Hillsborough, New Brunswick

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Hillsborough
Village
View of St. Marys Anglican Church in Hillsborough, New Brunswick. Note the bell under the peak in the roof.
View of St. Marys Anglican Church in Hillsborough, New Brunswick. Note the bell under the peak in the roof.
Official seal of Hillsborough
Seal
Hillsborough is located in New Brunswick
Hillsborough
Hillsborough
Location of Hillsborough in New Brunswick
Coordinates: 45°55′22″N 64°38′43″W / 45.92277°N 64.64523°W / 45.92277; -64.64523
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Albert County
Parish Hillsborough Parish
Founded 1700s
Incorporated Village 1966
Area
 • Land 12.98 km2 (5.01 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,350
 • Density 104.0/km2 (269/sq mi)
Time zone Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code E
Area code(s) 506
Telephone Exchange 203 734
Website villageofhillsborough.ca

Hillsborough is a village in Albert County in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The village is situated on a hill overlooking the Petitcodiac River near the intersection of Route 910 and Route 114. Hillsborough is the largest settlement in Hillsborough Parish.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1981 1,239 —    
1986 1,214 −2.0%
1996 1,272 +4.8%
2001 1,288 +1.3%
2006 1,292 +0.3%
2011 1,350 +4.5%

Originally established around 1700 as "Blanchard's Village" by Acadian farmers, they lived here for sixty years, building dykes that are still in use. Before the Great Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the area was almost 100% French. Now, few Acadians live there, though there are several Acadian settlements on the opposite bank of the Petitcodiac River, such as Pre d'en Haut, New Brunswick.

On September 4, 1755, the Battle of Petitcodiac was fought near Hillsborough. After the capture of Fort Beausejour during the Seven Years' War, in an attempt to gain control over the region, the British sent a punitive expedition consisting of two companies of British colonial troops into the Petitcodiac River Valley to destroy the Acadian settlements located there. While the main body finished their operation on the eastern bank, a detachment was dispatched to the western bank. When the detachment under Major Frye approached Blanchard's Village, located near where Hillsborough now stands, it encountered French forces under the command of Captain Charles Deschamps de Boishébert and was driven off with heavy losses. The site is marked by a National Historic Sites and Monument plaque.

In 1766, a group of settlers arrived in the area led by Matthias Somers, Michael Lutz, Jacob Trietz (Trites), Charles Jones, and Heinrich Stieff (Steeves).[1] Heinrich Steeves had seven sons and the name is still common among residents.

Places of note[edit]

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Bordering communities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Online book excerpt
  2. ^ New Brunswick Railway Museum website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°55′N 64°39′W / 45.917°N 64.650°W / 45.917; -64.650 (Hillsborough)