Sunset Junction, Los Angeles
Sunset Junction is an informal name for a portion of the Silver Lake district of Los Angeles, California. It is home to the Sunset Junction Street Fair, which hosts many notable music acts, as well as rides and vendors. It is located in the southwestern part of the district along Sunset Boulevard. As is the case with Silver Lake in general, the shops and community have become part of the Los Angeles' alternative music scene in the last two decades.
The name refers to the street junction of Sunset Boulevard and Santa Monica Boulevard, two of the largest streets in Los Angeles, both of which travel from Sunset Junction to the Pacific Ocean. For most of their distance, the streets run parallel, but join here where they intersect Sanborn Avenue and where Santa Monica Blvd ends. Originally the junction was formed by the branching of two interurban railway lines and was known as Sanborn or Hollywood Junction. In 1895, the Pasadena and Pacific Railway Company built an interurban rail line from downtown Los Angeles to Santa Monica, whose route ran along Sunset Boulevard as far as Sanborn Avenue, where it turned west along the present alignment of Santa Monica Boulevard. In 1905, the Los Angeles and Pacific Railway, successor to the Pasadena and Pacific, built a new branch northwest along Sunset Boulevard from Sanborn Avenue as a shortcut to its existing line on Hollywood Boulevard, forming the junction that is still reflected in the existing street configuration. The Los Angeles Pacific Company was one of the eight rail companies merged in 1911 to form the Pacific Electric Railway. Rail service ceased on the two lines in 1954 and 1953, respectively.
Sunset Junction is the site of one of the first actions in the nation against police harassment of gay bars, the Black Cat Tavern protest, which began on February 11, 1967, almost two and a half years before the more famous protest at the Stonewall Inn in New York’s Greenwich Village. The event is named for the Black Cat Tavern, formerly at 3909 Sunset Blvd between Sanborn and Hyperion Avenues, a location that had been a gay bar periodically since the 1940s. Organized in response to a police raid on the Black Cat on New Year’s Eve 1966, in which several people were hurt, the protest was planned to coincide with similar actions at African-American, Latino and “hippie” establishments around the city, which were also regularly harassed. Of these, the protest at the Black Cat was most successful, with over 200 people marching while heavily armed policed looked on without any violent confrontation. The Black Cat protest continued for several days, but did not attract the media attention that the protests at the Stonewall Inn later did.
For many years Silver Lake housed a small, quiet gay and lesbian population, but in the 1970s a combination of affordable housing, a bohemian ambiance and promotion by gay real estate agents caused the gay and lesbian population to swell to more than 20% of the neighborhood total. In 1979, Sunset Junction achieved a wider regional significance with the founding of one of the early literary gay and lesbian bookstores, A Different Light, located at 4014 Santa Monica Boulevard several doors west of Sanborn Avenue. The store functioned as a focal point for the community and was the site of readings by famous authors, including Christopher Isherwood, Allen Ginsberg, William Burroughs and Larry Kramer. Subsequently, additional branches were opened in West Hollywood (1990), San Francisco, and Greenwich Village in Manhattan. The original store closed in 1992, as have the branches in Greenwich Village, West Hollywood, and San Francisco.
Tensions in the 1970s between the growing gay and lesbian population and working-class Latino families in the Silver Lake neighborhood led the integrated lesbian and gay Sunset Junction Neighborhood Alliance to organize the first Sunset Junction Street Fair in 1980. The neighborhood continues to be a GLBT friendly neighborhood with long standing venues like Le Barcito, EAGLE LA, Rough Trade Gear and Gypsy. Several of these places participate in the annual Sunset Junction Fair.
- Walker, Jim (1975). Lines of Pacific Electric: Southern and Western Districts. Glendale, CA: Interurbans Special 60 ISBN 0-916374-02-5
- Adair, Bill; Kenny, Moira; and Samudio, Jeffrey B. , 2000, Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian History Tour (single folded sheet with text). Center for Preservation Education and Planning. ISBN 0-9648304-7-7
- Faderman, Lillian and Timmons, Stuart (2006). Gay L.A.: a History of Sexual Outlaws, Power Politics, and Lipstick Lesbians. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-02288-5
- McDonald, Natalie Hope (4/8/2011). "The Future of Gay Bookstores". Philadelphia Magazine (Philadelphia, PA). Retrieved 4/8/2011.