshwater gastropods 44 44 50[1]
land gastropods 155 151 169[1]
gastropods altogether 199 195 219[1]
bivalves 28 27 28[1]
molluscs altogether 227 222 247[1]
non-indigenous gastropods in natural habitats 6 freshwater[1] and 10 land[1] 4 freshwater[1] and 5 land[1] 5 freshwater[1] (Bithynia troschelii is non-indigenous in Bohemia and indigenous in Moravia) and 7 land[1] (2 are in Moravia only, 3 are in both, 7 are in Bohemia only)
non-indigenous gastropods in synantropic habitats 11
non-indigenous bivalves in natural habitats 3[1] 1[1] 3[1]
non-indigenous bivalves in synantropic habitats 0 0 0
non-indigenous molluscs altogether 26

There are 2 endemic species of molluscs in the Czech Republic:

History[edit]

Historical lists from 19th century or overviews of Czech malacofauna include works by Schöbl (1860), Slavík (1868) and Uličný (1892–95).[2][3]

Lists by Vojen Ložek include work Ložek (1948) for Bohemia. Following works include lists for whole Czechoslovakia for recent species: Ložek (1949), Ložek (1956)[4] and list including Quaternary species: Ložek (1964).[5]

Lists for freshwater species include: Beran (1998)[6] and Beran (2002).[7]

Conservation status of all 237 species include list by Juřičková et al. (2001).[8] There is also available red list based on that 2001 list.[9] Threatened species only include list by Beran et al. (2005).[10] List by Juřičková et al. (2008)[11] has included 245 species. List by Horsák et al. (2010) has included 247 species.[1]

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

There are only families and species in the list. The Czech name is in parentheses. Listed is the occurrence in Bohemia or in Moravia (and if it is a non-indigenous or locally extinct species). Non-indigenous species only occurring in greenhouses in the Czech Republic are noted separately after the list. Freshwater gastropods in the Czech Republic include:

Neritidae
Viviparidae
Hydrobiidae
The introduced freshwater gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum
Amnicolidae
Lithoglyphidae
Bithyniidae
Valvatidae
Acroloxidae
Lymnaeidae
Physidae
Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

Land gastropods in the Czech Republic include:

Aciculidae
Ellobiidae
Cochlicopidae
Orculidae
Chondrinidae
Pupillidae
  • (zrnovka slatinná) Pupilla pratensis (Clessin, 1871)[13] Pupilla pratensis was elevated to its species level in 2009.[14] The later revision showed that Pupilla alpicola does not live in the Czech Republic and all of them are Pupilla pratensis in that country.[13] Pupilla alpicola (Charpentier, 1837) (in Czech: zrnovka alpská) has been listed as a part of fauna of the Czech Republic for a long time (as probably extinct in Bohemia and critically endangered (CR) in Moravia).[1][15]
  • (zrnovka mechová) Pupilla muscorum (Linnaeus, 1758) - Bohemia, Moravia[1]
  • (zrnovka žebernatá) Pupilla sterrii (Voith, 1840) - Bohemia, Moravia[1]
  • (zrnovka třízubá) Pupilla triplicata (Studer, 1820) - Bohemia, Moravia[1]
Pyramidulidae
Valloniidae
Vertiginidae
Enidae
  • (trojzubka stepní) Chondrula tridens (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (hladovka horská) Ena montana (Draparnaud, 1801) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (hladovka chlumní) Merdigera obscura (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (lačník stepní) Zebrina detrita (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
Clausiliidae
Balea biplicata is most common species of Clausiliidae family in the Czech Republic
Succineidae
Ferussaciidae
Punctidae
Helicodiscidae
Discidae
Gastrodontidae
Euconulidae
Oxychilidae
Pristilomatidae
Vitrinidae
Zonitidae
Milacidae
Limacidae
Agriolimacidae
Boettgerillidae
Arionidae
  • (plzák alpský) Arion obesoductus Reischütz, 1973 - synonym: Arion alpinus auctt. non Pollonera, 1887 - Bohemia, Moravia[1]
  • (plzák žíhaný) Arion circumscriptus Johnston, 1828 - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák obecný) Arion distinctus Mabille, 1868 - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák žlutopruhý) Arion fasciatus (Nilsson, 1823) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák nejmenší) Arion intermedius (Normand, 1852) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák španělský) Arion vulgaris (Moquin-Tandon, 1855) - non-indigenous since 1991, Bohemia non-indigenous, Moravia non-indigenous[1]
  • (plzák lesní) Arion rufus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák hajní) Arion silvaticus Lohmander, 1937 - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (plzák hnědý) Arion fuscus (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
Bradybaenidae
Helicodontidae
Hygromiidae
Helicidae

Freshwater bivalves[edit]

Freshwater bivalves in the Czech Republic include:

Unionoida
Margaritiferidae
Unionidae
Veneroida
Corbiculidae
Sphaeriidae
Dreissenidae
  • (slávička mnohotvárná) Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) - non-indigenous in Bohemia, in southern Moravia is probably native[1]

Synanthropic species[edit]

These species do not live in the wild or are not recorded in the wild yet, but they live in greenhouses and similar biotopes, as "hothouse alien" species.[27][28][29]

List (alphabetically according scientific name):

  • Discus rotundatus f. pyramidalis Jeffreys - form of Discus rotundatus (native species) inhabiting greenhouses
  1. (křivoústka liberijská) Gulella io Verdcourt, 1974[1][30]
  2. (kružník čínský) Gyraulus chinensis (Dunker, 1848)[1][31]
  3. (skelnatěnka drobná) Hawaiia minuscula (Binney, 1840)[1][32]
  4. (subulína paličkovitá) Lamellaxis clavulinus (Potiez & Michaud, 1838)[1]
  5. (podkornatka iberská) Lehmannia valentiana (Férussac, 1823)[1]
  6. (piskořka hrbolkovitá) Melanoides tuberculata (O. F. Müller, 1774)[1]
  7. (subulína malá) Opeas pumilum (L. Pfeiffer, 1840)[1]
  8. one of the following two similar species:
    1. Helisoma anceps (Menke, 1830) - synonym: (okružákovec kýlnatý) Planorbella anceps (Menke, 1830)[1]
    2. (okružákovec floridský) Planorbella duryi (Wetherby, 1879)[1] - It was incorrectly noted as Planorbella trivolvis (Say, 1817) (mentioned under invalid name Helisoma trivolvis).
  9. (ampulárka argentinská) Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856)[1]
  10. (blátivka americká) Pseudosuccinea columella (Say, 1817)[1]
  11. (subulína americká) Subulina octona (Bruguière, 1798)[1][33]

See also[edit]

Lists of non-marine molluscs of surrounding countries:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et (Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  2. ^ (Czech) Uličný J. (1892-1895) Měkkýši čeští. Přírodovědecký klub, Praha, 4 volumes, 208 pp.
  3. ^ History of the Czech malacozoology. accessed 15 November 2010.
  4. ^ (Czech) Ložek V. (1956) Klíč československých měkkýšů. Vydav. Slov. akad. vied SAV, Bratislava, 425 pp.
  5. ^ (German) Ložek V. (1964) "Quartärmollusken der Tschechoslowakei". Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického, 31. Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha sv. 31, 374 pp., 32 tab., 4 supplements.
  6. ^ (Czech) Beran L. (1998) Vodní měkkýši ČR. Metodika ČSOP 17, ČSOP Vlašim, 113 pp.
  7. ^ a b (Czech) (with English summary) Beran L. (2002) Vodní měkkýši České Republiky - rozšíření a jeho změny, stanoviště, šíření, ohrožení a ochrana, červený seznam. Aquatic moluscs of the Czech Republic - distribution and its changes, habitats, dispersal, threat and protection, Red List. - Sborník přírodovědného klubu v Uherském Hradišti, Supplementum 10, 258 pp.
  8. ^ Juřičková L., Horsák M. & Beran L. (2001). "Check–list of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 65: 25-40.
  9. ^ Red List of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. Accessed 15 November 2010.
  10. ^ (Czech) (with English summary) Beran L., Juřičková L. & Horsák M. (2005) Mollusca (měkkýši), pp. 69-74. – In: Farkač J., Král D. & Škorpík M. [eds.] Červený seznam ohrožených druhů České republiky. Bezobratlí. Red list of threatened species in the Czech Republic. Invertebrates. Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR, Praha, 760 pp.
  11. ^ Juřičková L., Horsák M., Beran L. & Dvořák L. (Last update: 30 May 2007) Check-list of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. http://mollusca.sav.sk/malacology/checklist.htm
  12. ^ Beran L. & Horsák M. (28 April 2009) "Distribution of Bithynia leachii (Sheppard, 1823) and Bithynia troschelii (Paasch, 1842) (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae) in the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 19-23. PDF.
  13. ^ a b (Czech) Škodová J. & Horsák M. (2010). "Zrnovka slatinná (Pupilla pratensis (Clessin, 1871), Gastropoda) - staronový druh našich mokřadů. In: Bryja J. & Zasadil P. (eds.) Zoologické dny Praha 2010. Sborník abstraktů z konference 11.-12. února 2010. Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, Brno, ISBN 978-80-87189-07-8. Pages 214-215.
  14. ^ von Proschwitz T., Schander C., Jueg U. & Thorkildsen S. (2009). "Morphology, ecology and DNA-barcoding distinguish Pupilla pratensis (Clessin, 1871) from Pupilla muscorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pulmonata: Pupillidae)". Journal of Molluscan Studies 75(4): 315-322. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyp038.
  15. ^ "Red List of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic". accessed 30 July 2010.
  16. ^ Schenková V.& Horsák M. (2013): Refugial Populations of Vertigo lilljeborgi and V. genesii (Vertiginidae): New Isolated Occurrences in Central Europe, Ecology and Distribution. American Malacological Bulletin, 31(2):323-329.
  17. ^ Horsák M., Šteffek J., Čejka T., Ložek V. & Juřičková L. (2009). "Occurrence of Lucilla scintilla (R.T. Lowe, 1852) and Lucilla singleyana (Pilsbry, 1890) in the Czech and Slovak Republics – with remarks how to distinguish these two non-native minute snails". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 24-27. PDF.
  18. ^ Dvořák L. & Kupka L. (2007). "The first outdoor find of an American snail Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816) from the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 6: 1-2. PDF.
  19. ^ Horsák M. & Myšák J. (2008). "The first records of Aegopinella ressmanni (Westerlund, 1883) in the Czech Republic extends its distribution range northwards". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 7: 47–50. PDF.
  20. ^ Horsák M. & Dvořák L. (2003) "First records of the introduced slug Deroceras panormitanum (Lessona et Pollonera, 1882) from the Czech Republic (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Agriolimacidae)". Folia Malacologica 11: 57-58.
  21. ^ Hlaváč J. Č. & Peltanová A. (2010). "First occurrence of the Kentish Snail Monacha cantiana (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Hygromiidae) in the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 9: 11-15. PDF
  22. ^ Říhová D. & Juřičková L. (2011). "The Girdled Snail Hygromia cinctella (Draparnaud, 1801) new to the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 10: 35-37. PDF.
  23. ^ Juřičková L. & Kapounek F. (18 November 2009) "Helix (Cornu) aspersa (O.F. Müller, 1774) (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 53-55. PDF.
  24. ^ Peltanová A., Peltan T., Petrusek A., Juřičková L. & Kment P. (in prep.). "A fast snail‘s pace: Mediterranean gastropod Helix lucorum in the Central Europe".
  25. ^ Beran L. (1997). "First record of Sinanodonta woodiana (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Czech Republic". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 61: 1-2.
  26. ^ Beran L. (2000) "First record of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Czech Republic". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 64: 1-2.
  27. ^ (Czech) Horsák M. (2001) "Měkkýši v našich sklenících". Živa, Academia, Praha 49(3): 123-124.
  28. ^ Horsák M., Dvořák L. & Juřičková L. (2004) "Greenhouse gastropods of the Czech Republic: current stage of research". Malakológiai Tájekoztató (Malacological Newsletter) 22: 141-147.
  29. ^ Šefrová H. & Laštůvka Z. (2005) "Catalogue of alien animal species in the Czech Republic". Acta univ. agric. et silvic. Mendel. Brun. 53(4): 151-170. PDF.
  30. ^ (Czech) Flasar I. & Kroupová V. (1976) "Gulella io Verdcourt (Pulmonata, Stylommatophora) nový druh měkkýše v našich sklenících". Živa, Academia, Praha 24(2): 65-66.
  31. ^ Beran L. & Glöer P. (2006). "Gyraulus chinensis (Dunker, 1848) – a new greenhouse species for the Czech Republic (Gastropoda: Planorbidae)]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 5: 25-28. PDF
  32. ^ (Czech) Mácha S. (1988) "Další nový druh měkkýše v našich sklenících - Hawaia minuscula (Binney, 1840)". Časopis Slez. Muz. (A), Slezské muzeum Opava, Opava, 37(1): 63-64.
  33. ^ Juřičková L. (2006). "Subulina octona (Bruguière, 1798) – a new greenhouse species for the Czech Republic (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Subulinidae)]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 5: 1-2. PDF.

Further reading[edit]

Horsák M., Juřičková L., Picka J., (2013): Měkkýši České a Slovenské republiky. Molluscs of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Kabourek, Zlín, 264 pp. (in Czech and English).

External links[edit]