Hillcrest, San Diego
|— Community of San Diego —|
|County||County of San Diego|
|City||City of San Diego|
Hillcrest is known for its "tolerance and acceptance," its gender diversity, and numerous locally-owned businesses, including restaurants, cafés, bars, clubs, trendy thrift-stores, and other independent specialty stores. Hillcrest has a high population density compared to many other neighborhoods in San Diego, and it has a large and active lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community.
The neighborhood is bound by Mission Hills to the northwest, Bankers Hill and Balboa Park to the south, University Heights to the north, and North Park to the east. A large ridge overlooking San Diego Bay borders the neighborhood to the west.
Hillcrest is part of the Uptown community planning area, which consists of the neighborhoods of Mission Hills, Hillcrest, Bankers Hill, Park West, and University Heights.
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Initially, Hillcrest was a chaparral-covered mesa. Kumeyaay Indians inhabited numerous villages scattered throughout the San Diego region. Spanish colonization brought the first of twenty-nine California missions with the founding of the nearby San Diego Mission. Presidio Park in Mission Hills and Old Town just down the hill are a part of San Diego history.
In 1870, Mary Kearney obtained a deed from the city for the land that eventually became Hillcrest. In 1871 Arnold and D. Choate, two real estate developers, obtained that property. George Hill, a wealthy railroad tycoon, then purchased the land. Real estate development began in 1910 and the area was built out by 1920. During the 1920s and 1930s Hillcrest was considered a suburban shopping area for downtown San Diego.
In the 1910s, Hillcrest became one of the many San Diego neighborhoods connected by the Class 1 streetcars and an extensive San Diego public transit system that was spurred by the Panama-California Exposition of 1915 and built by John D. Spreckels. These streetcars became a fixture of this neighborhood until their retirement in 1939.[unreliable source?]
In 1940 the "HILLCREST" lighted sign at the intersection of University and Fifth Avenue was first erected, donated by the Hillcrest Women's Association, a group of local female shopkeepers. After falling into disrepair, it was taken down and rebuilt in 1984.
During the 1970s gays and lesbians began to establish residences, businesses, and organizations in Hillcrest.
1974: Protesting the city’s refusal of a parade permit, 200 gays and lesbians marched through the streets of downtown for the first time.
1975: The first city-permitted gay pride parade was held.
1980: The Center for Social Services, founded in Golden Hill in 1973—now called the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community Center, and generally known as "the Center"—moved to Hillcrest.
1984: The Hillcrest Business Association, a business improvement district, was formed.
1985: The Hillcrest Business Association hosted the first CityFest.
1994: A new Vermont Street pedestrian bridge was completed. The span, featuring public art, cost $1.2 million.
2001: Mercy Gardens—formerly the Sisters of Mercy Convent, which housed nuns from 1926-1990—was remodeled for use by the HIV-positive community.
On August 2, 2007, a 100th birthday cake was served to the public, marking Hillcrest’s first one hundred years; there were Hillcrest Centennial events throughout the year.
2007: The Hillcrest Town Council was formed to give residents a voice.
2012: The city approved plans for a large, privately funded rainbow flag at the corner of University Avenue and Normal Street. The city also approved a change in a street name from Blaine Avenue to Harvey Milk Street.
The 2000 Census showed that the neighborhood's residents had a median age of 39 and that 49.3% had college degrees.
The 2000 Census indicates median family income in 1999 was $61,741 ($80,011 in 2010 inflation adjusted dollars).
In 2000, there were 43 percent of households in Hillcrest (zip code 92103) headed by unmarried couples who were gay or lesbian.
The Uptown Planners is an elected planning group composed of residents, property owners, and business people from the Uptown area; it advises the city on land use and other issues.
An ad hoc town council provides a conduit for information from citizens with the government. The Hillcrest Town Council is an organization of local residents that was formed in 2007. It meets monthly. Its mission statement is "To provide a voice & enhance the quality of life for Hillcrest renters & homeowners while supporting actions that benefit our neighborhood."
The Hillcrest Business Association has existed since 1921; in 1984 it became a city-approved Business Improvement District. The association supports most beautification projects in the neighborhood, stewards the iconic Hillcrest sign, organizes street festivals, runs the Hillcrest Farmers Market, and it sponsors the annual "Taste of Hillcrest," which offers food and drink samples from over 50 local bars and restaurants.
In 2012 the Hillcrest Business Association, with the support of many business people, created the HIllcrest Pride Flag.
Hillcrest is a walkable neighborhood with cafés, restaurants, and shops near the main residential pockets.
Hillcrest is served by State Route 163 at the University Avenue, Washington Street and Robinson Avenue exits. University Avenue and Washington Street are the major east-west thoroughfares in Hillcrest; Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Avenues connect Hillcrest to Downtown San Diego through Park West and Bankers Hill.
There is bus service connecting to Downtown as well as to the Mission Valley trolley stops because of the presence of the University Avenue and El Cajon Boulevard transit corridors, the two busiest in the metro region.
Lack of parking is a major problem in the Hillcrest area. By one estimate, Hillcrest is at least 100 spaces short of meeting the demand for parking, and the deficit could increase to 750 spaces by 2025. The parking shortage is so acute that the opening of a new 36-space parking lot in June 2010 was front-page news. In an attempt to deal with the parking shortage in Hillcrest as well as Mission Hills, Bankers Hill, and other uptown areas, the city council in 1997 created a community parking district managed by a local nonprofit organization called the Uptown Partnership. The Uptown Partnership receives a portion of the income from area parking meters, amounting to about $700,000 per year. The money is supposed to be reinvested in the community to improve parking availability, traffic circulation, transit effectiveness, and pedestrian mobility.
For their first several years the Uptown Partnership worked on trying to build a parking garage in the Hillcrest area. They abandoned that idea in 2009, finding the cost to be prohibitive. They decided to focus their efforts instead on creating new on-street parking opportunities and improving turnover at metered spaces. Their ongoing efforts were not successful their plans met with considerable local opposition. Some local citizens and groups called for the Uptown Partnership to be dissolved, pointing out that it has created only 50 new parking spaces in its 12-year history - by converting parallel parking to diagonal parking on San Diego Avenue and by realigning the Normal Street median, a project which got underway in 2009. During its 12-year existence the Partnership has spent more than $2.5 million, including $350,000 a year on salaries, supplies, and rent. A county grand jury in May 2010 criticized the Uptown Partnership for spending three times as much on salaries and operating expenses as on projects, and for creating so few new parking spaces. As of November 2010, the board of directors voted to terminate its relationship with the city of San Diego, effective December 29, 2010, and the future of the Uptown Partnership was in doubt.
Hillcrest "CityFest" is an annual street festival which features food, live entertainment, a beer garden and street vendors.
Other regular events in Hillcrest include a weekly farmers market on the grounds of the local Department of Motor Vehicles, a Book Fair and Mardi Gras.
San Diego Pride is an annual celebration each July for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. It features the Pride Parade on a Saturday morning, preceded by the Hillcrest Block Party on Friday night and followed by a two-day festival in Balboa Park. It is sponsored by San Diego LGBT Pride and is considered to be the largest civic event in the city of San Diego. The large rainbow flag approved in May 2012 was erected in time for the 2012 Pride Festival.
- Kuhney, Jen Lebron (May 15, 2012). "Huge rainbow flag to fly over Hillcrest". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- Croshaw, Jennifer (August 21, 2006). "A day in Hillcrest...". San Diego Union Tribune. Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "San Diego Community Profile: Uptown". City of San Diego. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- The Home of the San Diego Historic Class 1Streetcars
- "History of the Hillcrest Sign". HillQuest Inc. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "Hillcrest: From Haven to Home", The Journal of San Diego History 26:4 (Fall 2000) by Michael E. Dillinger
- "Hillcrest History". HillQuest Inc. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "CityFest". Fabulous Hillcrest. Hillcrest Business Association. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "Hillcrest Town Council". Hillcrest Town Council. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- Census Bureau, US. "Census Data". United States. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- Census, US. "Census Data". Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- Wockner, Rex (March 6, 2008). "Changing neighborhoods". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "Hillcrest Business Improvement Association". Hillcrest Business Association. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "Hillcrest Farmers Market". Hillcrest Business Association. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- Yang Su, Eleanor (April 23, 2009). "Partnership blasted over parking". Sign On San Diego. The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- San Diego Union Tribune, June 18, 2010
- "Uptown Partnership". Uptown Partnership Inc. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- Hargrove, Dorian (May 8, 2009). "Taking the Partner Out of Partnership". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- San Diego Union Tribune, May 29, 2010
- Uptown Partnership website
- San Diego Reader, November 5, 2010
- "San Diego LGBT Pride". San Diego Pride. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- Hillcrest Business Association 1921-2012
- Hillcrest Farmers Market
- Hillcrest Centennial 1907-2007
- The Hillcrest Town Council
- History of Hillcrest